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TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All Infrastructure is.

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Presentation on theme: "TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All Infrastructure is."— Presentation transcript:

1 TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All Infrastructure is Culture and the basis for the public realm – movement sustains necessary connections and is still the basis for modern design Only New Movement Technologies Can Change Design

2 BUILDING/FOOTPRINT 26% LAWNS/LANDSCAPING 13% STREETS 3%SIDEWALKS 4% PARKING 54% Only New Movement Technologies Can Change Design TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

3 How can WE weave all of these aspects to create a healthier, safer, saner environment for all as technology continues to change? transportation parking history and culture landscape architecture zoning and land-use environmental issues built world energy - power Only New Movement Technologies Can Change Design PEOPLE engineering construction aesthetics TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

4 Only New Movement Technologies Can Change Design TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

5 Re-imagining the Future BY Focus Technology and Movement What Do We Need To Embrace Full Accessibility for All ? How Do We Design For It ? NUCLEAR BLOOM BOX FUEL CELL Credit: Current - GEMcars.com Dan Sturges original designer (trans2 Copr) ULTra © ULTra Advanced Transport Systems Ltd. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

6 What Do We Need To Embrace Full Accessibility for All ? How Do We Design For It ? TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA The United States has Seven Principals Equitable Use Flexibility in Use Simple and Intuitive Use Perceptible Information Tolerance for Error Low Physical Effort Size and Space for Approach and Use

7 What Do We Need To Embrace Full Accessibility for All ? How Do We Design For It ? TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA India has 5 Principals Equitable Usable Cultural Economic Aesthetic

8 TypesJobsEducation/ Training HealthcareRecreationalHousing People with Disabilities Veterans with Disabilities Aging Seniors Impact of Transportation on User Group Needs Is lack of adequate transportation a problem? Twice as many people with disabilities say it is important to their Daily Living Needs 76% say it is important to their job search 29% consider it a significant problem in accessing jobs Use of Transportation: Less More Andrea Lubin and Devajyoti Deka, The Role of Public Transportation as a Job Access Mode: Lessons from a Survey of Persons with Disabilities in New Jersey, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, 2011 Loprest, P., and E. Maag. Barriers to and Supports for Work Among Adults with Disabilities: Results 33 from the NHIS-D. The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C., INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All

9 User Needs –Disabilities: Mobility, Vision, Intellectual… –Modalities: Sidewalk, Vehicle, Bus, Rail, Airport… –Commutes: Work, School, Travel, Leisure… –Interfaces, Inclusive, Connected… Accessibility Data Standards –Data Definitions –Data Capture and Management; Reporting –Harmonization Automation Systems and Applications –Origin –Destination –Planning Automation Vision for Mobility/Accessibility Provided by: Mohammed Yousuf; Office of Operations R&D; Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, FHWA;6300 Georgetown Pike, HRDO-04 McLean, VA 22101; INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All

10 Where Automation can take us… Plan/Execute Trips Origin Destination Planning MobilityHearingIntellectualVision User Needs First Mile/Last Mile On demand accessible connections from home or work to other transportation modes Personal Mobility Vehicle Small vehicles that take passengers to destinations or to other transportation modes Provided by: Mohammed Yousuf; Office of Operations R&D; Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, FHWA;6300 Georgetown Pike, HRDO-04 McLean, VA 22101; Intellectual

11 Conceptual comparison of modes in the Accessibility – Throughput spectrum from Young, Miller, McDonald. Keys to Innovative Transport Development. Presented at the 87 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

12 Universal Design Designing for the Specific Community Sustainably Appropriate Site Response Size of Transportation Systems Weather Existing Conditions/Historic Preservation Relationship to Freight and Delivery INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

13 Design for Architectural and Planning Interfaces Design for the Specific Community Look at opportunities for multi- dimensional solutions. INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

14 In-building stations, Configurations, strategies and multiple synergies Basic Code Issues in the United States: ASCE People Mover Standards – Part 3 NFPA-130, (2007) Special considerations necessary NFPA 101, other NFPA as appropriate for specific details IBC Fire Other IBC and local code requirements as appropriate to the building type and building type mix photo credit: Shannon Sanders McDonald, Architect INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

