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History of Photography Timeline

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Presentation on theme: "History of Photography Timeline"— Presentation transcript:

1 History of Photography Timeline
Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester Jesse Tempel

2 Events Coordinator Jackie Uhing Time Era: Before 1850

3 5th – 4th Centuries B.C Chinese And Greek philosophers described they basic principles of optics and the camera. 1664 – 1666 Isaac Newton discovers that white light is actually composed of lots of different colors. Jackie Uhing

4 1727 Jackie Uhing Johann Heinrich was a very accomplished man who studied medicine, chemistry, philosophy, theology, and taught astronomy at the colleges of Hale and Altdorf. In the year of 1724 he conducted an experiment of which showed that silver and chalk reflected less light then untarnished silvers. The experiment also showed that the salts continued to darken when unprotected form light. While this experiment never exceeded a real preserved image it did set the foundation for one.

5 1837 Jackie Uhing Louis Daquerre had been trying since the mid-1820’s to capture and make a permanent picture. While he had success in his quest it was not until 1838 that he felt comfortable showing people his invention, which was called the daguerreotype. This type of camera was the first ever that made a permanent image that did not fade, and it only needed 30minutes to become exposed. To make this happen a negative image was exposed on a mirror polished surface of metal that was coated with iodine. Then the negative was soaked in silver halide particles. The negative image then became a positive one and ba-da-bing a picture

6 1841 In 1841 William Henry Talbot patented the calotype. This camera was the first of its type to offer multiple copies of an image. The negative images from this camera were soaked in a garlic acid solution to create a latent image. Then the negatives were taken out of the garlic solution and they had access amounts of silver iodine on them the iodine was washed away and the positive image appeared. Jackie Uhing

7 Manufacturer Pre 1850 Jesse Tempel

8 Jewel Box Camera 1816, Joseph Nicephore Niepce
Created camera from a jewel box Had a simple lens Made a negative image Jesse Tempel

9 Talbot’s Mousetrap 1834, Fox Talbot
Experimented with silver chloride coated paper to get negatives Uses “mousetrap” camera to take first negative Jesse Tempel

10 The Daguerreotype 1837, Louis Daguerre
Dauguerreotype, took fixed images, under 30 minutes exposure to light. Jesse Tempel

11 Picture Permanence 1839, Sir John Herschel Sodium hyposulfite
Made pictures permanent Jesse Tempel

12 Pictures before the 1850's Japheth Hartmann

13 Pictures before the 1850's The pictures in this time period were actually very clear. They were all in black and white though. They were clear because of the chemicals used. Japheth Hartmann

14 Pictures before the 1850's The pictures were very expensive before the 1850’s. They were expensive because they had to use a lot chemicals to make just one picture. Most people couldn’t get pictures of themselves because of the price of them. Japheth Hartmann

15 Pictures before the 1850's The pictures would also fade very easily. The chemicals that the pictures were made out of made the pictures fade easily. It is very rare the find a picture in this time period in good condition. Japheth Hartmann

16 Pictures before the 1850's It was very hard to make copies of pictures. It was easier to just take separate pictures then to try to make copies of them. Japheth Hartmann

17 Pictures before the 1850's Photography greatly increased during the 1800’s. Some of the inventions that took place during this era changed the photography world forever. Japheth Hartmann

18 Photographers before 1850 Ashley Jensen

19 Sir John Herschel Used the first term of photography in 1839
First invented by de la Roche ( ) Before this was they used canvas with a sticky coating Processes had been known for quite some time It wasn’t until the 2 chemicals were put together that photography was in in existence Ashley Jensen

20 Robert Boyle Found that silver chloride turned dark in light but was thought that it was do to air not light. Angelo Sala found in the early 17th century that sliver turned black in the sun Johann Heninrich Schulze discovered in 1727 that certain liquids turned colors in sunlight. Ashley Jensen

21 Niepce Created the first picture in June or July using material that harden after being exposed to light This picture needed eight hours of exposure time Ashley Jensen


23 Picture Person 1850-1900 By: Karlee Bourke
There weren’t many different kinds of pictures taken in the years of 1850 through the 1900’s. The pictures taken were usually taken of buildings and other structures. There were also a lot of pictures taken of usually, groups of people. The quality of the pictures is not extravagant. They were mostly shot in black and white and sepia colors. By: Karlee Bourke

