Presentation on theme: "Standard deduction Filing status Exemptions"— Presentation transcript:
1Standard deduction Filing status Exemptions exercisesStandard deductionFiling statusExemptions
2Standard Deduction Exercise All of the following factors determine the amount of a taxpayer's standard deduction EXCEPT _____.The taxpayer's filing statusThe taxpayer's gross incomeWhether the taxpayer is 65 or older, or blindWhether the taxpayer can be claimed as a dependentB. The standard deduction amount depends on the taxpayer's filing and dependent status, and whether the taxpayer is blind or at least 65.
3ExerciseMichael is single, 22, cannot be claimed by another taxpayer, and has no itemized deductions. What is his standard deduction for the tax year?$5,700$7,850$3,000A. $5,700
4ExerciseNicole is 35, has two children, and qualifies for the Head of Household filing status. She will not itemize any deductions. What is her standard deduction for the tax year?$5,700$8,400$11,150B. $8,400
5ExampleJanet is single, 22, a full-time student, and not blind. Her parents claimed her as a dependent . She has no itemized deductions, so she will take the standard deduction. She has interest income of $120, taxes withheld of $35, and wages of $780. Her standard deduction is $1,080 ($780+$300).
6Filing Status Exercises Who may choose to file under either the Married Filing Jointly or the Married Filing Separately status?A married taxpayer whose spouse who does not have incomeA divorced taxpayer who itemizes deductionsTaxpayers who are legally separated and share child custodyTom and Judith Ballard want to file under the Married Filing Separately status. If Tom wants to itemize his casualty losses, then _____.They will have to file jointlyJudith must take the standard deductionJudith must either itemize her deductions or claim a zero standard deductionNone of the aboveKey word: MARRIEDC
7ExercisesSamantha is divorced and provided over half the cost of keeping up a home. Her daughter, Pam, lived with her for seven months last year. Samantha has signed a written declaration allowing her ex-husband to claim the child as a dependent . Can she file as Head of Household?Samantha may use Head of Household status because she is not married and she provided over half the cost of keeping up the main home of her dependent child for more than six months. However, because Samantha's ex-husband claims Pam as his dependent, you should write Pam's name on line 4 of the filing status section.
8ExercisesPeggy's only source of income is welfare, but she manages to pay more than half the cost of keeping up a home for her niece Trina, a qualified dependent relative. Can Peggy file as Head of Household?Alexandra's 17 yr old unemployed brother, lived with friends from January-February. From March-July, he lived with Alexandra. On August 1, he moved back in with his friends for the rest of the year. Alexandra gave him money every month. Assuming Alexandra had no other dependents, can she file as Head of Household for 2009?Welfare payments are not considered amounts that the taxpayer provides to keep up a home.Alexandra cannot claim Head of Household status because Sebastian lived with her only five months, which is less than half the year.
9ExercisesWhich dependent relative may qualify a taxpayer for head of the household filing status?Daughter-in-law who lives across townA long time family friend who lives with the taxpayerFather who lives in his own home and not with the taxpayerChild who lived with taxpayer 3 months of the tax yearDebbie has a child and separated from her husband during the tax year. Which of the following would prevent Debbie from filing Head of Household?Debbie has maintained a separate residence from her husband since April of the tax yearThe qualifying child's principal home is now with DebbieDebbie's parents assisted with 25% of the household costsThe child lived with Debbie beginning in mid-July of the tax yearA parent is the only dependent relative who does not have to live with the taxpayer in order for the taxpayer to claim Head of Household status.For Debbie to file as Head of Household, Debbie's home must have been the main home of her qualifying child for more than half the tax year.
10ExercisesFor the past two years, Hank has lived with his two dependent children, whom he supports, and apart from his wife, Tonya. If Hank and Tonya file a joint return, can Hank file as Head of Household?Ginger is single and paid more than half the cost of keeping up her home. Her grandfather, whom she claimed as a dependent, lived with her all year. Which filing status should Ginger use?SingleHead of HouseholdFranklin is single and lives alone. He paid more than half the cost of maintaining a home for his father for the entire year, but he does not claim his father as a dependent. Which filing status should Franklin use?1. Married taxpayers who support their dependent children cannot file as Head of Household unless they file separate tax returns.2. Because Ginger paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for a qualified relative during the tax year, and because she claims her grandfather as a dependent, she qualifies for Head of Household status.3. Frank must use the single filing status. He would have to claim his father as a dependent to file as Head of Household.4.
