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“Your Solution for Source Sampling Equipment”

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Presentation on theme: "“Your Solution for Source Sampling Equipment”"— Presentation transcript:

1 “Your Solution for Source Sampling Equipment”

2 Introduction to Source Sampling
Apex Instruments, Inc. offers an extensive line of equipment and supplies for sampling stationary source emissions for pollutants in accordance with US EPA Reference Methods. The majority of the methods are generally classified as either Isokinetic or Gaseous Sampling Methods. During Isokinetic Sampling the sample rate is adjusted proportional to the source flow rate, while with Gaseous methods the sample is normally pulled at a constant lower rate. Many of the gaseous methods can be conducted using the Isokinetic equipment with the proper accessories. A partial list of some of the methods are listed on next pages.

3 Applicable Methods Isokinetic Sampling Methods
Method 4 Stack Gas Moisture Method 5 Particulate Emissions (PM) Method 5B Nonsulfuric Acid PM Method 8 Sulfuric Acid Mist & SO2 Method 12 Inorganic Lead Method 13A & 13B Total Fluorides Method 17 Particulate by In-stack Filtration Method 23 Dioxins & Furans Method 26A Hydrogen Halides & Halogens Method 29 Multiple Metals Method 201A PM10 Emissions Method Condensable Particulate Matter Method Ammonia Method Hexavalent Chromium from Electroplating and Anodizing Operations Method Formaldehyde from Mineral Wool and Wool Fiberglass Industries Method Semi volatile Organic Compounds Method Formaldehyde, Other Aldehydes and Ketones Method Hexavalent Chromium

4 Gaseous Sampling Methods
Note: The following Methods can be sampled using the Model 623 Metering Console or the Model 572 with the addition of the appropriate VUA adaptor and sample train. Method 4A Stack Gas Moisture (Approximation Method) Method 6 Sulfuric Acid Mist & SO2 Method 6A Sulfur Dioxide, Moisture and Carbon Dioxide Method 6B Sulfur Dioxide and Carbon Dioxide Method 11 Hydrogen Sulfide in Petroleum Refinery Fuel Gas Streams Method 15A Total Reduced Sulfur from Petroleum Refinery Sulfur Plants Method 16A Total Reduced Sulfur Method 18 Integrated Bag Sampling for Organic Compounds Method 26 Hydrogen Halides & Halogens Method Integrated Bag Sampling for Vinyl Chloride Method Methanol Method Volatile Organic Compounds (VOST) Method Volatile Organic Compounds (SMVOC or SuperVOST) Method Principle Organic Hazardous Constituents (POHCs) Using Tedlar® Bags Method Hydrogen Chlorine & Chlorine

5 Typical Sources Tested Using Apex Instruments Equipment:
Acid Plants, Municipal Waste Combustors, Asphalt Plants, Petroleum Refineries, Boilers, Power Plants, Cement Plants, Pulp & Paper Mills, Chemical Manufacturing, Smelters, Furnaces, Steel Mills, Incinerators The Apex Isokinetic Source Sampler System allows the operator to monitor gas velocities, temperatures, pressures and sample flow rates for maintaining Isokinetic sampling conditions. During an isokinetic test, parameters, including gas velocity and temperatures, are periodically monitored and the sampling rate adjusted so the velocity in the nozzle opening equals the velocity of the approaching stack gas to obtain an unbiased particulate sample. Isokinetic testing requires a thorough understanding of the first five test methods presented in the CFR 40 Part 60 Appendix A. While US EPA Method 5 provides the general protocol for operating the sampling train to collect a representative sample, US EPA Methods 1 through 4 prescribe techniques underpinning the sampling activities associated with Method 5. Together, these methods outline the basic protocols for determining particulate concentrations (grains per dry standard cubic foot or milligrams per cubic meter), as well as emission rates (lbs/hour or kg/hour). Method 1 Determines sampling location and traverse points. Method 2 For determination of stack gas velocity and volumetric flow rate. Method 3 Used for determining CO2 & O2 concentrations and dry molecular weight. Method 4 Determination of moisture in stack gases. Method 5 Used in conjunction with Methods 1 thru 4 for determining particulate emissions from stationary sources.

