Mazowieckie Voivodeship is the biggest and heaviest populated province of Poland. There is the capital of our country – Warsaw there. The province has growing economy. It is very famous for its beautiful monuments so a lot of tourists go there. Information mazowieckie
Łazienki w Warszawie (The Royal Baths Park) is a group of palaces and parks in Warsaw. It was set up in XVIII century by king August Poniatowski. There is a place, which is famous for its beautiful nature, cultural and scientific events and sports. It is Warsovians favourite place for walking. In the park there are a lot of gorgerous monuments and sculptures, including the one of Fryderyk Chopin. Monuments mazowieckie
Pałac Kultury i Nauki in Warszaw (Palace of culture and sciences in Warsaw) - the highest (237m) bulding in Poland. It was built in 1955. Now it is a place where a lot of companies have their working site with cinemas, theatres and scientific institutions as well.
Grób nieznanego żołnierza (Tomb of the Uknown Soldier) - it is a very symbolic place which is dedicated to the unknown soldiers who have given their lives for Poland. It is situated on the Pilsudski Square in Warsaw.
Sirloin in pastry Ingredients: 50 dag sirloin olive 1 glass of flour 10 dag margarine 1 yolk 3 spoons cream salt Cut flour with margarine, add a yolk, some salt and cream to make pastry. Place ready pastry in a bowl, cover and put into a fridge for a few hours. Wash the sirloin, sprinkle some salt and leave for one hour. Next, put some olive around it and put in into a hot oven for another hour. Roll cold pastry into a small square. Take the meat out of the oven leave it in a cool place (it should be hot in the middle) put on the pastry, roll it and put in the oven until it gets brown. When it's on the plate, put a piece of butter on the meet. Kali Orexi Dish mazowieckie
Silesia is a historical region of Central Europe located mostly in present - day Poland, with parts in the Czech Republic and Germany. Silesia is rich in minerals and natural resources. It includes several important industrial areas. Silesia's largest cities are Katowice and Gliwice. Silesian Voivodeship is the most industrial part of Poland and almost as heavily populated as Warsaw.However, it is not only industry, but also mountains, Beskidy (Silesian Beskids) with Wisła, where our best ski jumper, Adam Małysz, was born. Information śląskie
The Upper-Silesian Ethnographic Park in Chorzów collects monuments of rural wooden architecture dated between 18th and 20th century from some parts of the Upper Silesia, the Silesian Beskidy and places around Pszczyna, Rybnik, Lubliniec and Zagłębie. On the area of 22 hectares there are 55 items of big and small architecture such as peasants' farmhouses (furnished houses showing every day objects and tools) farm buildings ( barns, sheds) sacral buildings - churches and wayside shrines and also buildings such as inns, smithies, tanneries and windmills. The whole exposition closes a group of manor granaries. The park organizes lessons at the museum, competitions for schools, workshops for teachers and folklore events. The Regional Culture Centre in Częstochowa has worked since 1975. It cooperates with communes and districts, art societies and unions, institutions and organizations in Częstochowa region. The Centre organizes events, contests, exhibitions, knowledge contests, workshops, seminars, lectures and plein-air painting meetings. Its most important accomplishments are the Halina Poświatowska Nationwide Poetry Contest, the Nationwide Declamation Contest The sacrum in literature, the International Folklore Meetings