Presentation on theme: "INSET introduction The Penpals for Handwriting Teachers Books contain suggestions for running an INSET session You can use this PowerPoint presentation."— Presentation transcript:
INSET introduction The Penpals for Handwriting Teachers Books contain suggestions for running an INSET session You can use this PowerPoint presentation to lead the session Please feel free to adapt the presentation to the needs of your team Penpals questions can be answered by Cambridge-Hitachi. See Version 1.0, 22 October 2010
The rationale behind Penpals for Handwriting
Rationale Handwriting should be actively taught A flexible, fluent and legible handwriting style empowers children to write with confidence and creativity Associating handwriting movement with visual letter patterns and aural phonemes will help children learn to spell
A practical approach Time: A focus on whole-class teaching, with key teaching points clearly identified, allows effective teaching in the time available Planning: Help with long-, medium- and short- term planning Practice: Practice Books for independent writing Revision: Opportunities for record-keeping, review and assessment Motivation: Written with the support of handwriting experts to stimulate and motivate children. ICT: CD-ROMs enrich and extend childrens handwriting experiences.
Five developmental phases 1.Readiness for handwriting; gross and fine motor skills leading to letter formation (Foundation / 3–5 years) 2.Beginning to join (Key Stage 1 / 5–7 years) 3.Securing the joins (Key Stage 1 and lower Key Stage 2 / 5–9 years) 4.Practising speed and fluency (lower Key Stage 2 / 7–9 years) 5.Presentation skills (upper Key Stage 2 / 10–11 years)
Why other schools use Penpals A fluent, legible style Progression from 3-11yrs 5 clear developmental stages Sensible links for application Interactive and multisensory Easy to use Delivers results
The components Foundation 1 (ages 3-5) to Years 5/6 (ages 9-11)
Components Teachers Books for each year group Reception to Y5/6
Components Practice Books for Independent writing Handwriting patterns Phonic and spelling support Consolidation of high frequency words
Components Big Books for whole-class or group teaching by a TA Write-on, wipe-off
Components CD-ROMs for whole-class teaching Posture advice Warm-up clips for gross and fine motor skills Skywriting Animated letters and joins
CDs: posture and pencil grip advice
CDs: warm-ups for gross and fine motor skills
A progression of units for each letter and join
A note on Foundation 1 Book and CD-ROM cover essential pre-skills to precede any handwriting scheme Mark-making and Creativity Talkabouts for Circle Time Play-based learning Supports children working within Phases 1 and 2 of Letters and Sounds Penpals Foundation 1 should continue to be used throughout the Foundation Stage as children will continue to benefit from the activities even after they have begun working with the Penpals Foundation 2 resources.
F1 Talk Abouts for speaking and listening skills
F1 fun Try Its for the whiteboard
A note on Years 5 and 6 The components for Years 5/6 work differently: –A crash course in the basics for everyone ahead of SATs –A resource for focusing on specific issues in small groups Book has presentation projects, assessment and practice sessions CD-ROM split into Basic and Presentation
Y5/6 basic screens –common errors, and writing quickly and fluently
Y5/6 presentation screens – choosing an appropriate lettering style
Classroom organisation and timing
Classroom organisation Arrange tables so that all children can see the interactive whiteboard Each child needs: –dry-wipe board (preferably with guidelines) and a marker pen, or –pencil and paper Handwriting is usually done on a horizontal or slightly sloped surface
Timing Little and often is the most effective approach The whole-class session for each unit (including warm-up): 15 minutes The independent session:15–20 minutes. Extra daily practice times of 5–10 minutes are ideal. Use these to: –practise the high-frequency words –extend their pattern practice –revisit the letter pattern shown in the Practice Book
A take-home information sheet is provided for parents in each Teachers Book
Children working individually with a Teaching Assistant may benefit from additional practice on dry-wipe boards. Take away activities provide excellent opportunities for differentiation as detailed above. Cross-references to similar Take aways in earlier books can help you to select less challenging activities for those who need extra practice at a lower level. Higher-achieving children can be challenged by higher expectations of control and evenness of letters.