6 Click here for more information on Method 5 Sampling Train.
The basic Method 5 sampling train is easily adapted to test for many other gaseous and particulate parameters of interest from stationary sources. Parameters of interest may include metals, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins/furans, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), particle size distributions and an ever increasing group of pollutants tested for by adaptations of this basic test method. While the different methods are designated by other US EPA or agency method numbers, they are variations of Method 5 procedures such as: different impinger solutions, the use of organic resin traps, different filter media, temperatures or a range of alternative procedures. The Apex Isokinetic Convertible Method 5 Intermediate Sampler System provides a reliable and versatile foundation for performing most isokinetic testing methods. The Convertible Intermediate Sampling System is designed for the professional who must perform test after test at various locations in an efficient manner. The system can be used in the standard rigid or flexible arrangement. The Convertible Intermediate System is designed to provide maximum efficiency and the best value for your money. The Deluxe Glassware Set allows for speedy changes between runs. Click here for more information on Method 5 Sampling Train.

7 Click here to go to Apex Instruments Website.
Apex Instruments, Inc. Equipment Overview Click here to go to Apex Instruments Website.

8 Isokinetic Source Sampling Equipment

9 Isokinetic Source Sampler Consoles
Apex Instruments Isokinetic Method 5 Source Sampler Consoles are manufactured to conform with the construction design criteria and specifications cited in US EPA Method 5, Code of Federal Regulations (40CFR Part 60) and APTD-0581 Document. Our source sampler consoles allow operators to monitor gas velocities, temperatures, pressures and sample flow rates for maintaining isokinetic sampling conditions. With proper sampling, the sample gas enters the nozzle at velocity equal to approaching gas velocity. All Apex Instruments Models are interchangeable and compatible with most others currently in use. All consoles come standard with the Lubricated Rotary Vane Pump. Click here for Method 5 Pump Assemblies. Click here for Isokinetic Source Samplers on the web.

10 Isokinetic Calculators and Spreadsheets
Preprogrammed with valuable Isokinetic stack sampling calculation making field calculations quick and easy. (English or Metric) Isokinetic Slide Rule Performs Isokinetic stack sampling calculations. Provides DH settings at a glance. Apex IsoCalc Software Microsoft® Excel® workbook designed for complete and integrated computation of isokinetic sampling calculations. For more information click here. IsoCalc PPC Software program developed for the Pocket PC OS.

11 Nozzles for Isokinetic Sampling
Isokinetic Nozzles Apex Instruments offers button-hook nozzles from a variety of different materials. A range of nozzle sizes is required for conducting isokinetic sampling. The size is dependent upon the stack gas velocity and the material is dependent upon the stack temperature and the sampling method. The most popular nozzles are constructed from seamless 316 stainless steel and can optionally be coated with Teflon®. Other nozzle materials include borosilicate glass, inconel alloy 600 and quartz. Standard sampling nozzles are 4 inches long and have a 5/8 inch OD shank for attaching to the probe union. Alternatively, glass and quartz nozzles are available with female 14/35 taper joint eliminating the need for the 5/8 inch union. Other sizes and configurations are available. Please note nozzles must be calibrated before initial use. Click here for information about our Nozzles on the web. Recommended Maximum Temperatures Material Maximum Temperature Stainless Steel 650°C (1200°F) Teflon® Fittings 177°C (350°F) Borosilicate Glass 480°C (900°F) Inconel 980°C (1800°F) Quartz 900°C (1650°F) Viton® O-rings 260°C (500°C) Graphite Ferrules 980°C (1800°F) Glass Filled Teflon® 315°C (600°F)

12 Method 5 Probe Assemblies
Standard M5 Probe M5 Probe with 2” optional Oversheath Apex Instruments Standard Method 5 Probe Assembly includes stainless steel Method 5 probe sheath, probe heater, probe liner and small parts package. Probes are ordered according to nominal (liner) length. Effective length is one foot less than nominal length. Custom probes manufactured upon request. Call or send us a sketch. Click here for information on probes, replacement pitot tips, air cooled probes, probe heaters, probe sheaths and probe liners.