From neighborhood and far away, the Nationwide Festival of Pilgrimage and Liturgical Songs Gaudium et Gloria and the Natiowide Contest of Digital Photography Cyberfoto. The Museum of Coal Mining in Zabrze was established 25 years ago thanks to a group of people devoted to old mining and presented collection posses 30,000 exhibits. The Open Air Mining Museum Królowa Luiza (Queen Louise) is the branch of the museum. The Królowa Luiza Museum organizes exhibitions, performances and concerts. Guests can visit underground passages of the Museum. Monuments śląskie
Bigos 4 lbs sauerkraut 1 cup apple juice 1 lb smoked pork 1 lb spare ribs 1/4 lb bacon 1 can tomatoes (large) 2 cups water 2 bay leaves salt and pepper 4 lbs cabbage 1 lb pork loin chop or pork ribs 1 lb smoked (sausage) 1/2 cup onions (chopped) 16 ounces mushrooms (fresh) 1 ounce mushrooms (dried) 2 tablespoons flour The secret of Bigos is that the longer it's reheated the better it gets. The more heated the better it gets. Serve with good bread. Dish śląskie
1. Brown pork and spareribs in a large heavy pot. 2. Add smoked pork with 1 cup of water and simmer for 1 h. 3. Add the sauerkraut and one cup of apple juice. 4. Chop the cabbage and add to the sauerkraut. 5. Add lots of pepper and salt, cover and simmer for 1 h. 6. Remove lid and simmer pot very slowly. 7. In a pan, fry bacon until crisp, then crumble into the sauerkraut mixture. 8. Remove most of the bacon fat and fry onions and mushrooms and flour until they just brown. 9. Mix into sauerkraut mixture. 10. Cut sausage into slices add to sauerkraut mixture with the tomatoes. 11. Bring to boil, simmer for 30 minutes and serve hot. Kali Orexi Dish śląskie
Opolskie is a Polish voivodeship, created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Opole Voivodeship and parts of Częstochowskie Voivodeship, pursuant to the 1998 Local Government Reorganization Act. The province's name derives from that of the region's capital and largest city, Opole. The centre of Opole has preserved historical urban pattern which was been shaped from the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries and referred to as Silesian chessboard. The only remaining part of the gothic prince's hall is a keystone with the prince's emblem (now in Opole Silesia Museum). Information opolskie
Localization of the Town Hall, initially in a wooden merchant's house, dates back to the 13th century. Current architecture originates from 1936. Ogród Zoologiczny in Opole, was founded in 1936. About 20 hectares in extent, houses around 1000 animals of about 240 different species. It is located on Bolko Island in the River Oder. Góra Świętej Anny St.Annes Mountain) Landscape Park is a protected area in south-western Poland, established in 1988, covering an area of 50.50 square kilometres. Monuments opolskie
Dish opolskie My Grannys cheesecake For crumble: 2.5 glass flour 1 egg 100 g margarine 3 spoons bitter cocoa 0.5 glass sugar 2.5 teaspoon baking powder For cheese mass: 1 kg cheese (best in a form of mass) 100 butter/margarine 4-5 eggs 1.5 glass sugar 1.5 spoon semolina 1 spoon potato flour Heat margarine with sugar and cocoa till it melts, cool down. When it ic cold add an egg, baking powder, knead it and put into a fridge. Mix cheese with butter, yolk, sugar, semolina and potato flour. When it is ready, join it with egg foam. Inlay a baking tray with paper, grate half of the crumble, pour the cheese mass onto it and grate the other half of the crumble on top of it. Bake in an oven at 180 C for 60 – 70 min. (I usually use a fan so the temperature is slightly lower than that). Kali Orexi!
