Presentation on theme: "G R A D E 9 V A C C I N A T I O N P R O G R A M. V a c c i n a t i o n s f o r : C a t c h - u p p r o g r a m f o r : Diphtheria, Tetanus, & Pertussis."— Presentation transcript:
G R A D E 9 V A C C I N A T I O N P R O G R A M
V a c c i n a t i o n s f o r : C a t c h - u p p r o g r a m f o r : Diphtheria, Tetanus, & Pertussis Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Measles, Mumps, Rubella Hepatitis B Polio Varicella
D I P H T H E R I A WHAT IS IT? A disease caused by BACTERIA that infect the nose and throat. HOW DO YOU GET IT? Direct contact with DROPLETS from the infected persons nose and throat. SYMPTOMS? Grey spots may appear on the tonsils Breathing becomes difficult Sore throat/headache The bacteria may produce a TOXIN that can cause Paralysis or heart damage DEATH RATE 1 in every 10 who gets diphtheria dies
T E T A N U S WHAT IS IT? (LOCKJAW) A disease that causes BACTERIA to grow at the site of an injury. HOW DO YOU GET IT? By stepping on a RUSTY NAIL By getting a CUT or LACERATION By getting a dog or cat BITE SYMPTOMS? The bacteria make a TOXIN, which is absorbed by the body s muscles, causing spasms that make it difficult to breathe DEATH RATE 6 out of 10 people who get tetanus die
P E R T U S S I S (WHOOPING COUGH) WHAT IS IT? A BACTERIAL disease that infects the lining of the airways. HOW DO YOU GET IT? Direct contact with DROPLETS from the infected persons nose and throat. SYMPTOMS? Attacks of VIOLENT coughing develop, often lasting weeks or more. Children may cough so long and hard that they cant breathe. Babies with whooping cough may have fits (seizures) and go into a coma due to lack of oxygen to their brain. 1 out of 400 babies under 1 year of age with whooping cough will end up with brain damage
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) WHAT IS IT? The most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) Chances are most people will become infected with HPV and not have any signs or symptoms HOW DO YOU GET IT? Anyone who has ever taken part in sexual activity can contract HPV At least 70% of sexually active women and men will get HPV infection over their lifetime HPV is easily passed through sexual touching and intercourse. WHAT ARE THE RISKS? Over 40 types of the HPV virus infect the genital area High risk types can cause pre-cancerous lesions and can lead to cancer of the cervix and other genital areas Low risk types can cause genital warts In Alberta, 180 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year. 40 women die each year of the disease.
Who should get the vaccine? In Canada: Vaccine approved for girls and women 9 to 26 years of age In Alberta: All girls in grade 5 starting in 2008/2009 All girls in grade 9 starting in 2009/2010 (3 years only) Parental/guardian consent is required before the vaccine can be given The HPV vaccine costs $ per dose. The vaccine requires 3 doses to be given within one year (total cost $450). The HPV vaccine is free to all grade 5 and 9 girls in Alberta.
HPV & Cervical Cancer High risk types of the HPV cause cervical cancer as well other more rare genital cancers Pre-cancerous cells can be found in the cervix by a Pap test. Cervical cancer takes many years to develop Most people who get HPV have no symptoms and it goes away by itself. Sometimes the virus does not go away and can cause pre-cancerous lesions and cervical cancer May have visible genital warts How Do You Know You Have HPV?
A Pap test finds abnormal cells in the cervix that could develop into cancer Women, including those who have had HPV immunization, should have regular Pap tests Discuss Pap testing with your family doctor How Can HPV Be Prevented? (Continued) Regular Pap testing What is a Pap Test ?