13 Modular Sample Cases and Accessories
Apex Instruments Modular Sample Case Assemblies are versatile, lightweight and available in a variety of configurations. We offer two different filter ovens and two different risers that can attach to the bottom of both ovens and four different impinger cases. The impinger cases slide on and off for easy changing of the impingers between test runs. Several standard assemblies are available or the individual components can be purchased separately. Click here for Filter Ovens, Risers and Impinger Cases on the web. Impinger Cases Risers Filter Ovens

14 Click here for Strain Relief on the web.
Umbilical (Gooseneck) Adapter (GA-100) The GA-100 connects the final impinger outlet to the umbilical cable. Standard with #28 socket, thermocouple and 1/2 inch stainless steel male quick connect. Impinger Inlet Strain Relief (GA-109-o) The GA-109 strain relief is used with sample lines at the impinger box during Flexible Method 5 sampling. Includes bracket that attaches to the impinger box and standard mount with sample line clamp (specify size). Strain Relief for Method 17 (GA-111-o) The GA-111 strain relief is used with probe assemblies with sample lines during Flexible Method 17 sampling. Includes collar to clamp on probe and gusseted mount with sample line clamp (specify size). Mini Heated Filter Box Sample Line Strain Relief with Thermocouple (GA-104) The GA-104 connects a 3/8 inch sample line to the filter exit using the SB-2M. Standard with #28 socket, thermocouple, bracket and 1/2 inch to 3/8 inch reducing union. Mini Heated Filter Box Sample Line Strain Relief for Heated Sample Line (GA-113) The GA-113 strain relief is used specifically with heated sample lines at the SB-2M during Flexible Method 5 sampling. Includes bracket that attaches to the SB-2M and an adjustable Velcro® strap to grip heated sample lines. This adjustable Velcro® strap is also available on the GA-109 and GA-111. Mini Heated Filter Box Sample Line Strain Relief (GA-107-o) The GA-107 strain relief is used with sample lines at the SB-2M during Flexible Method 5 sampling. Includes bracket that attaches to the SB-2M and standard mount with sample line clamp (specify size). Click here for Strain Relief on the web.

15 Isokinetic Glassware Apex Instruments offers a complete line of glassware. Our standard glassware features extra heavy borosilicate glass with unground #28 ball and socket joints with o-ring seals. Cost effective unground joints are more durable than ground joints and the o-rings provide a tight, leak-free seal without grease. Click here to go to Isokinetic Glassware featuring Glassware Sets, Individual Glassware, Glass Filter Assemblies, Ball and Socket Joint Adapters, Clamps, O-rings and accessories on the web.

16 Stainless Steel Impingers
Stainless Steel Impingers and Accessories are manufactured with #28 Ball & Sockets, 2 inch diameter and with 500ml capacity. Stainless Steel Impingers are interchangeable with glass impingers for many applications. Click here to go to Stainless Steel Impingers and Accessories on web.

17 Umbilical Cables Standard Umbilical Cables are lightweight with braided cover. The easily repaired umbilical cable includes one kink-free, wire reinforced sample line, 3 kink-resistant polyethylene lines (2 pitot & 1 orsat line), 5 type K thermocouple extensions, and 1 five conductor electrical cable with 4-pin circular connectors. Thermocouple plugs are color coded. The sample line has 1/2 inch quick connect and the pitot lines have 1/4 inch quick connects standard (3/8 inch optional). Our custom manufactured quick connects are brass with Viton® o-rings. Stainless steel quick connects are optional. Standard lengths are 30, 60 and 90 feet. U-bag included. Cut-Back Umbilical Cables are constructed the same way as our Standard Method 5 umbilicals with the sample line and exit thermocouple cut-back to the specified length. Cut-back umbilicals are useful when sampling with a flexible sample line as in Method 17, Flexible Method 5 set-ups and Compact Method 5. Used in flexible systems when the filter compartment is separated from impinger box. The umbilical lengths are specified according to overall length, and the cut-back distance of the sample line and exit thermocouple. Brass or stainless steel quick connects are available. Can be converted to a standard umbilical cable with the addition of the Umbilical Sample Line Extension (U-o-SLE). Cut-back Umbilical Cable Click here to see Umbilical Cables and Accessories on the web.

