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MEGAPROJECT Case Study Basic Project Information Case compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details:

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Presentation on theme: "MEGAPROJECT Case Study Basic Project Information Case compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details:"— Presentation transcript:

1 MEGAPROJECT Case Study Basic Project Information Case compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details: Project Title High-Speed Train in Spain: Madrid-Barcelona-French frontier (Figueres) Location Spain Purpose Scope To improve the connection between cities. Integrated with Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) Total Project Value Project Status(i.e.. initiation, planning, construction, operation, dismantling) Finish date (Madrid-Barcelona): 02/2008 Expected finish date (Barcelona-Figueres): 2012 (Expected divergence 3 years) Contractual Framework (e.g. fixed price, cost-plus etc.) Madrid-Barcelona: 6,611 million Euros (inaugurated on 20 February 2008 Barcelona-Figueres: 4,200 million de euros [22] Relevant Physical Dimensions (e.g. height, width, volume, length) SECTION 1 - BASIC PROJECT INFORMATION

2 MEGAPROJECT Case Study

3 ADVANTAGES OF THE LINE [51] This line allows communication between the two most densely populated urban areas of Spain (Madrid and Barcelona) ​​and Zaragoza and other cities such as Guadalajara, Calatayud, Lleida and Tarragona. This infrastructure also extends its benefits to other cities to connect: * In Madrid, the North-Northeast corridor (LAV Valladolid), South corridor (LAV Seville and Malaga) and runner Levante (Valencia LAV). * In Zaragoza with the high-speed and international gauge Zaragoza-Huesca * In Camp de Tarragona and the Mediterranean Corridor. * Also, thanks to the wide exchange facilities of Plasencia de Jalon, the benefits extend to La Rioja and Navarre. Another unique feature of this line is its design for mixed passenger and freight (including the Port of Barcelona and the connection to France), which implies the possibility of establishing new services to or from intermodal centers in France and other European countries. In addition to a significant reduction in travel times, this modern infrastructure provides a number of benefits including: * Citizens have a more integrated rail infrastructure, safe and sustainable * A significant increase in capacity and regularity of rail traffic resulting from the technical specifications and design of the line. * Significant increase comfort by establishing optimal conditions of rolling and drawing * Increased security by incorporating advanced technologies in control systems of rail traffic * Security is enhanced by the fencing on both sides of the track and the absence of level crossings * Removing barriers and improving urban permeability and potential for development of cities ONLINE FEATURES [51] It extends over 804 kilometers from Madrid to Figueres. The layout allows traffic at speeds up to 350 km / h in almost 86% of the course, although it commercially exploits Renfe Operator to 300 km / h. INFRASTRUCTURE [51] The construction parameters applied were very demanding to allow the development of maximum speeds of 350 kilometers per hour in commercial service and ensure the interoperability of the infrastructure according to EU rules: * Tread international signaling system compatible, standard electrification * Curves of minimum radius of 7000 m in the general pathway * Ramps less than 2.5% * Maximum depth 140 mm * Deviations suitable for 350 km / h The line has by-pass in Zaragoza, Lleida and Figueres so that not to penalize travel times of non-stop train in those cities. Furthermore, the Barcelona-Figueres section is designed for passenger traffic and also for the transport of certain types of goods.

4 MEGAPROJECT Internal Stakeholder Identification (Stakeholders with a direct legally sanctioned relationship with the project) SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS Stakeholder Category Case-Study Comments (e.g. maturity, previous experiences of stakeholders, skills, influence on project) Internal Supply-SideClient RENFE OPERATOR is the national rail passenger operator and is a state-owned company controlled by the ministry of public works (Ministerio de Fomento). Financiers Sponsors Client’s Customers Final customers: Tourists, professionals, passengers in general. General public (passengers), freight operators Client’s Owners Other internal supply-side categories ( please specify) CategoryCase-Study Infrastructure Administrator (ADIF)

