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QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly asked questions specific to this template. If you are using an older version of PowerPoint some template features may not work properly. Using the template Verifying the quality of your graphics Go to the VIEW menu and click on ZOOM to set your preferred magnification. This template is at 100% the size of the final poster. All text and graphics will be printed at 100% their size. To see what your poster will look like when printed, set the zoom to 100% and evaluate the quality of all your graphics before you submit your poster for printing. Using the placeholders To add text to this template click inside a placeholder and type in or paste your text. To move a placeholder, click on it once (to select it), place your cursor on its frame and your cursor will change to this symbol: Then, click once and drag it to its new location where you can resize it as needed. Additional placeholders can be found on the left side of this template. Modifying the layout This template has four different column layouts. Right-click your mouse on the background and click on Layout to see the layout options. The columns in the provided layouts are fixed and cannot be moved but advanced users can modify any layout by going to VIEW and then SLIDE MASTER. Importing text and graphics from external sources TEXT: Paste or type your text into a pre-existing placeholder or drag in a new placeholder from the left side of the template. Move it anywhere as needed. PHOTOS: Drag in a picture placeholder, size it first, click in it and insert a photo from the menu. TABLES: You can copy and paste a table from an external document onto this poster template. To adjust the way the text fits within the cells of a table that has been pasted, right-click on the table, click FORMAT SHAPE then click on TEXT BOX and change the INTERNAL MARGIN values to 0.25 Modifying the color scheme To change the color scheme of this template go to the Design menu and click on Colors. You can choose from the provide color combinations or you can create your own. QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36x48 professional poster. It will save you valuable time placing titles, subtitles, text, and graphics. Use it to create your presentation. Then send it to PosterPresentations.com for premium quality, same day affordable printing. We provide a series of online tutorials that will guide you through the poster design process and answer your poster production questions. View our online tutorials at: http://bit.ly/Poster_creation_help (copy and paste the link into your web browser). For assistance and to order your printed poster call PosterPresentations.com at 1.866.649.3004 Object Placeholders Use the placeholders provided below to add new elements to your poster: Drag a placeholder onto the poster area, size it, and click it to edit. Section Header placeholder Move this preformatted section header placeholder to the poster area to add another section header. Use section headers to separate topics or concepts within your presentation. Text placeholder Move this preformatted text placeholder to the poster to add a new body of text. Picture placeholder Move this graphic placeholder onto your poster, size it first, and then click it to add a picture to the poster. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2011 www.PosterPresentations.com © 2011 PosterPresentations.com 2117 Fourth Street, Unit C Berkeley CA 94710 firstname.lastname@example.org Student discounts are available on our Facebook page. Go to PosterPresentations.com and click on the FB icon. Printing Silver and Luminescent Nanoparticles in Polymer Matrices for Energy and Security Applications Energy harvesting devices that are effective and efficient are key to this era. One particular direction is through use of luminescent solar concentrators. This research has focused on the use of direct-write (aerosol jet) printing to produce the packaging of luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) and security printed films using upconversion. The ink contains upconversion nanoparticles dispersed in a PMMA film. The particles absorb two lower energy photons and emit a higher energy photon in the visible region that can be transformed to a current by photovoltaic material. In this case, the lanthanide doped nanoparticles absorb 980 nm near-infrared wavelength and emit a green illumination at 530 nm. Using metal-enhanced- fluorescence principles, a noble-metal layer can enhance and control the luminescence for higher efficiency. Using direct-write printing, these films can be deposited homogenously over larger areas to produce LSCs as well as deposited over stencils to produce thin polymer security films on document style substrates. OBJECTIVE METHODS AND MATERIALS Below in Figure 1 is a schematic of a theoretical LSC. Preliminary work focused on the deposition process of the metal-enhancing surface and upconversion layer. Figure 1 Silver nanoparticles were printed in a PMMA polymer matrix and produced a film with different characteristics depending on the angle of incidence. Films can have transparent or mirror –like reflective surfaces, Figure 2. Figure 2 Figure 2: These images show the same slide at various incidents of light (a) Transparency of 3 layer film on glass slide. (b) Mirror-like surface can be seen. SEM imaging revealed that during evaporation the decanoic-acid capped precipitated away from the polymer. This effect resulted in an agglomerated sheets of silver on top each layer deposited, giving a frosting effect, Figure 3. Figure 3 Figure 3: SEM image of a fractured glass slide with a 3 layer deposition to show layering of silver. The brighter regions that resemble frosting layers are the agglomerated silver nanoparticles (4-7 nm) while the darker region areas are the PMMA matrices. LUMINESCENT SOLAR CONCENTRATOR Printing upconverters in a PMMA matrix revealed even dispersion throughout polymer film, leaving no frosting effect as seen with silver. At 1 wt % of upconverting particles, the films are relatively transparent and show uniform upconversion as seen in Figure 4. Figure 4 Figure 4: Photographs of upconverters printed in PMMA film onto glass slides. The upconverted