15 Plan Connections: Configurations strategies and multiple synergies Multi-directional Fully networked Potential for spatial or multi-level connections Potential to create walkable communities Student: Montana State University Matthew Killiam, 2002 INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

16 Section Connections: Configurations strategies and multiple synergies Student: Brandon Zahurba University of Nebraska 2001 Multi-directional Fully networked Potential for spatial or multi-level connections Potential to create walkable communities INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

17 Montana State Student work – Eryn Mikelson, 2002 INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

18 CarLoft, Berlin, Germany How can we move the machine vertically ? Ramp Elevator regular inclined automated INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

19 Shannon Sanders McDonald, Architect INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All How can we move the machine vertically ? Ramp Elevator regular inclined automated 3-D TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

20 Montana State Student work – Kenny Huff, 2002 INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All How can we move the machine vertically ? Ramp Elevator regular inclined automated 3-D TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

21 What can we learn from parking structures about integrating vehicles into buildings? Fuel source Scale integration with people/size of vehicle Interactions between people/vehicle Codes Weather Mixed-use Active street fronts photo credit: Shannon Sanders McDonald, Architect INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

22 PRT, GRT OR DUAL-MODE As environmentally sustainable fuels sources have greater applications the PRT system can be fueled by other generating sources such as solar panels and other renewable energy sources linked to the power grid. Eventually the Starr Car System as envisioned by William Alden where the personal automobile links with other personal automobiles to form transit now called dual-mode can occur. StarrCarPhoto courtesy of Bill Alden of Self-Transit Systems INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

23 New Interconnections Complete linkages between transit, architecture, energy, parking, and urban planning Environmentally sustainable solutions Pedestrian and machine oriented environments Totally integrated Universal Design Evolving City Paul Rudolph and Ulrich Franzen, The Evolving Cit y, New York: American Federation of the Arts, 1974, p INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

24 Photograph complements of Stan Young, Kansas DOT, University of Maryland, Center for Advanced Transportation Technology One of the first PRT systems in place in the world was at West Virginia University in Morgantown, WVA. Some today call it Group Rapid Transit as the small vehicle concept was a concern so the vehicles were larger. Today we know that the smaller vehicle with off line stations can move a greater number of people more quickly and efficiently. INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

25 Point To Point Service – no stops in-between Small vehicles people Off-line stations On-demand Automated Guideways Networked system – not reliant on a corridor structure INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

26 A much narrower footprint in the right-of-way Lighter tracks Tighter headways A higher level of services with less expensive infrastructure However, there are still no applications in the United States after its conceptual introduction more than four decades ago Amritsar, India is moving forward with a ATN/PRT System INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

27 Photograph courtesy of 2getthere Corporation. 2getthere has a worldwide exclusive license for the application of FROG- technology in people mover applications and owns the rights to the CyberCab (PRT) and ParkShuttle (GRT) transit concepts. INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

28 Masdar City is the worlds first carbon-neutral zero waste city and is head- quarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) PRT is part of the underground infrastructure as a part of a complete package including all forms of transit in this car-free city. Syst em Cap acity (4 seco nd hea dwa y): passeng ers per hour Eco nomi cally viabl e from : Approx. 300 p/phour or 1500 p/pday Sup ervis ory Syst em (Net work Cont rols) : TOMS (Transit Operatio ns Monitorin g and Supervisi on) Vehi cles: 6 passeng er CyberCa b Infra struc ture: Asphalt, at grade or elevated Stat us: Engineeri ng 2nd generatio n complete d Conf igur ation : Network Ope ratio ns: On- demand / On- schedule Con necti ons: Direct / Ride- sharing (Single Origin, Multiple Destinati ons) Stati ons:Off-line Prop ulsio n: Central AC motor, differenti al rear axle Ener gy supp ly: Electric or Hybrid Maxi mu m spee d: 40 km/h [25m/ph] Guid ance : FROG- technolo gy INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

