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Tiffany Chow, Chung Ning Tong, Louisa Luk Living standards and wages during the Five Year Plans.

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Presentation on theme: "Tiffany Chow, Chung Ning Tong, Louisa Luk Living standards and wages during the Five Year Plans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tiffany Chow, Chung Ning Tong, Louisa Luk Living standards and wages during the Five Year Plans

2 First Five Year Plan Living standards during the First Five year plan didnt improve Over crowing became was a big problem in cities Organisation and materials to build and improve conditions was diverted else where, for example, the building of more factories Rural towns were still very backward Some towns were transformed into industrial sites Town transport was overworked and packed Shops lacked basic commodities There was also food rationing (un co-operation the peasants) Very little control, crime rates were high

3 First Five Year Plan strained housing situation into an appalling … chronically overcrowded lodgings… strained family life… courts dealt with an incredible mass of cases… lines outside stores – M. Lewin (1976) sanitary work was non-existent … no kitchens or dining halls… women practically live on the street... fully justified dissatisfaction and bitterness – M. Fainsod (1958) on living conditions for unskilled workers

4 Second Five Year Plan Some expansion There were still long queues Shops still lacked basic commodities Some enterprises were setting up their own shops and bringing in food from their private plots Some people were benefiting from the five year plan

5 Wages during the Five Year Plans Lack of skilled workers. Most people would 'flit' from job to job. Wages rose Higher wages and packets were given to skilled workers Rewarding people for staying at a single job long enough to learn new skills In many cases managers earned 5x more than their workers However, even though workers were paid more, because of inflation, the money wasnt worth much Piece Works - payment according to how much a person has done. Left-wing opponents claimed that this inequality in pay is completely contradictory of the communist system It created a class system in the Soviet Union Awarding honors to outstanding The highest Honors given were called Stakhanovite

6 Second Five Year Plan Russian people were working their way up to a higher standard … learned to read and write … Russias rapidly expanding economy was crying for professional skill… Higher schools were paid stipends to their students… Living conditions were improving – J. Scott (1942) an American journalist who worked in Russia


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