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1 Welcome! Please have a seat where you like for today and take out paper and a pen/pencil.

2 Scene Analysis: Indiana Jones On a piece of paper, write down what you see in the following scene from Indiana Jones: Raiders of the Lost Ark Discuss: What is the plot? Who was involved? What did you notice about Indiana? Who was in charge?

3 Course Overview Forewarning: this is not an easy elective. It is a fascinating, fun class, but you will be actively watching films, taking notes, having discussions, taking quizzes and tests, and creating projects (including a short film). Sleeping and general disinterest will be taken seriously! We will be analyzing films of all genres, completing director studies, and uncovering the secrets of film creation.

4 Grading Formal Assessments: 70% (tests, essays, projects) Informal Assessments: 30% (quizzes, journal checks [1 per quarter]), class activities Midterm exam: 20% Final exam: 25%

5 Contact Information Check the Wiki for weekly agendas, due date reminders, and note downloads: All of this information is posted outside of my door on a QR code. Scan this with your smartphones on the way out! 10 Questions: Come up with 10 questions you want to ask me, either about the course or me.

6 What are some of your favorite films? How do we categorize films? What makes a quality film? Directors list Production company list

7 Homework Have your permission slip SIGNED by the beginning of class on Wednesday, 8/28. Bring in a COMPOSITION NOTEBOOK as soon as possible. These will be checked on Wednesday as well for a grade. This notebook will be solely devoted to this class; spiral notebooks are not accepted.

8 Movie Quote Bubble Directions Your task: create a quote bubble that contains a quotation from your favorite movie. DO NOT write the name of the film on the front of the bubble. Write this on the back with your name. Your classmates will be trying to guess your movie based on the quotation and decorations. Illustrate/color your movie quote to make it look great! This will be your first formal assignment grade. DUE WEDNESDAY.

9 Take a seat and take out your notebook or paper/pencil! Pick up the notes from the front table. Turn in your signed syllabus if you have it.

10 A Note on Journals Make sure you clearly label and date each journal entry. You may have more than one entry per day. Notes should be labeled and taken in journals. Journals will be checked once per quarter for completion and quality. If you do your work well during class, this should not worry you. Feel free to paste in notes from handouts.

11 Your Film Biopic On a piece of paper (or journal), respond to the following prompt. You will be sharing this with others and turning it in for points! 1. If someone were to make a movie about your life up until this point, what would the preview say? Give your film a title. Respond in 1 paragraph. 2. If someone were to make a movie about your life in 10 years, what would be added to the summary? Give your film a title. Respond in 1 paragraph.

12 The History of Communication What were the earliest forms of communication? How has communication evolved over centuries? What role has film played in the history of communication? The study of film IS the study of communication. How so?

13 : The US experienced tremendous growth in all areas of communication. HOWEVER…since 1950, we have matched that amount of technological advance in less than half as many years, AND predictions are that the 20 year period from will bring another doubling of technological change. *Think about changing phones, iPads, etc.


15 Major Milestones of Communication Speech Hieroglyphics: 6000 years ago people first recorded by carving symbols Cuneiform With this, communication becomes semi-permanent

16 2500 years pass, and humans develop a precise method of writing an alphabet, but church leaders and government officials are the only ones who could read and write. The alphabet allows people to: Write down laws Keep records Preserve history Over the next 3000 years, the production of paper and ink makes writing a much more portable and durable medium of communication.

17 Communication technology made little further progress until the 15 th century. Around 1450, Johannes Gutenberg perfected the printing press. The Gutenberg Bible (King James Bible) was the first printed book. Within 50 years, a total of 20 million copies of 35,000 different books had been printed. THE AGE OF MASS MEDIA HAD BEGUN! The masses began to learn how to read and think for themselves. By 1800, magazines, journals, newspapers, and books were available. THE INFORMATION EXPLOSION HAD BEGUN.

18 In the 1830s, William Talbot (an Englishman) developed the basic process for photography. Even though the visual quality or the resolution of early photos was not great. THE GRAPHIC REVOLUTION HAD BEGUN. You could now capture a lasting visual record of any event.

19 In mid-1844, Samuel Morse perfected the telegraph. By harnessing electricity, human communication could now travel close to the speed of light (186,000 miles per second!).

