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Tips for Teaching with Movies: Using Film to Provide Meaningful Learning Experiences Jerald H. Walz Elizabeth G. Creamer & Eric K. Kaufman Virginia Polytechnic.

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Presentation on theme: "Tips for Teaching with Movies: Using Film to Provide Meaningful Learning Experiences Jerald H. Walz Elizabeth G. Creamer & Eric K. Kaufman Virginia Polytechnic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tips for Teaching with Movies: Using Film to Provide Meaningful Learning Experiences Jerald H. Walz Elizabeth G. Creamer & Eric K. Kaufman Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University 1

2 Overview Introductions Reasons for using film in teaching How film has been used by others How we have used film in our teaching Best practices Another Demonstration (time permitting) Questions & Answers 2

3 Reasons for using Film Movies are: Informative Energizing Educational Entertaining Enjoyable Useful for teaching adults Engages learning styles Values & appreciates learners prior knowledge & experience Involves mental and physical participation Focuses on practical application (Graham, Sincoff, Baker, & Ackermann, 2003) 3

4 Reasons for using Film Movies: Engage learners at all levels Provide a universal experience Offer a hypothetical learning opportunity Are easily available at low cost Hold audience interest Can be selected based on audience needs or interests Present inspiration, challenge thinking, stimulate discussion Also, Permit observation for reflection Allow easy access otherwise restricted (Graham, Ackermann, & Maxwell, 2004) 4

5 How film has been used by others Provide reward for students good behavior Edu-tainment: tangential tie to content Give instructor a break Integrate technology with pedagogy Fill time Other (bad?) reasons 5

6 Film in our Teaching 6

7 Teaching Grounded Theory Method 7

8 Grounded Theory Process Research problem & Research questions Data collection & Initial CODES Data collection & Tentative CATEGORIES Data collection & Focused coding Refined CATEGORIES Theoretical sampling Selecting theoretical CONCEPTS Diagramming concepts Memos Writing draft Organizing Memos (Charmaz, 2006, p. 11) 8

9 Best Practices Plan ahead Film, equipment, screen, projector, sound Tie the movie directly with learning concept(s) Practice makes perfect Challenge students to dig deeper Provide students a template for viewing (Graham, Sincoff, Baker, & Ackermann, 2003) 9

10 Best Practices Provide context Explain relevant background Describe the scene Present major characters Show the clip Not too little, not too much Remain quiet & watch Debrief Allow students to complete & review their notes Ask prepared, open-ended, broad questions Allow students to share their ideas Reinforce major concepts or themes related to curriculum (Graham, Sincoff, Baker, & Ackermann, 2003) 10

11 Best Practices Procedural sequence Pre-screen movies and scenes Plan for the scenes to run five to 15 minutes Cue DVD or video to starting point Set the stage: introduce content, characters, relationships, and concepts to observe Break at pause points Debrief (Graham, Ackermann, & Maxwell, 2004) 11

12 Best Practices Scene selection Use lesser-known movies or independent films Avoid often-used films Choose based upon the audience Consider genre: classic, fantasy, reality- based Prepare a back-up option Consider Copyright regulations & institutional policies 12

13 Another Demonstration (time permitting) What is Leadership? Position: is it where leaders operate that makes them leaders? Person: is it who leaders are that makes them leaders? Result: is it what leaders achieve that makes them leaders? Process: is it how leaders get things done that makes them leaders? (Grint, 2010, p. 4) What qualities of Leadership are portrayed in Gandhi (1982)? 13

14 Conclusion Film is the glue that binds our academic pursuits with texts, discussion, and experiential learning, allowing students to discover ways to plug-in as active citizens moving toward positive change (Hickam & Meixner, 2008). 14

15 Questions & Answers 15

16 References Attenborough, R., Williams, B., Taylor, R., Stanley-Evans, M., Briley, J., Kingsley, B., Bergen, C.,... Sony Pictures Home Entertainment (Firm). (2007). Gandhi. Culver City, Calif: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Bender, L., Van, S. G., Escoffier, J.-Y., Weinstein, B., Weinstein, H., Gordon, J., Armstrong, S.,... Buena Vista Home Entertainment (Firm). (1997). Good Will Hunting. Burbank, Calif: Miramax Home Entertainment. Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Graham, T., Sincoff, M., Baker, B., & Ackermann, J. (2003). Reel leadership: Hollywood takes the leadership challenge. Journal of Leadership Education, 2(2), Graham, T. S., Ackermann, J. C., & Maxwell, K. K. (2004). Reel leadership II: Getting emotional at the movies. Journal of Leadership Education, 3(3), Grint, K. (2010). Leadership: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hickam, B., & Meixner, C. (2008). Transforming leadership: Film as a vehicle for social change. Journal of Leadership Education, 7(2),

17 Contact J ERALD H. W ALZ Educational Leadership & Policy Studies Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University Blacksburg, VA


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