Lower Silesian Voivodeship, (województwo dolnośląskie or simply Dolnośląskie) is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is currently divided. It lies in the south – western Poland, corresponding roughly to the region of Lower Silesia (the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia), which was passed to Poland from Germany at the end of the Second World War. Its capital and largest city is Wrocław, on the middle Odra (Oder) river. The voivodeship contains 91 cities and towns. Information dolnośląskie
Market Square in Wrocław is one of the biggest Old - town market squares in Europe, sized 205 x 175 meters (50th in the world). It is also one of the best preserved town halls in Polandand one of the main attractions in Wrocław). Monuments dolnośląskie
Potato cake with plums Ingredients: - 1,5 kg potatoes - 1,5 kg plums - 4 tablespoons flour - 2 medium onions - 2 eggs - 2 tablespoons of butter - 1 tablespoon of lemon juice - Salt and pepper to taste Grate potatoes finely, chop the onion. Add flour, eggs and spices to the mixture. Then, add lemon juice in order not to get the mixture dark. When it is ready, put it on a baking tray and spread it evenly. The layer shoul not be too thick. Cut plums in half and take the stoned out. Place the halves on top of the cake and put into an oven for about 40 min in 150 C. Serve topped with butter. Kali Orexi Dish dolnośląskie
Wielkopolska is a very big voivodeship. Wielkopolska is situated in western Poland. Its main city is Poznań. Other big cities are: Gorzów Wielkopolski, Kalisz, Konin, Piła, Ostrów Wielkopolski, Gniezno, Leszno and Sieradz. Wielkopolska is one of the agricultural regions in Poland. They breed pigs, cows and grainthere. They have also got a large amount of forests and lakes on their teritory. Information wielkopolskie
Poznań's Town Hall was first documented in Latin in 1310 as Domus Consulum. The building was completed in 1300 during the reign of Wacław II Czeski. It was a one-storey building built upon a raised quadrangle. The cellars remain from this period of construction. Renovations were made in the 15th century. The interior was remodeled between 1504-1508. Monuments wielkopolskie
Kórnik Castle was constructed in the XIV century. The current neogothic design is the work of Tytus Działyński. Remodeling and renovation work on the castle was also done by his son Jan Kanty Działyński. After Jan's death, his brother-in-law Count Władysław Zamoyski received the castle in Jan's will. Shortly before his death in 1924, the childless count willed the castle, along with an extensive art collection and the Kórnik Arboretum to the Polish state. The castle currently houses a museum and the Kórnik Library. The Imperial Castle in Poznań is a palace in Poznań, Poland. It was constructed in 1910 by Franz Schwechten for Willaim II, German Emperor with significant input from William himself. Since its completion, the building has housed government offices of Germany (till 1918 and during the Second World War) and Poland (1918-1939, 1945-present).
Keks with poppy Ingredients: 200 gram flour 200 gram poppy Four eggs 200 gram sugar 250 gram butter or margarine 2 teaspoons baking powder Vanilla sugar (~16 gram) Oiler almond or oiler rum Grated lemon skin Preparation: Yolk, fatty (from butter or margarine) and sugar stir together. Beat foam from white. Add poppy, flour, beaten white, lemon skin and oiler to paste. Put it into a form inlaid with white baking paper). Bake for ¾ hour. Dish wielkopolskie
Lubusz Voivodeship (also known as Lubusz Province, or by its Polish name of województwo lubuskie or simply Lubuskie) is a voivodeship (province) in western Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province's name recalls the historic Lubusz Land (Lebus or Lubus), although part of the voivodeship in fact belongs to the historic region of Silesia. Information lubuskie
The Ujście Warty National Park is the youngest of Poland's 23 National Parks. It was created on June 19, 2001, in the region of the lowest stretch of the Warta river. The Park covers an area of 80.38 square kilometres. Draw - bridge from the XIX century over the port channel in Nowa Sól. The Bridge is a unique thing in Poland and Europe. Waiting for renovation. Monuments lubuskie
Westpomeranian voivodeship(województwo zachodnopomorskie) is a voivodeship in northwestern Poland, located near the Baltic sea. The voivodeship contains 61 cities and towns. The biggest city is Szczecin. Information zachodniopomorskie