24 -A view of Constantinople, taken in 1855 by, James Robertson and Felice Beato.
-This is a picture of Poongee Kyoung, Burma. It was photographed in 1880 by and unknown artist. One of the main focuses in the pictures from the 1850’s through the 1900’s was pictures of buildings and structures. The pictures from different cultures show what some of the structures in those places looked like. The buildings in these pictures has changed dramatically and we now know they’ve changed because we can compare the older pictures to recent pictures. Karlee Bourke

25 -Elephant of his highness Sir Madho Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur and retainers at a gate of the outer palace courtyard, Jaipur. This was taken in 1890. -This picture is a part of the Java Collection and was taken in 1870. Another main focus of photographers in the 1850’s through the 1900’s, was people. The people in these pictures, as you may have noticed, are not smiling. When they took pictures back then, it took a long time for the picture to develop, and that would have been a long time to keep that smile on. Now, thank goodness, it only takes a matter of a few seconds to take a picture. I also noticed when looking at these pictures that they were taken in larger groups. Karlee Bourke

26 -This was taken in 1855 by Linnaeus Tripe and is a picture of Amerapoora, at the corner of Mygabboodee-tee Kyoung. -This was photographed in 1880 by William J. Johnson. -This is a picture of Indian dancing girls in 1990 by an unknown photographer. The pictures taken during this time had pretty good resolution. They were mostly in black and white and a few had a sepia tone. You could really tell that these photos have been aged. Now photos that we take will last a little longer than those taken back in the early 19th century. The photographs taken were surprisingly pretty clear. Although, they still were a little fuzzy because they had only just begun to develop the camera. Karlee Bourke

27 Photographers & Inventors!
…of the 1850s & early 1900s. Tara Winkle

28 Napoleon Sarony. ( ) Implemented the practice of paying well-known individuals (celebrities, etc) to pose for him and then retaining the rights to sell their photos for profit. Tara Winkle

29 George Eastman. ( ) In 1888, he invented dry, transparent, and flexible, photographic film (or rolled photography film). Was an avid photographer and eventually became the founder of the Eastman ‘Kodak’ company. Tara Winkle

30 William James Stillman. (1828-1901)
Famous for “Greek landscape and the modern Greek context of ancient ruins, his work showed a modern sensibility for their time, a way of seeing utterly different from the commercial photography of Greeks and foreigners, whose photographs tended to cater to the set expectations of the touristic market. “ One of the first foreign photographers to photograph his foreign land to incoming to tourists. Tara Winkle

31 The Kodak Brownie. ( ) Sold for one dollar, one hundred thousand were purchased in the first year alone. One of the very first cameras that lead to the advancement in photography and further inventions. Looked like a little brown box, with all the picture options located right next to the lens, and a single hand strap on the side. Tara Winkle

32 Events Coordinator Jillian Kongsjord

33 1860 The civil war began in Fort Sumter, South Carolina. The civil war was the first war to have pictures taken of it. Matthew Brady was one of the most popular photographers of that time. Robert E Lee Jillian Kongsjord

34 1870 The city of Chicago is almost destroyed in a deadly fire.
Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone. The city of Chicago is almost destroyed in a deadly fire. Edison invents the incandescent light bulb. Jillian Kongsjord

35 1880 George Eastman takes a patent and the first Kodak box cameras are sold in 1888. James A. Garfield is shot in the back on July 2, 1881. Jillian Kongsjord

36 1890 Thomas Edison patents a first motion picture camera the “kinetoscope” which can show a movie to one person at a time. January 9 – X-rays are first used to treat breast cancer. Utah becomes a state in 1896 Jillian Kongsjord


38 Manufacturer By Mikayla Knudsen Mikayla Knudsen

39 Process In 1901 the box roll-film camera was introduced by Kodak.
The roll-film was when the film was protected from light exposure by a paper backing rather than the cartridge that had previously been used. Mikayla Knudsen

40 Lenses At this time they used waterhouse stop lenses.
They had a small whole in the center of the tab. They were oblong and rough along the edge. Invented by John Waterhouse Mikayla Knudsen

41 Cost? Kodak cameras costed about $20 in 1910
This was about the time that cameras started becoming available to the general public. Mikayla Knudsen

