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Kennedy Assassination

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1 Kennedy Assassination
Cutting through Conspiracies This is a long but interesting PowerPoint. It will take you through the events on November 22, 1963 and look at some of the conspiracy claims regarding the Kennedy assassination. It also compares the conspiracy theories to other celebrity conspiracy claims such as those of Elvis and Tupac. Watch the actual Zapruder film and then go through this PPT before filling out your Document Analysis Worksheet on the Zapruder film. You may have to stretch a bit or even just leave blank some of the questions as they are not all applicable to this document.

2 John Kennedy wins Presidency by a close shave, Nov.1960.
Kennedy became the youngest president in US history, at the age of 43, when he defeated Richard Nixon in the 1960 presidential elections. He was the first Roman Catholic to be President and was the first to be born in the 20th century. The 1960 election was the closest in US history. Kennedy won by less than a 1/2 per cent of the total vote.

3 Key Events in Kennedys presidency 1961-1963.
“Ask not what your country can do for you. Ask what you can do for your country. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans.” Kennedy’s inaugeral speech, 22 January 1961. Key Events in Kennedys presidency Concerns at Home Kennedy brothers’ war on organised crime Black Civil Rights ‘Camelot’ – the charm offensive Kennedy’s domestic programmes did not advance very far due to increasing problems abroad.

4 Was Kennedy soft on Communism?
Key Events in Kennedy's presidency Foreign Policy Problems Facing Kennedy: Cold War Rivalries with Russia Vietnam? Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 Bay of Pigs Fiasco 1961 Cuba The Soviet Union The Berlin Wall 1961 US assisted invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles fails disastrously Fidel Castro East Germany Was Kennedy soft on Communism? Nikita Khrushchev The Space Race

5 Texas Kennedy's Campaign for the 1964 Presidential Election.
By the middle of 1963 Kennedy was considering his chances of winning a second term as President. He began preparing for the 1964 presidential election campaign. Kennedy faced a difficult task. Many felt that his foreign policy had been less than successful. The South was vital to Kennedy’s chances of electoral success. But Kennedy was distrusted by many southern whites, partly because of his sympathy towards the black civil rights movement and also because of his failure to eliminate the communist Fidel Castro in Cuba. Also, Kennedy was a northern catholic. Kennedy saw Texas as the key to his success in the South and he decided to visit the state in November. This was partly to be a charm crusade but Kennedy was also hoping to heal a damaging split which had occurred within the Texan Democratic Party , between the left-wing led by Senator Ralph Yarborough and the right, led by the State Governor, John Connally. Texas

6 The Texas Visit, November 1963 Fort Worth Dallas
Kennedy’s Texas visit started first at Fort Worth. Then, on the morning of the 22 November, Kennedy took the short flight from Fort Worth to Love Airfield, Dallas. President Kennedy speaking to a crowd at Fort Worth in the early morning of 22 November. Behind him [L – R] are Senator Ralph Yarborough, Governor John Connally and Vice-President Lyndon Johnson.

7 November 22, 1963 JFK was in Dallas trying to get support for next year’s election. Dallas had an unfriendly reputation towards politicians.

8 Lee Harvey Oswald Shown here in Oak Cliff, Texas.
Tried to defect to the Soviet Union and Cuba.

9 School Book Depository
LHO got a job in this building. He would eventually shoot JFK from the sixth floor.

10 6th floor

11 Sixth Floor of the School Book Depository

12 Sniper’s perch This is Lee Harvey Oswald’s view from the 6th floor of the School Book Depository


14 Zapruder’s film was the most famous evidence

15 He was filming from here.

16 Sniper perch 1st shot 3rd shot
4 out of 178 witnesses claimed to hear shots coming from multiple directions

17 This plaque sits next to where he was fatally shot.

18 Kennedy was rushed to Parkland

19 Oswald fled the scene He checked into his boarding house on 1026 Beckley. Officer J. Tippit stops on the street to talk to Oswald. Oswald shoots him 4 times to death

20 Lee Harvey Oswald walked 8 blocks to Texas Theatre on Jefferson Blvd.

21 Arrested The Cops beat him up after Oswald resists arrest at the theatre.

22 LBJ was sworn in at Love Field

23 LHO was being escorted to another jail.

24 Oswald transferred to another jail.
Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner, shoots Oswald on live TV. LHO will never go on record why he did what he did. He is now dead.

25 “You killed the President, you rat!”
LHO killed “You killed the President, you rat!”

26 Case Closed? Oswald fired 3 shots (missed the first one) The assassination was filmed (Zapruder) The government investigated the murder for years and concluded that Oswald acted alone. Virtually no witness at that time gave indication that more than 3 shots were fired at Kennedy. However

27 80% of people today believe JFK was killed by someone else!!!!

28 Composite Conspiracy Story
JFK was killed by a conspiracy of high government officials with LBJ working with the CIA, the mafia and anti-Castro Americans who all want revenge for Kennedy’s lack of support in the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. At the same time (in contradiction), Castro killed JFK with Russia’s help. Jack Ruby killed LHO so he wouldn’t talk. Ruby died with a deep, dark secret!

