Presentation on theme: "Atmosphere Atmosphere – Earths air, which is made up of a thick layer of gases, solids, and liquids. Troposphere Troposphere – layer of Earths atmosphere."— Presentation transcript:
Atmosphere Atmosphere – Earths air, which is made up of a thick layer of gases, solids, and liquids. Troposphere Troposphere – layer of Earths atmosphere that is closest to the ground, contains 99% of the water vapor and 75% of gases Ionosphere Ionosphere – Layer of electrically charged particles in the thermosphere that absorbs AM radio waves. Ozone Layer Ozone Layer – Layer of the atmosphere that contains a high layer of Ozone. Ultraviolent radiation Ultraviolent radiation – a type of energy that comes from the Sun, can damage skin and cause cancer. ChlorofluorocarbonChlorofluorocarbon – chemicals used in refrigerators, air conditioners, and aerosol sprays that can damage the Ozone.
RadiationRadiation – energy transferred by waves or rays. ConductionConduction – transfer of energy when molecules bump in to each other. Convection Convection – transfer of heat by the flow of material. HydrosphereHydrosphere – all the water on Earths surface CondensationCondensation – process in which water vapor changes to a liquid.
Coriolis effect Coriolis effect – causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemisphere, and turn right in the northern hemisphere. Jet stream Jet stream – narrow belt of strong winds that blow near the top of the troposphere. Sea Breeze Sea Breeze – movement of air from sea to land during the day when cooler air above the water moves over the land. Land Breeze Land Breeze – movement of air from land to sea at night, created when cooler air from the land forces warmer air over the sea up.