42 Developing Photos During this time there were 2 ways for people to get their photos developed They could have sent their camera to Kodak to get their pictures developed, printed, and film reloaded They also could have done it themselves by developing them in a dark room, but very few did this because they didn’t know how or didn’t have to tools necessary to do so. Mikayla Knudsen

43 Events By Selena Sermeno Selena Sermeno

44 1904 Chemical Emulsion Colour Sensitivity
This was used to change the color of the picture. There was also black and white printing Also Creating Reversal Images from Colour Slide Film Selena Sermeno

45 1912 Colour coupling, so dyes required for colour film processing could be created by combining appropriate developer oxidation products with colour former chemicals. Wasn’t reliable to start film process Selena Sermeno

46 1924 Picture film was invented.
It was called the Leica, it made a new form of photojournalism possible. It was the first precision 35mm camera. Selena Sermeno

47 1947 A guy invented “instant” picture process, 1st called Polariod land. The special camera sandwiched the exposed negative with a receiving positive paper and spread the processing chemicals between the two After that the two negative and positive paper were peeled apart. Selena Sermeno

48 Inventors/Photographers
Rachel Nichelsen

49 Dr. Edwin Land Invented an “instant” picture process called Polaroid Land. This camera sandwiched the exposed negative with a receiving positive paper and spread the processing chemicals between the two, after processing these were peeled apart. Rachel Nichelsen

50 Cecil Beaton – 1904 to 1980 He was most famous for his fashion photography. He worked for Vogue Magazine until the mid 1950’s. Rachel Nichelsen

51 Henri Cartier-Bresson 1908 - 2004
Bresson is associated with the “decisive moment” which captures the precise moment of interest in his images of people. He was also a founder member of Magnum in the 1930’s. Rachel Nichelsen

52 Horst P. Horst Horst was a famous fashion photographer. He worked for Vogue magazine in While photographing fashion he paid close attention to detail, geometric arrangements and lighting. Rachel Nichelsen


54 Manufacturer Jessica Gross

55 Improvements 1951- still cameras get their first built in flash units
Film rolls were used Jessica Gross

56 You had to manually set the aperture and shutter speed.
Jessica Gross

57 Taking the Picture To take picture, you pull the small lever back and let it spring forward. Light is let in and is captured on the film. Jessica Gross

58 Developing Pictures Pictures were developed when the picture films were taken to a dark room. Jessica Gross

59 Events Coordinator Karissa Fiala Karissa Fiala

60 1950s The Korean War was going on during 1950-1953.
David Douglas Duncan published a book that contained Korean war images. This is War! First Aerial photograph recorded by Nadar from a balloon. Nikon F introduced. Karissa Fiala

61 1960s Brady began shooting his famous Civil War photos.
National Geographic published their first color issue in February. First color instant film developed by Polaroid; Instamatic released by Kodak; first purpose-built underwater introduced, the Nikonos Photograph of the Earth from the moon. Polaroid introduces instant color film. Karissa Fiala

62 1970s 110-format cameras introduced by Kodak with a 13x17mm frame.
William Wegman begins photographing his Weimaraner, Man Ray. C-41 color negative process introduced, replacing C-22. Nicholas Nixon takes his first annual photograph of his wife and her sisters: "The Brown Sisters"; Steve Sasson at Kodak builds the first working CCD-based digital still camera. Karissa Fiala

63 1980s Kodak introduces disk camera, using an 8x11mm frame (the same as in the Minox spy camera) Minolta markets the world's first auto focus SLR system (called "Maxxum" in the US); In the American West by Richard Avedon. Sony demonstrates Mavica "still video" camera Canon demonstrates first digital electronic still camera. Karissa Fiala

64 Picture Person Ethan Damman

65 50’s- Early 60’s Photographs in order "to see what the world looks like in photographs." This era’s photographers had a particular fondness for visual puns and tilted exposures, the images belie a mastery of the 35mm camera and a seriously innovative point of view Ethan Damman

66 Late 60’s-70’s Ethan Damman

67 80-85 Night-time projections of symbolically charged imagery onto the facades of museums, public buildings, and corporate headquarters. The infamous "culture wars" that raged at the end of the decade Ethan Damman

