Presentation on theme: "Session two. Composition."— Presentation transcript:
1Session two. Composition. Mark Woodward Photography
2Introduction Session two – well done for making it this far! Homework from last week!Any ideas why I asked you to go find inspiration online?
3Workshop plan! Introduction to composition Aspect. Composition ‘rules’ and when to use them.Perspective.Photo critique technique.Homework!
4Firstly…Join the “James College Photography Tutorial Group” on facebook!Platform to share photos weekly, post your homework, receive feedback on your images.My contact details are: on facebook at on twitter.
5CompositionGood composition is about everything in the frame – where should it be?It can mean the difference between a good and a bad photo.What’s bad about this?
6CompositionComposition is defined as: The organisation and placement of visual elements of a photo.But it can be more than this: perspective and aspect are equally important. (Some would argue they’re part of composition)Aspect: the ratio of the length of the sides. 4:3, 16:9, 1:1 are common.
7The rule of thirdsRule of thirds is a very popular composition ‘rule’.Essentially, everything in the image should be on a line or crossover between two lines.
8In landscapes:Split the horizon and land/foreground into thirds: either two thirds sky and one third foreground, or the other way around.Look for important features, the setting sun, vertical or horizontal lines and apply the rule to them.
9Your best composition tool: crop Can totally change a photo – if you can, use it to:Remove distracting thingsMake sure horizontal lines are horizontalChange the aspect of a photo – what crop suits the rules?Portrait or landscape?
10Composition techniques – 1 Simplify.Keeping things basic creates dynamic images.3 elements to a frame.
12Composition techniques – 2 Fill.Empty space can work well, but can also work badly!Think about your zoom.Subject size.Think: what is the subject?
13Composition techniques – 3 Avoid the middle.Rule of thirds – SOMETIMES.Look at ‘image balance’Give the picture ‘space’
14Composition techniques – 4 Leading lines.Fences, roads/road markings, hedges, rivers…..Lead towards the subjectCome in at anglesPointing the eye
15Composition techniques – 5 Diagonals.Use them to introduce drama – horizontal and vertical lines often make a picture look ‘calm’.They’re essentially leading lines..…but with the subject diagonal.The ‘Dutch angle’ can work well..
16Composition techniques – 5 Dutch angle.Intentionallly strange perspective to make an image more dramatic!There’s a time and a place.
17Composition techniques – 6 Space.Give subject the space they need to move – as if the motion were to continue.Can really change the look.Which way people are facing.
18Composition techniques – 7 Backgrounds.Two ways to get rid of backgrounds: zoom in and fast aperture.Shallow depth of field = blurry backgroundsZoom in = crop out backgroundLonger focal length = shallowerdepth of field.
19Composition techniques – 8 Contrast.Add interest by using contrasting colours or features. That then becomes the subject.Look for opposite colours.Break the other rules!
20Composition techniques – 9 Ignore the rules!Sometimes images work because they don’t follow any rules.More likely to find an imageworks because it obeys therules rather than becauseit breaks them…
21Composition techniques Roundup 1 . Simplify.2. Fill.3. Avoid the middle.4. Leading lines.5. Diagonals.6. Space.7. Backgrounds.8. Contrast.9. Ignore all these…There’s no reason to include any of them in your photos, you can make great images without..…but if you think about one or more of them when you’re taking a shot, it’s more likely to be one you’ll keep.
22PerspectiveA very powerful tool for making interesting photos instead of boring ones.Shoot low and high – don’t just take images at eye height.Live-view can be a great advantage, as can tilting screens.
23Forced Perspective‘Forced perspective’ is using the perspective of the photo to create interesting images.Takes creativity to imagine them but again, find inspiration online!
24Having said all that… Rules are not rules, they’re ‘rules’. As composition technique number 9 states.. Great images can be made by breaking the rules and throwing it all out the window.Perfect example: reflections workreally well in halves, not thirds.
25Quick photo break/competition Go take two photos of something.One, as if you were going to do it as you would normallyTwo, the same subject, but obeying the rule of thirds!
26Photo critique technique Post some images to the facebook group, get some feedback!Post one, go comment on two.Three steps:Look at the photo for at least 10 seconds, look at everything individually as well as a whole.What do you like and dislike about the photo and why:Technically (lighting, colour, focus, etc)Visually (interesting subject, strong feelings, composition)Suggest one improvement (different crop, brighter)
28Thanks for listening. Homework! Take 3 photos that obey at least one of the compositional ‘rules’ (it can be number 9 if you want..)Post them on facebook for others to rip them apart!Comment on other peoples images using the style mentioned previously.Any questions?