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The Language of Film Prof. Myrna Monllor Jiménez English 124 © copyright Myrna Monllor Jiménez 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "The Language of Film Prof. Myrna Monllor Jiménez English 124 © copyright Myrna Monllor Jiménez 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Language of Film Prof. Myrna Monllor Jiménez English 124 © copyright Myrna Monllor Jiménez 2007

2 The great thing about literature is that you can imagine, the great thing about film is that you cant. James Monaco, How to Read a Film

3 The better a viewer reads an image the more he/she understands: Its physical reality What it means based on cultural references Its various sets of meanings

4 When you look at a frame, one of the first things to consider is distance. How much do you see of the character(s)? Is it a close up? Is it a full shot? Is it a medium shot? Can you see the whole body or a part of the body? A Place in the Sun 1951

5 American Beauty (1999)

6 In general the closer the camera gets to the characters, the closer the viewer feels towards the characters. This is why close ups are often used for: love scenes scenes where the character is suffering or fearful any other scene where the viewer is supposed to understand what the character is feeling.

7 As the camera moves further away from the character(s), the viewer is provided more information about them or about their situation. From Rosemarys Baby 1968 From Babel 2006

8 The further the camera is from the subject, the more distant you will feel from what is happening in the scene or to the character(s). lets the audience have a look at the subject in relation to its surrounding.

9 The Establishing Shot It lets the audience have a look at the subject in relation to its surroundings. It usually appears at the beginning of a film or scene to establish the setting or to introduce a film. The Illusionist 2006

10 The Two-Shot Makes two characters the subject of the frame. It allows you to understand how the characters interact and react to each other. Avatar 2009

11 Another thing you should consider when observing A frame is the angle or camera position. Was the frame shot from high above? (a high angle) Was it shot at eye level? Was it shot from a low angle?

12 A frame shot from a high angle is often referred to as Gods eye view because it suggests that someone is observing the characters. It can suggest danger and helplessness. 300 2006

13 Apocalypto 2007 The Fountain 2007

14 A frame shot from a low angle makes the subject seem larger. The Postman Always Rings Twice 1946 Citizen Kane 1941

15 The Dark Knight 2008

16 Inglorious Basterds 2009

17 A character that seems larger than another in a frame is usually the dominant character. From Double Indemnity 1944 From Rebecca 1940 From Gone with the Wind 1939 From Letter from an Unknown Woman 1948

18 The Departed 2006

19 A canted angle suggests that something is wrong either in the character or the storys situation.

20 Artificial Intelligence 2001

21 Besides shots and angles, you should also watch for symbols. Some common symbols are: Images of entrapment are usually shown through characters framed by doors, gates, or confined spaces (like closets). From The Kid 1921 From Carrie 1976

22 Pans Labyrinth 2006 Atonement 2007

23 The Hours 2002 The Ring 2002 The Painted Veil 2006

24 A Beautiful Mind 2001 The Departed 2006

25 Images of duality are usually represented by characters reflected in mirrors, water, glass. Psycho 1960

26 The Lady from Shanghai,1947 Taxi Driver 1976 The Matrix 2003

27 Mulholland Drive 2001

28 Black Swan 2010

29 Stairs, dark alleys, canted angles, darkness enveloping a character, seeing only part of a character are some images of imminent danger. From Silence of the Lambs From Kiss Me Deadly From Halloween From The French Connection

30 From The Sixth Sense From The Others

31 Light cutting through a character(s), lines which divide the frame, usually mark images of characters that are in turmoil. From The Usual Suspects From Blade Runner From The Awful Truth

32 Sweeney Todd 2007

33 Other Symbols Christ figures/Biblical References From Dead Man Walking Crosses From The Omen Pans Labyrinth

34 From Hell 2001

35 Inception 2010 Shadows The top

36 From Schindlers List Color Rebirth

37 Eyes From Un Perro Andaluz From Spellbound From The Blair Witch Project From Psycho

38 Phallic symbols From King Kong From Blade From Rear Window

39 Blood Destruction or desecration of symbols From Planet of the Apes

40 Slumdog Millionaire 2008 Trains

41 The Moon Water Roads From E.T. From Jaws From North by Northwest …and many others Trees

42 From Alexander From Superman From Collateral From The Ring The Black Dahlia

43 Other definitions Cliché- overuse of situations, symbols Voice over-a narrator whose voice is heard throughout a film Restricted narration-limited to one character Omniscient narration-changes from one character to another, the viewer receives information from many sources.

44 Auteurs/genre An auteur is a director who manifests a consistency of style and theme across his/her films. Auteur films are inventive and creative. Auteur films emphasize their uniqueness. Genre refers to a mass produced product of the Hollywood film industry.It studies the conventions of certain kinds of films. Genre categorizes films according to their thematic and visual similarities.Genres are not static, they evolve. They also create certain expectations in the viewer.

45 Bibliography Buckland, Warren. Teach Yourself Film studies. Hodder & Stoughton, 1998. Monaco James, How to Read a Film. Oxford University Press, 3rd edition, 2000. Copyright 2011©Myrna Monllor Jiménez

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