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Jesse Tempel History of Photography Timeline Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester - 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Jesse Tempel History of Photography Timeline Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester - 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jesse Tempel History of Photography Timeline Digital Photography Mr. Wissing Second Semester - 2010

2 Jackie Uhing E VENTS C OORDINATOR Time Era: Before 1850

3 Jackie Uhing 5 TH – 4 TH C ENTURIES B.C Chinese And Greek philosophers described they basic principles of optics and the camera. 1664 – 1666 Isaac Newton discovers that white light is actually composed of lots of different colors.

4 Jackie Uhing 1727 Johann Heinrich was a very accomplished man who studied medicine, chemistry, philosophy, theology, and taught astronomy at the colleges of Hale and Altdorf. In the year of 1724 he conducted an experiment of which showed that silver and chalk reflected less light then untarnished silvers. The experiment also showed that the salts continued to darken when unprotected form light. While this experiment never exceeded a real preserved image it did set the foundation for one.

5 Jackie Uhing 1837 Louis Daquerre had been trying since the mid-1820s to capture and make a permanent picture. While he had success in his quest it was not until 1838 that he felt comfortable showing people his invention, which was called the daguerreotype. This type of camera was the first ever that made a permanent image that did not fade, and it only needed 30minutes to become exposed. To make this happen a negative image was exposed on a mirror polished surface of metal that was coated with iodine. Then the negative was soaked in silver halide particles. The negative image then became a positive one and ba-da-bing a picture

6 Jackie Uhing 1841 In 1841 William Henry Talbot patented the calotype. This camera was the first of its type to offer multiple copies of an image. The negative images from this camera were soaked in a garlic acid solution to create a latent image. Then the negatives were taken out of the garlic solution and they had access amounts of silver iodine on them the iodine was washed away and the positive image appeared.

7 Jesse Tempel Manufacturer Pre 1850

8 Jesse Tempel Jewel Box Camera 1816, Joseph Nicephore Niepce Created camera from a jewel box Had a simple lens Made a negative image

9 Jesse Tempel Talbots Mousetrap 1834, Fox Talbot Experimented with silver chloride coated paper to get negatives Uses mousetrap camera to take first negative

10 Jesse Tempel The Daguerreotype 1837, Louis Daguerre Dauguerreotype, took fixed images, under 30 minutes exposure to light.

11 Jesse Tempel Picture Permanence 1839, Sir John Herschel Sodium hyposulfite Made pictures permanent

12 Japheth Hartmann

13 The pictures in this time period were actually very clear. They were all in black and white though. They were clear because of the chemicals used.

14 Japheth Hartmann The pictures were very expensive before the 1850s. They were expensive because they had to use a lot chemicals to make just one picture. Most people couldnt get pictures of themselves because of the price of them.

15 Japheth Hartmann The pictures would also fade very easily. The chemicals that the pictures were made out of made the pictures fade easily. It is very rare the find a picture in this time period in good condition.

16 Japheth Hartmann It was very hard to make copies of pictures. It was easier to just take separate pictures then to try to make copies of them.

17 Japheth Hartmann Photography greatly increased during the 1800s. Some of the inventions that took place during this era changed the photography world forever.

18 Ashley Jensen Photographers before 1850

19 Ashley Jensen Sir John Herschel Used the first term of photography in 1839 First invented by de la Roche (1729-1774) Before this was they used canvas with a sticky coating Processes had been known for quite some time It wasnt until the 2 chemicals were put together that photography was in in existence

20 Ashley Jensen Robert Boyle Found that silver chloride turned dark in light but was thought that it was do to air not light. Angelo Sala found in the early 17 th century that sliver turned black in the sun Johann Heninrich Schulze discovered in 1727 that certain liquids turned colors in sunlight.

21 Ashley Jensen Niepce Created the first picture in June or July 1827 using material that harden after being exposed to light This picture needed eight hours of exposure time

22 1850 - 1900

23 There werent many different kinds of pictures taken in the years of 1850 through the 1900s. The pictures taken were usually taken of buildings and other structures. There were also a lot of pictures taken of usually, groups of people. The quality of the pictures is not extravagant. They were mostly shot in black and white and sepia colors.

