Presentation on theme: "Alice Y. Chang1 Reading Jan van Eycks Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife."— Presentation transcript:
Alice Y. Chang1 Reading Jan van Eycks Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife
Alice Y. Chang2 Section One: 18:00-19:00 1. 2. the concepts of photographic realism 3. (1): ( )
Alice Y. Chang3 Section Two: 19:10-21:00 1. 2. (2): ( ) 3. (3): 3-D 4. (4): ( )
Alice Y. Chang4 outline 1. Problematic 2. About Jan van Eyck 3. Details of Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife 4. Reading materials from Scientific American 5. The Renaissance Episteme 6. Students Presentation
Alice Y. Chang5 Problematic The formation of the Renaissance Episteme?
Alice Y. Chang6 The turning point The grand trajectory of Western painting, we see something very interesting taking place at the dawn of the Renaissance
Alice Y. Chang7 1425: before and after Before rough 1425, most images were rather stylized, even schematic, but afterward we see paintings that have an almost photographic realism. Ideal world real world
Alice Y. Chang8 For instance, Jan van Eycks Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Three-dimensionality, presence, individuality and psychological depth
Alice Y. Chang9 What happened? For the first time, we find portraits that really look like us! How can we explain such a paradigmatic shift in paintings?
Alice Y. Chang10 Jan van Eyck 1. Flemish painter (b. before 1395, Maaseik, d. 1441, Bruges) 2. Biography: http://www.ibiblio.org/wm /paint/auth/eyck Biography http://www.ibiblio.org/wm /paint/auth/eyck
Alice Y. Chang11 Jan van Eyck... Is the greatest artist of the early Netherlands school. Had the outstanding skill as an oil painter Invented the medium to allow for the preservation of the colors built up layers of transparent glazes, captured objects in the minutest detail
Alice Y. Chang12 Glaze a transparent or translucent color applied to modify the effect of a painted surface a smooth glossy or lustrous surface or finish a glassy film
Alice Y. Chang13 luminous clarity He had an eye almost miraculously responsive to every detail or his world, not just in that he saw it, but that he understood its value. he saw the most ordinary things with a wonderful sharpness and a great sense of their awesome beauty.
Alice Y. Chang14 A Turning Point From the late medieval arts (the Gothic arts) to the early Renaissance Arts/ Late Gothic and The Early Renaissancemedieval arts Geographically, the Southern Europe (Italy) was going to take the place of artistic center.
Alice Y. Chang15 History of arts Medieval arts Renaissance Arts
Alice Y. Chang24 Adoration of the Lamb detail: bottom half of panel depicting angelic musicians, 1432 (30 Kb); Cathedral of St. Bavo, Ghent
Alice Y. Chang25 Crucifixion 1420-25 Oil on wood transferred to canvas, 56,5 x 19,5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Alice Y. Chang26 Last Judgment 1420-25 Oil on wood transferred to canvas, 56,5 x 19,5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Alice Y. Chang27 Stigmatization of St Francis 1428-29
Alice Y. Chang28 A New Realism fidelity in art and literature to nature or to real life and to accurate representation without idealization Photo-realism in painting characterized by extremely meticulous depiction of detail
Alice Y. Chang29 Fidelity when you copy the detail and quality of an original, such as a picture, sound or story exactly: accuracy in describing or reporting facts or details
Alice Y. Chang30 Portrait of Cardinal Albergati painting media c. 1435 Silverpoint, 212 x 180 mm Kupferstichkabi nett, Dresden 1431-32 Oil on wood, 34,1 x 27,3 cm Kunsthistorische s Museum, Vienna
Alice Y. Chang36 Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini c. 1435 Oil on panel 29 x 20 cm Staatliche Museen, Gemaeldegalerie-Dahlem, Berlin
Alice Y. Chang37 Detailed analysis http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth /arth214_folder/Van_Eyck/Arnolfini.html http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth /arth214_folder/Van_Eyck/Arnolfini.html
Alice Y. Chang43 More notes/ conflicting viewpoints Wedding? This work is not intended as a record of their wedding./ As today, marriages in 15th-century Flanders could take place privately rather than in church. Pregnant? His wife is not pregnant, as is often thought, but holding up her full-skirted dress in the contemporary fashion.