Wolinski National Park was established on March 3,1960 on the Wolin Island. This is the largest island lying entirely within the Polish boundaries. The Park extends over an area of diverse landscape of rare beauty, where picturesque sand dunes and the steep cliffs present a striking contrast with the hills of the island. In the year 1996, the Park's area was doubled and now stands at 10,937 ha, with forests covering 41%, the Baltic Sea covering 25% and Szczecin Bay covering approximately 18%. Monuments zachodniopomorskie
Potato soup from Kołobrzeg Ingredients: 750g potatoes 1kg pumpkin 2 big yellow or red peppers 3 cloves of garlic 2 onions 15dag of peanuts 2 spoons of cream juice of ½ lemon 3 spoons of carry salt some parsley basil chive Calcine peanuts, peel pumpkin and dive it. Wash peppers, slice them and chop the onions and garlic. When ready, fry the onion, garlic and pepper, add curry and 8 glasses of water. Bring to boil. Peel, wash and slice potatoes. Add potatoes and pumpkin to the mixture, cook for about 30min. Before serving add peanuts, cream, lemon juice and some parsley, basil and chive. Kali Orexi Dish zachodniopomorskie
Pomeranian Voivodeship is a province, with about 2 179 000 people, in northern Poland, by the Baltic Sea. The voivodeship contains 42 cities and towns, including the famous Tricity – Gdynia (with its harbours), Gdańsk (where the WWII started) and Sopot (with a famous pier). Gdańsk is the biggest and the oldest. Information pomorskie
Gdańsk Shipyard is a large Polish shipyard, located in the city of Gdańsk. The yard gained international fame when Solidarity was founded there in September 1980. It is situated on the left side of Martwa Wisła and on Ostrów Island. These days it is about to be shut down because it make profit any longer. Monuments pomorskie
The castle is a classic example of a medieval fortress; it is the worlds largest brick gothic castle and one of the most impressive of its kind in Europe. The castle and its museum are listed as UNESCO's World Heritage Sites, being added to the register in December 1997 as Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork, as one of two sites in the region which owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, the Medieval Town of Toruń being the other, founded in 1231 as the site of their castle Thorn. Malbork Castle The Castle in Malbork was built in Prussia by the Teutonic Order as an Ordensburg. It was named Marienburg, literally "Mary's Castle". The town which grew around it was also named Marienburg, but since 1945 it is part of Poland, as Malbork.
Kaszubski potato pate 500g ill- suited, cooked potatoes 200g of herring 1 dry roll ½ glass of cream 100g of butter 5 eggs ( 3 eggs uncooked and 2 cooked) salt pepper Dish pomorskie
Crumble a roll, pour cream over it and leave it for ½ hour, then wring it. Peel potatoes and mince them with herring. Pound the butter pound till appears foam, add egg-yolk one by one, herring, potatoes and roll. Mix till it is smooth. Beat eggs into froth add salt, pepper, mix all and put over a half mass on baking pan. Place on it the slices of herring and slices of eggs and cover with the remaining half of the mass. Bake for about 35min. Serve cold. Kali Orexi Dish pomorskie
Kujawsko-Pomorskie district is in north part of Poland. The largest cities of this disrict are Toruń and Bydgoszcz. Information kujawsko - pomorskie
Bydgoszcz is the biggest city in this district. It is 660 years old. Bydgoszcz is famous for its Art Nouveau buildings. River Brda flows through the city. Toruń is a very old city where Mikołaj Kopernik was born. He was the first astronomer to formulate a scientifically - based heliocentric cosmology that displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. There are a lot of historical buildings there. Monuments kujawsko - pomorskie
Toruń gingerbread Ingredients: 0,5kg honey 1\2 spoon cinnamon 1kg rye flour 1\2 tea spoon baking soda 1 egg 25ml spirit a handful of raisins Heat up honey with spices and add flour. Dissolve 1 teaspoon baking soda in water, and add this to mass. Add spirit and egg to mass and develope it (dough must be tough and slightly rubbery). Add raisins. Smear butter inside a cake tin. Bake in temperature 220 °. Tastes best after about 4 days. Kali Orexi Dish kujawsko - pomorskie