5 MEGAPROJECT Internal Stakeholder Identification (Stakeholders with a direct legally sanctioned relationship with the project) SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS Stakeholder Category Case-Study Comments (e.g. maturity, previous experiences of stakeholders, skills, influence on project) Internal Demand- Side Principal Contractor Siemens, Alsthom and CAF signed the agreement for the manufacture of the sixteen ICE-3 trains to be run through the high speed line (AVE) between Madrid and Barcelona. CAF and Alstom took charge of about twenty-five percent of the manufacturing machining Siemens train [25] The trains are Germany's Siemens and the Spanish Talgo, signaling was awarded to Ansaldo Italian and the Spanish Cobra and assistance technique (4% of the budget, according to Renfe) to virtually all engineering firms in the country works. [26] Acciona, OHL and Sacyr have been awarded the works of the entrance to the high speed railway line (Ave) Madrid-Barcelona in the Catalan capital [29] Dragados, Comsa y Acsa, the joint venture formed by Rubau, Copisa, FCC Construcción and Ferrovial Agromán [32] Siemens and Talgo/Bombardier builds the train machine ACS, Ferrovial, FCC, Sacyr Vallehermoso and OHL (construction firms) build the track [12] First Tier Contractors HKL: The German multinational has been in the works of the AVE to contracting companies leasing equipment different tonnage. It has also intervened in the emergency works carried out between Bellvitge and Sants and repair of the tunnels [27] Currently, Redalsa is going through the lanes and elastic fasteners for the route of the AVE Madrid- Barcelona. [28] Second Tier Consultants TYPSA information studies and projects as technical assistance and supervision of works [39] Professional Services Providers Other internal supply-side categories ( please specify) CategoryCase-Study Industrial producers of railway equipment [2] basalt suppliers: Up to five different quarries provided the basalt (Ophites of Happy St., Stone and Derivatives SA, Quarries The Ponderosa, Quartzite of Mediterranean and Bob Arno and Sons). [26]

6 MEGAPROJECT External Stakeholder Identification SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS (Stakeholders with a direct interest in the project but with no legal contract) Stakeholder CategoryCase-Study Comments (e.g. maturity, previous experiences of stakeholders, skills, influence on project) External PublicRegulatory Agencies Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Development Environment Agency from Madrid (Agencia de Medio Ambiente – AMA- de la Comunidad de Madrid), Agencia Catalana del Agua Local Government Madrid, Aragon and Cataluña. Municipal authorities/town councils and the Committees for Coordination and regional Development (CCDR) National Government Spanish government, MOPTC (Public Works, Transport and Communications), MF (Ministry of Finance and the Public Administration) and MA (Ministry for the environment) Other internal supply-side categories ( please specify) CategoryCase-study Public landowners, Tourism board, Industry & service associations, Cities with HST stations PrivateLocal residents Local Associations Local LandownersPrivate landowners EnvironmentalistsGreenpeace, Friends of the Earth, European Environment Agency Conservationists Archaeologists Other External Private stakeholders (please specify) CategoryCase study Other transport operators Press & Media Opinion makers, placement of news and opinion articles by companies interested in the project Political Opinion

7 SECTION 2 -PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS MEGAPROJECT Stakeholder Relationship Maps RENFE (client) ADIF / GIF SIEMENS (electrificati on provider) and Talgo ALSTHOM (Train Machine Provider) First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors Local and regional government Spanish government Owns 100% Licences the use of the train Contracts with Acciona, Sacyr,OHL, Dragados, Comsa y Acsa First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors Services Providers Contracts with Owns 100% Numerous external stakeholders Contracts with Passengers in general (client’s customers) CAF CONSTRUCCIONES Y AUXILIAR DE FERROCARRILES Contracts with Ansaldo And Cobra Contracts with HKL and Redalsa Rubau, Copisa, FCC, Ferrovial, Vallehermoso Suppliers basalt: Ophites of Happy St., Stone and Derivatives SA, Quarries The Ponderosa, Quartzite of Mediterranean and Bob Arno and Sons asalt First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors First tier subcontr actors Contracts with TYPSA Consultant Name of Actor Description of relationship Description of relationship Key: - Project Actor - Project relationship with a contractual basis - Non-contractual project relationship Private landowners Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth Other transport operators Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Development Environment Agency from Madrid (AMA) Agencia Catalana del Agua Public Private Repeat this map for as many project phases as you require Cohesion Fund and the TEN-T budget Sponsors