24 One of the main focuses in the pictures from the 1850s through the 1900s was pictures of buildings and structures. The pictures from different cultures show what some of the structures in those places looked like. The buildings in these pictures has changed dramatically and we now know theyve changed because we can compare the older pictures to recent pictures. -A view of Constantinople, taken in 1855 by, James Robertson and Felice Beato. -This is a picture of Poongee Kyoung, Burma. It was photographed in 1880 by and unknown artist. Karlee Bourke

25 Another main focus of photographers in the 1850s through the 1900s, was people. The people in these pictures, as you may have noticed, are not smiling. When they took pictures back then, it took a long time for the picture to develop, and that would have been a long time to keep that smile on. Now, thank goodness, it only takes a matter of a few seconds to take a picture. I also noticed when looking at these pictures that they were taken in larger groups. -This picture is a part of the Java Collection and was taken in 1870. -Elephant of his highness Sir Madho Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Jaipur and retainers at a gate of the outer palace courtyard, Jaipur. This was taken in 1890. Karlee Bourke

26 The pictures taken during this time had pretty good resolution. They were mostly in black and white and a few had a sepia tone. You could really tell that these photos have been aged. Now photos that we take will last a little longer than those taken back in the early 19 th century. The photographs taken were surprisingly pretty clear. Although, they still were a little fuzzy because they had only just begun to develop the camera. -This was photographed in 1880 by William J. Johnson. -This is a picture of Indian dancing girls in 1990 by an unknown photographer. -This was taken in 1855 by Linnaeus Tripe and is a picture of Amerapoora, at the corner of Mygabboodee-tee Kyoung. Karlee Bourke

27 Photographers & Inventors! …of the 1850s & early 1900s.

28 Napoleon Sarony. (1821-1896) Implemented the practice of paying well-known individuals (celebrities, etc) to pose for him and then retaining the rights to sell their photos for profit.

29 George Eastman. (1854-1932) In 1888, he invented dry, transparent, and flexible, photographic film (or rolled photography film). Was an avid photographer and eventually became the founder of the Eastman Kodak company.

30 William James Stillman. (1828-1901) Famous for Greek landscape and the modern Greek context of ancient ruins, his work showed a modern sensibility for their time, a way of seeing utterly different from the commercial photography of Greeks and foreigners, whose photographs tended to cater to the set expectations of the touristic market. One of the first foreign photographers to photograph his foreign land to incoming to tourists.

31 The Kodak Brownie. (1894-1899) Sold for one dollar, one hundred thousand were purchased in the first year alone. One of the very first cameras that lead to the advancement in photography and further inventions. Looked like a little brown box, with all the picture options located right next to the lens, and a single hand strap on the side.


33 The civil war began in Fort Sumter, South Carolina. The civil war was the first war to have pictures taken of it. Matthew Brady was one of the most popular photographers of that time. Robert E Lee

34 The city of Chicago is almost destroyed in a deadly fire. Edison invents the incandesce nt light bulb. Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.

35 George Eastman takes a patent and the first Kodak box cameras are sold in 1888. James A. Garfield is shot in the back on July 2, 1881.

36 Thomas Edison patents a first motion picture camera the kinetoscope which can show a movie to one person at a time. January 9 – X-rays are first used to treat breast cancer. Utah becomes a state in 1896

37 1901-1950

38 Mikayla Knudsen Manufacturer 1901-1950 By Mikayla Knudsen

39 Mikayla Knudsen Process In 1901 the box roll- film camera was introduced by Kodak. – The roll-film was when the film was protected from light exposure by a paper backing rather than the cartridge that had previously been used.

40 Mikayla Knudsen Lenses At this time they used waterhouse stop lenses. – They had a small whole in the center of the tab. They were oblong and rough along the edge. – Invented by John Waterhouse

41 Mikayla Knudsen Cost? Kodak cameras costed about $20 in 1910 This was about the time that cameras started becoming available to the general public.

42 Mikayla Knudsen Developing Photos During this time there were 2 ways for people to get their photos developed – They could have sent their camera to Kodak to get their pictures developed, printed, and film reloaded – They also could have done it themselves by developing them in a dark room, but very few did this because they didnt know how or didnt have to tools necessary to do so.