Assessment and record-keeping
Formative assessment On-going assessment gives you the chance to spot any errors or inconsistencies that are likely to impede a fast, fluent hand in the future. Be especially aware of left-handers and their pencil hold The Practice Book page annotations in the Teachers Book enable you to draw the childrens attention to key handwriting issues.
Summative assessment Beginning of year: The upper primary books provide a starting-point assessment PCM End of year: Use text from the final unit in each book
Links to spelling Learning to associate the kinaesthetic handwriting movement with the visual letter pattern and the aural phonemes will help children with learning to spell A spelling/vocabulary link is identified at the start of each unit Foundation 1 links to phases 1 and 2 of Letters and Sounds Penpals units can be reorganised to support Jolly Phonics
Font The font used for Penpals is Sassoon Cambridge Joiner Intended as a model, but variety is natural! The Show Alphabet section on the CD- ROM has animations of all letters Also see the Teachers Book introduction for clarification on individual letters
The Show Alphabet screen
Variations in font size The following screens shows variations in font size throughout the scheme – see also page 16
Variations in font size
Joins and break letters Use the Show joining letter sets section on the CD-ROM, or an OHT of the inside back cover of this book, to demonstrate the joining letter sets and the break letters.
Diagonal join (e.g. ): this is the most common join. It starts from the final flick on the baseline (or curl in the case of the letter ). Letters that come before a diagonal join are: (and in which the flick begins below the baseline). The two basic join types
Horizontal join (e.g. ) : this join is formed from letters that finish at the top of the letter rather than at the baseline. Letters that come before a horizontal join are:
Progression in joining Y1/P2Only 2 or 3 letters in a word are joined. The words on the CD-ROM and in the Big Book and the Practice Book feature the focus join for the teaching unit. Y2/P3Children also practise familiar joins which are not the focus of a unit. Children are expected to begin to join all the letters in a short word, or to join letter patterns which can support spelling.
Progression in joining Y3/4 P5/6 All the basic joins will now be familiar. Children practise tricky joins and begin to develop fluent, even handwriting. An emphasis on spacing between letters and words, consistency of letter size, and parallel ascenders and descenders helps children to present their work well.
Writing on lined paper Children should be encouraged to write on lined paper As children progress, the width between the lines should decrease The font size in the Practice Books is intended to reflect a development in handwriting A photocopiable sheet with lines of a suitable width is provided in the Teachers Books. Some children may prefer paper with guidelines for the height of ascenders and descenders.
Pencil hold The most important thing is comfort and a hold that will be efficient under speed The traditional pencil hold allows children to sustain handwriting for long periods, but there are many alternative pencil holds (particularly for left-handers) Some children may benefit from triangular pencils or ordinary pencils with plastic pencil grips.
Pencil hold Use the pencil hold videos in the Posture clips section on the CD-ROMs to illustrate good pencil hold.
Posture A good posture and pencil hold are vital for good handwriting. Discourage sitting on one foot, kneeling or wrapping their feet around the legs of the chair! The images in the Posture clips area on the CD-ROMs illustrate good posture.
Left-handed children There is no reason why left-handed childrens handwriting should be any worse than that of right-handed children Left-handed children should not sit to the right of right-handed children as their papers will meet in the middle!
Left-handed children Left-handed children should be taught to position their paper to the left of centre and then angle the paper for comfort Use the left-handed pencil hold video and posture photograph in the Posture clips area on the CD-ROM to illustrate this.
Sloped surfaces Children who experience some motor control difficulties often benefit from writing on a slight slope Ring-binders are the easiest and cheapest way to provide a slope Commercial wooden or plastic writing slopes are also widely available
Angle of paper Guidelines in the Teachers Books illustrate good positions for right- or left- handed children You may laminate these onto A3 to make table-top mats. Encourage the children to explore personal variation of the angles.