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Ethnicity and Race Part 2. Learning Objectives for Ethnicity and Race Unit 1. Distinguish between race and ethnicity and the concept of what is means.

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Presentation on theme: "Ethnicity and Race Part 2. Learning Objectives for Ethnicity and Race Unit 1. Distinguish between race and ethnicity and the concept of what is means."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethnicity and Race Part 2

2 Learning Objectives for Ethnicity and Race Unit 1. Distinguish between race and ethnicity and the concept of what is means to be a member of an ethnic group. 2. Analyze historical and contemporary attempts to classify humans into distinct racial categories 3. Assess the importance of geography in examining & explaining patterns of human biological variation 4. Differentiate between prejudice and discrimination. 5. Differentiate between ethnocentrism and bias. 6. Identify how race is socially constructed by different cultures. 7. Apply types of ethnic interactions to classify past and contemporary events. 1. Distinguish between race and ethnicity and the concept of what is means to be a member of an ethnic group. 2. Analyze historical and contemporary attempts to classify humans into distinct racial categories 3. Assess the importance of geography in examining & explaining patterns of human biological variation 4. Differentiate between prejudice and discrimination. 5. Differentiate between ethnocentrism and bias. 6. Identify how race is socially constructed by different cultures. 7. Apply types of ethnic interactions to classify past and contemporary events.

3 Ethnicity and Race, Part 2 Outline of Lecture Cross-Country View of Race US, Japan & Brazil Fishs article on Brazil Journal Entry Assignment, Part 3 Terms associated with Ethnicity Ethnic Tolerance & Conflict Outline of Lecture Cross-Country View of Race US, Japan & Brazil Fishs article on Brazil Journal Entry Assignment, Part 3 Terms associated with Ethnicity Ethnic Tolerance & Conflict

4 Social Construction of Race: United States Descent: _____________________________ Can an individuals social identity be diverse? What is ancestry? Does an individual define their descent, or is social identity assigned socially? Descent: _____________________________ Can an individuals social identity be diverse? What is ancestry? Does an individual define their descent, or is social identity assigned socially?

5 Social Construction of Race: United States Hypodescent: What does this mean? When do you think this categorized of people started? What social implications does this concept have? Hypodescent: What does this mean? When do you think this categorized of people started? What social implications does this concept have?

6 Social Construction of Race: United States Hypodescent

7 Social Construction of Race: United States Hypodescent In the US, socially constructed race is fixed at birth Michelle Obama Hypodescent In the US, socially constructed race is fixed at birth Michelle Obama Dolphus T. Shields, Son of a slave: M. Obamas great-great grandfather

8 Social Construction of Race: United States US Census Started gathering demographic data in 1790

9 Social Construction of Race: Japan Initial thoughts on Japan with respect to (social) race? Diverse, uniform? Majority group – __________________ Initial thoughts on Japan with respect to (social) race? Diverse, uniform? Majority group – __________________

10 Social Construction of Race: Japan Minority groups have a ________ Examle: _________ ________ Minority groups have a ________ Examle: _________ ________

11 Social Construction of Race: Japan __________

12 Social Construction of Race: Brazil Which country colonized Brazil? Did Brazil have slavery? Which country colonized Brazil? Did Brazil have slavery? Yes, African slaves.

13 Social Construction of Race: Brazil Race is _____________ Over __________________ Based on: Race is _____________ Over __________________ Based on:

14 Journal Entry Assignment Part 3: Response blog to Fishs Mixed Blood article Article available on course website Part 3: Response blog to Fishs Mixed Blood article Article available on course website

15 Terms Associated with Ethnicity Nation: Previously synonymous ___________________________ State: Nation and state are ________________ Nation: Previously synonymous ___________________________ State: Nation and state are ________________

16 Terms Associated with Ethnicity Nation-State: Multi-ethnic communities: Decreasing ____________________________ Differences across the globe Nation-State: Multi-ethnic communities: Decreasing ____________________________ Differences across the globe