How Can HPV Be Prevented? Immunization with HPV vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer GARDASIL® vaccine – licensed in Canada June, 2006 HPV types in the vaccine: 6 & 11 (causes 90% of genital warts), 16 & 18 (causes 70% of cervical cancer) Administration: injection of three doses over six month time period Schedule: Dose 1 – on start date Dose 2 – one to two months after Dose 1 Dose 3 – six months after Dose 1 Highly protective More than 98% of individuals develop protection following immunization Safe In Canada, each new vaccine undergoes laboratory and field-testing and must pass licensing procedure before being introduced to the public. HPV vaccine contains no live virus, therefore can not cause HPV infection Duration of Protection Protection lasts at least 5 years and probably longer
M E A S L E S WHAT IS IT? A highly contagious viral disease. HOW DO YOU GET IT? Direct contact with droplets from the infected person s nose and throat. SYMPTOMS? A red blotchy rash/high fever. Watery sore eyes. May cause pneumonia and inflammation of the brain leading to convulsions. DEATH RATE 1 person dies in every 3000 who gets measles
M U M P S WHAT IS IT? A communicable viral disease HOW DO YOU GET IT? Direct contact with droplets from the infected persons nose and throat SYMPTOMS? Pain/soreness in the jaw/neck Swelling of the salivary glands (under the jaw) May cause permanent loss of hearing May cause inflammation of the testicles 1 in 10 people with mumps can get meningitis. Today, most outbreaks occur in adolescents/young adults.
R U B E L L A WHAT IS IT? A mild viral disease, except during pregnancy when there is a high risk to the unborn fetus HOW DO YOU GET IT? Direct contact with droplets from the infected persons nose and throat SYMPTOMS? Rash of small pink spots all over the body Fever/sore achy joints Swollen lymph nodes in the back of the neck If a women develops rubella during pregnancy the baby has a high risk of being born deformed When a woman gets Rubella within the first 20 week of pregnancy, there is a >80% chance that she will miscarry or the baby will be born with a serious disability.
H E P A T I T I S B WHAT IS IT? A viral disease that infects the liver HOW DO YOU GET IT? Transmitted through blood and body fluids Sharing personal items (i.e. razors, toothbrushes) Using non-sterile needles when getting a tattoo or body piercing Sharing needles when injecting drugs, steroids etc. SYMPTOMS? Jaundice (yellowing of the skin) Abdominal pain Nausea & Vomiting Liver Cancer 5-10% of cases become chronic carriers and can spread Hepatitis B without knowing it. DEATH RATE Each year, approximately 1,000,000 people worldwide, die from the Hepatitis B virus.
P O L I O WHAT IS IT? A viral infection. HOW DO YOU GET IT? From throat secretions and through contaminated feces SYMPTOMS? Fever Headache Stiffness of the back Paralysis may occur DEATH RATE 1 out of 10 people who get Polio die from the disease
Varicella (Chicken Pox) WHAT IS IT? Common childhood disease caused by the Varicella virus. However, a number of people can develop further complications. HOW DO YOU GET IT? Easily spread from person to person through the air or direct contact with fluid from the blisters. It can be spread before the rash appears. WHAT HAPPENS? Infected blisters can leave scars. Can lead to pneumonia or problems with other organs (i.e. brain, liver, heart) DEATH RATE Chicken pox causes an average of 5.8 deaths per year in Canada. Over 90% of deaths occurred in previously healthy persons.
What to expect after vaccination … C O M F O R T M E A S U R E S P O S S I B L E S I D E E F F E C T S Slight fever, decreased energy, headache, or general body ache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness Some redness, swelling or tenderness at the needle site, lasting up to 48 hours You may use Tylenol for fever or discomfort Apply a cold cloth to the injection site Move your arm frequently to relieve stiffness
TIPS FOR VACCINATION DAY REMEMBER TO HAND IN YOUR CONSENT FORM! questions or concerns Discuss any questions or concerns with the vaccinating nurse. short sleeved shirt. Wear a short sleeved shirt. Eat breakfast Eat breakfast or at least have a glass of 100% fruit juice before you come to school.
CONSENT CONSENT The consent: will indicate which vaccinations you require must be signed by parent or guardian must be returned as soon as possible to your TA or Home Room Teacher
THANK YOU Edited by: Amy Beck, Carla Ferreira, Carrie Sauve (Public Health Nurses from Village Square Community Health Centre)