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頁眉 Network:The Future Jintong Lin 24 Oct 2009, BUPT 2017/3/31.

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Presentation on theme: "頁眉 Network:The Future Jintong Lin 24 Oct 2009, BUPT 2017/3/31."— Presentation transcript:

1 頁眉 Network:The Future Jintong Lin 24 Oct 2009, BUPT 2017/3/31

2 Outline Current Status of Networks Emerging Supportive Technologies
End-to-End Broadband Network Research Programs World-Wide The concept and framework for the future network Conclusion 2017/3/31

3 Network: Integration of ICT
Opto-electronics Micro-electronics Information collecting and sensing Information processing Information storage and display Telecommunication technology Computation Information security 2017/3/31

4 Current Status of Networks
FTTH: Broadband with >100Mb/s CATV: Popular worldwide The Internet Traffic: 1000 times larger in 10 years Web 2.0 applications: Blog, SNS, YouTube, Second Life, Google Services, … Various Networks: Home-Net, Sensor-Net, WPAN 3G Cellular Phone with versatile applications: , digital camera, prepaid cashing, user authentication, TV monitor (One Segment),… 2017/3/31

5 Supportive Technologies
Streaming media: real time transmission of digital contents. Optical fiber: high capacity networking. Wireless: individual access any time, any where. Internet: information resource /channels. 2017/3/31

6 Video Drives Bandwidth Demand
頁眉 Video Drives Bandwidth Demand The age of public creativity Sources: OIDA, TI, Wikipedia, Mashable social networking 2.0; P Cashmere (2006), Yahoo news (N Finn 2006) 2017/3/31 6 6

7 Video of the future Pixels Lines Compressed
SDTV ×576 ×8×2× Mb/s 6M HDTV ×1080 × … Mb/s M Super-HDTV (Digital Film) 3840×2048 ×… Gb/s HD Holographic 400k×400k ×… Tb/s T 2017/3/31

8 How to solve the bandwidth crisis
1) Increase the available spectrum 2) Use the spectrum more efficiently 2017/3/31

9 Thanks to Dr. Charles K Kao

10 Capacity x Distance Growth
頁眉 Capacity x Distance Growth (over single fibre) 2017/3/31 10 10 10

11 Spectral efficiency 2017/3/31

12 2017/3/31

13 32Tb/s DWDM Transmission
AT&T, NEC, Corning(OFC2009) 320×114Gb/s ×580km PDM-RZ-8QAM, SMF-28 with super-low loss

14 Spec. efficiency vs. years (Mobile)

15 Fiber net.: the landscape
頁眉 Fiber net.: the landscape Capacity 5Tb/s Tb/s 10~40Tb/s No.Wave DataRate Gb/s 10-40Gb/s 160Gb/s-1Tb/s Bandwidth 100nm 200nm nm Tech. OADM/OXC Opt.Router all-opt. switch DWDM OBS OTDM QPSK Self-adapt Opt.3R phot.integration disp.compen. W.Conver. 2017/3/31

16 PDM-QPSK and OFDM 2017/3/31

17 Photonic integration: which one?
Silicon CMOS Planar glass integration: do not underestimate its potential Nano photonics Optical Functionality: the smallest size possible the lowest energy possible the shortest switching time possible 2017/3/31

18 The Vision of Nano-photonic Circuits
頁眉 The Vision of Nano-photonic Circuits [S. I. Bozhevolnyi et al., Nature 440, 508 (2006)] Electro-optical modulator Logic gate Detector Optical memory Au Film Light In Light “out” Surface Plasmon wave Grating Plasmons as information carriers: small bending angles High integration density Broadband EPSRC NanoPhotonics Portfolio Centre / Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton 2017/3/31 18

19 Passive splitter (Local gateway)
頁眉 All-Optical Networks Access Network (FTTX) Access Network Subscriber 16 Subscriber 3 Subscriber 2 Passive splitter (Local gateway) Subscriber 1 Coded Channels 1-16 Central Office Metro (Core) Coded Channels Central Office Business Ring Long haul Address 2 Address 1 Can we go all-optical? 2017/3/31 19 19

20 What are the components still missing?
頁眉 What are the components still missing? A fs switch with mw threshold Optical transmission is still analogue! We need pulse reshaping and noise thresholding Microstructured fibres a strong contender An optical buffer Photons still cannot be stored! We want routing in the optical domain – 40 Packet buffers ‘Slow light’ struggles to beat simple optical fibre delay lines noisy data regenerated data Fibre devices remain major possibilities Optical power no longer a problem! 2017/3/31 20