Alice Y. Chang44 Jan van Eyck was here 1434 The ornate Latin signature translates as 'Jan van Eyck was here 1434'. The similarity to modern graffiti is not accidental. Van Eyck often inscribed his pictures in a witty way.
Alice Y. Chang45 What is inside the mirror? The mirror reflects two figures in the doorway. One may be the painter himself. Arnolfini raises his right hand as he faces them, perhaps as a greeting.
Alice Y. Chang46 Reading Stork, David G. Optics and Realism in Renaissance Art. Scientific American (December 2004): 77-83.
Alice Y. Chang47 at the dawn of the Renaissance. When we consider the grand trajectory of Western painting, we see something very interesting taking place at the dawn of the Renaissance.
Alice Y. Chang48 Schematic style photographic realism Before roughly 1425, most images were rather stylized, even schematic, but afterward we see paintings that have an almost photographic realism.
Alice Y. Chang49 Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Three dimensionality Presence Individuality and psychological depth Portraits really look like us!
Alice Y. Chang50 New Art/ ars nova David Hockeys bold and controversial theory: Artist used lenses and mirror to project images onto canvases or similar surfaces and then trace and paint over the results.
Alice Y. Chang51 Photographic realism David Stork v.s. David Hockey
Alice Y. Chang52 Photographical realism? Literally, Hockey Metaphorically, Stork
Alice Y. Chang53 David Hockneys Theory Secret Knowledge: Rediscovering the Lost Techniques of Old Masters Mirror projection/ camera obscura
Alice Y. Chang54 camera obscura Etymology: New Latin, literally, dark chamber a darkened enclosure having an aperture usually provided with a lens through which light from external objects enters to form an image of the objects on the opposite surface
Alice Y. Chang55 Camera obscura phtographic camera A traditional lens-based camera obscura is a precursor of the modern photographic camera, but without film. Mirror-based obscura at the time of van Eyke would have be the most sophisticated optical system!!!
Alice Y. Chang56 Stork s experiments Mirror and projections
Alice Y. Chang57 Making a Concave Mirror Using 15th Century Technology http://www.optics.arizona.edu/ssd/concave.html David Stork: a different perspective Arts
Alice Y. Chang58 Optics and realism The History of Mirrors, Concaves, and Concaves Euclidean Geometry Projective Geometry Analytical Geometry
Alice Y. Chang59 Too photographically? His painting is photographically capturing the real world. Literal or metaphorical meanings?
Alice Y. Chang60 Stork s conclusion A skillful artist does not need projections to achieve good perspective! A constellation of reasons to explain the new realism!
Alice Y. Chang61 Why? The technological factors Flat tempora painting of medieval art oil painting Linear perspective Mathematical system/ projective geometry anatomy
Alice Y. Chang62 Cultural and economical factors Secularism or humanism The increase in patronage Growing prevalence of spectacles
Alice Y. Chang63 Renaissance Episteme A brief introduction
Alice Y. Chang64 The Turning Point In 1962, Thomas Kuhn The Structure of Scientific Revolution the concept of "paradigm shift" (p.10). Michel Foucault episteme
Alice Y. Chang65 Raphael (1483-1520) The School of Athens
Alice Y. Chang67 Renaissance Art and Mathematical Perspective Early Attempts to Depict the Real World in Art
Alice Y. Chang68 Rembrandt painted his famous "Anatomical Lecture
Alice Y. Chang69 The Interaction of Artists and Scientists in the Renaissance Applications of the Method of Perspective in Renaissance Art Applications of the Method of Perspective in Renaissance Art LEONARDO: ENAISSANCE POLYMATH LEONARDO: ENAISSANCE POLYMATH
Alice Y. Chang81 Middle Ages the Renaissance The age of faith the age of reason God-centered man-centered The age of wonder the age of science C.S. Lewis: the bookish world the rational world M. Foucault: the European ration from the Renaissance to our own age