Reasons for Consideration International graduate student number is expanding at MSU The highest number is from India, followed by China. Number students from Europe, especially Eastern Europe is growing Missouri State must evaluate credential for admission to graduate programs
U.S. International Enrollments from 3-Year Degree Countries Students from Europe represented 2.2% of the total graduate enrollment in the U.S. in 2006-2007 Universities in 26 non-European countries award a first degree upon completion of a 3-year program Graduate students from these countries represent 2.3% of the total graduate enrollment in the U.S.
Occurrence of 3-Year Bachelors Programs India Europe 26 other non-European countries Angola, Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chad, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, South Africa, and Vietnam
The Burden of Credentials and Admission Considerations: Some sharing of decision responsibilities –International Student Services –Graduate College –Program Directors Outside evaluators may be utilized –Example: WES = World Education Services –There are substantial monetary costs –Costs also exist in terms of time.
The Bologna Process The Bologna Process is a series of changes being implemented in Europe to restructure tertiary education in accordance with the Bologna Declaration. European agreement initiated in 1999 By 2007, 46 countries had signed Created a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) Purpose of fostering increased mobility of students and graduates throughout Europe Enable European universities to attract international students in competition with U.S., Canada, and Australia
Bologna Goal (1) Restructure the European university degree into a 2-cycle undergraduate and graduate sequence Undergraduate degree must be a minimum of 3-years Must qualify for entrance to 2nd cycle The 2nd cycle degree qualifies for access to doctoral programs
Common Outcome of Restructuring Five year program culminating in a masters will restructure to: 3 (UG) + 2 (Masters) or 4 + 1; 3 ½ + 1 ½ ; 3 ½ + 2; 4 + 2
Convert institutional university grade reports to a standardized European credit transfer and accumulation system (ECTS) Grades for those who pass are to be standardized: A (10%)B (25%)C (30%)D (25%)E (10%) One year of full-time study represents a total of 60 ECTS Bologna Goal (2)
Bologna-Compliant Bachelors How will we treat a Bologna-compliant bachelors in terms of admissions? Eligibility for admission to a graduate program in the United States Issues in determining if a degree is equivalent to a bachelors in the United States Some degrees will be 3 years; others longer
How will U.S. Universities Treat Degrees from Bologna bachelors? Some will accept and admit Some may develop special undergraduate bridge programs Some may consider other factors, such as research or employment experience Some may require completion of a year or part of the masters program of the Bologna compliant credential
Admission to a Graduate Program in the United States A Bachelors is a common requirement… …but not a universal requirement. Many U.S. universities admit high school graduates to a Master of (some program – like Architecture or Engineering). These students may not receive a bachelors on their way to a masters. Most U.S. graduate schools will admit applicants holding a professional degree (e.g. JD; DDS; MD; DVM; PharmD) – when no Bachelors degree was ever completed.
Graduate Admission of 3-Year Bachelors Some U.S. Schools do; some dont Often argued that these students have completed as much course work in the major as a U.S. undergraduate degree General Education is typically the missing component
Missouri State University Admissions Admission with 3-year bachelors degree has been on a case by case basis with Program Directors having some latitude Admission of European master-only students has been a discussion each time –More problematic, is the student with 4.5 years of a masters degree sequence, but not completed…
MSU International Graduate Student Admission Does the current verbiage in the Graduate Catalog need to be revised? Complete academic record including proof of degree attained. The applicant must have completed all requirements that are equivalent to a U.S. baccalaureate degree in an accredited, licensed, or recognized college or university and have appropriate undergraduate training to pursue the graduate degree of the applicants choice. (Page 35, International Student Admission)
Conclusions Bologna Process is not a single event, but a process in progress that will harmonize degree and credit Implications for Missouri State Program -We must evaluate degree and credit for admission -Evaluate credits for readiness at another level -Implications for partnership degree programs
Immediate Issues to Consider Will the program accept students from 3- year bachelors program? (Europe and elsewhere) Does the Graduate Catalog need any modification in wording concerning admission criteria?
Some Website Reviews http://www.wes.org/ewen/bolognaprocess.htm http://www.wes.org/ewen/04Jan/Feature.htm http://www.wes.org/ewenr/04March/Feature.htm