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Farming In South Africa Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005 Photo: G C Bothma By Sue Bothma.

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Presentation on theme: "Farming In South Africa Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005 Photo: G C Bothma By Sue Bothma."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Farming In South Africa Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005 Photo: G C Bothma By Sue Bothma

3 The science of managing plant growth for human use The science of managing plant growth for human use And managing animals for human use And managing animals for human use Photo: Corel Photo House

4 Crop Farming Cultivation of plants for food Cultivation of plants for food Picture: Corel Photo House

5 Early Crop Farming Gatherers from the stone age would cultivate their favourite crops Gatherers from the stone age would cultivate their favourite crops Picture: Corel Photo House

6 Crops in South Africa We get sweet corn and mealie products from maize We get sweet corn and mealie products from maize Pictures: Corel Photo House

7 Crops in South Africa We get cereals and flour from wheat We get cereals and flour from wheat Picture: Corel Photo House

8 PotatoesPeanutsSunflowersOats Sugar cane Citrus fruit Tropical fruit Many more… Other Crops in South Africa Picture: Corel Photo House

9 Less common crop Sorghum Sorghum This crop can grow well even with little water and poor soil. This crop can grow well even with little water and poor soil. Photo: G C Bothma Picture: Corel Photo House

10 Problems farmers face Pests destroy crops Pests destroy crops Not enough rain Not enough rain Poor Soil Poor Soil Photo: G C Bothma

11 Poor Rainfall Low rainfall in many regions Low rainfall in many regions Farmers have to irrigate the land Farmers have to irrigate the land Photo: G C Bothma

12 Worms destroy crops Worms destroy crops Photo: G C Bothma Problem Pests Insects eat the leaves of crops Insects eat the leaves of crops Weeds compete with crops Weeds compete with crops

13 Solution to Pests Plants can be sprayed with poison Plants can be sprayed with poison Poison is not good for the environment Poison is not good for the environment Picture: Corel Photo House

14 Solutions Special, tough seeds are developed Special, tough seeds are developed Farmers can buy and grow GM seeds Farmers can buy and grow GM seeds Photo: www.monsanto.com

15 Poor soil Many regions have unsuitable soil Many regions have unsuitable soil Compost and fertilizer needs to be added Compost and fertilizer needs to be added Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005

16 Do we need farmers? Farmers need to make sure that crops get enough water to grow Farmers need to make sure that crops get enough water to grow Photo: G C Bothma

17 Do we need farmers? Farmers need to buy the best seeds Farmers need to buy the best seeds They need to fight pests They need to fight pests Photo: G C Bothma

18 Do we need farmers? Farmers need to enrich the soil with compost and fertilizer Farmers need to enrich the soil with compost and fertilizer Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005 Photo: G C Bothma

19 Farmers bring us the best Farmers can produce good crops Photo: G C Bothma Picture: Corel Photo House

20 Farmers are very important Farmers can fight drought, poverty and famine Farmers can fight drought, poverty and famine Photo: G C Bothma

21 Bibliography Encarta Reference Library 2005 Encarta Reference Library 2005 Montsanto Web www.montsanto.com Montsanto Web www.montsanto.comwww.montsanto.com Photographs: Mr. G C Bothma Photographs: Mr. G C Bothma Pictures: Corel Photo House Pictures: Corel Photo House

22 directorSUE BOTHMA assistant directorANNIE BOTHMA photographyGURLING BOTHMA special thanks to Encarta 2005 Reference Library Corel Photo House Worms Armageddon Microsoft Sound Clips Microsoft PowerPoint Picture: Corel Photo House


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