11ExercisesJohn Reed's wife died during the prior tax year. Which questions would help determine if he can file as a Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Children?Did John file a separate return the prior tax yearWhat is John's source of income to maintain the home?Will John remarry in the next two years?Does John maintain a home for a dependent child?In 2004, Claudia and her husband Ray adopted Rachel. Although eligible to file jointly, Claudia and Ray always filed separately. In January 2008, Ray died. Claudia continued to support Rachel and did not remarry. Which filing status should Claudia use for 2008Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent ChildEither Married Filing Jointly or Married Filing SeparatelyHead of HouseholdSingleOne of the key criteria for the Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child status is that John must have a child who qualifies as his dependent and he must have provided more than half the cost of keeping up the child's home for the entire year.In the year a taxpayer's spouse dies, if the taxpayer does not remarry, he or she can use either of the married filing statuses.
12ExercisesMartin and Rita got divorced in December, and neither has remarried. Martin supported Rita all year. Which of the following filing statuses might Martin be able to use?Single or Married Filing SeparatelyMarried Filing Jointly or Married Filing SeparatelySingleKathy, divorced with no children, lived with her unemployed roommate, Sandra, for the entire year. Kathy had to pay more than half of the cost of keeping up their apartment. Which filing status can Kathy use?Head of HouseholdMarried Filing SeparatelyThe person who qualifies a taxpayer as Head of Household must be the taxpayer's qualifying child or a qualifying relative. However, a taxpayer cannot use Head of Household filing status simply because a qualifying relative lived with the taxpayer for the whole tax year.
13ExercisesJack has lived apart from his wife for several years. Their children live with his wife, but Jack pays more than half of the children's support. Which filing status can Jack use?Head of HouseholdMarried Filing Separately or Married Filing JointlySingleLily left her husband in August of the tax year. She took all her children with her, supported them the entire year, and claims them as dependents. She will not file a joint return with her husband. Which filing status should Lily use?Married Filing JointlyMarried Filing SeparatelyJack is still married. The only way he could file as Head of Household would be if his home had been his children's main home for more than half the year.Lily could have filed as Head of Household had she not lived with her husband during any part of the last six months of the year.
14Exemptions ExercisesJohn is a 23-year-old single college student. His mother is entitled to claim him as a dependent on her tax return. Is John entitled to claim himself as a personal exemption on his own return?
15ExercisesJanice is 18 years old and a full-time student. She comes into the Volunteer Tax Office with some questions about her tax return. She says that she is claimed as a dependent on her parents' tax return. Over the summer, she worked full time in a clothing boutique. Janice wants to file Form 1040EZ to report this income. How many exemptions will you indicate for Janice on her tax return?ZeroOneTwoThree
16ExercisesTrue or False? Jennifer Rawls, an eighteen-year- old single mother who can be claimed as a dependent by her parents, can claim her infant son as a dependent on her own tax return.
17ExampleRuth, who had no income, got married in November of the tax year. Ruth's husband had $16,700 income and they claimed two personal exemptions on their return. Ruth's father supported her and paid for the wedding, but he cannot claim her as a dependent because she is filing a joint return with her husband. While they are filing a return just to claim a refund of taxes withheld, Ruth's husband would have tax liability if he filed a separate return.
18ExercisesBob is 22 and a full-time student for the entire year. During the tax year, he lived at home with his parents for six months and lived in the dorm for the remaining six months. During the tax year, he worked part-time and earned $6,000, but that income did not amount to half of his total support. Does Bob pass the tests for a qualifying child
19ExamplesJoe is 65 years old and lives with his son and daughter-in-law. In 2009, Joe's taxable pension income was $4,700. Can they claim Joe for dependency exemption?Sherrie's father received $2,700 from social security and investments, but he put $300 of it in a savings account and spent only $2,400 for his own support. Sherrie spent $2,600 of her income for his support. Is he a qualifying relative?What if all the facts were the same as in this example, except that Sherrie's father had spent all his income on himself?