20 In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. This gave humans the ability to REPRODUCE SOUND. In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph,which recorded low fidelity (only one tone) sound AND allowed its playback for the first time in human history.

21 In 1893, Edison exhibited the first kinetoscope, thus giving humans the ability to capture the movement of real life through a communication medium. In 1896, August and Louis Lumiere invented the first motion picture camera.

22 AFI Essay: Critiquing Film Read through the essay on your own. As you read, write down any questions you have about the articles contents. Get into pairs and discuss the article with your partner. Summarize and clarify. Answer these questions: How have you critiqued films in the past? Do you think you are a close observer of cinema? What films do you think have deeper meanings than just entertainment? Why? Which films have confused you in the past? Why?

23 Homework Quote bubbles due tomorrow! Composition book due tomorrow Signed permission form due tomorrow These will count as homework grades. Quiz on the History of Communication (based on notes and class discussion) on Friday.

24 Turn in your signed permission form, take a seat, and take out your notebook! I will be coming around to check them off for points.

25 Quote Bubble Presentations Take out your quote bubbles! Students will present their quote bubbles to the class. Lets see how many people can identify who said it and what movie its from. Why did you choose that quote and why did you decorate it as you did? What makes a movie quote great?

26 Indiana Jones: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) Notes Always copy down the notes for each film in your composition notebook. Make sure you clearly label your headings! Notes may be used for quizzes, tests, and other assignments. Remember, your notebooks will be checked for completion once per quarter!

27 Take out your notebooks and Vocab List #1!

28 Homework Communications quiz on Friday!

29 Continue Indiana Vocab List #1 Notes Where did we leave off? Continue adding to your chart. Look for… Supernatural foreshadowing

30 Homework Study for your Communications Quiz tomorrow!!

31 Take out your communication notes. You will have 5 minutes to study before the quiz!

32 Indiana Analysis: Day 1 As you watch the film, create a page in your journal to write down instances of significance from the film that you think are important. Its smart to make a chart. Characterization (dialogue and important lines, costuming, specific actions) Symbolism (repeated scenes, shots, colors, or items) Plot (note the most important plot points) Film components: (shots, angles, scenes)

33 Continue Indiana Where did we leave off? What significant events have happened? What themes, symbols, or reoccurring instances have we noticed so far? Why do we think that is? Look for…

34 Homework Quiz on Vocab List #1 on Wednesday! Watch a movie over the long weekend

35 Take out your notebooks!

36 Indiana Analysis Directions As you watch the film, create a page in your journal to write down instances of significance from the film that you think are important. Its smart to make a chart. Characterization (dialogue and important lines, costuming, specific actions) Symbolism (repeated scenes, shots, colors, or items) Plot (note the most important plot points) Film components: (shots, angles, scenes)

37 Homework Quiz on Vocab List #1 tomorrow!

38 Take a few minutes to review for Vocab. List 1 quiz!

39 Group Work (25) In small groups, you will be given a cinematic focus. Your task is to create a poster that represents one of the following topics in detail. Make sure the poster is aesthetically pleasing and includes a ton of specific examples from the film! You will be presenting these to the class, so make sure you can explain your thoughts well.

40 Characterization Characterization of Indiana, Marion, and minor characters (Nazis, Sallah, etc.) Use examples of dialogue, actions, clothing choices, specific scenes/actions that tell us something about that the personality of that character Summarize your perception of the character. How/why are they important to the film overall?

41 Shots, angles and scenes Which shots, angles, and scenes did you think were most important in the film? Describe those scenes in detail. Use your notes and the knowledge of others! Why do you think they were included in the film? Explain. What genre do you think the movie makers were going for with this film? Why?

42 Symbolism What elements of the movie were repeated? Consider the music/score, costuming, references, lines, character actions, props, etc. Why do you think those elements were repeated? What do the symbols you identified tell us about the film overall?

43 Presentations Journal Entry Notes: Vocab. List 2

44 Journal 9/5 (2 paragraphs) Reflect on Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark. What was your overall impression of the film? What aspects did you enjoy? What didnt you like? Be specific and use film terminology! Do you think Indiana Jones represents the quintessential film hero? Why or why not? Why do you think we started with this film? Why do you think this film is important to study? Consider the actors, creators, genre, or other areas of importance in your answer.