light is refracted to edge of glass. Power density of laser around 5 W/cm 2, spot is 1 cm diameter. Printed lanthanide doped nanoparticles in PMMA can be used to fabricate security printed films that are activated by Near-IR diode lasers. Films are deposited over laser cut stainless steel stencil at 1 to 2 layers averaging 0.6 to1.2 µm in thickness. Upconverting nanoparticles were added at 2 wt%. Photographs of upconversion light of various features from stencil printing are shown below in Figure 6. Figure 6:(a) and (b) represent the ability print letters using stencil style deposition of ink. (c) represents the ability to print various features at larger scales. All samples were printed to high bond paper substrates. Note: Scale bar printed using Optomec- M 3 D aerosol jet printing. SECURITY,PRINTED FILMS SUMMARY Developed packaging parameters for printing metal- enhancing-surfaces using PMMA. Coffee ring effect, build up of polymer at film edge, was negated by solvent selection. Based on decanoic capping agent on silver nanoparticles, the nanoparticle dissolution favors the solvent over the matrix forming the frosting effect. Controlling amount of polymer can determine thickness for desired film. With both silver and upconverting nanoparticles evenly dispersed throughout the polymer, the silver begins to quench the upconversion. The distance between both nanoparticles will need to be controlled to prevent quenching. Films and patterned features printed with the upconverting particles emit a relatively strong green illumination when under 980 nm diode laser. Both films and features were successfully printed to glass, Kapton, and high bond paper substrates. Upconversion is best observed for security applications with opaque substrates due to refraction. FUTURE WORK Developing lanthanide doped nanoparticles that can absorb over a wide range of IR wavelengths Printing particles in separate layers as to control distance between silver an upconverting nanoparticles Alter chemistry of lanthanide doped nanoparticles to illuminate other specific colors of upconversion. Using stencil based security films, specific features with various colors would be illuminated under a single wavelength diode laser. Develop printing parameters to frosting effect of silver nanoparticles as to produce capacitors based on altering conductive and dielectric material composition. Test printing of Poly(lauryl methacrylate) for security printed films for its optimal dissolution of lanthanide doped nanoparticles in its matrices. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation/EPSCoR Grant No. 0903804 and by the State of South Dakota. The authors would also like to thank Dr. Edward Duke, Mr. Krishnamraju Ankireddy, Mr. James Randle, and Mr. Jeevan Meruga. The ink solutions were composed of toluene and methyl benzoate in a 9:1 mixture. This solution was found to control evaporation rate and reduce the coffee ring effect of the polymer to produce homogenous film. Silver nanoparticles were capped with decanoic acid and are 4 - 7 nm in diameter. Lanthanide doped nanoparticles are capped in oleic acid and have a hexagonal shape (60 nm thickness – 120 nm diameter). Current research has focused on determining specific amounts of material for optimal printing and illumination. Polymer beads [poly(methyl methacrylate)] and silver nanoparticles were each added at 1 wt%, while upconverting particles (NaYF4:3%Er,17%Yb) are added at 2 wt%. Printing was performed with Sono-Tek direct write machine which allows for large scale material deposition. As material reaches the ultrasonic nozzle orifice, a controllable flat jet air deflector deposits the material in fan shaped spray pattern. For security film applications the material is deposited over a stainless steel stencil with desired features. Solutions have been printed on bonded paper, Kapton, and glass slides at room temperature. Slides were fractured and observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Upconversion was observed through he use of Nd:YAG infrared diode laser at 980 nm wavelength using 1-5 W through fiber coupling. Authors: Tyler Blumenthal 1, Dr. Jon Kellar 1, Dr. William Cross 1, Dr. P. Stanley May 2, Cuikun Lin 2, QuocAnh Luu 2 1 South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 2 University of South Dakota Silver Layers PMMA (a)(b) (c) (a)(b) Top of PMMA Layer Glass Slide Nanoparticles Upconversion Particles in Polymer Metal- enhancing Surface Glass Photovoltaic Material Solar Radiation Figure 5 Ink printed with both silver and upconverting particles gave little to no frosting effect. The oleic acid capping agent induced dispersion of the silver particles, Figure 5. With particles too close, the upconversion becomes quenched and reabsorbed.
QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly.
QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36”x60” professional poster. It will save you valuable time.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic.
QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36x48 inch professional poster. You can use it to create.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © entations.com QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template.
QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template produces a 36”x48” professional poster. It will save you valuable time placing.
QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36”x56” professional poster. It will save you valuable time.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © s.com QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © m QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT-- ) This PowerPoint template requires.
University of Manchester Faculty of Life Sciences PhotoGraphics Unit The blue instruction columns are for your help designing and will not print out on.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © (—THIS SIDEBAR DOES NOT PRINT—) DESIGN GUIDE This PowerPoint 2007 template produces.
RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT-- ) This PowerPoint 2007 template.
QUICK START (cont.) How to change the template color theme You can easily change the color theme of your poster by going to the DESIGN menu, click on COLORS,
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