Presentation on theme: "The New Zealand Film Industry. Demonstrate understanding of a specific media industry Level3Credits4AssessmentExternal AchievementAchievement with MeritAchievement."— Presentation transcript:
Demonstrate understanding of a specific media industry Level3Credits4AssessmentExternal AchievementAchievement with MeritAchievement with Excellence Explain how a specific media industry is organised and controlled. Analyse how a specific media industry is organised and controlled. Analyse perceptively how a specific media industry is organised and controlled. This will be assessed by an essay written in the external exams on Monday, 28 November.
What were going to look at How is the film industry organised? –Basic overview – how it works Freelance & Fragmented –Changes in the industry due to digital –An increasing emphasis on Post Production How is the industry controlled? –Boom & Bust –Cultural vs Commercial External / Governmental –NZ Film Commission Large Budget Screen Production Grant SPIF Elevator
What is a New Zealand Film? Made in New Zealand Made by New Zealanders Made about New Zealand or New Zealanders Costa Botes – New Zealand Filmmaker (Forgotten Silver, Making of Lord of the Rings, Saving Grace
Why study the NZ film industry? The film industry is important to NZ because: Its economically important to NZ - Its a creative industry and part of the knowledge economy Its culturally important - it helps us to form a national identity and to show the world who we are
The film industry is driven by economics. Its Creative and Commercial. Art and Money. The film industry isnt a one-size fits all industry and we are not one size fits all people. Phillipa Campbell – Film Producer (Black Sheep, Rain, No. 2)
What do you know? About how the New Zealand film industry is organised? How does it work? What New Zealand Films do you know? What issues are you aware of?
Film Production in New Zealand 1910s1920s1930s1940s1950s1960s1970s1980s1990s2000s2010s 515123441756386070 Note: 2010s extrapolated on pro rata basis
Our most successful films in NZ $ Amount earned at box office FilmYear $9,237,976BOY Taika Waititi 2010 $7,047,000THE WORLDS FASTEST INDIAN Roger Donaldson 2005 $6,795,000ONCE WERE WARRIORS Lee Tamahori 1994-95 $6,400,000WHALE RIDER Niki Caro 2003 $4,075,000SIONES WEDDING Chris Graham 2006
What is the NZ film industry? The film industry is really diverse. There are lots of different areas of endeavor that filmmakers undertake, and films are made using different types of government forms of finance or independently with private finance or both… Some make for small neighborhoods, some for NZ audiences, some for countries around the world. Very diverse and has lots and lots of different layers to it. From 48 hour film festival, neighborhood organizations to large scale feature films…
Organisational overview Most film makers are self employed and contracted for the period of time the film is being made. Exceptions would be people in development for large companies such as South Pacific Pictures. In order to produce a film, you have to get financial backers This can come from government, private investors, co-productions
Someone with an idea for a film will generally either produce it themselves, or take it to a producer who will help them find funding for it. It isnt until funding is approved that production companies will hire other personnel. Most people employed in the film industry are self employed and make a living by also working in the tv or advertising industry – its a screen industry.
A background to the current NZ film industry We have always had a strong film industry Before the Lord of the Rings trilogy filmmakers were struggling to make a living from film LOTR (1999-2001) helped the Labour government to see the potential return in film making as a creative industry
What is the NZ film industry? The increase in technology has changed elements of control over the industry. Filmmakers can have more control over their product and access to the making film with digital technologies and the Internet is changing distribution methods. The film industry is driven by economics. Its Creative and Commercial. Art and Money. The film industry isnt a one-size fits all industry and we are not one size fits all people. Philippa Campbell – Film Producer
What is the NZ film industry? Film making is a marriage of art and commerce. Success, whether it is measured in artistic, cultural or commercial terms, is for the most part elusive. There can be no guarantee of recoupment, let alone profits; there is no formula that can ensure a successful film.. Peter Jackson (film commission review)
A Sustainable Industry The Labour government wanted both foreign and local film to cohabit and bring in a profit BUT they required a cultural pay-off They wanted film making to become self-funding They put more money into supporting the film industry than previous governments
The rise of the film industry After the Screen Industry task force of 2002: The government formed Film NZ (the locations and NZ film info office) The Film commissions (government funding organisation) funding doubled to $20mill from 2004 (25 mill in 2007/8) The screen council was formed to facilitate growth and stability
If you build it they will come… International film infra-structure created by PJ in Wellington encouraged overseas production to come here and also meant local film makers now had world class facilities for production and post-production The Large Budget Grant Scheme was introduced in 2003 to encourage overseas film and TV production to come to NZ (and they did!)
Westies rule! Westywood (Henderson studios) is closely following Wellington as being a source of employment and infrastructure for screen workers. Westywood is worth approx $10 mill annually - rivaling tourism and wine industry.
Co-productions For both financial and creative reasons, some films attract funding from NZ and overseas. A co-production can be a 'New Zealand film and get funding from the NZFC New Zealand is a party to co-production agreements with Australia, Canada, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Singapore, Germany and Ireland.
Local Film funding Many local film makers get funding from the film commission The film fund was created in 2000 with $22mill for local 2nd time filmmakers The fund was a one off but has been topped up by profit from 7 feature films so is still going Another funding scheme for local and overseas film makers is called the SPIF – funds film and television Theres also a number of short film funds available
In 2008/9 Aucklands revenue for feature films declined in 2008/9 by 42 % to $220 million Feature films produced by Wellington businesses earned two- thirds of the revenue for feature film production. In the Wellington region, revenue for this subsector grew by 70 percent to $429 million The rest of the country accounted for $5 million revenue Things to consider: More post-production work is undertaken in Wellington A reduction in overseas funding is one of the reasons Auckland lost revenue Screen workers often straddle the film and tv industries Screen industry revenue as a whole increased 3% in 2008/9 to earn NZ $2,806 million
In 2010 Success for local film in NZ – Boy Home by Christmas Success for local film overseas – Untouchable Girls, This Way of Life, Matariki The review of the Film Commission http://www.mch.govt.nz/projects/culture/100 628NZReport.pdf
What now – Boom or Bust? The industry is faced with unique challenges Its a creative and a business venture It needs $$$ input up front, despite there being no indication of success and return of those $$$ It relies on overseas film makers for $$$ BUT: it is also a local industry wanting to tell local stories Its competing against other countries who want to lure film makers there It relies on diversification into other screen production areas to build skill
What now - Boom or Bust? The industry is faced with CHANGE: The global recession A change in government and government priorities Changes in the way films are distributed Changes in the ways films are produced Changes in way films are consumed by audiences (and the pushing and shoving to get an audience at all)