45 Vocab. List #2 Fill in the blanks Put in notebook Quiz next Tuesday!

46 Watch: The Making of The Wizard of Oz Cast Notes Archetypes

47 Making The Wizard of Oz Who were the four primary actors? Directors: How many, who were they, and who was the primary director? Why did he leave? Did this work out for him? What catastrophes occurred during filming? What special effects did they develop? Which scene was removed from the movie but later won an Oscar?

48 Archetypes of the Heros Journey 37 terms, many apply to the film The Young Woman or Man from the Provinces: usually raised by strangers, returns home where she/he is a stranger who can see new problems or solutions Loyal Retainers: servants who are heroic themselves; protect the hero The Friendly Beast: shows that nature is on the side of hero

49 The Task, The Journey, and The Quest The Outcast: a figure who is banished from a social group for a crime (real or imagined) The Devil Figure vs. The Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good Heart The Creature of Nightmare: a monster summoned from the deepest, darkest part of the human psyche

50 Watch:The Wizard of Oz Quick-write: Color & Film Discussion Literature & Film Monday, 9/9

51 Notes: Color & Film Color as a transitional device (signals important changes) Color as symbol Expressionistic color (a characters inner dilemma) Leitmotifs in color (associated with characters) Surrealistic use of color (used to make images have a dreamlike/unreal quality) Color to enhance mood (sepia, undertones) Ironic use of color (choosing colors that go against the emotional tone of the film)

52 Your Task: During the viewing of todays film, write down 3 discussion questions about any aspect of the film that you think would facilitate a quality class discussion. Try to use film terms from our vocabulary lists and class notes Make sure youre asking complex questions that can be answered with more than just a yes or no Write at least one question about color and its use in the film

53 Quick-Write: Technicolor Color is used to signal important changes in a film, including a transition between two separate worlds (199, The Art of Watching Films). How do you think the change to color is significant in The Wizard of Oz? Consider the characterization of Dorothy, the changing setting, the context of the film, and the overall theme of the film in your answer. 1 complete paragraph

54 Vocab. List 3 Watch: The Wizard of Oz Discussion Literature & Film Tuesday, 9/10

55 Your Task: During the viewing of todays film, write down 3 discussion questions about any aspect of the film that you think would facilitate a quality class discussion. Try to use film terms from our vocabulary lists and class notes Make sure youre asking complex questions that can be answered with more than just a yes or no Write at least one question about color and its use in the film

56 Discussion Questions Note that in the book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz there is no dream frame story as there is in the movie. In the book Dorothy really does travel to Oz and return to Kansas. Most interpretations of this story are that it argues that Theres no place like home. However, how well do you think Dorothy would do in drab old Kansas where the only daily challenge was doing the same old farm chores? Could the Dorothy of the book really be happy at home again? Some critics contend that the story is driven by the inadequacy of adults and shows that in fact Dorothy must make her own way. Analyze the story from this perspective, list the examples of the inadequacy of adults that had to be overcome by Dorothy. From where did the power of the Wizard of OZ come? Was it real?

57 Discussion Questions: The Wizard of Oz Film Reflection: Theme Write sample tests for the film and quiz each other Film Special Features Literature & Film Wednesday, 9/11

58 Journal 9/11: Theme & Meaning in The Wizard of Oz Pick a theme or overall message you believe the film conveys (i.e. Theres no place like home, the importance of friendship, importance of adventure, inadequacy of adults and the creativity of children) Explain your theme and support your argument for it by using evidence from the film to prove your point. Consider literary devices (character, plot, symbolism) AND film devices (color symbolism, shots & angles, set design, etc.) to use as data 2 paragraph minimum

59 Write your own test! Using your notes from The Wizard of Oz unit (cast list, making of notes, and film notes), create a mock test AND answer key. Choose questions that you think I will ask on the test tomorrow! (Think about the director fiasco, catastrophes on set, the names of important actors, color and symbolism, character archetypes, special effects, etc.) Write 15 short answer questions, matching questions, or fill-in-the-blank questions on a separate sheet of paper. Write down the answers on a key.