Łódzkie district is almost in the center of Poland.The capital of this district is Łódź and this is the biggest city. There film studios Se- ma-for there. Information łódzkie
There are may beautiful places to see in łódzkie, such as the old Royal Castle in Łęczyca, old buildings of textile factories in Łódź or the castle in Walewice. Monuments łódzkie
Prażucha with potato Components: -1kg potatoes -4 tablespoons flour -4 onions -150g butter - becon 1.Peell and wash potatoes. 2.Cook them in salted water. 3.When potatoes are soft, discard water 4.Add flour 5.Make mass out of it 6.Add fat with onion 7.Serve hot Kali Orexi Dish łódzkie
Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (also known as Świętokrzyskie Province or simply Świętokrzyskie) is situated in south - central Poland, in the historical province of Lesser Poland, and takes its name from the Świętokrzyskie (Holy Cross) mountain range. Its capital and largest city is Kielce. Information świętokrzyskie
Castle in Chęciny This castle was built in XIII/XIV century. Władysław Łokietek gave the castle to a bishop.The castle played an important role as place of concentration of troops leaving for war with Krzyżacy.The castle began declining in XVI century. Next Swedish occupation finished disruption. Palace of cracow bishops Building was built in 1637-1641. It throw up it on Cathedral Hill from initiative of bishop Jakob Zadzik, probably according to project of Thomas Pocino and Giovann Treuano. Inside paint decoration executed workshop of Thomas Dolabell. Palace fulfilled role of staff of legion Joseph Piłsudski also, printery, post office, offices of entrance cards and headquarters of editorial of local journals. Monuments świętokrzyskie
Świętokrzyska zalewajka na zakwasie Ingredients: *700 grams potatoes *1 glass household sourdough *1 glass milk *1/2 glass sour cream *2 pieces of garlic *salt *50 grams smoked bacon *1chopped onion Preparation: Peel potatoes and cut them into pieces. Cook in salted water, when they are soft, add zakwas and milk with cream. Bring to boil. Cut bacon into pieces and fry on a dry pan. Fry onion in the same pan afterwards. Mix everything. Serve hot. Kali Orexi Dish świętokrzyskie
Małopolskie Voivodeship (województwo małopolskie, Małopolskie) is situated in southern Poland. It has an area of 15,108 square kilometres and a population of 3,267,731. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Kraków, Tarnów, Nowy Sącz and parts of Bielsko - Biała and Katowice Voivodeships, pursuant to the 1998 Local Government Reorganization Act. The province's name recalls the region's traditional name, Małopolska or Lesser Poland. Kraków, with all its historical places and beautiful sites is a favourite place of tourists coming to Poland. It used to be Polish capital in the past and it preserved its glory and beauty. It includes our Tatra mountains with the famous Zakopane, Polish winter capital, with lots of great places for skiing and walking. Information małopolskie
Wawel Castle – Royal residence at the natural antique. It is placed on Wawel Hills. The castle has two storeyes and three wings. Wawel is a castle where kings and queens used to live. Today this castle is a museum where we can see Private Royal Apartaments, Representative royal Chambers, Crown Vault and a very beautiful garden. Monuments małopolskie
Wieliczka Salt Mine is the oldest mine. This is a museum under the ground where we can see many roomd and chapels. In 1978 the museum was ebrolled on UNESCO list as cultural and natural heritage. The museum is very popular in Poland and other countries so it is regularly visited.
MuseumAuschwitz – Birkenau was the largest Nazi Germanys concentration camp. Its remains are located in Poland, approximately 50 kilometers west of Kraków and 286 kilometers south of Warsaw. The camp took its name from the nearby town of Oświęcim. Birkenau, the German translation of Brzezinka. The camp commandant, testified at the Numberg Trials that up 3 milion people had died in Auschwitz. Most victims were killed in gas cambers, forced labor, individual executions and purported medical experiments. In 1947 in remembrance of the victims, Poland founded a museum at the site of the Auschwitz concentration camp. By 1994, some 22 milions visitors- 700,000 annually - had passed through the iron gate crowned with the motto Arbeit macht frei.