43 Selena Sermeno Events 1901-1950 By Selena Sermeno

44 Selena Sermeno 1904 Chemical Emulsion Colour Sensitivity This was used to change the color of the picture. There was also black and white printing Also Creating Reversal Images from Colour Slide Film

45 Selena Sermeno 1912 Colour coupling, so dyes required for colour film processing could be created by combining appropriate developer oxidation products with colour former chemicals. Wasnt reliable to start film process

46 Selena Sermeno 1924 Picture film was invented. It was called the Leica, it made a new form of photojournalism possible. It was the first precision 35mm camera.

47 Selena Sermeno 1947 A guy invented instant picture process, 1 st called Polariod land. The special camera sandwiched the exposed negative with a receiving positive paper and spread the processing chemicals between the two After that the two negative and positive paper were peeled apart.

48 Rachel Nichelsen Inventors/Photographers 1901 -1950

49 Rachel Nichelsen Dr. Edwin Land - 1947 Invented an instant picture process called Polaroid Land. This camera sandwiched the exposed negative with a receiving positive paper and spread the processing chemicals between the two, after processing these were peeled apart.

50 Rachel Nichelsen Cecil Beaton – 1904 to 1980 He was most famous for his fashion photography. He worked for Vogue Magazine until the mid 1950s.

51 Rachel Nichelsen Henri Cartier-Bresson 1908 - 2004 Bresson is associated with the decisive moment which captures the precise moment of interest in his images of people. He was also a founder member of Magnum in the 1930s.

52 Rachel Nichelsen Horst P. Horst 1906 - 1999 Horst was a famous fashion photographer. He worked for Vogue magazine in 1931. While photographing fashion he paid close attention to detail, geometric arrangements and lighting.

53 1951-1985

54 Jessica Gross Manufacturer 1951-1985

55 Jessica Gross Improvements 1951- still cameras get their first built in flash units Film rolls were used

56 Jessica Gross You had to manually set the aperture and shutter speed.

57 Jessica Gross Taking the Picture To take picture, you pull the small lever back and let it spring forward. Light is let in and is captured on the film.

58 Jessica Gross Developing Pictures Pictures were developed when the picture films were taken to a dark room.

59 Karissa Fiala

60 The Korean War was going on during 1950- 1953. David Douglas Duncan published a book that contained Korean war images. This is War! First Aerial photograph recorded by Nadar from a balloon. Nikon F introduced.

61 Karissa Fiala National Geographic published their first color issue in February. Brady began shooting his famous Civil War photos. First color instant film developed by Polaroid; Instamatic released by Kodak; first purpose-built underwater introduced, the Nikonos Photograph of the Earth from the moon. Polaroid introduces instant color film.

62 Karissa Fiala William Wegman begins photographing his Weimaraner, Man Ray. 110-format cameras introduced by Kodak with a 13x17mm frame. C-41 color negative process introduced, replacing C-22. Nicholas Nixon takes his first annual photograph of his wife and her sisters: "The Brown Sisters"; Steve Sasson at Kodak builds the first working CCD-based digital still camera.

63 Karissa Fiala Kodak introduces disk camera, using an 8x11mm frame (the same as in the Minox spy camera) Sony demonstrates Mavica "still video" camera Minolta markets the world's first auto focus SLR system (called "Maxxum" in the US); In the American West by Richard Avedon. Canon demonstrates first digital electronic still camera.

64 Ethan Damman Picture Person 1951-1985

65 Ethan Damman 50s- Early 60s Photographs in order "to see what the world looks like in photographs." This eras photographers had a particular fondness for visual puns and tilted exposures, the images belie a mastery of the 35mm camera and a seriously innovative point of view

66 Ethan Damman Late 60s-70s

67 Ethan Damman 80-85 Night-time projections of symbolically charged imagery onto the facades of museums, public buildings, and corporate headquarters. The infamous "culture wars" that raged at the end of the decade

68 1986 – Present Day

69 Lauren Johnson Inventors and Photographers 1986 – Now Lauren Johnson

70 Lauren Johnson Steven Sasson Credited in inventing the first digital camera His original prototype weighed 8 pounds, recorded black and white images to a cassette tape, had a resolution of 0.01 megapixel and took 23 seconds to capture its first image He issued a US patent for the digital camera and Eastman Kodak was the first company to develop a megapixel digital camera in 1986