8 SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS MEGAPROJECT External Stakeholder Attitude Analysis External Stakeholder External Stakeholder’s Attitude to this Project External Stakeholder’s Influence on project Impact of Project on External StakeholderPhase of Project of Greatest Interest (initiation, planning, construction, operation, dismantling) Tourism board General ability to lobby government High. Contributes to achieving its overall aimsOperation EU Commission General ability to lobby government Contributes to achieving its overall aimsInitiation, Planning, Construction & Operation Worried about effectsLimitedFor air transport between Madrid and Barcelona the introduction of the HRS reduced the airport traffic. The route Madrid-Barcelona was in 2007 the world's busiest passenger air route with 971 scheduled flights per week (both directions). In order to compete with each other RENFE has made, and Iberia will make, changes to their fare structures, as well as changing services; Iberia plans to use smaller planes which will leave as soon as full Operation Industry & services Associations MediumHighOperation Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth, Environment agenciy (AMA); Spanish Ministry of Environment; Worried about effectsAbility to Lobby Government Initiation, Planning, Construction and Operation Private landowners Worried about the lost of the landLimitedLost of the landConstruction cities with HST stations Highly Favourable.MediumHighConstruction & Operation Barcelona cultural associations Worried about effectsLimitedThe construction committee of Barcelona's famed Sagrada Familia church lobbied for a re-routing of the tunnel - it passes within metres of the massive church's foundations. It also passes equally near the UNESCO- recognized Casa Milà also designed by Antoni Gaudí Construction and Operation Environmental organizations Highly unfavourableSubstantively harmfulCan limit the development of the process (presenting successive complaints about negative impacts that the project brings) Initiation, Planning, Construction and Operation

9 Renfe, as operator of the network, says it will be a model "completely innovative and participation in all phases of the process, especially the aftercare of the product“ [43] MEGAPROJECT Project Management Project Organisation Client Project Team Size & Structure RENFE Contractor Project Team Size and Structure Siemens, Alsthom, CAF, [25] Talgo, Ansaldo [26] Acciona,OHL, Sacyr, [29] Dragados, Comsa y Acsa, the joint venture formed by Rubau, Copisa, FCC Construcción and Ferrovial Agromán [32] Sub-Contractor Project Team Involvement HKL: The German multinational has been in the works of the AVE to contracting companies leasing equipment different tonnage. It has also intervened in the emergency works carried out between Bellvitge and Sants and repair of the tunnels [27] Redalsa is going through the lanes and elastic fasteners for the route of the AVE Madrid-Barcelona. [28] Firms of engineering, construction, manufacturing systems and trains Project Tools and Techniques Please √ if present, x if absent, leave blank if unknown Life-Cycle Costing Approaches □ Stakeholder Involvement □ Building Information Modelling (BIM) □ Project Management Software □ Relationship Management Tools □ Project Knowledge Management Tools □ Lessons Learnt Transfers □ Team Building Tools □ Competency framework □ Other Tools and Techniques or More Information SECTION 3 - PROJECT MANAGEMENT

10 Risk Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ HR Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Procurement Management Processes Present (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Integration Management Processes Scope Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Time Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Cost Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ The main drawback of HST in corridors of low traffic density is its high cost. Infrastructure (generally not compatible with freight transport) is more expensive than that required by conventional railways, and its use is associated with decreasing average costs. Quality management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Communications Management Processes Present (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Project Processes SECTION 3 - PROJECT MANAGEMENT

11 MEGAPROJECT Project Performance Aspects of Performance Concerned with Doing the Project Right Original Targets and changes to targets Actual Achievements Against Targets Performance relating to time Start date: 1995 Estimated finish date (M-B-F): 2009 Finish date (Madrid-Barcelona): 02/2008 Expected finish date (Barcelona-Figueres): 2012 (Expected divergence 3 years) Performance relating to cost Performance related to achieving specification Annual passenger traffic and year: 7 millions (2009) There was much criticism during the construction of the Madrid- Barcelona line. A highly critical report by the consulting firm KPMG, commissioned by ADIF (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias) at the behest of the Ministry for Public Works (Ministerio de Fomento) on 23 June 2004, pointed to a lack of in- depth studies and over-hasty execution of works as the most important reasons for the problems that dogged construction of the AVE line. For example, during the construction of the AVE tunnel near Barcelona, a number of nearby buildings suffered minor damage from a large sinkhole that appeared near a commuter rail station, damaging one of its platforms. Passengers: 2,337,913 (2008); (2009); (2010); (2011) [10, 16, 12, 17] SECTION 4 - PROJECT PERFORMANCE