18 Flexible Method 5 Sampling Equipment
The Apex Instruments Isokinetic Convertible Method 5 Intermediate Sampler System (SY5-CIS) is our most versatile system allowing the tester to use in the flexible or the rigid arrangement. Due to the non-standardized design of stacks and testing locations, arrangement of stack testing equipment is often a difficult task. In the flexible arrangement, this convertible system enables the tester to easily and efficiently setup for these challenging environments, such as vertical traverses and space-limited areas. The miniature heated filter box (SB-2M) coupled with our unique riser (SBR-10) quickly converts the flexible system to the standard, rigid arrangement. The deluxe glassware set allows efficient turnaround between runs. Click here to go to Flexible Method 5 on the web.

19 Compact Method 5 Sampling Equipment
The Apex Instruments Compact Method 5 Sampling Kit (SK-CM5) features an independently heated Stainless Steel Filter Assembly (SFA-90H) that connects directly to a standard Method 5 probe. This system does not require a separate heated filter compartment and utilizes a flexible sample line and a cutback umbilical cord with power adapter to allow sampling in space-limited areas. The standard glass impingers have been replaced with stainless steel impingers (S-5CN) to eliminate glass breakage. Three filter assemblies are recommended to speed turn-around time between consecutive runs. The Compact Method 5 sampling kit is used in conjunction with any of the Apex Instruments MC-500 series source sampler consoles. Alternate sampling kits available upon request. Click here to go to Compact Method 5 on the web.

20 Method 5I Method 5I is performed for determination of low-level particulate matter (PM) emissions from stationary sources. The method is most effective for PM catches less than 50mg. This method is valid for performing correlation of manual PM measurements to PM continuous emission monitors or determining PM emissions from low-level sources such as turbines. Click here for more information on the Method 5I and Method 5I Filter assembly.

21 Method 8 Method 8 Sampling Train
Used in the determination of sulfuric acid mist and sulfur dioxide emissions from stationary sources. Method 8 was originally developed to test emissions from sulfuric acid plants but has been adapted to sample emissions from sulfur dioxide sources. Click here for more information on Method 8.

22 Click here to go to Method 17 on the web.
Flexible Method 17 The Apex Instruments Flexible Method 17 Sampling Train features a stainless steel, in-stack filter assembly with flexible sample line and cut-back umbilical cord. Various fitting arrangements and filter assemblies are available. Click here to go to Method 17 on the web.

23 Click here to go to Method 17 on the web.
Rigid Method 17 The Apex Instruments Rigid Method 17 Sampling System features an in-stack filter assembly and sample frame with probe clamp (SB-8). Various stainless steel and glass filter assemblies are available. Click here to go to Method 17 on the web.

24 Method 17 In-Stack Filter Assemblies
Glass Stainless Steel Click here to go to Method 17 In-stack Filter Assemblies on the web.

25 Modified Method 5 Kit (Method 23)
Horizontal Modified Method 5 The Apex Instruments Modified Method 5 (MM5) Source Sampler is utilized for Method 23 determination of dioxins and furans (D/F’s) and Method 0010 determination of semi-volatile organic compounds. The sampling train is identical to the standard Method 5 system with the addition of a water-cooled glass condenser and an XAD adsorbent module followed by a knockout impinger. The most compact arrangement is the Horizontal MM5 Accessories Kit (SK-MM5HS) and features a horizontal condenser and shortened knockout impinger. Additional glassware configurations are available. Click here to go to Method 23 on the web.

26 Click here to go to Method 26A on the web.
The Apex Instruments Method 26A Sampling Train is used for determination of hydrogen halide and halogen emissions. Method 26A is the isokinetic method alternative to Method 26 and is particularly suited for sampling sources such as those controlled by wet scrubbers emitting acid particulate matter. The method requires a Method 5 sampling train with the use of additional impingers, reagents and Teflon® coated glass fiber filter media. Click here to go to Method 26A on the web.

