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Toshio KOSUGE Energy Conservation & Renewable Energy Department Agency for Natural Resources and Energy(ANRE) Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry(METI)

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Presentation on theme: "Toshio KOSUGE Energy Conservation & Renewable Energy Department Agency for Natural Resources and Energy(ANRE) Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry(METI)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Toshio KOSUGE Energy Conservation & Renewable Energy Department Agency for Natural Resources and Energy(ANRE) Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry(METI) February, 2012

2 Principally in Asia, but the energy demands of the world are expected to rise rapidly to about 1.3 times the current amounts by 2030. The energy supply structure will be hard pressed, due to the intensification of the competition to acquire resources among the countries of consumption, such as China. Japan has the lowest self sufficiency rate among the major industrialized nations. 2 Outlook of global energy India Approx. 1.9 times China Approx. 1.7 times Source: World Energy Outlook 2010. International comparison of energy self sufficiency rates (FY2009) (19%) (35%) (44%) (70%) (53%) (85%) * The self sufficiency rate is for instances where atomic power is imported. (Figures inside brackets are for instances where atomic power is considered to be produced domestically.) Overall Approx. 1.3 times 2008 12,271 2008 12,271 2030 16,014 2030 16,014 Current global conditions surrounding energy and energy supply structure of Japan (Petroleum equivalent in million tons) Others Africa Middle East Central and South America India China Asia (excluding Japan, China, India and Korea) Russia Eastern Europe and Central Asia Japan USA OECD (excluding Japan and USA) China USA UK France Germany Japan Italy Source: Calculated from statistics published by IEA.

3 Energy Efficiency in Japan Primary energy supply per GDP unit of each country (2007) Japan = 1 (Source) Calculated according to IEA Energy Balances of OECD/Non-OECD Countries(2009edition) 1.3 2.1 5.1 5.7 6.0 7.5 2.8

4 Source: Nippon-Keidanren International Cooperation Center Excerpt from Outline of Follow-up Result, 2007 (dated November 14, 2007) (http://www.meti.go.jp/committee/materials/downloadfiles/ g70216a04j.pdf) 80 100 120 150 JapanGermanyUSFranceChina 80 90 100 110 120 Japan Asian industrial countries West Europe US and Canada 60 80 100 120 140 160 Japan SwedenCanadaUS 50 100 150 200 Japan West Europe Korea Latin America ChinaUSRussia 80 100 110 120 130 Japan Korea EUChinaUS Russia 80 100 120 140 JapanKoreaChinaUS East Europe West Europe 50 100 150 200 250 JapanEuropeAsia North America Latin America 80 100 120 140 Japan World Comparison of energy indices necessary for making 1kWh electricity by thermal power generation (FY2004) Comparison of energy indices necessary for making 1ton of iron (FY2003) Comparison of energy indices necessary for making 1kl of petroleum product (FY2002) Comparison of energy indices necessary for making 1ton of electrolytic caustic soda (FY2003) Comparison of energy indices necessary for making 1ton of paper and paper board (FY2003) Comparison of energy indices necessary for refining copper Comparison of energy indices necessary for the rolling process of aluminum board Comparison of energy indices necessary for making 1ton of cement intermediate product (clinker) (FY2003) (Source: ECOFYS (Netherlands)) (Source: Solomon Associates) (Source: ANRE, Statistics Annual Report (UK), Environmental Report (Canada), etc.) (Source: Battelle Research Center) (Source: Japan Iron Steel Federation) (Source: Chemical Economic Handbook, etc.) (Source: Japan Mining Association) (Source: International Aluminum Association, etc.) 100 111 114 137 145 100 101 102 113 100 123 134 144 100 130 131 145 152 177 178 100 105 110 120 125 100 104 110 115 119 100 133 143 154 202 100 127 Energy Consumption Efficiency of Each Sector

5 Japans Energy Efficiency Policy 1. Regulation Energy Efficiency Law : Enacted 1979 2. Promotion - Tax incentive - Subsidies (including for R&D) - Preferential interest rate, etc. 3. Voluntary Action

6 Industrial sector Commercial Transportation sector Energy management obligation by Energy Conservation Law (by an unit of a company ) residential Energy management obligation by Energy Conservation Law (Carrier, Consignor) Enhancement of energy efficiency of buildings and residences by Energy Conservation Law Subsidies for promoting energy efficient facilities (high-efficient building, high- performance industrial furnace etc.) Housing Eco- points System Top Runner Program Tax incentive for energy efficient reform of residence, Promotion of high fuel economy vehicles(clean energy vehicles) Tax incentive / Low-interest loan Regulation Energy-saving labeling Energy Conservation Law Budget and Tax Voluntary action Commercial/residential sector Overview of Japans energy efficiency policy Promotion Voluntary 6 Subsidies for promoting energy efficiency technological development

