Presentation on theme: "The Grade 9 Cohort of Fall 2000: Post-secondary Pathways Preliminary Analysis Presentation to HEQCO - June 15, 2009 Dr. Robert S. Brown Organizational."— Presentation transcript:
The Grade 9 Cohort of Fall 2000: Post-secondary Pathways Preliminary Analysis Presentation to HEQCO - June 15, 2009 Dr. Robert S. Brown Organizational Development/ Research and Information Services Toronto District School Board
Sections: -- Next Steps -- Sections: I.Toronto and the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) II.What do we mean by the Grade 9 cohort? II.Outline of Cohort Progress IV.TDSB Post-secondary V. Post-secondary Access: this Grade 9 Cohort of Fall 2000 VI.TDSB Post-secondary Pathways of the Grade 9 Cohort Next Steps --
I.Toronto and the TDSB
About the (TDSB) Created on January 1, 1998, following the amalgamation of 7 individual boards. Largest school board in Canada. 592 schools serving 270,000 students. Diverse student population in one of the worlds most diverse cities.
TDSB- Key Languages
Source: City of Toronto
II. What do we mean by the Grade 9 cohort?
Annual rates, looking at the outcomes of a group of students (using most students in a high school system) over a one year period (e.g. EQAO tests, Secondary Success Indicators) Annual versus Cohort
Cohort rates, looking at how one group of students did over a period of time. In Ontario, this has traditionally looked at how Grade 9 students have fared over a five year period, from when they started their first year of high school in Grade 9 until after they finished their fifth year). Annual versus Cohort
Only way to provide the full (or at least fuller) picture of long-term student progress. Both at-risk and resilient students take longer to complete high school. Dropout status changes from year to year; the longer the study the more definitive the outcome. Why Do Cohort Studies?
Examine progress over time Look at differences between subgroups Examine differences between subgroups over time Key Directions/ Purposes of Cohort Studies:
Graduation with OSSD and/or 30+ credits Remaining in the TDSB for Year 7 (October 31 of Year 7) Transfer to other educational system Transfer to other educational system Dropout Cohort: Outcomes at end of 6 years
Grade 9 cohort of Fall 2000 (with references to other cohorts): year old students who started their secondary studies in the TDSB (Grade 9) in Fall 2000 First TDSB cohort study (used 6 student information systems from time of amalgamation)
III.Outline of Cohort Progress
(Year 4) (Year 5) (Year 6) (Year 7) (Year 8) Under the OSS curriculum, students can attend regular day school until the age of 21. Thus, students in the cohort were in the position to graduate/apply to Post-secondary in:
54.5% graduated in (Year 4) 14.2% graduated in (Year 5) 3.0% graduated in (Year 6) by the end of Year 6, 26.1% had dropped out by the end of Year 6, 2.3% were still in the TDSB in the Year 7 of secondary. Most students had either graduated or dropped out by Fall 2007 (end of Year 6/beginning of Year 7):
Note: 'dropout' is a fluid concept. A student can be a dropout one year, a current student the next year, and a graduate. For analysis of graduation and dropout trends in this cohort, see Brown (2006) and Anisef et al. (2008).
IV. TDSB Post-secondary
Post-secondary Information Data from OUAC (university applications) Data from OCAS (community college applications) Merged with TDSB information from the student information system for each school year.
See Brown, TDSB Secondary Student Success Indicators,
TRENDS-- In looking at this cohort, we are looking at a moving target. Increasing proportion of students in the TDSB applying to post-secondary.
MULTIPLE YEARS Students will apply in multiple years of Grade 12. They may apply one year, be unsuccessful, and they apply another year. Or they may not apply until their second and third year of Grade 12.
The Direct Transition Students will apply to post-secondary directly from high school, or within a year or two of graduation. These students are the 'direct transition'. Students will apply as adult students in the 'indirect transition'. The boundaries between the two are fluid. We will be looking at the direct transition, according to student records.
V.Post-secondary Access: This Grade 9 Cohort of Fall 2000
Students 1) Apply to post-secondary; they 2) confirm an offer of admission and 3) register (attend) the institution. We looked at five years of postsecondary applications and confirmations (registration data available only in 2004): (Year 4 of this cohort; known by universities and colleges as the 2004 applications cycle) (Year 5) (Year 6) (Year 7) (Year 8 if this cohort; the 2008 applications cycle) V.Post-secondary Access: This Grade 9 Cohort of Fall 2000
In 2004, out of all university confirmations, two thirds of (65%) confirmed an offer of admission in the four universities located in the City of Toronto: Toronto (34%), York (19%) Ryerson (11%) and the Ontario College of Art and Design (1%). Other students most often registered at universities that were also fairly close to Toronto: Waterloo (8%), Western (5%), Queens (5%) Guelph (4%) and McMaster (4%). To What Universities Did Students Confirm an Offer of Admission?
Nearly all college students (92%) registered in the five colleges located in or around the City of Toronto: Seneca (27%), George Brown (22%), Centennial (19%), Humber (18%) and Sheridan (5%). To What Ontario Colleges Did Students Confirm an Offer of Admission?
VI.TDSB Post-secondary Pathways of the Grade 9 Cohort
We put the 5 years of confirmations data, and the six year cohort study, together in a variable that combines outcomes from when the students started in Grade 9 in Fall 2000, until the final year of applications in the 'direct transition' in : 43.1% confirmed an offer of acceptance from university; 13.9% confirmed an offer of acceptance from college; 7.3% applied to post-secondary but did not confirm any offer; 10.0% graduated, but did not apply to post-secondary; 24.0% dropped out, and did not apply to post-secondary. Putting Confirmations and Graduation Patterns Together: Post-secondary Pathways
A Few Key Points: Speaking English and being born in and out of Canada in themselves are not especially important (similar to what we found in the earlier study) although the lower-achieving categories are a bit more likely to be born in Canada and speaking English only. The two extremes are confirmation to university on one side, and dropout on the other. The key differences are gender, streaming, Grade 9 performance, and SES. Post-secondary Pathways
The Grade 9 Cohort of Fall 2000: Post-secondary Pathways Preliminary Analysis Presentation to HEQCO - June 15, 2009 Dr. Robert S. Brown Organizational Development/ Research and Information Services Toronto District School Board Thank you R08(Grade 9 Cohort\Gr9Cohort PPTs\heqc04June09)