Presentation on theme: "MLA Citation and Documentation"— Presentation transcript:
1MLA Citation and Documentation By Benjamin SynUCD Writing CenterMLA Citation and Documentation
2What’s New In 7th Edition? No More Underlining!Underlining is no more. MLA now recommends italicizing titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc).No More URLs!While website entries will still include authors, article names, and website names, when available, MLA no longer requires URLs. Writers are, however, encouraged to provide a URL if the citation information does not lead readers to easily find the source.Publication Medium.Every entry receives a medium of publication marker. Most entries will be listed as Print or Web, but other possibilities include Performance, DVD, or TV. Most of these markers will appear at the end of entries; however, markers for Web sources are followed by the date of access.New Abbreviations.Many web source entries now require a publisher name, a date of publication, and/or page numbers. When no publisher name appears on the website, write N.p. for no publisher given. When sites omit a date of publication, write n.d. for no date. For online journals that appear only online (no print version) or on databases that do not provide pagination, write n. pag. for no pagination.
4Margins & Alignment Leave an exactly one inch (1”) margin: At the topAt the bottomOn both sidesAlign all text flush with the left marginThere are only two exceptions to this rule:Titles (including “Works Cited”) are centeredPage numbers are flush with the right margin
5Spacing Unless your professor says otherwise, DOUBLE-SPACE EVERYTHING. In previous versions of MLA there were parts, such as block quotations and the works cited page that had different spacing.However, under current MLA guidelines, everything needs to be double-spaced.
6Page Numbers Page numbers are: In the header, one-half inch from the top.Flush with the right marginGo on every page, including the first page and the Works Cited page(s).
7HeadingUnless your professor insists on it, do not include a title page.Instead, on your first page you need to have four elements:Your nameYour professor’s nameThe courseThe date the assignment is due
8Title Rules for your title: DOs: DON’Ts Double-space and center your title beneath the dateCapitalize these words of your title:The firstThe lastAll principle wordsDON’TsItalicize/underline your title and do not put quotation marks around your title (unless your title mentions the title of another work)Put a period at the end of your titleCapitalize these (unless they are the first or last word):ArticlesPrepositionsCoordinating conjunctionsThe to in infinitives
10ActivityUse the first page of the Samuel Greengard’s scholarly article “Censored!” to:Create a properly formatted Works Cited entryCreate parenthetic citations for these quotesSamuel Greengard writes, “Many observers criticized Google for bowing to pressure from the Chinese government” (________).Several Asian nations including China and India “use Internet censorship to dominate the political dialogue” (________).Professor Andrew Lih offers, “In many countries, censorship is a deeply entrenched practice” (________).While I go through the next two sections, use this handout to answer these questions.
11Paraphrase or Quote?A citation can either be a paraphrase of the ideas in your own words or a direct quote from the original text.ParaphraseTo paraphrase means to restate information from a source in an original wayEven though you are paraphrasing, you must ALWAYS cite the source’s authorDirect QuotationsRetain the meaning and credibility of the original sourceCapture exact language that supports your point; in many instances, they capture language that is unusual, well crafted, striking, and/or memorable.
12Using Quotation Marks Correctly Commas and periods are always placed inside the quotation mark:Modern poems, like T.S. Eliot’s “The Hollow Men,” are a pleasure to read.Exception: When using in-text citations, your comma will go outside the quotation marks and parenthetical:“The Dead,” a short story in James Joyce’s Dubliners, depicts a man coming to terms with his own mortality: “His soul had approached that regions where dwell the vast hosts of the dead” (176).