29 Traverses 2 rivers and 7 roads Green belt land Negotiates Aircraft surfaces Bridges in-ground services Conforms to T5 architecture Looks Intended Connects Business Parking with T5 2.4 miles of single guideway 21 vehicles 3 stations 5min journey time Application at Heathrow Courtesy Martin Lowson:© ULTra Advanced Transport Systems Ltd. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

30 18 miles of track 80% elevated 350 vehicles 50 stations Possible Future Phases Courtesy Martin Lowson:© ULTra Advanced Transport Systems Ltd. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

31 Sustainability Low energy use Zero emissions at point of use Low external noise Low visual intrusion Low resource requirements Low embodied energy Urban Car London bus Underground ULTra MJoule per Passenger km UK Data. Assumptions: Average passenger loads Well to wheel (darker shading direct electricity use only) Courtesy Martin Lowson:© ULTra Advanced Transport Systems Ltd. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

32 Advantages of ULTra Low capital costs Capacity An ULTra system has the potential to carry as many people as a: Lane of high speed road traffic 200 seat light rail vehicle arriving every 5 minutes, 50 seat bus every 75 seconds. Complementary to existing modes New solution for last mile problems Capacity and Cost $m/mile Automatic People Movers (APM) Light Rail ULTra Courtesy Martin Lowson:© ULTra Advanced Transport Systems Ltd. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

33 If ULTra is as successful as I think it will be, this could be a big breakthrough in developing new kinds of totally personalised rapid transit, which could transform our cities in ways that we can't yet see. Sir Peter Hall Isnt it nice to find transport which is waiting for you rather than you waiting for it Russell Goodway, Lord Mayor of Cardiff The ULTra PRT system is clearly leading the world in this exciting and innovative technology Mike Clasper, CEO of BAA` The ideal transit technology is PRT: a) stations right where you are, within walking distance, b) no waiting." Peter Calthorpe Fabulous idea Makes life a lot better Superb Comments from passengers at trials Responses to ULTra This is amazing a well engineered, ready-to-go public transit system that can solve many urban transport problems […] I am going back to tell my colleagues that they must come and see ULTra. Representative from a major transport agency Responses to ULTra Courtesy Martin Lowson:© ULTra Advanced Transport Systems Ltd. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

34 2050 STUDENT ANALYSIS

35 Figure Ground with sidewalks Figure Ground with roads

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38 UM. 2010Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

39

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45 2050 STUDENT DESIGNS

46 2050 BRICE JOHNSON

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50 2050 KIRA MELVILLE

51 SPSUs PRT Stops Main Nodes – 2 way movement Main Loop – 1 way Main Nodes – stops – 1 way Minor Nodes – 1 way Substations – 2 way – fast track

52 AGID Main Entrance - Pedestrian

53 2050 KATIE MCCULLOCH

54 PRT Station

55 PRT Station on Green Roof

56 2050 RYAN TOLLE

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58 Vectus Campus Transit Southern Polytechnic Research University

59 Vectus Cobb Transit Southern Polytechnic Research University

60 Vectus Stadium Transit Southern Polytechnic Research University

61 Vectus Offline Tracks Southern Polytechnic Research University

62 Hornets Nest Station Section Southern Polytechnic Research University Campus Transit Level – 14

63 Hornets Nest Cobb County Transit Line Southern Polytechnic Research University

64 Rather than isolating ourselves from the realities that we are now facing we need to embrace the new solutions and attempt to find ways to integrate them to address the emerging complex movement and environmental needs of our planet. Corn, Joseph J. and Brian, Horrigan. (1984). Yesterdays Tomorrows Past Visions of The American Future, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, p.10. TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA

65 Please feel free to contact me below with any questions and use of material. I am a licensed architect in the United States and have participated in award winning projects, teaching, and lecturing extensively. This presentation and all ideas, images and text are copyrighted under US Law and best attempts have been made to follow all copyright issues. All images provided here are for reference purposes only. You need to contact the owner of the image for permission to publish. Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA p. 410 – c. 404 – 394 – 2501 Copyright Shannon McDonald, 2008 Shannon Sanders McDonald TRANSED. 2012Shannon Sanders McDonald, AIA INTEGRATED MOBILITY How New Movement Technologies Can Assist with Seamless Access for All


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