existing plans and guidelines current planning focusses on operational aspects. it is challenging to plan for a very wide spectrum of disaster impacts. a possible approach is to use disaster waste indicators (see Brown, 2012 thesis, for more detail) - disaster scale - number of displaced persons - geographical extent of damage - duration of hazard event - damage to road network - volume of waste - human & environmental health hazards - movement of the waste (from point of origin), and - difficulty in handling the waste.
waste characteristics - composition typical types of waste vegetative construction and demolition personal property / household items household hazardous wastes white goods soil, mud and sand vehicles and vessels putrescent
waste characteristics - quantity how much waste? varies widely between different disaster types and built environments. FEMA have developed some waste estimation tools (FEMA, 2010, Debris Estimating Field Guide and FEMA, 2009, Multihazard loss estimation methodologies). UNEP are currently developing some debris estimating tools. some models have also been developed in Japan.
waste characteristics - hazards Photo credit: Tim Townsend, University of Florida
operational strategies - collection Hurricane Katrina kerbside collection http://www.ees.ufl.edu/homepp/townsend/disaster/DD_Overview.pdf Photo credit: Tim Townsend, University of Florida
operational strategies – handling Temporary storage in rice paddies and mangroves, following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami
operational strategies – handling Space needed: 50ha per 1,000,000 cu.m debris 2007 FEMA Debris Management Guide
operational strategies – treatment reuse / recycling waste to energy incineration
operational strategies – final disposal Lyttelton Port Reclamation Christchurch, 2011
management considerations overall management and coordination: link with recovery authority human resources: skilled and unskilled work, livelihood and capacity building opportunities public participation public communication human health and environmental risk management: accept there will be higher risks laws and regulation: flexible and bounded funding – public vs private
disaster waste has a significant impact on a community's social, economic and environmental recovery. flexible planning is needed. both operational and management aspects need to be considered. summary
key references UNOCHA, 2011. Disaster Waste Management Guidelines, January 2011, Emergency Preparedness Section, Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit. USEPA, 2008. Planning for Natural Disaster Debris EPA530-K-08-001, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Office of Solid Waste, USEPA. Brown, C., 2012. Disaster Waste Management: a systems approach. PhD thesis. University of Canterbury. (in particular, Appendix N) http://ipac.canterbury.ac.nz/ipac20/ipac.jsp?index=BIB& term=1793295#focus http://ipac.canterbury.ac.nz/ipac20/ipac.jsp?index=BIB& term=1793295#focus Brown, C., Milke, M. & Seville, E., 2011. Disaster Waste Management: a Review Article. Waste Management, 31, 1085-1098.
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