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Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 1 Exhibition Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Presentation on theme: "Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 1 Exhibition Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 1 Exhibition Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia

2 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 2 Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Why this exhibition? This exhibition is intended to raise awareness about the dilemma of people in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia who live close to dumps containing obsolete pesticides. The photos show the situation in its full reality, and the exhibition extends an invitation to the audience to support the elimination of obsolete pesticides around the globe. It calls for the sound management of pesticides and more sustainable methods of pest control, as this will help avoid building up new stocks of obsolete pesticides in the future.

3 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 3 Proximity Georgia 2006, People in close proximity to hazardous waste Photo: Jan Betlem (Tauw – European Consultants and Engineers)

4 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 4 Proximity Kyrgyzstan 2008, Shepherd leading his cattle over POPs polygon Photo: Khatuna Akhalaia (Milieukontakt International)

5 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 5 Proximity Kyrgyzstan 2007, Cattle grazing on poisoned ground Photo: Berto Collet (Tauw - European Consultants and Engineers)

6 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 6 Proximity Georgia 2006, Pesticides getting into the food chain Photo: Jan Betlem (Tauw – European Consultants and Engineers)

7 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 7 Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia What are obsolete pesticides? Pesticides become obsolete when they can not or can no longer be used for their intended purpose. Obsolete pesticides are a threat both to human health and the environment. They can cause acute poisoning or long term effects such as cancer. A number of pesticides are banned due to their persistence. At present, nine of the so-called Persistent Organic Pollutants, or POPs, are pesticides. Examples include DDT and Dieldrin.

8 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 8 Remains Azerbaijan 2008, Haphazard stockpiling Photo: Khatuna Akhalaia (Milieukontakt International)

9 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 9 Remains Azerbaijan 2007, Uncontrolled dumpsite of hazardous waste Photo: Wolfgang A. Schimpf (Convention Project Chemical Safety, GTZ)

10 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 10 Remains Azerbaijan 2007, Former pesticide store with large remaining pesticides stock Photo: Wolfgang A. Schimpf (Convention Project Chemical Safety, GTZ)

11 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 11 Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia What happens to stock of obsolete pesticides? There are many reasons why stockpiles of these obsolete pesticides accumulate. Among the most common factors are lack of management, inadequate storage, and the poor quality of the chemical formulation used. Stocks of obsolete pesticides have substantial economic repercussions: contaminated food can lead to export restrictions and the excess purchases create an additional financial burden due to the high cost of their disposal at the end of their life-cycle. Disposal of one tonne of obsolete pesticides can cost as much as EUR 4.000.

12 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 12 Remains Azerbaijan 2007, Aggravation of the problem due to poor storage Photo: Wolfgang A. Schimpf (Convention Project Chemical Safety, GTZ )

13 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 13 Remains Azerbaijan 2007, Improper handling of barrels with remaining pesticides. endangering the environment Photo: Wolfgang A. Schimpf (Convention Project Chemical Safety, GTZ)

14 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 14 Remains Albania 2006, Former DDT store with HCH waste and other chemicals, removed and disposed with the financial help of the Dutch Embassy in Tirana Photo: SAVA GmbH Germany

15 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 15 Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia At present, some 260.000 tonnes of obsolete and POPs pesticides can be found in tens of thousands of locations throughout Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia – a region stretching from Poland to Kyrgyzstan. After the collapse of the centrally-planned economies, many of the Soviet kolkhozes and collective farms across the region were abandoned. Their stores were often neglected or destroyed due to poverty. As a result, the danger of pesticide contamination has become severe, placing people, animals and the environment at risk. It is that threat which is documented in this exhibition.

16 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 16 Rehabilitated Dump Azerbaijan 2008, Rehabilitated polygon filled with pesticides Photo: Khatuna Akhalaia (Milieukontakt International)

17 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 17 Dump Lithuania 2009, Underground Pit Photo: Bekim Blakaj (SAVA GmbH Germany)

18 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 18 Dump Azerbaijan 2007, Uncontrolled dump with large quantities of obsolete pesticides and other hazardous chemicals created at the foot of the Caucasus mountains Photo: Wolfgang A. Schimpf (Convention Project Chemical Safety, GTZ)

19 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 19 Clean-Up Works Poland 2007, Cleaning up obsolete pesticides Photo: Tomasz Stobiecki (Plant Protection Institute Poznan)

20 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 20 Clean-Up Works Lithuania 2009, EU Project Hazardous Waste Management Photo: Bekim Blakaj (SAVA GmbH Germany)

21 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 21 Clean-Up Works Georgia 2008, Preparation for clean-up Photo: Khatuna Akhalaia (Milieukontakt International)

22 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 22 Obsolete and POPs Pesticides in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Who are we? The International HCH and Pesticides Association (IHPA) is an independent, non-political network of committed individuals. Our aim is to draw international attention to the worldwide problems arising from the production and use of HCH and other now obsolete pesticides and the dangers they pose to human health and the environment. IHPA has committed its resources and know-how to the search for solutions to the problems of HCH and other obsolete pesticides in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Contact: John Vijgen (Executive Director) International HCH and Pesticides Association (IHPA) Elmevej 14 DK-2840 Holte Denmark Phone: + 45 (0) 45410321 E-mail: john.vijgen@ihpa.info Website: www.ihpa.info/ Pesticide Action Network (PAN) is a network of over 600 participating nongovernmental organizations, institutions and individuals in over 90 countries working to replace the use of hazardous pesticides with ecologically sound and socially just alternatives. PAN Germany was established in 1984 as part of the global network and has been continually involved in initiatives to reduce pesticide-use and to promote sustainable alternatives on national, European and global levels. Contact: Carina Weber (Executive Director) Pestizid Aktions-Netzwerk e.V. (PAN Germany) Nernstweg 32, D-22765 Hamburg Germany Tel.: + 49(0)40 399 19 10-0 Fax: + 49(0)40 390 75 20 E-mail: info@pan-germany.org Website: www.pan-germany.org

23 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 23 You can lend this exibition This exibition can be used free of charge. Only the costs of transport have to be covered by you. To lend the exibition please contact: GTZ Sector Project Chemical Safety Division 45 - Agriculture, Fisheries and Food PO Box 5180 65726 Eschborn Germany Wolfgang.Schimpf@gtz.de

24 Division "Agriculture, Fisheries and Food" Page 24 Sponsored by GTZ


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