27 Click here for Method 29 on the web.
The determination of metal emissions from hazardous waste incinerators involves a modification of the Method 5 train. The sampling train is the same as a Method 5 particulate train with the addition of up to three impingers to enhance the collection of metals of interest. The impinger train requires the SB-4 impinger case, glass nozzles, probe liners and non-metallic union. The method has been validated for the collection of 17 different metals. Click here for Method 29 on the web.

28 Click here to go to Method 201A and PM10 on the web.
Method 201A- PM10 Method 201A applies to the in-stack measurement of particulate matter emissions equal to or less than an aerodynamic diameter of nominally 10 microns, PM10, from stationary sources. A gas sample is extracted at a constant flow rate through Apex Instruments cyclone, which separates PM greater than PM10. PM less than PM10 is collected on the in-line filter. In order to maintain a cut size of 10 microns in the cyclone, the flow rate must be maintained at a constant, discrete value during the run. Our cyclone meets the design specifications of Method 201A and allows use of the equations in Method 201A to calculate the constant sample flow rate. PM10 Cyclone Kit PM2.5/10 Cyclone Kit PM2.5 Cyclone Kit Click here to go to Method 201A and PM10 on the web.

29 Method 201A- PM10 continued Apex Instruments’ CI-700 Cascade Impactor is an in-stack, multi-stage cascade impactor which can attach to standard EPA and ASME particulate sampling trains and specifically used for measuring the particle size distribution in stationary emissions. The Model-700 cascade impactor consists of seven impactor stages that can separate particle from 0.2 to 17 micron diameter (aerodynamic), solid or liquid, into eight size classifications which can be used later for weighing or chemical analysis. Lightweight disposable collection plate inserts of stainless steel foil allow improved weighing precision and reduce the need for extra sets of collection plates. A Cyclone Precollector (PRA-K), used at the inlet of the impactor not only reduces the particle bounce and re-entrainment problems but also minimizes the chances of particle overloading at the first impaction stage. The precollector allows for right angle sampling and for the cascade impactor to be inserted through a standard port. The precollector kit includes 6 nozzles, from 1/8 inch to 1/2 inch diameter, and the connecting tube. The precollector can attach to most commercially available impactors. Sold separately. Particle Sizing Data Reduction Software This Windows-based Cascade Impactor Data Reduction System (WINCIDRS) calculates particle size distribution of stack particulate matter (PM) taken with the Mark III Impactor as well as particle-sizing cyclones. Developed by stack particle analysis experts, this software reduces the time and chances of error involved with reducing particle sizing data. Click here for more information on Cascade Impactor and Particle Sizing Software.

30 Hexavalent Chromium Teflon® Impinger Trains
Method 0061 Source Sampling Kit The SK-0061 Source Sampling Kit comes complete with four Teflon® impingers and one glass impinger, a variable speed peristaltic pump and a 4 foot Teflon®-lined probe assembly with recirculation line. All necessary connectors and tubes are also included as well as a wrench set for the Teflon® impingers. Glass nozzles must be ordered separately. M0061 High Temperature Source Sampling Kit (SK-0061H) The SK-0061H Method 0061 High Temperature Source Sampling Kit is the alternative Hexavalent Chromium emissions source sampling kit, recommended for temperatures above 150°C (300° F). Click here for more information from the web.

31 Sample Recovery/Analytical

32 Click here to go to Filter Media on the web.
Apex Instruments offers a wide range of filter media to meet your sampling requirements. Listed below are the standard media and sizes that we normally stock. Additional materials and sizes are available upon request. Glass Fiber Filters are the most commonly used filters for particulate sampling. All of the glass fiber filters we stock are binder free and exhibit at least 99.9% efficiency for 0.3 micron dioctyl phthalate (DOP) smoke particles. We offer two different brands: Whatman 934AH and a less expensive Japanese equivalent from Advantec/MFS grade number GC-50. Maximum temperature is 500°C (900°F). Not recommended for metals analyses. Quartz Fiber Filters are manufactured from pure quartz without binder and are frequently used for sampling for metals analyses and acidic gases. Filters are preheated to reduce organic contaminates. Teflon® Coated Glass Fiber Filters are constructed from borosilicate microfibers and bonded with PTFE Teflon®. The filters can be folded and handled without loss of fibers. Great for especially low loading rates. Specifically recommended for Method 26 and PM10 sampling. Teflon® Filter Membranes are produced of pure Teflon® TFE resins. They withstand the most severely corrosive conditions at temperatures as high as 260°C (500°F) and down to the cryogenic range. The membrane is hydrophobic and maintains its strength wet or dry. Click here to go to Filter Media on the web.

