2 25.4Radiation in Your LifeIn a smoke detector, radiation from the Americum nuclei ionizes the nitrogen and oxygen in smoke-free air, allowing a current to flow. When smoke particles get in the way, a drop in current is detected by an electronic circuit, causing it to sound an alarm. You will learn about some of the other practical uses of radiation.
3 Detecting Radiation What are three devices used to detect radiation? 25.4Detecting RadiationDetecting RadiationWhat are three devices used to detect radiation?
4 25.4Detecting RadiationIonizing radiation is radiation with enough energy to knock electrons off some atoms of the bombarded substance to produce ions.Devices such as Geiger counters, scintillation counters, and film badges are commonly used to detect radiation.
5 25.4Detecting RadiationRadiation can produce ions, which can then be detected, or it can expose a photographic plate and produce images.Radiation can expose a photographic plate.
6 A Geiger counter uses a gas-filled metal tube to detect radiation. 25.4Detecting RadiationGeiger CounterA Geiger counter uses a gas-filled metal tube to detect radiation.
7 Scintillation Counter 25.4Detecting RadiationScintillation CounterA scintillation counter uses a phosphor-coated surface to detect radiation.
8 25.4Detecting RadiationFilm BadgeA film badge consists of several layers of photographic film covered with black lightproof paper, all encased in a plastic or metal holder.
9 Using Radiation How are radioisotopes used in medicine? 25.4
10 25.4Using RadiationNeutron activation analysis is a procedure used to detect trace amounts of elements in samples.Neutron activation analysis is used by museums to detect art forgeries, and by crime laboratories to analyze gunpowder residues.
11 25.4Using RadiationRadioisotopes can be used to diagnose medical problems and, in some cases, to treat diseases.
12 25.4Using RadiationThis scanned image of a thyroid gland shows where radioactive iodine-131 has been absorbed.This scanned image of a thyroid gland shows where radioactive iodine-131 has been absorbed. Doctors use these images to identify thyroid disorders.
14 25.4 Section Quiz.1. Ionizing radiation can remove _______ from atoms.protonsneutronspositronselectrons.
15 25.4 Section Quiz.2. Which of the following is NOT a device used to detect radiation?geiger counterscintillation counterfilm badgeradioisotope
16 25.4 Section Quiz.3. Choose the correct words for the space. When a tumor is treated by radiation, more cancer cells than normal cells are killed because cancer cells ____________ than normal cells.are more susceptible to damage because they grow fasterabsorb more radiation because they are largergrow slowerare smaller
17 25.4 Section Quiz.4. How do scientists detect thyroid problems?with teletherapyby neutron activation analysisusing an iodine-131 tracerusing a radioisotope sealed in a gold tube
18 Concept MapConcept Map 25. Solve the Concept Map with the help of an interactive guided tutorial.