29 Let’s keep in mind Many people thought Elvis was alive for decades after his death. Many people think Tupac Shakur is alive. Many people think that NASA never landed on the moon. Many think Bush let 9-11 happen on purpose.

30 To make matters worse. . . Oliver Stone made a movie called JFK in 1992. The movie is full of errors, lies and bad science.

31 Stone’s JFK helped advance these falsehoods about the assassination:
Oswald could not have shot JFK from the sixth floor in less than 6 seconds. Kennedy was shot from the front by gunmen on the grassy knoll. Jack Ruby killed Oswald on orders from the mafia to keep Oswald quiet about everything.

32 Could Oswald have made those shots?
Yes! Oswald was a sharpshooter trained by the US Marines. He scored a 212 out of 250 on a 200 yard shooting range. JFK’s car was only 50 yards away from the sniper’s nest and moved 10mph

33 Jack Ruby Conspiracists believe Jack Ruby was a mobster who killed Oswald to silence him. Ruby died in jail a couple of years later, supposedly with some deep dark secret.

34 However. . . Jack Ruby knew gangsters but was not one. (He knew lots of cops too!) He was a night club owner. Those that knew him said he couldn’t keep a secret for 2 minutes!

35 Ruby Ruby’s assassination was not planned.
Ruby left his dog and his girlfriend in the car when he left to shoot Oswald. No conspiracy here from Jack Ruby!

36 Was Kennedy shot from the front?
2nd assassin? Zapruder

37 Back and to the left? Many assume based on JFK’s bodily motion and blood spray that he was shot from the front.

38 No witnesses reported gunshots that day!
2nd assassin? Zapruder wall

39 All witnesses that day described shots from where Oswald was
Witness described people but no shots behind fence Oswald

40 Picket fence

41 View from behind fence (x marks the spot)
3rd shot

42 Picket fence shooter theory
There were plenty of witnesses in that area. None reported hearing shots. A few attention seekers claimed they did years later. The witness behind the fence died in a single car crash 2 years later, festering conspirators' ideas. Many witnesses have been accused of being a part of the conspiracy, including Zapruder (born in Russia).

43 Autopsy Kennedy was hit in the back of the neck, not the front.
He was hit in the back of the head, not the front. A shooter could not have hit JFK from the fence without hitting Jackie or her area.

44 Magic Bullet? Oliver Stone argued that a single bullet could not have hit JFK and Governor Connally the way reported.

45 Magic Bullet? Using the bullet wounds, Stone used this diagram to convince people that one bullet could not hit JFK and the governor the way reported. Notice both heads are level with each other.

46 JFK sat elevated above Connally

47 Single Bullet Theory Once their seats are properly aligned, the single bullet theory appears to be valid!

48 Umbrella Man? Some say there was a mysterious man fanning an umbrella right as Kennedy was shot. Oliver Stone said he was signaling to shoot JFK. here

49 Umbrella Man Not much mystery here. The man was questioned and identified. He was trying to heckle JFK with his umbrella in a way that he himself did not quite understand. One guy told me he was a Soviet agent. here

50 Badge Man? Was there a mysterious man wearing a badge near the fence?
Again, no shots were fired from this area. JFK’s entry wounds were in the back of his neck and head.

51 Motives? Everybody seemed to have a reason to kill JFK if one thinks about it hard enough.

52 Lyndon B. Johnson Supposedly, JFK wanted to withdraw from Vietnam.
LBJ had him killed so he could continue the war (supposedly).

53 LBJ Kennedy gave no clear evidence of exiting Vietnam.
LBJ showed no desire for escalating this “bitch of a war.” (LBJ’s words).

54 The Mob? The mob supposedly wanted to murder Kennedy.

55 Sam Giancana connections
Supposedly upset about JFK’s lack of support for killing Fidel Castro.

56 Mob continued The mob was upset about Robert Kennedy’s pursuit of organized crime. RFK was the Attorney General (top cop)

57 The mafia did not kill JFK
The FBI had the Chicago mafia’s phone tapped and their offices tapped for years before No evidence was heard. The mafia had no real interest in JFK. Maybe his brother Robert, but not the President.

58 Did Mob control Oswald and Ruby?
Oswald was a lone actor, just as he acted alone in an attempted murder of a General Walker. Ruby knew mobsters, but he was not trusted by them.

59 Did Castro Kill JFK? Motive: The CIA tried several times to kill Fidel Castro. Operation Mongoose considered poisoned cigars, poisoned diving suits, mafia rub out.

60 Did Castro kill JFK? Castro did not have the means to do so.
Castro wanted the US to leave Cuba alone. An assassination would have led to an invasion. (Castro said this.) Oswald was refused entry into Cuba.

61 Did the Russians kill JFK?
Motive: The USA was a serious rival in the Cold War. Killing JFK would provide instability in the military and government.

62 Russians killed JFK? Why would the Russians risk nuclear war? Having LBJ as President would not have benefited the Soviets.

63 Conclusion People believe what they want to believe.
Some want to believe JFK was not killed by some lone nut. Some enjoy being in the minority opinion.

64 Let’s let celebrities die in peace!

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