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Presented by: Research Foundation for Governance in India.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by: Research Foundation for Governance in India."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by: Research Foundation for Governance in India

2 The Importance of Judiciary in India… The Entry Route to Judiciary goes through the Bar… Litigation is now-a-days based on brand name rather than on quality – Professor, NALSAR More juniors are coming into litigation as they are not getting placements anywhere else. They have no choice and have to join the bar. – Senior Counsel, Supreme Court of India Research Foundation for Governance in India

3 3 year vs. 5 year law school No bar exam A non-institutionalised practice of Juniorship and waiting period Scope for Bar Councils to help the new- entrants. Eg: The Karnataka Bar Council Research Foundation for Governance in India

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5 The Survey census includes: A team of 15 young lawyers and law students conducting the survey 6 cities in India (Bombay, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad) Over 100 lawyers at the Lower Court Over 150 lawyers and judges High Courts Over 30 Supreme Court Lawyers and judges Research Foundation for Governance in India

6 The system of Juniorship The need for background Lack of incentives to join Research Foundation for Governance in India

7 There is a waiting period of at least 5-10 years. By 35, you are stable in profession. By 45, you start getting reputation, and by 55, you start making money!! – HC Judge From a females perspective, litigation only after marriage with supportProfessor NALSAR Research Foundation for Governance in India

8 All Lawyers are Equal, but Some are More Equal than Others! Who is a junior anyway?! The Practice has not yet been Institutionalised Do you think the practice should be institutionalised? Research Foundation for Governance in India

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10 Litigation has become like the caste system, only the person having a father can enter it. –Professor NLSIU Research Foundation for Governance in India

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12 Juniors should not look at money if they want to enter this profession. How much do you get paid per month? PEANUTS!!--Gold Medalist practicing for 4 years Research Foundation for Governance in India

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15 Law firms (domestic and international):30% Companies/consulting outfits: 25% Studying abroad (LLMs/ MBAs):20% Courts (litigation):15% Developmental and welfare organizations: 5% Miscellaneous (teaching/research): 5% Source: Sachin Malhan, A Case for National Law Schools, THE HINDU Research Foundation for Governance in India

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17 Approximate LLB/JD fees for the top law schools Yale University : 25 Lakhs per year (3 years) Oxford University: 9.6 lakhs per year (3 years) National Law Schools: 70, ,000 Rs. per year (5 years) Research Foundation for Governance in India

18 How much do First Year Lawyers Earn Abroad? Source: Bar Council UK, Bar Council India, American Bar Association Research Foundation for Governance in India

19 Yale University, USA: 65 Lakhs Oxford University, UK: During Pupilage: 7.8 Lakhs Post pupilage earnings range widely but generally increase drastically National Law School Bangalore, India: 60,000 Rs. Research Foundation for Governance in India

20 USA LSAT required to get into law school Case Method Approach Hands-on training through law clinics Preparation for bar exam UK Lecture-based, inns of court Hands-on training occurs later during Bar Vocational Course Moot-courts Soft skill development and court-craft training Preparation for Bar Exam India Stark divide between Traditional Law Colleges and National Law Schools Entrance exam required to attend 5 year law schools, but no bar exam Research Foundation for Governance in India

21 Litigating is the best profession because apart from your skills it all depends on the approach. If given a chance I would love to be a litigator again on rebirth Lawyer, Lower Court Research Foundation for Governance in India

22 Effective incentives have not been implemented to attract top law school graduates Students strongly believe that a background in litigation and a godfather is required to enter the field Students are often discouraged by the juniorship process that is required All juniors in India are not the same, but the standard needs to be set by the best ones – A young lawyer who has practiced in UK, US and India Research Foundation for Governance in India

23 The Debate…


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