3What is Web 2.0?It's a story about community and collaboration on a scale never seen before. It's about the cosmic compendium of knowledge Wikipedia and the million-channel people's network YouTube and the online metropolis MySpace. It's about the many wresting power from the few and helping one another for nothing and how that will not only change the world, but also change the way the world changes.(Lev Grossman in 2006 TIME magazine Person of The Year (You)
4What is Web 2.0?It is the process of putting us into the web.Web 2.0 marks a fundamental change in how we use the Internet.Web 2.0 is the move toward a more social, collaborative, interactive and responsive web. It is a change in the philosophy of web companies and web developers, but more than that, Web 2.0 is a change in the philosophy of society as a whole.Web 2.0 marks a change in us as a society as well as the Internet as a technology. In the early days of the web, we used it as a tool. Today, we aren't just using the Internet as a tool -- we are becoming a part of it.
5What is Web 2.0?It is people connecting with other people.This has led us to a social web where we aren't just getting information dumped to us from a computer, but we are reaching out to connect with other people to hear what they have to say on a subject.We do this in the form of social media sites like blogs, social networks, and wikis. The common theme of each of these websites is human interaction. On blogs, we post comments. On social networks, we make friends. And, on wikis, we share information.
6What is Web 2.0?It is an easier and more interactive Internet.These Web 2.0 ideas of bringing the power of people into the Internet wouldn't be possible without the technology to support it. For the collective knowledge of people to be harnessed, websites must be easy enough to use that they don't stand in the way of people using the Internet to share their knowledge.It sounds simple, but it is not something that was possible until the last few years. And what it means is that websites can be more responsive -- more like desktop applications -- which means that they are easier to use.
7Web 1.0 & Web 2.0Web 1.0 trends included worries over privacy concerns resulting in a one-way flow of information, through websites which contained "read-only" material.Now, during Web 2.0, the use of the Web can be characterized as the decentralization of website content, which is now generated from the "bottom-up”, with many users being contributors and producers of information, as well as the traditional consumers.
9Web 2.0 and EducationWeb 2.0 calls for major shifts in the way education is provided for students. One of the biggest shifts is the fact that “education must be not only socially, but collaboratively constructed”*. This means that students, in a Web 2.0 classroom, are expected to collaborate with their peers. By making the shift to a Web 2.0 classroom, teachers are creating a more open atmosphere where students are expected to stay engaged and participate in the discussions and learning that is taking place around them. In fact, there are many ways for educators to use Web 2.0 technologies in their classrooms.* Will Richardson, in Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms
10Web 2.0 and ELTNew Internet-based communication technologies more interactiveA natural fit for ELT
11Web 2.0 applications create numerous opportunities for enhanced classroom practice and professional development.+ access to an inexhaustible supply for English input+ authentic communication opportunities for both students and teachers
13Social softwareComputer tools that allow people to connect, to communicate and to collaborate on line.Blog: a web page with regular diary or journal entries.Wiki: a collaborative web space. It allows you to visualize a group of pages that users may edit/modify.Podcast: an audio and/or video file that is put on the internet and may be downloaded to a computer or other device.Social networks: professional and social networking sites that facilitate meeting people, finding like minds, sharing content.
14They can be set up and used by teachers and/or learners They can be used to connect learners to other communities of learnersThe ideas and content can be generated and created by learners, individually or collaboratively.
15Blogs in language teaching Include written text, pictures, photos, audio and/or video.Kept by a person.Readers may comment on blog entries.May include a blogroll.Blogs used in education are called “edublogs”A “tutor blog” is a blog set up and maintained by a teacher.“Students blogs” are blogs set up and maintained by learners.If an entire class sets up a blog, it is called “class blog”
16Tutor blog Student blog Class Bog Set homeworkPersonal and family informationReactions to a film, article, class topic, etc.Provide a summary of class workExtra writing practice on class topicsThings learners like/don’t like doing in classProvide links to extra reading/listening materialRegular comments on current affairsA class project on any topicQuestion and answer (e.g. about grammar, class work)Research and present information on a topic (e.g. an English speaking country)Exam/study tipsA photoblog on learner’s country, last holiday, town
17Blogs in language teaching A class blogA tutor blogA student blog
18Blogs in language teaching ICT in my classroomTeaching is funMore…
19How to set up a blog Blogger http://www.blogger.com WordpressEzBlogWorldBahraich BlogsGetablog
20Wikis in language teaching What a wiki isMain functions of a wiki:You can:Edit the pageLook at the canges that have been made by other contributors to the wikiSee a list of all the wiki pagesChange the wiki settings, and add files.Foreign Language Teaching Wiki
21How to set up a wiki Pbwiki www.pbwiki.com Media www.mediawiki.org Wikihost
22Podcasts in language teaching The closest analogy to a podcast is that of a radio or TV show, but you can listen to or watch a podcast that interests you whenever you want toIt can be downloaded automatically to your computerIt can be on any topic and may contain music and video
23Who produces podcasts?Broadcasting corporations, eg, BBC, CNN, RTHK: Some of their programmes are available as podcasts.Institutions and Organisations: eg, universities, schools, churches, voluntary organisationsThe majority of podcasts are produced by individuals and small groups of people.Developing Students’ Listening and Speaking Skills through ELT PodcastsPaul Sze, Faculty of Ed., CUHK
24Examples of Podcasts BBC Podcasts Princeton Univ. Podcast: Fudan Fuzhong:SJS Podcasting Club:“Independent’ podcast: Word NerdsA teacher podcast: Samantha’s podcastA student podcast: Podcast for Mr Cosand’s 6th Grade classDeveloping Students’ Listening and Speaking Skills through ELT PodcastsPaul Sze, Faculty of Ed., CUHK
25Learners can listen to podcasts made by others They can produce their own podcastsTeachers may record lectures as podcasts, so that students can download the class for later listening (coursecasting)
26Advantages of Podcasts For Producers of PodcastsThey can be produced easily.They can be put on a podcasting site for free.They can reach out to thousands of listeners.For ListenersThere are thousands of podcasts on the Web covering a wide range of topics.They can be listened to on a computer, or downloaded to a portable listening device (eg, MP3 player, iPod, Mobile phone, PDA) for listening while on the move.They can be ‘subscribed to’.Developing Students’ Listening and Speaking Skills through ELT PodcastsPaul Sze, Faculty of Ed., CUHK
27Podcasts in language teaching Englishcaster.comPodcasts and eltBBC News