Pierogi with buckwheat and cheese Ingredients: 350 – 400 g flour 200 ml water or milk 1 egg 1 spoon butter Stuffing: 250g white cheese 250g buckwheat 2 onions butter or cream fat for onion frying salt and pepper Preparation: Cook buckwheat in salty water, add cheese, fried onion, salt, pepper and mix all the components with flour and other ingredients to make paste. Then roll out and dispatch rings of paste. Put some stuffing on each ring and close coast. Boil in hot salted water. Serve with hot butter or cream. Kali Orexi Dish małopolskie
Subcarpathian Voivodeship (Podkarpacie Province, województwo podkarpackie, Podkarpackie) is situated in the far south-east of Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszów (historically Lwów was the administrative centre of this part of Poland, but after 1945, when Lwów became part of the Soviet Union, its role was taken over by Rzeszów). Information podkarpackie
Castle in Lancut was built in the first half of 17 century. In the south extension there are sculptures. Curently it is a museum. Wislokok Wielki – a wooden Orthodox Church, east Lemko style, (currently a Roman Catholic Church) of St. Onufry from mid XIX century with iconostasis. Beside the church there is a stone belfry; the premises surrounded with a broken stone wall. Monuments podkarpackie
Lublin Voivodeship is in eastern Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Lublin, Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska and (partially) Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships. The province is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin. Lublin Voivodeship is bordered by Subcarpathian Voivodeship to the south, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship to the south-west, Masovian Voivodeship to the west and north, Podlaskie Voivodeship along a short boundary to the north, and Belarus and Ukraine to the east. The province's population is over 2 mln people. It covers an area of over 25 thousand square kilometres. Information lubelskie
Lublin Castle (Polish: Zamek Lubelski) is situated in Lublin, Poland, adjacent to the Old Town district and close to the city center. The hill on which it is located was first fortified with a wood-reinforced earthen wall in the 12th century. In the first half of the 13th century the stone keep was built which survives to this day and is the tallest building of the castle, as well as the oldest standing building in the whole city. Monuments lubelskie
It was set up in 1999 in the North - Earth part of the country. The Narew River is flows through Podlaskie Voivodeship. Podlasie borders with 2 countries: Lithuania and Byelorussia. In the area there asre some national parks. The most popular one is Białowieski Park Narodowy where you can see European bisons - just there in Poland. The capital city is Bialystok. Information podlaskie
Napoleon's house: It was built in the XIX century in Bialystok. The legend says that when Napoleon was going into Moscow he stayed in this house but documents do not admit Napoleons stay in Bialystok. Monuments podlaskie
Województwo Warmińsko Mazurskie is a voivodeship in north - eastern Poland. Its capital and largest city is Olsztyn. The voivodeship has an area of about 24 square kilometres and a population of about 1.5 mln. Information warmińsko - mazurskie
The oldest lift in Europe: This is in Olsztyn. It's is the oldest lift in Europe. It was built between 1910-1912. Zespół cmentarny w Łomży One of the oldest and the most antique cemetery. There are over 560 antiques tombstones there. It opened in 1797, but people have not been burried there for a long time now. Monuments warmińsko - mazurskie
Babka Ułańska: Components: - 1 kg potatoes - 1 egg - 10 dkg onion - 300 g becon - pepper - salt - butter to spread a backing tray - breadcrumbs to sprinkle over a backing tray Preparation: Peel and chop the onion, fry slightly on butter for a few minutes, then add becon in cubes and fry some more. Break and shake eggs. Wash, peel and great potatoes and one onion, Mix everything together. Spread a baking tray with some butter and breadcrumbs. Put the mixturte inside. Bake in 300 C for 60 min, then lower the temperature and bake for another hour. Kali Orexi Dish warmińsko - mazurskie