60 Upcoming Films: Edward Scissorhands (Burton & magical realism) The Princess Bride (magical realism and storytelling narration) Memento (Nolan & twisted realities) Inception The Matrix Pans Labyrinth (Del Torro) V for Vendetta Inglorious Basterds (Tarantino) Rear Window and Vertigo (Hitchcock) The Incredibles, Wall-E, and Up The Breakfast Club Slumdog Millionaire The Godfather (Parts I and II) Citizen Kane

61 Upcoming Assignments: Movie Poster & advertising Free choice film analysis presentation Animation Flipbook Vocab. Quizzes Hitchcock Test

62 Test: The Wizard of Oz Notes: Tim Burton Article: Tim Burton Literature & Film Thursday, 9/12

63 Watch: Edward Scissorhands Analyze the opening scene for director style Film Cast Notes & Discussion Literature & Film Friday, 9/13

64 Watch: Edward Scissorhands Analyze the opening scenes for dialogue Discussion Literature & Film Monday, 9/16

65 Be a director- Annotate the Script! Write down intonations of how characters say lines and which words, phrases or pauses they emphasize. Mark up the dialogue! Describe each characters costume in detail. Add descriptions of the set next to each scene. Which props are important? What colors/imagery do you see? Write down anything else you find important to the film overall. Mark up these pieces really well! I will award points based on effort.

66 Vocab. Quiz 3 Watch: Edward Scissorhands Analyze the scenes for theme & style Discussion Literature & Film Tuesday, 9/17

67 Notes: Annotate the Film! Write down intonations of how characters say lines and which words, phrases or pauses they emphasize. Describe each characters costume changes in detail. Which props are important? What colors/imagery do you see? Describe the sets. Write down anything else you find important to the film overall. Take really good notes! You will be writing an essay on Edward Scissorhands in class (open note) when we finish the film.

68 Journal: Themes & Data What themes do you think this film portrays? Why do you think those themes are prevalent? Make a list of potential themes and add evidence from the film that proves your point. You can do this in bulleted list format!

69 Watch: Edward Scissorhands Discuss film completion In-Class Essay: Theme in Edward Scissorhands Vocab. List 4 Literature & Film Wednesday, 9/18

70 In-Class Essay: Edward Scissorhands and Tim Burton Using ALL of your notes from this film (including the ones on Burton and Magical Realism), write a 3-paragraph essay (minimum) that supports a theme of your choice. Make sure you state your theme clearly and back it up with AT LEAST 3-5 examples from the film. Make sure to explain how the examples prove your theme! This will be a formal grade.

71 Notes: Vocab. List 4 & Cast Notes Watch: The Princess Bride Analyze the scenes for theme & style Literature & Film Thursday, 9/19

72 The Princess Bride (1987) Did poorly in theaters, but later it became a cult classic Now is considered a symbolic 8Os comedy Story within a story narrative structure Where else have we seen this? Why is this structure used? Considered an ironic comedy, NOT romantic comedy. What defines a romantic comedy? What other ironic comedies can you name?

73 Journal 9/19 In your own words, define the term cult classic. Name as many cult classic movies as you can. Try to identify what makes them cult classics.

74 Famous Cult Classics Donnie Darko The Big Lebowski The Room Office Space Clerks The Shawshank Redemption This is Spinal Tap A Clockwork Orange Fight Club

75 Fun Facts: Director Rob Reiner left the set during Billy Crystal's scenes because he would laugh so hard that he would feel nauseated.Rob ReinerBilly Crystal When Count Rugen hits Westley over the head, Cary Elwes told Christopher Guest to go ahead and hit him for real. Guest hit him hard enough to shut down production for a day while Elwes went to the hospital.Cary Elwes Christopher Guest While rehearsing for the film, André the Giant's thick accent prevented many of his lines from being understood. To remedy this, actor Mandy Patinkin slapped André in the face to get him to concentrate harder.André the GiantMandy Patinkin According to author William Goldman, when he was first trying to get the movie made in the 1970s, a then-unknown Arnold Schwarzenegger wanted to play Fezzik, and he was strongly being considered because Goldman could never get his first choice, André the Giant, to read for the role. By the time the movie was made about 12 years later, Arnold was such a big star they could not afford him, Andre was cast after all and the two big men had gone on to become friends.William GoldmanArnold SchwarzeneggerAndré the Giant