68 1986 – Present Day

69 Inventors and Photographers 1986 – Now Lauren Johnson

70 Steven Sasson Credited in inventing the first digital camera
His original prototype weighed 8 pounds, recorded black and white images to a cassette tape, had a resolution of 0.01 megapixel and took 23 seconds to capture its first image He issued a US patent for the digital camera and Eastman Kodak was the first company to develop a megapixel digital camera in 1986 Lauren Johnson

71 Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith
They designed the first Charge Coupled Device (CCD) in 1969 but a working version was just produced in 2009 The CCD has become the bedrock the digital imaging revolution including digital photography and video The CCD also transforms patterns of light into useful digital information Lauren Johnson

72 Advanced Photo System (APS)
It uses a cassette which holds 24 mm wide film on a base which has a magnetic data strip as well as fine grained emulsion When the film is being developed automatic handling mechanisms locate the correct frames and determines the required print format from the data strip After processing the film is rewound into the cassette and a digitally mastered index print of all the frames is created as a reference for reordering Lauren Johnson

73 Bob Carlos Clarke ( ) He went to study graphics at the West Sussex College of Art He later received an MA from the Royal College of Art Since then he has worked as a photographer covering advertising work as well as personal assignments Lauren Johnson

74 John Claridge (1944 -  )  He left school at fifteen to work for the McCann Erickson Agency He set up his own photography studio at the age of 19 He is best known for his highly individual and atmospheric advertising work He has also created two films and several books Lauren Johnson

75 Manufacturer- How pictures were taken and how they were produced.
1986-Present day Manufacturer- How pictures were taken and how they were produced. Kyrie Knickerbocker

76 When Cameras Were Invented and What Chemicals were used
Leo Hendrik Baekeland invented Velox photographic paper in 1893 and Bakelite in 1907, an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile, and very popular plastic. Fuji introduced the disposable camera in 1986 November 2000 Sharp and J-Phone introduced the first camera-phone in Japan. Kyrie Knickerbocker

77 Lenses Mamiya C220 Twin lens Reflex Camera w/ 80 mm lenses 1968
Canon T90 was the last professional-level manual-focus camera from Canon and last professional camera to use the Canon FD lens mount. Was the first T90 Canon to support through-the-lens flash metering. Kyrie Knickerbocker

78 Cost and who were they available to
The Apple QuickTake camera, a home use digital camera is launched. Kodak and others in quick succession during ’96. One of the most expensive cameras now is Canon EOS 5D Mark II SLR Digital Camera-$2365 Kyrie Knickerbocker

79 Events 1986-Current Taylor Kumm

80 1990: Photoshop 1.0 is introduced.
1986: Fuji is credited with the development of the first disposable single use camera. 1990: Kodak introduces photo CD’s. With this development the photo industry became more user friendly. 1990: Photoshop 1.0 is introduced. Taylor Kumm

81 1994: The first consumer oriented color digital camera is released (Apple QuickTake 100) It retailed at 1,000. 1999: The first digital SLR camera is designed and manufactured by a single camera company. It was 2.7 megapixels. Taylor Kumm

82 2000: Camera Phone introduced in Japan
2003: Digital camera sales exceeded film camera sales. 2004: Kodak ceases production of film cameras. Taylor Kumm

83 top 5 digital cameras Canon EOS 5D Mark II (body only) Nikon D5000
Canon PowerShot S90 Canon EOS 5D Mark II (body only) Nikon D5000 Kodak EasyShare Z915 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF1 top 5 digital cameras Taylor Kumm

84 Kelsey Christensen 1986-Now
Picture Person Kelsey Christensen 1986-Now Kelsey Christensen

85 Camera Settings Wide variety of settings on the camera
View pictures on camera right away Choices of color or black and white or Sepia Self timer on camera Direct transfer from camera to computer with a cord Kelsey Christensen

86 Types of Photos Landscapes People and Landscapes Portraits of people
People in action Objects Kelsey Christensen

87 Characteristics of Photos
Clear photos Media and advertising are favorite subjects Photography now is wide open, you can take pictures of just about everything Almost all pictures are taken in color Alterations can be made with photoshop Kelsey Christensen

88 Uses of photos Printed for personal use Uploaded on computers
Printed on CDs Christmas cards Invitations Wallets Kelsey Christensen

89 Popular Photos Pictures of animals Pictures for magazines
Celebrations and events Family events or reunions Senior pictures Kelsey Christensen

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