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MISSISSIPPI ADEQUATE EDUCATION PROGRAM FUNDING FORMULA (MAEP) AN OVERVIEW OF HOW THE FORMULA WORKS

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The formula used to establish adequate current operation funding levels necessary for the programs of each school district to meet at least a C district on an accountability scale of A - F districts (Level III - Successful) as established by the State Board of Education regardless of the school districts geographic location. WHAT IS MAEP? 2

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PURPOSE 3 Ensure that every Mississippi Child regardless of where he/she lives is afforded an adequate educational opportunity, as defined by the State Accountability System. In order to accomplish this the system must: Provide equity by recognizing differences in the ability to provide resources locally (EQUITY). Provide a level of resources necessary for an adequate education (ADEQUACY).

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MAEP FUNDING FORMULA 4 1.ADA x Base Student Cost + At-Risk Component - Local Contribution + 8% Guarantee = MAEP Formula Allocation. 2.MAEP Formula Allocation + Add-On Programs = Total MAEP District Funding.

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MAEP FORMULA PIECES 5

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BASE STUDENT COST (BSC) CALCULATION 6 DISTRICT SELECTION PROCESS Districts determined to be successful and efficient in four areas of school operations are selected for determining the base student cost. Successful – Defined by the State Board of Education using current statistically relevant state assessment data.

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BSC CALCULATION 7 DISTRICT SELECTION PROCESS Efficient - In each of the following Efficiency Components the statistical mean for all school districts is determined. 1.Instruction – Teachers per 1,000 students 2.Administration – Administrator/Staff ratio 3.Maintenance and Operations a) M&O spending per 100,000 square feet b) Maintenance staff per 100,000 square feet 4.Ancillary – Librarians and Counselors per 1,000 students

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BSC CALCULATION 8 DISTNAME SUCCESS FUL DISTRICT INSTRUC TIONAL COST EFF ANCILLARY COST EFF PLANT AND MAINTEN ANCE COST EFF ADMINIST RATIVE COST EFF 7XXX District 11YXXXX 7XXX District 12YX 7XXX District 13N 7XXX District 14YXX 7XXX District 15N

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BSC CALCULATION 9 Districts that are one standard deviation above and two standard deviations below the mean (average) for each component are considered efficient. Districts that are both successful and efficient are used to calculate the average cost for each component.

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BSC CALCULATION 10 Teachers per 1000 Students DISTNAMEADA mo 1-9ADA/1000 FTE Classroom Teachers Teachers per 1000 students 7XXX District 112,539.882.54198.0677.98X 7XXX District 12562.330.5645.3080.56X 7XXX District 13663.570.6658.8988.74 7XXX District 141,609.391.61115.6071.83X 7XXX District 152,348.552.35149.2263.54X TOTAL453,867.74453.8732,312.2974.02 Mean74.02 Standard Dev7.88 1 SD above81.90 2 SD below58.25

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BSC CALCULATION 11 The average cost for each component is calculated using expenditure data from the second preceding year. For the FY15 calculation, FY13 expenditure data was used.

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BSC CALCULATION 12 MS Code 37-151-7 details what costs are included for each cost component. Instructional Cost Component For the instructional cost component, the Department of Education shall select districts that have been identified as instructionally successful and have a ratio of a number of teachers per one thousand students that is between one standard deviation above the mean and two standard deviations below the mean of the statewide average of teachers per one thousand students. The instructional cost component shall be calculated by dividing latest available months 1-9 ADA into the instructional expenditures of these selected districts.

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BSC CALCULATION 13 MS Code 37-151-7: For the purpose of this calculation, the Department of education shall use the following funds, functions, and objects: Instructional Cost Component FUND FUNCTION OBJECT 1120 1110-1199 100-999 1120 1210, 1220, 2150-2159 210 & 215 1130 ALL 210 & 215 2001 1110-1199 100-999 2070 1110-1199 100-999 2420 1110-1199 100-999 2711 ALL 210 & 215

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BSC CALCULATION 14 DISTNAME SUCCESS DISTRICT INSTRUC COST EFF SUCCESS & EFFECIENTADAINSTRUC COST 7XXX District 11YXY2,539.88$11,667,398.00 7XXX District 12YXY562.33$7,936,963.09 7XXX District 13N $0.00 7XXX District 14YXY1,609.39$5,128,662.13 7XXX District 15N $0.00 TOTAL 90,000.00$270,000,000.00 For BSC:$3,000.00 Instructional Cost Component