BACK TO MAP The Baptism of Poland was the event in 966 that signified the beginning of the Christianization of Poland, commencing with the baptism of Mieszko I, who was the first ruler of the Polish state. The next significant step in Poland's adoption of Christianity was the establishment of various ecclesiastical organs in the country during the 10th and 11th centuries. This included the building of cathedrals and the appointment of clergy. This date should not be confused as the independence day of Poland. In adopting Christianity as the state religion, Mieszko sought to achieve several personal goals. He saw Poland's baptism as a way of strengthening his hold on power (through the use of the religion's medieval divine right doctrine), as well as using it as a unifying force for the Polish people. The exact place of Mieszko's baptism is disputed, historians have alternately argued that Gniezno, Poznań, Cologne or even Rome was the site of the event. 1/5
Mieszko's action proved highly successful; by the 13th century, Roman Catholicism had become the dominant religion in Poland. In 1966, People's Republic of Poland witnessed large festivities of the 1000- year anniversairy of those events. Norman Davies in his book God's Playground writes how the communist state and Poland's church differently celebrated those events. The Church celebrated the 1000 years of Christianity in Poland ("SACRUM POLONIAE MILLENIUM"); however the communist government celebrated the secular 1000 years of Polish State ("TYSIACLECIE PAŃSTWA POLSKIEGO") Casimir III the Great, the last King of Poland from the Piast dynasty (1333– 1370), was the son of King Władysław I the Elbow-high and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Greater Poland. He born in 30 th April of 1310. He died in 5 th November of 1370 In 1655 the Swedish attacked Jasna Góra. They invaded Paulini monastery because they were interested in monasterys treasury. Monastic prior Augustyn Kordecki led the army that defended monastery. Polish monks won this fight. POLISH HISTORY 2/5
The First Partition of Poland took place in 1772, and was first of the three partitions. The First Partition was done by Russian Empire, Kingdom of Prussia and the Habsburg Austrian Empire. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth lost a lot of grounds. Habsburg Austrian Empire scooped the south part of Poland, Kingdom of Prussia scooped the north and west part of Poland and Russian Empire scooped north - east part of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland took place in 1793. It was done by Russian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia. On the 22 July, Poland had to resign for Russian Empire, east part of Poland, and on 25 September, Poland had to resign for Kingdom of Prussia, west part of Poland. The Third Partition of Poland took place in 1795, and was the last one. It was done by Russian Empire, Kingdom of Prussia and Habsburg Austrian Empire. Poland stopped existing. POLISH HISTORY 3/5
Poland would be briefly resurrectedif in a smaller framein 1807, when Napoleon set up the Duchy of Warsaw. Poles expected in 1812 that the duchy would be upgraded to the status of a kingdom and that during Napoleon's march on Russia, it would be joined with the liberated territories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Poland's historic partner in the Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth. After Napoleon's defeat in the east, most of the territory of the Duchy of Warsaw was taken by Russia in January 1813 in their advance on France and its German allies. As a result of the congress, Poland ceased to exist legally. Duchy of Poland has been divided into 4 parts: Russian, Prussian, Austrian and Free City of Kraków. When territory of Poland was depended, there were a lot of insurrection: -Kraków (Cracow) Uprising in 1846 -The November Uprising (1830–1831) -The Greater Poland Uprising of 1848 -January Uprising in 1863–1864 POLISH HISTORY 4/5
World Wars: In July of 1914 year started the First World War – armed conflict between Entente (Great Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, Japan, Italia,,USA) and Central Countries (Austro- Hungary, Germany were assist by Turkey and Bulgarian).Result of this war was Assassination in Sarajevo. In 11 November of 1918 Countries of Entente won this fight. World War II started on 1 September 1939. Germany and CCCP wanted hegemony in Europe. In 1952, in Poland was created People's Republic of Poland. The head of State was Bolesław Bierut. Communism in Poland reigned until 1989. In 1978 a Pole was chosen the Pope, John Paul II. In 1980 in Poland started up a strike in Gdańsk Shipyard. There was appointed Inter-Enterprise Strike Committee presided by Lech Wałęsa. Workmen had to organize independent trade unions. On 10 November an independent self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity" was founded. In 1981 in Poland, Wojciech Jaruzelski entered Martial law in Poland, which was removed in 1983. In 1989 ceased to exist communist, People's Republic of Poland. In 1999 Poland joined NATO, and in 2004 joined the European Union. At last we could say we were Europeans. POLISH HISTORY 5/5