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Film Stock. Early Film Stock No standard gage for size No standard gage for size Nitrate caused flammability Nitrate caused flammability.

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Presentation on theme: "Film Stock. Early Film Stock No standard gage for size No standard gage for size Nitrate caused flammability Nitrate caused flammability."— Presentation transcript:

1 Film Stock

2 Early Film Stock No standard gage for size No standard gage for size Nitrate caused flammability Nitrate caused flammability

3 Early Attempts at Sound Separate sources, queued at the same time Separate sources, queued at the same time Soundtrack embedded into film Soundtrack embedded into film

4 Lighting Changes Sun-Arc Lights Sun-Arc Lights Carbon-rod fired lights rotated by electric motors. Carbon-rod fired lights rotated by electric motors. Loud grinding from motors and whining from the flame Loud grinding from motors and whining from the flame

5 Camera/Film changes Agreed on 24fps Agreed on 24fps Caused a change from Orthochromatic film (slow, blue sensitive) to Panchromatic film (red sensitive) Caused a change from Orthochromatic film (slow, blue sensitive) to Panchromatic film (red sensitive) More expensive More expensive

6 Development Orthochromatic done under safelight, left in developer until it visually looked good Orthochromatic done under safelight, left in developer until it visually looked good Panchromatic done in total black, so mechanical processing evolved Panchromatic done in total black, so mechanical processing evolved Became more reliable when soundtracks were placed on film Became more reliable when soundtracks were placed on film

7 Loss in depth of focus and increased contrast Loves Sweet Old Song (1924) Loves Sweet Old Song (1924) Cabiria (1914) Cabiria (1914)

8 Websites/Books Filmsound.org Filmsound.org Mr. Bernds Goes to Hollywood : My Early Life and Career in Sound Recording at Columbia With Frank Capra and Others Mr. Bernds Goes to Hollywood : My Early Life and Career in Sound Recording at Columbia With Frank Capra and Others


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