33 Sample Recovery Nozzle, Probe and Bottle Brushes Sample Bottles
Sample Recovery Accessories Click here to go to Sample Recovery on the web.

34 Balances and Accessories
Analytical Balances and Weights Top Loading Balances Denver Instruments Analytical Balances Acculab Electronic Balance Calibration Weight Sets Denver Instruments Electronic Balance Click here for complete line of Balances and Accessories on web.

35 Desiccator and Desiccants
Auto-Desiccator Cabinet (DES-31115) Desiccator Cabinet (DES-31000) Silica Gel Drierite® Desiccants Click here to go to Desiccator and Desiccants on the web.

36 Calibration Equipment and Services

37 Meter Calibration Equipment
Calibration Orifice Set US EPA allows critical orifices to be used as calibration standards. Our orifice calibration set contains five critical orifices with 1/2 inch quick connects and software. Recalibration recommended annually. Secondary Reference Meters Includes 15 point calibration, valve, 5 foot hose and 1/2 inch quick connect for calibrating Method 5 source sampler consoles. Click here to go to Meter Calibration Equipment on the web.

38 Precision Wet Test Meters
Considered the best standard for calibration of dry gas meters. Different models available. Click here to go to Meter Calibration Equipment on the web.

39 Meter Calibration Services
Apex Instruments performs both pre-test (calibration prior to use) and post-test (calibration after use) calibrations using a wet test meter. • Calibration services are available from Apex Instruments on a fee per console basis. • All console and dry gas meter calibrations are conducted in accordance with US EPA standards. • Apex Instruments calibrates source sampler consoles, reference dry gas meters, orifices and pitots. Click here to go to Calibration Services on the web.

40 Pitot Calibration Equipment
Level Indicator (M5C-1) Pendulum style Inclinometer with magnetic base for calibration of type “S” pitots and measure of cyclonic flow measurement. Dial Calipers Used for measuring nozzle diameter and inspection of pitots. Bull's Eye Level (M5C-2) Bull’s Eye Level is 1/2 inch diameter and used for pitot calibrations. Comes with thumb screws for clamping to pitot. Click here to go to Pitot Calibration Equipment on the web.

41 Flow Calibrator / Piston Prover
The new and exciting DryCal® DC-Lite is a revolutionary dry primary flow meter design that offers low cost, lightweight and ultra-compact size. The DryCal® NEXUS standardization, data logging and communication module expands the power and versatility of the DryCal® DC-Lite primary air flow meter. When used with the DC-Lite for checking air flow rates, NEXUS provides time and date stamping, pump, employee and sample ID numbers and volumetric flow rate readings. The DryCal® DC-2 performs standardized volumetric flow readings quickly and accurately. The DryCal® DC-2 automatically corrects to user defined standard temperature and pressure avoiding complicated mathematical calculations when converting from volumetric to mass flow. Flow readings can also be taken at a user defined time intervals for flow stability testing and process stability review. The DryCal® DC-2 simultaneously displays both volumetric and standardized flow readings. The DC-2 also includes a built in RS-232 interface for download to a PC. DryCal® DC-Lite Kits DryCal® Nexus Kits DryCal® DC-2