17 Terms Associated with Ethnicity Bushman of Botswana

18 Terms Associated with Ethnicity Nationality:

19 Terms Associated with Ethnicity Kurdistan

20 Terms Associated with Ethnicity Impact of Colonialism _________________________________ Berlin Conference ( ) Occurred during the New Imperialism period Also called the _______________________ Results Impact of Colonialism _________________________________ Berlin Conference ( ) Occurred during the New Imperialism period Also called the _______________________ Results

21 Results & Consequences

22 Ethnic Conflict & Tolerance Assimilation: ___________________ Forced Assimilation Example: Passive Assimilation ______________________ Assimilation: ___________________ Forced Assimilation Example: Passive Assimilation ______________________

23 Ethnic Conflict & Tolerance Assimilation may not occur – what happens then? Plural societies Interdependent economical niches Assimilation may not occur – what happens then? Plural societies Interdependent economical niches

24 Ethnic Conflict & Tolerance Multiculturalism Opposite of _____________________ Cultural diversity is ____________________ ___________________ traditions Dominant (national) culture & __________ Multiculturalism Opposite of _____________________ Cultural diversity is ____________________ ___________________ traditions Dominant (national) culture & __________

25 Important Terms

26 Ethnic Conflicts Described as __________________________ Tangled web – interconnected and multidimensional _______________________ __________________________ ____________________________ Manifestations can include violence, war, and ethnic cleansing Described as __________________________ Tangled web – interconnected and multidimensional _______________________ __________________________ ____________________________ Manifestations can include violence, war, and ethnic cleansing Political, socio-cultural, military, religious, legal, ecological, and other factors

27 Ethnic Conflict Example: ________________________ 1) 2) 3) 4) Note: Terrorist groups are generally separate from the actual conflict. They may contribute to the conflict BUT in many instances the conflict was present prior to these groups developing in, or entering, the region. Example: ________________________ 1) 2) 3) 4) Note: Terrorist groups are generally separate from the actual conflict. They may contribute to the conflict BUT in many instances the conflict was present prior to these groups developing in, or entering, the region.

28 Ethnic Conflict & Colonial Legacy Cultural Colonialism ___________________ ____________________ __________________ Altered _____________ ________________ Cultural Colonialism ___________________ ____________________ __________________ Altered _____________ ________________

29 Genocide Crime of Genocide was outlined in the International Law in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide (1948): Genocide is a crime of intentional destruction of a national, ethnic, racial and religious group, in whole or in part. Other acts associated with genocide are punishable including incitement of genocide and complicity in genocide Crime of Genocide was outlined in the International Law in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide (1948): Genocide is a crime of intentional destruction of a national, ethnic, racial and religious group, in whole or in part. Other acts associated with genocide are punishable including incitement of genocide and complicity in genocide

30 Genocide – A Global Perspective Examples of genocide? Why do you think some genocides are associated with wars while others are not? What do you believe is the role of the international community with respect to a genocidal situation? Examples of genocide? Why do you think some genocides are associated with wars while others are not? What do you believe is the role of the international community with respect to a genocidal situation?

31 Genocide: Bosnian Refugees Background: 1991: Bosnia declared sovereignty Bosnian Serb minority boycotted referendum wanted to create a Serb-only republic Background: 1991: Bosnia declared sovereignty Bosnian Serb minority boycotted referendum wanted to create a Serb-only republic

32 Genocide: Bosnian Refugees Conflict Background: Fighting lasted for three years Over 2 million displaced refugees Where did they go? Conflict Background: Fighting lasted for three years Over 2 million displaced refugees Where did they go?

33 Tomorrows Agenda Ethnicity and Race in the News Find a newspaper story or news media story on ethnicity or (social) race Bring a hard-copy to class tomorrow Group work: Be prepared to analyze which type(s) of ethnic interaction the story is depicting (See Recap 6.2 on page 147 of Kottaks book) Ethnicity and Race in the News Find a newspaper story or news media story on ethnicity or (social) race Bring a hard-copy to class tomorrow Group work: Be prepared to analyze which type(s) of ethnic interaction the story is depicting (See Recap 6.2 on page 147 of Kottaks book)


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