12 Aspects of Performance Concerned with Doing the Right Project Stakeholder or Stakeholder Grouping Original Aims of Project Involvement and Changes to these Aims Achievement of these Aims Tourism agency Industry government Passenger traffic increase City of MadridMadrid mobility enhancements City of BarcelonaBarcelona mobility enhancements Locals and citizensbenefits for citizens SECTION 4 - PROJECT PERFORMANCE

13 MEGAPROJECT Project Environment Legal and Regulatory Environment Legal and Regulatory Project Environment (regionally, nationally and Europe wide) Specific Legal and Regulatory events impacting on the project General Plan of Urban Development Real Decreto 1302/86 on environmental impact assessments for public works [25] Environment Agency (Agencia de Medio Ambiente-AMA): Effect on the river Manzares - deterioration of the avifauna of the area - noise barriers to mitigate the effects of the passage of the train next to residential areas [21] [25]- The work required to correct the environmental impact of Madrid-Seville line will cost about 4,000 million pesetas [23] Archaeological prospection- average cost of 20,000 pesetas per hectare [24]7 Plan de Acción Regional del Transporte para el Mediterráneo ( ) TYPSA leads the consortium of consulting companies supporting the European Commission in implementing the Regional Action Plan for Transport in the Mediterranean, acting as the main contract in the EuroMed Transport Project, the project of regional cooperation in transport of the Union European neighbors to the south [40] SECTION 5 - PROJECT ENVIRONMENT Political Project Environment Specific Political Events impacting on the project None Identified Political Environment

14 MEGAPROJECT Project Environment SECTION 5 - PROJECT ENVIRONMENT Economic Project Environment * Key factor of geographic integration. * Contribution to the development of several of the Spanish regions. * Strategic role in the development of a global metropolitan network in Spain. * The benefit of the Barcelona-Madrid AVE is 970 million within 40 years, and 8,990 million taking into account indirect factors, such as its impact on tourism and the territory. These 8,990 million would be million if we add other intangible factors such as the country's political credibility, citizen appreciation and reputational assets [36] Specific Economic Events impacting on the project None identified Economic Environment

15 Events and activities relating to project stakeholders Events and activities relating to project management Events and activities relating to project performance Events and activities relating to project environment MEGAPROJECT Project Key Events and Activities Timeline TIME SECTION 6 - PROJECT TIMELINE Cabinet approval Tender Madrid-Saragossa-Lerida Lerida-Camp de Tarragona Tarragona- Barcelona 2008 Barcelona- Figueres Economic crisis Becomes effective European single currency (2002) Absolute majority for the Popular Party in legislative elections (2000) The PSOE won the elections (2004) The Popular Party won the election (1996) Opened the first Spanish high speed train: the AVE Madrid-Sevilla (1992) [42] The government declared a state of alarm, for the first time in democracy, the crisis of air traffic controllers (2010) Terrorist attack in Madrid caused 191 victims and over 1800 wounded (2004) Spain joined the CEE (1986)

16 DATA SOURCES Rus G. and Inglada, V. (1997): "Cost-Benefit of the High-Speed Train in Spain". The Annals of Regional Science. Volume 31, Number 32, COMMISION FOR INTEGRATED TRANSPORT (2004) "Report on high-speed rail in the United Kingdom international comparisons. Appendix F. Spain | [Informe sobre la alta velocidad en inglaterra comparaciones internacionales. Apendice F. España]" Revista de Obras Publicas 151 (3444), pp Rus, G. and Nombela, G. (2005):Is Investment in High Speed Rail Socially Profitable? Journal of Transport Economics and Policy. Volume 41. Part I. January 2007, pp De La Fuente, R.S.; Antín, M.G.; Tordesillas, J.M.C.; Capdepón, F.P.; Francés, J.M.U. (2006) "Analysis of the territorial consequences of the HST (high speed train) in small cities: Ciudad Real and Puertollano | [Análisis de las consecuencias territoriales del AVE en ciudades pequeñas: Ciudad Real y Puertollano]" Estudios Geograficos (260), pp velocidad-espanola-entrar-eeuu htmlhttp://www.europapress.es/economia/transportes-00343/noticia-economia-ave-ampl-empresas-espanolas-unen-marca-alta- velocidad-espanola-entrar-eeuu html González Yanci, Ma.P.; Aguilera Arilla, Ma.J.; Borderías Uribeondo, Ma.P.; Santos Preciado, J.M. (2005) "Changes in the cities of de high speed line Madrid-Seville since its establishment | [Cambios en las ciudades de la línea de alta velocidad Madrid-Sevilla desde su implantación]" Cuadernos Geograficos (36 1), pp

