2 What is Silkscreen Printing? • Silkscreen is a stencil printing process.• Ink is forced through a stencil made on fine-mesh polyester or silk fabric.• Stencils can be made with cut paper, contact paper, photo emulsion, and other materials.• Silkscreen printing is used to create multiple prints of your image, or image and text. Silkscreen can be used on paper, fabric, canvas, clay, and other flat surfaces.
3 Silkscreen Examples Lincoln by Robert Rauschenberg 16 Jackies by Andy WarholPoster by Carolyn Brown
4 Digital Process: Silkscreen prints from photos • This is the digital version of the Photo Lith process.• Instead of making a high-contrast print with Kodalith paper and chemicals, it can be done in Photoshop, and printed onto acetate transparencies.• This is great for detailed images which would be ridiculously hard to hand-render.• Color planning can also be done in Photoshop.
5 Supplies and Tools Diazo Emulsion- Speedball and other brands Emulsion remover- Speedball, etc.Silkscreens- polyester for acrylic & wter based inksSqueegeeSilkscreen inksBlack “stencil” made of paper, toner on acetate, ink on acetate or translucent paper
6 Selecting a Photo Image • When selecting photos for silkscreen, look for clear SHAPES or LINES.• Photos with good contrast are best, but others can be fixed in Photoshop.• Avoid photos with distracting clutter around the main subject.Poor photo for silkscreenBetter photo for silkscreen
7 Preparing Photo in Photoshop Each image needs to be output in black to create the photo stencil.Open photo in Photoshop or Photoshop ElementsCreate a high contrast image:Image>Adjust>Threshold OR Image>Adjust>Contrast
8 Planning ColorsOnce you get the basic image done, you can use Photoshop to plan colors for printing.