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BSC CALCULATION 15 THE AVERAGE COST OF THE FOUR COMPONENTS ARE ADDED TOGETHER TO OBTAIN THE BASE STUDENT COST INSTRUCTION$ 3,007.22 ADMINISTRATION 1,003.34 OPERATION & MAINTENANCE OF PLANT 778.77 ANCILLARY SUPPORT301.18 ADJUSTMENTS FOR PAY RAISE, INSURANCE & RETIREMENT INCREASES 0.00 FY 11 BASE STUDENT COST$ 5,140.07 FY15 BASE STUDENT COST-REVISED ESTIMATE

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BSC CALCULATION 16 To provide stability for appropriation and budgeting purposes, the base student cost will be calculated every four years rather than each year. (In FY11 and FY15) An inflation component of 40% of the base student cost times the current CPI is added to the previous years Base Student Cost to arrive at the new Base Student Cost during years between a complete recalculation.

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BSC CALCULATION 17 Example – FY 2014 MAEP Base Student Cost was calculated as follows: FY 13 BSC X 40% X CPI = FY 13 Inflation Component $5,017.94 X.40 X.0217 = $43.56 FY 14 Base Student Cost is: $5,017.94 + $43.56 + $42.49(PERS) = $5,103.99 $5,103.99 + $51.20(more PERS) = $5,155.19

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 18 Allocation of MAEP formula dollars to local school districts is determined as follows: ADA (months 2 and 3 of school year prior to fiscal year appropriation) x Base Student Cost + At-risk Component - Local Contribution + 8 % Guarantee = MAEP District Allocation.

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 19 AVERAGE DAILY ATTENDANCE Grades K-12 Months 2 and 3 Of Preceding Year. Excludes self-contained Special Education ADA.

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 20 High Growth Component - For any district that has positive growth in ADA each year over the 3-year period prior to the appropriation, the average percent of growth in ADA over those 3 years is multiplied times the most recent months 2 and 3 ADA and the result is added back to the ADA for that district.

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 21 High Growth Example from FY14 FY10 ADA (mo 2&3) FY11 ADA (mo 2&3) FY12 ADA (mo 2&3) FY13 ADA (mo 2&3) 1,971.762,024.232,137.352,242.71 % increase Average increase 2.6609%5.5883%4.9295%4.3929% Average increaseFY13 ADA (mo 2&3) Additional ADA For High Growth FY13 ADA To use in calc 4.3929%2,242.7198.522,341.23

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 22 AT-RISK COMPONENT 5% of the base student cost multiplied by the number of free lunch participants on November 30 of preceding year. The resulting dollar amount is added to MAEP formula allocation prior to the calculation of local contribution.

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 23 LOCAL CONTRIBUTION Uses 2 nd Preceding Years Data Yield From 28 Mills + Ad Valorem In Lieu Payments Capped at 27% of the MAEP Formula Cost Including the At-Risk Component

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 24 50,000,000 Gross Assessed Value 3,000,000 Exempt Value Over 65 200,000 Homestead Exemption Credit Under 65 150,000 Homestead Exemption Reimbursement 500,000 In Lieu Revenue = (50,000,000 - 3,000,000) *.028 - 200,000 + 150,000 + 500,000 = $1,766,000 Value of 28 mills 1,000 ADA $ 5,000 BSC 950 # Free Lunch = (1,000 * 5,000) + (5,000 *.05 * 950) = 5,237,500 Formula amount including At-Risk = $1,414,125 27% of formula amount including At-Risk = $1,414,125 Lesser of 28 Mills or 27%

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MAEP FORMULA ALLOCATION PROCESS 25 8% GUARANTEE Incorporated to ensure that a district receives a formula allocation equal to at least what they received in FY2002 for funding programs replaced by MAEP (Minimum Program, Equity Funding, Uniform Millage Assistance) plus 8%.

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ADD-ON PROGRAM FUNDING 26 ADD-ON PROGRAMS CONSIST OF: 1.Special Education 2.Gifted Education 3.Vocational Education 4.Alternative Education 5.Transportation

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27 Questions?

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