17 DATA SOURCES 16- Bellet, C., Alonso, P., Casellas, A. (2010), "Transport infraestructure and territory. The structural effects of the high-speed train in Spain", Boletin de la Asociacion de Geografos Espanoles (52), pp López, E.; Monzón, A. (2010) "Integration of sustainability issues in strategic transportation planning: A multi-criteria model for the assessment of transport infrastructure plans" Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering 25 (6), pp Garmendia, M., Ureña, J.M., Coronado, J.M. (2011), "Long-distance trips in a sparsely populated region: The impact of high- speed infrastructures", Journal of Transport Geography 19 (4), pp High-Speed Rail Give Short -Haul Air a Run for the Money in Europe, With More Flexible Travel, Greater Comfort, Lower Environmental Impact 20- López, E.; Monzón, A. (2010) "Integration of sustainability issues in strategic transportation planning: A multi-criteria model for the assessment of transport infrastructure plans" Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering 25 (6), pp Ordaz, P. (1991)El hundimiento de tierras de Córdoba retrasará cuatro meses las obras del TAV. El país, 15/03/ Adif. 23-Rus et al. (2009): Economic Analysis of High Speed Rail in Europe. BBVA Foundation (5 chapters. Some of them analysis the impact of Madrid-Barcelona line) Coto-Millán, P.; Inglada, V.; Rey, B. (2007) "Effects of network economies in high-speed rail: The Spanish case" Annals of Regional Science 41 (4), pp Expasión (2002) "Siemens firma con Alstom y CAF el acuerdo para el AVE Madrid-Barcelona" Expansión, 07/02/ Carcar (2003) "Los plazos del AVE Madrid-Barcelona, un fracaso anunciado" El País, 05/03/ HKL participa en la construcción del AVE en los tramos de Lleida-Tarragona-Barcelona" Interempresas 22/02/ Redalsa: caminos de hierro para comunicar 29- Actualidad24h: "Acciona, OHL y Sacyr se adjudican las obras de la entrada del Ave en Barcelona por 275,7 millones" 30- Doc&SearchOrder=4&

18 DATA SOURCES 31- Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid-Barcelona-frontera francesa Sala de Prensa Adif Muñoz-y-Martin (2002):"El Gobierno crea una tasa para financiar el AVE de Madrid a Barcelona desde 2003" El País, 02/10/ Madridpress (2008): viajeros utilizan el AVE Madrid-Barcelona en su primer día 36- Preferente (2011) : "El AVE Madrid-Barcelona puede dar 250 millones anuales de beneficio a España" 30/11/ Prados (1990): "Reducir el impacto ambiental del TAV entre Madrid y Barcelona costará entre 18 y 20 millones por kilómetro" El País 04/07/ Inforegio: La línea de Alta Velocidad: Madrid-Barcelona-Frontera Francesa HST Madrid-Barcelona sponsorshttp://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/informat/country2009/es_en.pdf El País (1999)-Siemens, Talgo, Adztranz y Alstom ultiman sus ofertas para el concurso de alta velocidad por millones 22/11/ RuizdelArbol (2005): "La auditoría revela que la línea AVE a Barcelona tiene graves deficiencias" Cinco Días 26/02/ ncesa.shtml ncesa.shtml

19 DATA SOURCES General Information about High Speed Rail: institutions and reports European Commission Mobility and Transport: Trans-European Networks (TEN) European Commission Eurostat. Glossary: European Commission Eurostat. Passenger transport statistics: European Commission Eurostat. General statistics: International Union of Railways (UIC). Rail and Sustainable Development Spain. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (INE). Statistics: Spain. Ministerio de Fomento. Statistics: Spain. Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF):


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