71 Lauren Johnson Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith They designed the first Charge Coupled Device (CCD) in 1969 but a working version was just produced in 2009 The CCD has become the bedrock the digital imaging revolution including digital photography and video The CCD also transforms patterns of light into useful digital information

72 Lauren Johnson Advanced Photo System (APS) It uses a cassette which holds 24 mm wide film on a base which has a magnetic data strip as well as fine grained emulsion When the film is being developed automatic handling mechanisms locate the correct frames and determines the required print format from the data strip After processing the film is rewound into the cassette and a digitally mastered index print of all the frames is created as a reference for reordering

73 Lauren Johnson Bob Carlos Clarke (1950 - 2006) He went to study graphics at the West Sussex College of Art He later received an MA from the Royal College of Art Since then he has worked as a photographer covering advertising work as well as personal assignments

74 Lauren Johnson John Claridge (1944 - ) He left school at fifteen to work for the McCann Erickson Agency He set up his own photography studio at the age of 19 He is best known for his highly individual and atmospheric advertising work He has also created two films and several books

75 Kyrie Knickerbocker 1986-Present day Manufacturer- How pictures were taken and how they were produced.

76 Kyrie Knickerbocker When Cameras Were Invented and What Chemicals were used Leo Hendrik Baekeland invented Velox photographic paper in 1893 and Bakelite in 1907, an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile, and very popular plastic. Leo Hendrik Baekeland invented Velox photographic paper in 1893 and Bakelite in 1907, an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile, and very popular plastic. Fuji introduced the disposable camera in 1986 Fuji introduced the disposable camera in 1986 November 2000 Sharp and J-Phone introduced the first camera-phone in Japan. November 2000 Sharp and J-Phone introduced the first camera-phone in Japan.

77 Kyrie Knickerbocker Lenses Mamiya C220 Twin lens Reflex Camera w/ 80 mm lenses 1968 Mamiya C220 Twin lens Reflex Camera w/ 80 mm lenses 1968 and last professional camera to use the Canon FD lens mount. Canon T90 was the last professional-level manual-focus camera from Canon and last professional camera to use the Canon FD lens mount. Was the first T90 Canon to support through-the-lens flash metering. Was the first T90 Canon to support through-the-lens flash metering.

78 Kyrie Knickerbocker Cost and who were they available to The Apple QuickTake camera, a home use digital camera is launched. Kodak and others in quick succession during 1995 - 96. The Apple QuickTake camera, a home use digital camera is launched. Kodak and others in quick succession during 1995 - 96. One of the most expensive cameras now is Canon EOS 5D Mark II SLR Digital Camera- $2365 One of the most expensive cameras now is Canon EOS 5D Mark II SLR Digital Camera- $2365

79 Taylor Kumm

80 1986: Fuji is credited with the development of the first disposable single use camera. 1990: Kodak introduces photo CDs. With this development the photo industry became more user friendly. 1990: Photoshop 1.0 is introduced.

81 Taylor Kumm 1994: The first consumer oriented color digital camera is released (Apple QuickTake 100) It retailed at 1,000. 1999: The first digital SLR camera is designed and manufactured by a single camera company. It was 2.7 megapixels.

82 Taylor Kumm 2000: Camera Phone introduced in Japan 2003: Digital camera sales exceeded film camera sales. 2004: Kodak ceases production of film cameras.

83 Taylor Kumm Canon EOS 5D Mark II (body only) Nikon D5000 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF1 Canon PowerShot S90 Kodak EasyShare Z915

84 Kelsey Christensen Picture Person Kelsey Christensen 1986-Now

85 Kelsey Christensen Camera Settings Wide variety of settings on the camera View pictures on camera right away Choices of color or black and white or Sepia Self timer on camera Direct transfer from camera to computer with a cord

86 Kelsey Christensen Types of Photos Landscapes People and Landscapes Portraits of people People in action Objects

87 Kelsey Christensen Characteristics of Photos Clear photos Media and advertising are favorite subjects Photography now is wide open, you can take pictures of just about everything Almost all pictures are taken in color Alterations can be made with photoshop

88 Kelsey Christensen Uses of photos Printed for personal use Uploaded on computers Printed on CDs Christmas cards Invitations Wallets

89 Kelsey Christensen Popular Photos Pictures of animals Pictures for magazines Celebrations and events Family events or reunions Senior pictures

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