21 Today’s wired = tomorrow’s wireless
頁眉 Today’s wired = tomorrow’s wireless Data speed Systems beyond 3G Fixed Communications 1G FTTH family family 100M ● LTE (50M/100M) VDSL ● W-CDMA/TD-SCDMA HSDPA (14M) 10M CATV xDSL 1M ● cdma2000 EV-DO (2.4M) IMT-2000 WCDMA: Wideband Code Division Multiple Access In WCDMA world, the NTT DoCoMo plans to offer wireless broadband environment thru HSDPA services in summer 2006. 100M to 1Gbps in 2010 is reasonable perspectives from user viewpoints, when considering the seamless environment between fixed and mobile data access. HSDPA: High Speed Downlink Packet Access HSUPA: High Speed Uplink Paket Access S3G: Super 3G (=3.9G) 100K ISDN PHS ● W-CDMA TD-SCDMA cdma200 10K Voice band modem 1K 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2017/3/31

22 End-to-End Broadband Networking
Optical ≥100Gb/s per channel First cms Long-Haul First Miles Metro WAN First meters Metro WAN Last Miles Last meters Last cms >10 Gb/s Multi-band MM-W Inter-connect >10 Gb/s Wireless & MMW-ROF ≥40Gb/s FTTH WDM PON TDM PON 2017/3/31

23 Wireless:bandwidth & coverage
Data rate (Mb/s) GPRS/EDGE UMTS / HSDPA/ 1xEVDO 1000 100 10 1 0.1 10000 Range (m) 802.11n 802.11a/g 802.11b WiFi WiMax 802.16e / 20 Bluetooth Mobile/Nomadic Fixed ZigBee GSM/TDMA Blackberry ECMA-387 a UWB 60 GHz wireless interconnects for memory access In the box 100000 Canopy 頁眉 Wireless:bandwidth & coverage ECMA:European Computer Manufacturers Association 12/2008 High Rate 60 GHz PHY, MAC and HDMI PAL WPAN 2017/3/31 23

24 Broadband Access Network Convergence
頁眉 Broadband Access Network Convergence 10Mb/s Mb/s 274 Mb/s 1Gb/s Gb/s 10-Km 200-Km over air 200-Km over fiber 10-m over air Next Generation Integrated Optical and Wireless Access Networks WiFi 2.4GHz (802.11b/g) 5GHz (802.11a) WiMAX 2.5, 3.5GHz 10, 26GHz DoD Ku-band 11-18 GHz millimeter-wave Wireless LTE 700MHz MVDS 40GHz MBS 60GHz 70-90GHz Capacity Data Rate Mobility MMDS LMDS 2-3GHz 26-29GHz Frequency TDM-PON WDM PON GPON 2.5Gb/s Wireline EPON Copper BPON 1.25Gb/s 622Mb/s ADSL/ Cable APON Optical 155Mb/s <10Mb/s Time MMDS: multichannel multipoint distribution service, LDMS: local multi-point distribution service MVDS: microwave video distribution system, MBS: mobile broadband system 2017/3/31 24 24

25 60GHz MMW: providing Gb/s access
頁眉 60GHz MMW: providing Gb/s access GHz Prohibited Unlicensed Wireless LAN ISM Pt.-to-Pt. Space and fixed & mobile apps. Japan E.U. U.S. Prohibited Space comm. Unlicensed Pt to Pt A license free band near 60GHz has up to 8 GHz antenna resonant bandwidth available for wireless communications. It can provide super broadband wireless data and HD video links at > 1Gb/s. 2017/3/31 25 25

26 Last meters:WPAN MMW-Band (60 GHz) for WPAN Current WLAN/WPAN
頁眉 Last meters:WPAN Current WLAN/WPAN (WiFiIEEE802.11a/b/g/n, Bluetooth,UWB) Inadequate bandwidth overly congested Increased interference Lower capacity Relatively low data rates Power limitation MMW-Band (60 GHz) for WPAN (ECMA-387, WiFi VHT, IEEE c and WiMedia) No interference with existing RF channels Short-range (<10 m) wireless comm. Reconfigurable and reusable channels Ultra-high date rates up to 16-Gb/s 2017/3/31 26 26

27 Network Architecture by ITU-T

28 Near-future Objectives
Replace legacy telephone networks with the IP-based networks Integrate various services Quadruple-play Services: Voice, Data, Video, Cellular Phone Solve the issues that the Internet is facing Application-oriented QoS control Mobility support Weakness for security Maintain the safety and reliability of telephone services 2017/3/31

29 TCP/IP / Web / Search Engine
頁眉 TCP/IP / Web / Search Engine Vinton G. Cerf & Robert E. Kahn Chad Hurley & Steve Chen 2017/3/31 29

