2What are Basic Facts?Most think of basic facts as times tables, but there is far more than this.Need to memorise simpler facts, -like addition and subtraction facts.Often these facts have been ignored that is why 7x8 may pop into mind just a tad more automatically than 7 + 8
3Main points about basic facts Just about anything mathematics can be a basic factMain ones encountered are whole- number basic factsaddition and its close cousin subtractionmultiplication and it close cousin divisionImportant to include a growing number of instantly recognisable or retrievable facts in mathematical factual knowledge (basic facts)e.g. 1/ and 50%or“The sum of the angles in a triangle equals 180o”We just bring it out of our memory to help solve a problem, or to use as one step in a more complex line of reasoning.
4A Basic Fact in Mathematics is:- DefinitionA Basic Fact in Mathematics is:-Any number or mathematical fact or idea that can be instantly recalled without having to resort to a strategy to derive it.
5Basic Fact knowledge is: The ability to have fast and fluent recall of key:addition/subtraction factsmultiplication/division factsproportional relationships
6Basic facts knowledge is important because it: Aids estimation and mental calculationDevelops conceptual understandingStrengthens connections within and between strategiesIs key to working confidently at “number Properties”
7Understanding and Memory Strategise - research has shown that it is inefficient to try and remember facts which do not have a firm meaning to the student. There is little point trying to get a student to learn their times-tables if they have no understanding of multiplication.Practice Doing a wide variety of work that aims to build and enhance strategies, helps reinforce procedures, and understanding of mathematics. Practising strategies also reinforces and continues the process of memorisation.Memorise means that student has fast recall without returning to any strategy.
8Frimley Basic Facts Ladder (see handout)This is based on the Mathematics knowledge framework that has been developed to assist teachers over the last ten years.The progressions are based on research into children’s learning and acquisition of mathematical knowledge
9Frimley Basic Facts Ladder Step Maths Stage NationalStandardStep Stage 0 - 1Step Stage after 1 yearStep Stage after 2 yearsStep Stage end of Year 4Step Stage end of Year 6Step Stage end of Year 8
10Ways to teach basic facts Ways teachers help students learn basic factsDrillsFlash cardsChantingGamesTimed testsQuick ten