42 Flow, Pressure and Temperature Measurement

43 3-D Flow Measurement System
The Apex Instruments 3-D Pitot is capable of measuring yaw and pitch of non-uniform flows. The yaw angle is determined directly by rotating the pitot to null the pressure across a pair of symentrically placed ports on the pitot head. The yaw angle is measured with a remote inclinometer attached to the probe extension and digitally displayed on the console. The pitch angle is calculated using probe specific calibration curves. The average gas volumetric flow rate in the stack or duct is then determined from the average axial velocity. The Apex Instruments 3-D Console is used in conjunction with the 3-D Pitot to determine velocity pressure and the yaw and pitch angles of the flow velocity vector in a stack or duct according to the new US EPA Method 2F (the determination of stack gas velocity and volumetric flow rate with three-dimensional probes). The MC-3D52 console features differential pressure transducers that are exceptionally stable and reliable. The transducers are NIST certified to ±0.5% accuracy. The pressure transducers can withstand extreme overpressure for the most demanding stack testing conditions. A convenient purge pump, quick connects, temperature display and all voltage outputs are available for easy connection to your data acquisition system. 3-D Pitot 3-D Console Click here for more information on the 3-D Flow Measurement System.

44 Click here to go to Type “S” Pitot tubes on the web.
The Type “S” Pitot tube is constructed from two formed tubes with each leg or port on the same plane but facing opposing directions. The theory is based on when the pitot is faced into the gas stream flow the pressure difference between the two ports equates to the velocity pressure, DP. This differential velocity pressure is measured with devices, such as liquid manometers or electronic pressure transducers. Sampling Location US EPA Method 1 is performed to locate an appropriate sampling location to complete a velocity or particulate traverse. The sampling locations must meet certain criteria to be valid such as, the duct diameter size and the sampling location relative to flow disturbance locations to ensure laminar, non-cyclonic, flow in the stack. Velocity Measurement US EPA Method 2 is performed to determine the average stack gas velocity from measurement of the gas density and average velocity head using Type “S” (Stausscheibe or reverse type) pitot tube. Apex Instruments manufactures and guarantees Type “S” pitot tubes in accordance with the Method 2 design specifications. However, calibration is not standard with purchase of pitot tubes. Apex Instruments offers calibration equipment and services. Click here for details. A variety of materials, sizes and configurations are available. The most common are constructed from either 1/4 inch or 3/8 inch OD Stainless Steel or Inconel 600 tubing. Click here to go to Type “S” Pitot tubes on the web.

45 Click here to go to Standard Pitot Tubes on the web.
Ideal for use with manometers and Magnehelic® gauges, Dwyer Pitot Tubes are constructed from corrosion resistant, 304 stainless steel for a lifetime of service. Static pressure port is parallel to sensing tube allowing quick, easy alignment of tube with airflow. Low sensitivity to misalignment gives accurate reading even when tube is misaligned up to 15 degrees. Various standard sizes are available for use in ducts as small as 4 inch diameter or as large as 60 inch diameter. Pitot coefficient: 0.99 unless calibrated. Special Pitot Tube for Method 2C (PT2C-24) Pitot tube custom made to specifications outlined in US EPA Method 2C. Modified hemispherical-nosed pitot for Method 2C features a shortened stem and enlarged impact and static pressure holes. This pitot is useful for saturated gas streams when “back-purging” is ineffective. Pitot coefficient: 0.99 unless calibrated. Click here to go to Standard Pitot Tubes on the web.

46 Port Adapters and Packing Glands
Universal Pipe Flange Reducers Threaded Pipe Flanges Bored Bushings Reducing Bushings Oversheath Packing Glands Reducing Couplings Click here for our complete line of Port Adapters and Packing Glands on the web. Packing Glands

47 Inclinometers and Accessories
N-4 Inclinometer Sensor (INC-N4-50) The N-4 Inclinometer is designed for measuring the yaw angle of flow in accordance with Method 2F. The standard collar is designed for clamping onto 2 inch tubing. (Alternative clamp sizes are available upon request.) The sensor is designed to be used with our 3-D flow console, however it can be used with our Remote Digital Display (INC-D205). The sensor is connected to the display via our standard 4-pin Signal Cable (INC-SC-"length”) Pendulum Style Inclinometer with Magnetic Base (M5C-1) Mounting Brackets for M5C-1 M5C-1-16 with 1” Plastic Clamp, Steel Base M5C-1-32 with 2” Plastic Clamp, Steel Base Remote Inclinometer LED Display (INC-D205) The Remote Inclinometer Display is designed to be used in conjunction with our N4 inclinometer sensor. The display is a high resolution 3 1/2 digit bright LED process meter. The meter is housed in a sturdy compact metal cabinet with convenient carrying handle. Requires N4 Sensor and Signal Cable (INC-SC-”length”) Accupro 360 (M5C-4) The Accupro 360 Digital Protractor/Inclinometer is an ideal tool for measuring cyclonic yaw angles in accordance with Method 2, 2G and 2F. The machined aluminum frame and integral base plate provide a light, rigid and ultra precise platform allowing the state-of-the-art sensor to provide unsurpassed accuracy throughout the 360° range. The inclinometer can be securely attached to your probe with one of the following mounting brackets. Mounting Brackets for M5C-4 M5C-4-16 with 1” Aluminum Clamp M5C-4-32 with 2” Aluminum Clamp Click here for Inclinometers on web.