30 Research Programs for future network
頁眉 Research Programs for future network 2017/3/31

31 Research Program in China
Controllable, Manageable, Measurable IP Network (973-07) Cognitive Radio (973-08) Optoelectronic Devices & Nano-Heterostructures(973-09) Controllable Pbit/s Optical Network (973-09) Pbit/s Optical Transmission Technologies (973-09) High-speed optical signal processing technologies and devices in New Generation Optical Network (NSF) Fiber sensor network and the key technologies(NSF-07) 60G ROF (NSF-08) 100G OOFDM (NSF-09) New gen. of high creditability network (863-07) Self-organization networks and computing technology (863) CNGI(863) 2017/3/31

32 GENI: Key Concepts (GENI: Global Environment for Network Innovations)

33 About FIND Project (FIND: Future Internet Design)
New architecture principles Compassable architectural building blocks Recursive network architecture Delay tolerant network architectures Disaster networks Cache and forward network (for large files) Network technology and architectures Wireless Networks Optical Networks Services architectures 2017/3/31

34 EU Program: From FP6 to FP7
6th Framework Program (FP6) 390MEuro for ICT (5 years) 7th Framework Program (FP7) (7 years) 910MEuro for ICT 2017/3/31

35 FIRE:Future Internet Research and Experimentation
頁眉 FIRE:Future Internet Research and Experimentation FIRE is an experimentally-driven long-term research initiative on Future Internet concepts, protocols an architectures, encompassing technological, industrial and socio-economic aspects. Long term multidisciplinary research on future Internet paradigms Open to fresh bottom-up ideas with no backwards-compatibility constraints Build in from the outset and on all levels the right balance between security/accountability and privacy 2017/3/31 35

36 - a small light in the dark pointing to the future -
AKARI in Japan Research Architecture and Key Technologies JGN JGN JGN3 Funding for Research Projects in Univ. and/or Industry Testbed Funding AKARI Project - a small light in the dark pointing to the future - Designing new generation network architecture Pick up techniques Integrate & simplify them under the clean slate design concept 2017/3/31

37 AKARI Project’s R&D Plan

38 Multi-layer control Mechanism
Application Overlay Network Multi-layer control Mechanism (IP+ α) NW / Post IP NW Underlay Network Photonic NW Sensor NW Mobile NW Study Items for FNet Architecture 2017/3/31

39 Architecture Study in AKARI
Connectionless Datagram Packet Combination of Packet and Circuit Switched Networking Identification & Location Separate Structure Naming & Discovery New Scheme should be needed Layered Architecture Cross-layered Architecture Mobile Networking PDMA (Packet Division Multiple Access) Overlay network Overlay testbed over JGN2 Autonomous/Self-organization mechanism Network Science 2017/3/31

40 Requirements for the future net.
Network Capacity times in 10years Backbone Node: 1Pb/s, Backbone Link: 10Tb/s FTTH: 10Gb/s No. of Appliances Ubiquitous appliances 100 billion appliances / 1 million broadcast stations Capacity of contents From 100 bit (sensor/RFID) to 5Tb (2 hour 4K digital film contents) and more Transparency / Openness / Simplicity KISS principle: Keep it simple and stupid Controlled transparency for security 2017/3/31

41 Requirements for future net. (cont.)
Reliability: Protection of Privacy, Traceability Ubiquity: Ubiquitous appliances and contents Full mobility support Sustainability and adaptability for technological advances Low Power consumption Prediction: ICT systems will occupy about 50% of total power consumption with current technology in 10 years! 2017/3/31

42 New Applications Grid Computing over optical networks
Display for visualization of e-science Digital Film, 2d/3d ODS (Other Digital Stuff) 2017/3/31

43 OptlPuter 100M pixels display
頁眉 OptlPuter 100M pixels display 55-Panel display 100 Megapixels 30×10GE interfaces 1/3 Tera bit/sec Driven by 30 unit Cluster of 64 bit Dual Operons 60 TB Disk Linked to OtlPuter Working with NASA ARC Hyperwall Team to Unify Software Source: Jason Leigh, Tome DeFanti, 2017/3/31

44 4K Digital Cinema Prototype System
頁眉 4K Digital Cinema Prototype System Vertical scan lines  2048 Lines Horizontal pixels   Pixels(4K) D-ILA 4K Projector JPEG2000 Real Time Decoder Source:NTT Labs. 2017/3/31

45 Conclusion Broadband Network is definitely needed for the fast-increasing information traffic Great efforts are made in the progress of supportive technologies Various projects are carried out worldwide for the concept and framework of the future network An advanced network will be realized to meet the requirements for the future 2017/3/31

46 Thank You! Acknowledgement to: D.N. Payne, Univ. of Southampton
頁眉 Thank You! Acknowledgement to: D.N. Payne, Univ. of Southampton G.K. Chang, Georgia-Tech. Wu Hequan, China Academy of Eng. Tomonori Aoyama, NICT Jintong Lin Tel: 2017/3/31

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