76 The giant rodents were created with diminutive actors inside rat suits. On the day Westley was supposed to battle the giant rat, the "rat actor" was pulled over for speeding and subsequently arrested, and actually had to be bailed out of jail by the filmmakers so the scene could be filmed. Mandy Patinkin has said that the role of Inigo Montoya is his personal favourite over the course of his entire career. Mandy Patinkin

77 Watch: The Princess Bride Analyze the scenes for theme & style Discussion Literature & Film Friday, 9/20

78 Journal 9/20 Why do you think this film is considered a classic? Why might people enjoy it? Consider the cast, music, special effects, story, etc. How does the narrative structure of The Princess Bride compare to that of Edward Scissorhands? How does that structure add to each of the films? Consider genre, humor and overall theme in your answer. 2 full paragraphs.

79 Novel Excerpt (20) Read the excerpt from The Princess Bride. Highlight, underline, circle (basically annotate) any lines, words, or details you find important/interesting. Look for the following in particular: Specific diction Sarcasm Jokes Last Step: On the back of the packet, categorize the tone of the excerpt as best as you can. Include at least 3 lines from the story to back up your opinion.

80 Notes: Memento & Christopher Nolan Read Memento Mori Group Work & Discussion Literature & Film Monday, 9/20

81 Notes: Christopher Nolan From London, born 1970 Attended University College London where he studied English Literature Made films as a kid using his fathers 8mm camera, and one of his films was featured on PBS when he was 19 His films range from independent to blockbusters

82 Filmography: First film: The Following Memento (2000) brought Academy Award nominations for Best Original Screenplay The Batman Franchise since 2005 (Batman Begins, The Dark Knight, The Dark Knight Rises) The Prestige Inception (8 Academy Award Nominations, 4 Academy Awards) Produced Man of Steel

83 Nolans Director Trademarks: Introduces his main characters by filming a close up of their hands in action Usually starts films with a flashback or scene from the end of the film His films conclude with two characters discussing the previous events Crosscutts several scenes of action to build a climax (ex. The Dark Knight) Hard cuts to scenes (no fading) Non-linear timelines

84 Frequently casts Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Gary Oldman, Morgan Freeman, Cillian Murphy, Tom Hardy, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Marion Cotillard, and Ken Watanabe. As of 2012, Caine will have appeared in five of Nolan's films, the most of any single actor.Christian BaleMichael CaineGary OldmanMorgan FreemanCillian MurphyTom HardyJoseph Gordon-Levitt Marion CotillardKen Watanabe Casts actors in roles opposite their personalities/usual on-screen personas Usually his characters are battling some kind of psychological disorder Plays with themes of justified dishonesty, the power of obsession, and the clarity of reality Inspired by Stanley Kubricks usage of visual rhyming and Ridley Scotts films

85 Memento Mori Read the piece thoroughly Write 5 discussion questions you have regarding the story. You will ask these in small groups! Get in groups of 3-4 and discuss the story. Make sure each person asks all of his/her questions. As a group, decide upon the theme of the story. Write the theme on a poster paper and back up your opinion with no less than 3 quotations for the text (with explanations). Be prepared to present these to the class.

86 Notes: Memento Cast List Watch Memento Take active notes and discussion Literature & Film Tuesday, 9/24

87 Nihilism and Philosophy Memento can be considered a nihilistic film Existential Nihilism: the belief that life is purposeless and everything one does has no meaning Moral Nihilism: People make up morals. No moral code exists; it is contrived. Epistemological/Metaphysical Nihilism: The belief that reality and knowledge do not exist

88 Journal Watch Memento Take active notes and discuss Literature & Film Wednesday, 9/25


90 Journal 9/25 What qualities of the film does the poster for Memento promote? Can you tell the plot, genre, or subject from the objects used? How so? Explain. Do you think this is a good representation of the film? Why or why not? If you had to create a new poster for Memento, how would you design it?

