Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up Class Reflections: We have just completed our first midterm …and each of you has a good feel of this class. What has been the most challenging."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-Up Class Reflections: We have just completed our first midterm …and each of you has a good feel of this class. What has been the most challenging aspect of this class? What can you do for the remainder of the semester to achieve or maintain a grade you will be satisfied with?
GDP & GNP (Unit 5) Gross National Product and Gross Domestic Product Standard 12.5: Students analyze the aggregate economic behavior of the U.S. Economy SWBAT: Explain the difference between GDP and GNP, measure and understand what the numbers indicate.
Whats the Difference??? GNP (Gross National Product) -Total $ value of all final goods and services produced annually by American residents, whether these resources are located in the U.S. or abroad GDP (Gross Domestic Product) -Total $ value of all final goods and services produced annually within the boundaries of the U.S., whether by Americans or Foreigners
GNP or GDP? Determine whether each of the following falls under GNP or GDP. Explain your rationale!!! 1.Mexico builds a shoe company in Texas. 2.Miss Stack moves to Brazil and becomes an Economics teacher abroad. 3.Due to high labor costs in the U.S., Nike moves its entire company to China. 4.Microsoft decides to build a computer factory on the corner of Inglewood and El Segundo. 5.Come up with an example of GDP yourself and write it in as #5 6.Come up with an example of GNP yourself and write it in as #6
Measuring GDP/GNP Two Ways To Measure GDP/GNP: 1.) Expenditure Approach 2.) Flow of Income Approach (Circular Flow Model)
C+I+G+Xn Consumption (C): Household spending. Makes up two- thirds of GDP spending. [the biggest spending sector of the economy] Investment (I): Spending by Businesses on machinery, factories, equipment, tools, and construction of new buildings. Government (G): Spending by all levels of government on goods and services. Net Exports (X-M) = Exports minus imports: Spending by people abroad on U.S. goods and services (exports, or X) minus spending by people in the U.S. on foreign goods and services (imports, or M)
Practice Problem!!! Using the Expenditure Formula, solve for GDP/GNP!!! Calculate GDP/GNP when: C=500 million I=150 million G=300 million X=200 million M=300 million
The Expenditure Approach Step 1: For each of the scenario, determine which category of spending it falls under. Step 2: Then, write whether or not GDP/GNP increased or decreased using arrows. Step 3: Create a tree map -- pull out a blank piece of paper and fold into 4 equal columns and label your top branch The Expenditure Approach and the others appropriately. Step 4: Cut and glue into the correct column!!! Step 5: If time, draw a symbol next to each.
2. Circular Flow of Income Approach GDP/GNP=W+I+R+P 1.Households provide businesses with resources (land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship) 2.In return for these resources, businesses pay $$$ in the form of Wages, Interest, Rent and Profit. You add up all the money income derived from the production of this years outputs.
Wrap-Up What is the difference between GDP/GNP? What are the two methods for measuring each? What is the main purpose of determining a countries GDP? GNP?