Presentation on theme: "October 23, 2009 Topic: A moment in time Language focus: Past Simple vs. Past Continuous Focus on pronunciation: final ed (contd ) & introduction to consonant."— Presentation transcript:
October 23, 2009 Topic: A moment in time Language focus: Past Simple vs. Past Continuous Focus on pronunciation: final ed (contd ) & introduction to consonant sounds
Look at the photos and answer the following questions: 1. Where are they? 2. What do you think is happening?
Read the text about the photographer who took these photos and match paragraphs 1-3 with the photos: Harry Benson spent 50 years taking dramatic and memorable photographs for national newspapers and magazines. Here he talks about three of his best-known pictures:
1. In 1989, I was working in London when suddenly I heard the news that the Russians were planning to make Berlin an open city. So I got on a plane. When I arrived in Berlin many people were attacking the wall with stones. The woman in the photo was shouting: I hate it!. 2. When I took this photo we were in a hotel room in Paris in John and Paul were at the piano and it seemed that nothing was happening. But suddenly they became completely focused. First the melody came, then the words. They were composing their song I feel fine. 3. I took this picture on Aug. 9 th He was saying goodbye to his cabinet and the White House staff after the Watergate scandal. All his family were standing round him. You can see from their faces what they were feeling.
Answers: Photo A – text 3 Photo B – text 1 Photo C – text 2
Some more info: Photo A shows the American President Richard Nixon. He was a Republican and was forced to resign after several men broke into the Watergate Hotel in Washington (the Democratic Partys headquarters) and tried to bug the phones. The men had been paid by Nixons election committee. Photo B shows the Berlin Wall which divided East and West Berlin. It was built in 1961 to prevent East Germans escaping from the communist rule. It was knocked down in Photo C shows the Beatles in a room of the George V Hotel in Paris in Here they composed one of their most famous songs. The photo is known all over the world as the Beatles composing in Paris.
Vocabulary matching: 1.To bug the phones 2.To resign 3.To break into smth. 4.To prevent so. from doing smth. or to prevent so. doing smth. 5.The communist rule 6.To knock smth. down a. To destroy, to demolish b. The control of the population by a political system c. To officially leave a job d. To put a special device somewhere in order to listen secretly to other peoples conversations e. To enter a building by force; to open a car by force f. To stop so. from doing smth.
Answers: 1 – d 2 – c 3 – e 4 – f 5 – b 6 – a
Now read the texts again and try to remember what was happening when Harry Benson took the photos: When he took the photo in Berlin people……….. When he took the photo in Paris the Beatles…… When he took the photo in Washington President Nixon…….
Look at the verbs in red in the following paragraph: In 1989, I was working in London when suddenly I heard the news that the Russians were planning to make Berlin an open city. So I got on a plane. When I arrived in Berlin many people were attacking the wall with stones. The woman in the photo was shouting: I hate it!. What tense are they? Whats the difference between the verbs in red and the simple past forms in black?
Answers: The verbs in red are in the Past Continuous tense. We use the Past Continuous to describe an action in progress at a specific moment in the past whereas we use the Past Simple to talk about finished actions in the past.
Language Focus 1 Look at these two sentences and say what is the difference in meaning: 1.When my friend arrived, we had dinner. 2.When my friend arrived, we were having dinner.
Answers: In sentence 1 we had dinner after my friend arrived. In sentence 2 we were in the middle of dinner when my friend arrived.
Now match sentences 1&2 with two suitable timelines. One is not suitable here: 1.When my friend arrived, we had dinner. 2.When my friend arrived, we were having dinner. 1. past 2. past 3. past
Answers: Sentence 1 = timeline 2 Sentence 2 = timeline 1 Why is timeline 3 not suitable here?
Answer: Because timeline 3 shows an event that occurred several times in the past. It can be expressed by the past simple or the formused to (it will be the topic of next lesson).
Watch these pictures and say what the people were doing: when……
Look at this photo. What can you see? Where are they? What are they doing?
Willy Ronis talks about his most famous photo. Read what the photographer says and check your answers. It was March 1957 and I was taking photographs in Paris. One afternoon I went up the Bastille and I saw two lovers on a balcony. They were standing very near each other. They were talking. I took just one photo and they didnt hear me. I called it Lovers at the Bastille. Luckily for me this photo became very popular in France. Soon posters and postcards with my picture of the two lovers were everywhere. But I never knew who the two young people were. They never contacted me. 30 years later I had an exhibition of my photos in Paris. I was talking to some friends when suddenly a man came up to me and said I know your two lovers. They live near me. I can take you there if you want. I immediately decided to go and meet them. This was their story.
Now answer two more questions: What happened to the photo? What happened 30 years later?
Answers: It became very popular in France and it was seen everywhere on postcards and posters for many years. The photographer met a person who knew the two lovers and decided to get to know them.
Now listen to Marinette and Henri talking about their photo and answer this question: Are they still in love?
Now listen again and and decide if the sentences are True (T) or False (F): 1.They always knew that their photo was famous. 2.Marinette saw the book with their photo in a bookshop. 3.When the photographer took the photo they were laughing. 4.Marinette wanted Henri to stand near her. 5.They didnt know that the photographer was taking a photo of them. 6.Henri was trying to kiss Marinette. 7.Henri thinks they were arguing about their wedding. 8.They got married a year after the photo was taken. 9.Marinette and Henri work together every day. 10.She says that she and Henri are very similar.
Answers: 1.They always knew that their photo was famous. F 2.Marinette saw the book with their photo in a bookshop. F 3.When the photographer took the photo they were laughing. F 4.Marinette wanted Henri to stand near her. F 5.They didnt know that the photographer was taking a photo of them. T 6.Henri was trying to kiss Marinette. T 7.Henri thinks they were arguing about their wedding. T 8.They got married a year after the photo was taken. F 9.Marinette and Henri work together every day. T 10.She says that she and Henri are very similar. F
Language focus 2 Complete the rules by filling in the gaps with a suitable word: We form the Past Continuous with the _____ ______ of the verb _____ and the _____ form of the main verb. In negative sentences we use ________ or _______. In questions we use ______ or ______ + Subject + _____ form of the main verb (no _____!!) While or When? We use _______ + Past _______ to talk about smth. that was __________ at the time smth. else happened/interrupted it. We use ______ + Past ______ to describe two things which happened one after the other.
We form the Past Continuous with the PAST SIMPLE of the verb BE and the - ING form of the main verb. In negative sentences we use WAS NOT (WASNT) or WERE NOT (WERENT). In questions we use WAS or WERE + Subject + -ING form of the main verb (not DID!!) While or When? We use WHILE + PAST CONTINUOUS to talk about smth. that was IN PROGRESS at the time smth. else happened/interrupted it. We use WHEN + PAST SIMPLE to describe two things which happened one after the other. Answers:
Further reflection on topic & language: You can find explanations and further practice on Past Continuous in Working with Grammar Gold (Longman) – Unit 10 The past (from 10.5 to 10.6) You can also find lots of practice on the following websites: continuous.htm continuous.htm You can find info on Harry Bensons life, career and his photos on entering the name Harry Benson in the search box.www.digitaljournalist.org