Presentation on theme: "Louise Bloom Technology and Innovation. Technology in livelihoods – Individual use of technology in livelihoods – Fitting into local systems Innovation."— Presentation transcript:
Technology in livelihoods – Individual use of technology in livelihoods – Fitting into local systems Innovation in livelihoods – What is innovation? – Using the HIP innovation framework – Examples of innovation in Nakivale and Kyangwali Enabling innovation
Technology as an entry point into livelihoods The role of technology Skills, knowledge and ideas Adaption over time and transfer of technology Links to markets and systems
Energy Infrastructure Nakivale Refugee Settlement Computer Solar Power Battery Solar Panel Single purchases from Mbarara Phone Charging Salon Internet Phone repair Music & film Donated by friends & family Fuel Paraffin Fire New power lines (not yet connected) Dry cell batteries Manual Street Lighting (UNHCR)
Energy Infrastructure Nakivale Refugee Settlement Computer Solar Power Battery Solar Panel Single purchases from Mbarara Phone Charging Salon Internet Phone repair Music & film Donated by friends & family Street Lighting (UNHCR) CTA
Fuel in 20L jerry cans Computer Battery Phone Charging Salon Fuel Generator Battery recharge UNHCR and Gov fuel store Traders Supplier truck Milling Machine Lighting Transport Power supply to others Taxi Bus Restaurant Cinema Refrigerator in shop Rainwater selling Game shop
Brought in 20L jerry cans Computer Solar Power Battery Solar Panel Single purchases from Mbarara – solar panels, computers, online music and film Phone Charging Salon Internet Phone repair Music & film Donations from family and friends Fuel Generator Battery recharge UNHCR and Gov fuel store Traders Supplier truck Milling Machine Lighting Transport Power supply to others Taxi Bus Paraffin Traders Fire Wood cut and carried Charcoal Agricultural waste Cooking Restaurant Bakery New power lines (not yet connected) Cinema Dry cell batteries Radio Refrigerator in shop Water Manual Tailoring, Tool sharpening, Bicycle or hand carry Street Lighting (UNHCR) CTA Game shop
Handmade Congolese wooden bike for carrying heavy crops or water Water treadle pump – this one is used to pump rainwater from a tank to front of shop Bike converted to add a disc for sharpening tools – powered by the wheel
Technology an integral part of many livelihoods – Similar technologies in both sites – High level of re-use of materials Connections and networks – Social networks vital – Integrated into local systems Adaption and scale-up over time demonstrates innovation in livelihoods
Innovation Types – Tech (products) ; processes or business models – Incremental or Radical change Learning and triggers Define the problem or Identify the opportunity Test, Adapt and Use the solution Find a potential solution Appropriately Scale the solution Process: to make improvements or change
Innovation framework Beekeeper & Carpenter - Kyangwali Define the problem or Identify the opportunity No use for photography skills upon arrival and lack of income and later an injury which meant he could not travel to receive NGO distributed food Find a potential solution Learnt bee keeping and making hives from brother already in the settlement. Test, Adapt and Use the solution 1) Due to rain damage, a new hive design was made from a tree log. 2) To diversify income sources a carpentry shop was made with savings from the honey sales. Appropriately Scale the solution Many hives are kept, but large sales are only made to nationals from outside the village. Innovation from the bottom-up – Local capacity – Local systems Using the innovation process
No income Make trays & flour on credit Start a bakery Closed, not scaled Illness and low revenue Start a shop Diversify goods in shop Still open, not growing v.fast Seen others – 2nd hand clothing Buy, clean, repair then sell Ongoing Limited capital Mother- in-law is sick Saw neighbours mud stove Copied and adapted for shop Ongoing Mother-in-law gives grinder Uses the grinder to make samosas Ongoing Somali shopkeeper
Barriers to innovation Challenges stated – Access to financial capital – Access to material resources – Physical health – Market access Aspirations – Business growth and business advice – New skills and training
Next Steps Deeper understanding of innovation in livelihoods – Barriers and opportunities Enabling innovation – Types of spaces/ models that create an enabling environment? Case studies of innovation spaces – Variety: Community groups to new ICT Hubs
Constraints and opportunities in refugee livelihoods innovation What enabling factors and environments? Concept of a Refugee Innovation Centre
This old oil drum is being used as a cooker to sell cooked bananas in Rubundo Zone, Nakivale. Banana tree trunks are slotted through the holes at the top and meet in the middle to support the charcoal for cooking. Some wire mesh is used as the grill.
Reed matt, traditionally decorated for new brides, this congolese lady in Nakivale did not have access to coloured material, so collected sweet wrappers to use as decoration weaved into the matts...which sold for 2,000 more shillings than the plain matts.
Repair specialist in Kyangwali. He repairs saucepans with no welding, instead he uses scrap pans and metal with some basic tools to intricately fill the holes. He teaches others his same methods. And aspired to have a machine that made saucepans, though he didn't know what type of machine that would be.
A bee keeper invented this bee hive made from a hollow log, in order to help stop the rain entering the hive (as it does with the traditional bee hives made of vine). He got the idea from the technique that his grandparents used to make large baths for making drinks back in the DRC
Another repair man, repaired many items in Kyangwali. He taught himself how to repair umbrellas in the DRC, but now repairs plastic items, shoes and other HH goods. The chair on the right is his own resourceful way of fixing a plastic chair (which cant be repaired with heat due to the type of plastic).