7 Japans Energy Efficiency Policy in each factories/offices - Energy Management System - Energy Managers saving-energy experts assigned mandatory - Reporting of Energy Consumption to the Gov. * Chain-Stores included expansion of coverage Factories/Offices *

8 Encouraging Energy Management System in every factory/ Energy managers must be assigned in every factory/ office office with a certain quantity of energy consumption. awarding best practices Encouraging their management by awarding best practices

9 - Carriers, Consigners - Setting higher fuel efficiency standard - Eco Drive, Idling Stop method of driving Transportation

10 - Constructors, Retailers Houses/Buildings

11 - Top Runner Program Automobiles/Electronics

12 Top Runner Program Passenger vehicles 22.5 FY1995FY2005 Air-conditioners 67.8 FY1997FY2004 Electric refrigerators 55.2 FY1998FY2004 TV sets 25.7 FY1997FY2003

13 Present Energy situation after the Great Earthquake of Japan

14 Unit 4 Unit 3 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 5 Unit 6 TEPCO Air Photo Service Inc (Myoko, Niigata Japan) Before the Earthquake and TsunamisAfter the Earthquake and Tsunamis Nuclear Power Stations TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station 14

15 Tokyo Electric Power Company supplies electricity to an area with 42 million people and 40% of Japans GDP, but lost 40% of its generation capacity after the earthquake and tsunami. Peak Demand of the Month in 2010 Peak Demand of the Month in 2011 Supply Capacity of TEPCO in 2011 33GW (Apr.15) 49GW (Aug.18) 42GW (Jun.28) 46GW (Jul.15) Impact on Energy Supply/Demand in Japan 15

16 Large-volume-electricity customers (enterprises with contract for supply of 500kW or more) Small-volume-electricity customers (enterprises with contract for supply below 500 kW) Approaches across several fields (1) Voluntary formulation and implementation of plans for suppressing the power consumption in the peak time zone (2) Application of Article 27 of the Electricity Business Act (Restriction on Use of Electricity) (1)Presentation of examples of electricity-saving measures (2) Encouragement of formulation and announcement of voluntary electricity-saving action plans (3) Electricity-saving supporters visits (1) Presentation of examples of electricity-saving measures (2) Request for electricity saving through media (3) Distribution of Electricity-saving education materials to elementary and junior high schools Households (1)Urgent electricity-saving request was made when there was a concern for rolling blackout implementation (2) Information provision via TV, radio, mobile phones, and disaster-prevention public address system (1)Development of electricity- saving campaign (2) Thorough visualization of electricity supply–demand data (Denki Yoho (Electricity Forecast)) (3) Tight supply-demand balance alert to notify the tight supply-demand balance Supply–Demand Measures for last Summer Major measures taken regarding demand to secure the supply-demand balance during this summer are as follows: 16

17 The measures taken regarding supply for ensuring a supply-demand balance this summer were mainly as follows: *Service Areas of Tokyo Electric Power Co.(TEPCO) and Tohoku EPCO Power Co. 5.5 million kW The decrease of electricity supply capacity of TEPCO and Tohoku EPCO due to the effects of earthquake and tsunami26 million kW The decrease of supply capacity 26 million kW The supplement supply capacity owing mainly to the above supply measures (1) - (5) 20.5 million kW [Measures taken by the Government] (1) Approach for relaxing some regulations e.g.; Periodic inspection of thermal power generation stations under the Electricity Business Act shall be allowed to be postponed for one year at most. (2) Promoting introduction of private power generation plants and decentralized generation plants [Measures taken by the utilities] (3) Restoration of the disaster-affected thermal power stations (4) Restart of thermal power stations that have been stopped for a long time (5) Installation of urgent power supply (gas turbines etc.) *(4) &(5): on the basis of installed capacity Supply Measures last Summer 17

18 1. This winter, we would like to request electricity saving to keep an appropriate supply–demand balance and avoid restriction of electricity use or implementation of rolling blackouts. On the basis of the summary of this summer, we would like to make a request for electricity saving within the scope where enterprises can minimize the impact on production and operation. 2. We are still examining the supply-demand balance for this winter, but it is estimated that the balance will be tight in the Kansai and Kyushu Electric Power Company areas with a high ratio of nuclear power generation. 3. Electricity Supply-Demand Measures for this winter is released on 1st of November,2011. (Reference 1) Forecast of Supply and Demand This Winter Estimated at the Energy and Environment Conference on July 29 (Reference 2) Nuclear Power Generation Ratio of the Electricity Utilities (based on FY 2009 power generation) HokkaidoTohokuTokyoChubuKansaiHokurikuChugokuShikokuKyushu 34.1%21.6%27.9%13.3%45.1%35.0%14.6%40.6%41.6% Measures for Balancing Supply and Demand for this Winter 18

19 Thank you for your attention!


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