13In-Text CitationsWhen you reference any outside material, provide a citationYou MUST provide a citation for any information or idea that is not your own or common knowledgeCitations are:Are in parenthesesImmediately after a quotation or paraphraseBut before the punctuationInside the parentheses you need two things:Author’s last nameIf a source doesn’t have a known author, use an abbreviated titleIf you are using several works by the same author, you will need to include the author’s name and an abbreviated titlePage(s) referencedIf the author is mentioned in the sentence, only the page number is in the parenthetic citation
17Block QuoteDirect quotations that go over four lines need to be turned into block quotes:Use a colon to introduce quoteIndent quote 1”Omit quotation marksThe parenthetic comes after the period
18Works CitedA list of all the sourcesfrom the text
19Format of the Works Cited List New pageDouble-space throughoutThe title “Works Cited” is centered, one inch from topEach entry isFlush with left marginSubsequent lines are indented one-half inch, which is called hanging indentionAlphabetized by author’s last nameOr title if author is unknown (ignoring A, An, or The)
20An Article in Scholarly Journal (MLA 5.4.2.) Author(s). “Article Title.” Journal Volume.Issue (Year): Page(s). Medium. Connelly, Deborah S. “To Read or Not To Read: Understanding Book Censorship.” Community & Junior College Libraries 15.2 (2009): PDF file.
21Article in a Newspaper/Magazine (MLA 5.4.5. & 5.4.6) Author(s). “Article Title.” Newspaper/Magazine Day Month Year: Page(s). Medium. Wines, Michael. “China: Censors Bar Mythical Creature.” New York Times 30 Mar 2009: 8. Print.
22A Book (MLA )Authors. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium. Karolides, Nicholas J., Margaret Bald, and Dawn B. Sova. 100 Banned Books: Censorship Histories of World Literature. New York: Checkmark Books, Kindle file.If you have a source with four or more authors, you can offer thefirst author and replace the rest with the phrase et al. (“and others”).
23A Work in an Anthology (MLA 5.5.6.) Author. “Title of Chapter/Poem/Short Story/etc.” Title of Book. Editor. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Page(s). Medium.Rosenblatt, Roger. “We Are Free to Be You, Me, Stupid, and Dead.” Language Awareness. Eds. Paul Eschholz, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark. 10th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, Print.
24Entry in a Reference Book (MLA 5.5.7.) “Entry.” Title of Reference Book. Edition. Year. Medium.“Censorship.” Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed Print.
25A Work Cited Only on the Web (MLA 5.6.2.b.) Author(s). “Page.” Website. Publisher (or N.p.), date of publication (or n.d.). Medium. Date of access. (<url>.) “The Right to Sext: Sending Nude Photos of Oneself is a Right.” ncac.org. Natl. Coalition Against Censorship, 26 Mar Web. 15 Apr <http://www.ncac.org/ The-Right-to-Sext-Sending-Nude-Photos-of-Oneself-is-a-Right>.
26A Periodical in an Online Database (MLA 5.6.4.) Author(s). “Article.” Newspaper/Magazine Day Month Year: Page (or n. pag.). Database. Medium. Date of access.Rich, Motoko. “Amazon Ranking Errors Ignite a Twitter-Fed Outrage.” New York Times 14 Apr. 2009: 1. Academic Search Premier. Web. 15 Apr
27A Film or Video Recording (MLA 5.7.3.) Title of Film. Director. (Performances, Producer, Writer, etc.) Distributer, Year. Medium.This Film Is Not Yet Rated. Dir. Kirby Dick. Independent Film Channel, Film.
28Taking a few minutes to wrap up the loose ends Final Thoughts
29Activity Answers 1) Works Cited entry: Greengard, Samuel. “Censored!” Communications of the ACM 53.7 (2010): 16. Print.2) Parenthetic citations:Samuel Greengard writes, “Many observers criticized Google for bowing to pressure from the Chinese government” (16).Several Asian nations including China and India “use Internet censorship to dominate the political dialogue” (Greengard 16).Professor Andrew Lih offers, “In many countries, censorship is a deeply entrenched practice” (qtd. in Greengard 16).
30Resources MLA UCD Writing Center MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th)The OWL at Purdue“MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide”
31Questions Now is the time to ask Next time, your grade could be at stake