20ExamplesJessica has been raising her son, Jim, alone since her husband died 5 years ago. In 2009, Jessica earned $25,000. Jim, who lives with Jessica, is single, and does not provide more than half of his own support. He was 19 years old on September 17, Jim is not a full-time student and is not disabled. He worked for a short time at a fast food restaurant and made about $1,800. Jessica and Jim are both U.S. citizens and have SSNs. Is Jim the qualifying child or qualifying relative of Jessica?Jim meets the requirements for being Jessica's qualifying relative.Jim is Jessica’s qualifying child since he is her son.
21ExercisesDoris, who is 8 years old, has a small role in a television series. She made $60,000 during the tax year, but her parents put all the money in a trust fund to pay for college. She lived at home all year. Does she meet the support test?What if Doris, an 8-year-old actress, earned $60,000 during the tax year, but her parents used the money to defray household expenses: would she meet the support test?
22ExampleBob and Judy live together, they are not married. They have one child together, Katie, who is 4 years old. Bob, Judy, and Katie are U.S. citizens and have SSNs. Katie did not provide her own support and lived with her parents all year. Bob’s AGI is $18,500 and Judy’s AGI is $14,000. Neither Bob nor Judy can be claimed as a dependent by any other taxpayer. They did not have any investment income. Bob pays for Katie's daycare so he and Judy can work. Bob pays over half of the costs of maintaining their home. Who may claim Katie as their qualifying child, and what can be claimed on the return.
23Example - Options Only Bob can claim Katie as a dependent. Only Judy can claim Katie as a dependent.Katie is a qualifying child for both Bob and Judy. They agree that Bob should claim Katie. He can claim the Head of Household filing status, the dependency exemption, the Child Tax Credit, the child and dependent care credit, and the Earned Income credit.Judy can claim the dependency exemption, Child Tax Credit, and Earned Income Credit for Katie, and Bob can claim the Head of Household filing status and the dependent care credit.
24ExampleMary and Ralph were divorced in They have one child together, Amy, who lives with Mary. All are U.S. citizens and have SSNs. Mary and Ralph provide more than half of Amy’s support. Mary’s AGI is $31,000 and Ralph’s AGI is $39,000. Amy is 12 years old. The divorce decree does not state who can claim the child. Who may claim Amy as a qualifying child along with the tax benefits?
25Example - optionsRalph can claim Amy as a dependent and the tax benefits.Ralph and Mary must choose who will claim Amy as a dependent and any other benefits.Mary signed Form 8332 to give the dependency exemption to Ralph. He can claim Amy as a dependent and he can claim the child tax credit. Mary can use the Head of Household filing status, and she can claim the Earned Income Credit and the child and dependent care credit as long as she meets the requirements for those specific benefits.Neither Ralph nor Mary can claim Amy as a dependent or any of the other benefits.
26ExampleTodd has lived all year with his girlfriend, Eva, and her two children, in his home. This cohabitation does not violate local laws. Eva is not required to file, and does not file, a tax return. Todd has provided more than half of their support for the entire year. Eva and her two children are Todd's qualifying relatives because they meet the member of household or relationship test, gross income test, and support test.
27Example 2What if all the facts were the same as in the previous example, except that Eva is required to file a tax return? She still meets all the tests to be Todd's qualifying relative; however, since Eva has a filing requirement—and her children meet the qualifying child tests to be her dependents—Todd could not claim the children as qualifying relatives. He could still claim Eva as a dependent, but then Eva could not claim herself or any dependents.
28ExerciseSince late in 2008, Sally has been supporting her friend, Ann, as well as Ann's young son, Bobby. Ann and Bobby lived with Sally all of 2008 and meet all the tests to be Sally's qualifying relatives. Ann worked part-time and made $3,100 in wages during Ann files a return only to have her withholding refunded. She does not claim her own exemption. Who can Sally claim as dependents?What if all the facts were the same as in the previous example, except that Ann also claims the Earned Income Credit?
29Exercise - AnswerBecause Ann did not file her return simply to get a refund of her withholding, Bobby must now be considered Ann's qualifying child. Therefore, Sally cannot claim Bobby as a dependent, and Ann cannot claim Bobby as a dependent either, because she is a dependent herself.Ann can, however, use Bobby as a qualifying child for the Earned Income Credit (Earned Income Credit is covered in the Earned Income Credit lesson).