91 Vocab. Quiz 4 Watch Memento Take active notes and discuss Literature & Film Thursday, 9/26

92 Mementos Chronology: When numbering the scenes chronologically, then sorting them how they appear in the film, the pattern becomes more clear. The letters A-V will represent the color scenes (with A happening chronologically first, and V chronologically last), and the numbers 1-22 represent the black and white scenes chronologically. The scenes appear in the film like this: 1, V, 2, U, 3, T, 4, S, 5, R, 6, Q...20, C, 21, B, 22/A[1] The two types of scenes alternate. The black and white scenes (numbers) start from the beginning, and work forward to the climax at 22/A, while the color scenes (letters) work backward from the climax at 22/A. The climax scene (22/A) changes to color halfway through, showing the convergence of the two story lines.

93 The test given to Sammy Jenkis involving the electrified objects is based on a real life case study of a patient commonly referred to as HM, who suffered from the same form of amnesia following surgery to treat severe epilepsy. A doctor repeatedly shook HM's hand with a joy buzzer, shocking him every time. After a few trials, HM refused to shake hands. The test shown in the movie is an illustration that Sammy's condition was not identical to a real life case study, but would not have excluded him from insurance coverage.

94 The picture of Leonard that Leonard finds in the envelope under his motel door shows him pointing at a bare spot on his chest. He tells Natalie that this spot is reserved for when he finds John G. Later, when Leonard is driving to the tattoo parlor, he thinks about his wife, and a flashback is shown in which he is lying in bed with his wife. The bare spot in this shot now contains: "I've done it."

95 After his wife's death, Sammy is shown sitting in a mental institution. Briefly, just after someone walks in front of him and before the scene cuts back to Leonard on phone, Sammy's character is actually replaced by Leonard sitting in the same chair. This supports the conclusion, that the tragic end of Sammy's story is actually an event from Leonard's own past, just as Teddy later tries to convince him.

96 While Leonard is watching TV at Natalie's, a picture of a needle with a person wearing a white v-neck shirt in the background can be seen. In the story of Sammy Jankis, Sammy injects his wife with insulin while he watches TV. This alludes to the possibility that Sammy Jankis's story is really Leonard's own. Moreover, the white v-neck in the background is the same shirt that Leonard's wife wears in another scene.

97 During Leonard's third and final conversation with the anonymous caller, his fingers hover over the numbers This is Teddy's phone number, which is on the bottom of his photograph, thus hinting that Leonard is actually talking to Teddy.

98 Discussion Questions In your opinion, what do you think really happened to Leonard during the course of the film? Talk it out with your peers. How does the film differ from the short story? Why do you think the changes were made? How do to cinematic effects add to the film? Consider set design, color schemes, costuming, cuts/fades, camera angles/shots, etc. Why do you think Nolan made this film? What was he trying to portray? What was his goal?

99 An interview with Nolan Read Time, Again Watch scenes from Memento Practice Storyboarding Literature & Film Friday, 9/27

100 Christopher Nolan Interview Respond to the interview. What insights did you gain from the interview? How do Nolans answers show in his films?

101 Movie Scene Analysis Project You will be teaching us a scene from a film from my list or one that I approve of. You need to work in groups of 2-4. This presentation will need to be around 15 minutes. You will analyze a scene in detail for the class and explain to us how it adds to the films overall effect. Components: A written analysis of the film overall that includes a theme (250 words), key scene and analysis, and perfected storyboard. Grade: 100 points, formal

102 Presentations: Sign up for presentations beginning the second week of October (7 th ) and must be completed by October 21 st. Sign up sheet will be available next week, so think about your time and plan the best day for you! If you want to propose a new film, you must ask me to approve the film by Monday.

103 Potential Films List Fight Club The Game Garden State The Matrix The Shining Blade Runner Rocky (any) The Dirty Dozen Star Wars (any) Forrest Gump Pleasantville Tim Burton Films Christopher Nolan Films Coen Brothers Films (Fargo, No Country For Old Men, True Grit) Wes Anderson Films (The Royal Tenenbaums, Moonrise Kingdom) Spielberg Films

104 Time, Again Read & Respond in your journals: In your own words, describe the plot of this story. What happens? How does this story relate to Memento? What do you think the theme is of this story? Why?

105 Practice Storyboarding Practice storyboarding the first scene of Memento. Its important to catch as many details as possible!

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