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Strategies for Use and Protection of the Marine Environment Perceptions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture in Parks Canadas Proposed Southern Strait.

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Presentation on theme: "Strategies for Use and Protection of the Marine Environment Perceptions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture in Parks Canadas Proposed Southern Strait."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategies for Use and Protection of the Marine Environment Perceptions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture in Parks Canadas Proposed Southern Strait of Georgia National Marine Conservation Area (NMCA) Dr Rick Rollins Department of Tourism and Recreation Malaspina University-College David E. McCallum MA Candidate, Department of Geography, UVic

2 Purpose of this Study: To examine compatibilities and conflicts between: This type of social science research is useful for coastal planning and to prevent conflict and confrontation before they are created. Marine Protected Areas Shellfish AquacultureRecreational Boating

3 Part of a Larger Study: 1.(2002) Perceptions of marine tourists regarding similar issues Intercept Visitors Survey 2.(2003) Perceptions of shellfish growers towards marine protected areas (MPAs) Focus Groups 3.(2004) Perceptions of scientists regarding indicators of health of the Gulf Islands marine environment Email Survey 4.(2004 - 2005) This study - Perceptions of Gulf Islands residents Random household survey

4 Methods: Random selection of residents from 3 Gulf Islands that have existing shellfish aquaculture facilities nearby: » Thetis Island n=51 (N=211) » Salt Spring Island n=201 (N=5017) » Saturna Island n=50 (N=278)

5 Methods Continued: Sample size of 302, resulting in a margin of error of plus or minus 5.48% at a 95% confidence level. Overall response rate – 73.8% Data were collected between June and September 2004.

6 Questionnaire: Strategies for Use and Protection of the Gulf Islands Marine Environment A Survey of Residents of the Gulf Islands – Summer, 2004 Research Conducted By: David E. McCallum Department of Geography, UVic

7 Most Important Values (Q.3)

8 Perceived Impacts from Industry (Q.4)

9 Perceived Impacts from Marine Recreation (Q.4)

10 Perceived Contributing Sources of Sewage (Q.4)

11 Support for Potential Solutions for Managing Sewage from Recreational Boats (Q.7)

12 Shellfish Aquaculture – Booth Bay, Salt Spring

13 Abandoned Shellfish Aquaculture – Boot Cove, Saturna

14 Mussel Lease (Background) at Same Site as Finfish Facility (Foreground) – Yeo Pt, Salt Spring

15 Beach Oyster Culture – Thetis Island

16 Visual Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Pristine Background Photo Sequence (n = 221) Photo A Photo B Photo C Photo D Photo E Photo F

17 Visual Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Developed Background Photo Sequence (n = 81) Photo A Photo B Photo C Photo D Photo E Photo F

18 Opinions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Photo A – No Aquaculture

19 Opinions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Photo B – One Row of Shellfish Aquaculture

20 Opinions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Photo C – Two Rows of Shellfish Aquaculture

21 Opinions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Photo D – Three Rows of Shellfish Aquaculture

22 Opinions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Photo E – Four Rows of Shellfish Aquaculture

23 Opinions of Acceptability of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.9) Photo F – Five Rows of Shellfish Aquaculture

24 Perceptions of Benefits of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.10)

25 Perceptions of Concerns of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.10)

26 Text Quotes Regarding Other Benefits / Concerns Not Stated in Survey: Benefits: Shellfish aquaculture improved water quality in Boot Cove because sewage discharge on lots adjoining the cove had to be upgraded. I think it may provide a safer source of shellfish for consumers than would wild harvest and less destructive to the natural shellfish environment. Concerns: We are extremely annoyed by the garbage generated by the shellfish aquaculture in Booth Bay. It makes us have a very negative view of such operations. They destroy the natural cycles of local marine creatures. I am concerned about the harvesting of the wild shellfish in Booth Canal. Is it monitored? It appears to be over-harvested & is done in a noisy manner without consideration to residents who may be sleeping!

27 Overall Perception of Shellfish Aquaculture (Q.11)

28 Text Quotes Regarding Influence of Finfish Aquaculture: Farm salmon aquaculture is still highly controversial, and I cannot support shellfish aquaculture without 110% proven data that it has zero impact on the marine environment. The Gulf Islands (are) already at risk in terms of (their) marine environment. I would totally ban all forms of aquaculture. Based upon the disastrous impact of fish farms on the BC coast, I am concerned about where shellfish aquaculture will end up. Please keep shellfish / finfish aquaculture out of Gulf Islands!

29 Text Quotes Regarding Not Sure Public: I dont understand why, if the bay is closed to shellfish gathering, an oyster farm is viable. I am not well informed, thus very concerned. Concerns over the health of farmed shellfish – not sure Id eat them. Our knowledge of shellfish aquaculture is very limited – hence our not sure answers. All in all, if this is a clean industry, then I would strongly support it. How much is allowed is another matter and there needs to be lots of informed public debate. We hear lots about fish farms but nothing really about shellfish aquaculture.

30 Conclusions and Recommendations to Industry: Visual impact of shellfish aquaculture is low in relation to concern for other impacts on the marine environment. However, residents are cautious about new development. Perceptions of the industry are highly influenced by the intense controversy over finfish aquaculture in BC. There may be an opportunity to educate the public, before significant negative perception or controversy is created. Some concerns are relatively easy to remedy: aesthetic (colour of buoys, tidiness), garbage from the facility, and inconsideration of neighbours (noise, profanity, etc.). Consultations with local community are key to inform the neighbours about the activity at the facility.

31 Future Considerations for Research: Explore other methods to address the research. Address the process for integrating shellfish aquaculture policy with other planning frameworks: tourism, land-use planning, MPA planning, integrated coastal zone management.

32 David McCallum, MA Candidate Marine Protected Areas Research Group (MPARG) Department of Geography, University of Victoria (250) 721 7345 / davidmcc@uvic.ca Dr Rick Rollins, Principal Investigator Department of Tourism and Recreation Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC (250) 753 3245 (x 2413) / rollins@mala.bc.ca Thank-you very much! Photo Source: BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Fisheries


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