48 Click here for Digital Manometers on the web.
The Apex Instruments Differential Pressure and Temperature Monitor (DPT-600) accurately measures differential pressure and temperature when used in conjunction with a type “S” pitot tube and type K temperature probe. Designed for continuous monitoring of stack gas velocities when coupled with a data logger. This compact bench top differential pressure and temperature monitor incorporates a digital manometer display with a temperature display. All connections (power cord, 2 female 1/4 inch quick connects, terminal strip and type K thermocouple outlet), are located on the back panel of the case while the readouts and switches are mounted on the front panel. A convenient folding handle makes this unit easy to transport. The bench top differential and temperature monitor uses a pressure transducer that is exceptionally stable and reliable. The transducer is NIST certified to ±0.5% accuracy (greater accuracy ranges available). The pressure transducers can also withstand extreme overpressure. Hand-Held Digital Manometers The Hand-Held Digital Manometer is a useful alternative to the standard size manometer, and is especially ideal for field monitoring and troubleshooting in environments with non-corrosive and/or non-ionic liquids and gases. Measure positive, negative or differential air pressure. D475-0 PVM100 Click here for Digital Manometers on the web. DHM28-10

49 Air Velocity Kits (Manometers)
The M-115AV Air Velocity Kit includes an Inclined Portable Manometer (M115) with a range of -.05” to 0.25” H2O with .005” minor scale divisions, standard pitot, hoses and a case. (M-115 Manometer can be ordered separately) The M-400K Air Velocity Kit includes Dual Scale Portable Inclined-Vertical Manometer (M-400G) with an inclined range of 0-1.0” H2O with .01” minor divisions and vertical range of 1 to 10” H2O with 0.10” minor divisions, 18 inch standard pitot, hoses and case. (M-400G Manometer can be ordered separately) Deluxe Method 2 Pretest Survey Kit with Digital Manometer (SK-DM2D) This Method 2 Pretest Survey Kit contains a modular pitot extensions with two pitot tips for stacks up to 12 feet, a digital hand held manometer, thermocouple thermometer and two flexible thermocouples. The kit is packaged in a sturdy, foam-lined case. Custom kits available. Click here for Air Velocity kits on the web.

50 Velocity Profiler Data Logger
The Velocity Profiler (VP-100) is a microprocessor instrument designed to undertake the measurement of velocity profiles of air and gas flowing in a duct or stream. The data is stored and can be downloaded to a computer or can be directly viewed in tabular or graphical form. (Software and data cable sold separately.) Features • Handheld, durable design • Data logs / real time • Easy operation: menu driven • Displays velocity profile • Download to PC • Built-in barometer + Ambient temperature Click here to go to Velocity Profiler on the web.

51 Magnehelic® Gauges Easy to read 4 inch dials indicate gas pressures; positive, negative or differential. The gauges have a + 2% full scale accuracy and include simple, frictionless Magnehelic® magnetic movement. They are highly resistant to shock, vibration and overpressure. Standard and Metric measure available.

52 Click here for Orifice Flow Meters on the web.
The Apex Instruments VUA-Series Low Flow Orifice Adapters all feature a calibrated, critical sapphire orifice with liquid-filled vacuum gauge, brass fittings and inline filter. These are used to adapt our isokinetic source samplers for methods requiring low flow sampling. The VUA-560 Series Adapters are used for VOST and Method 6-type sampling. These adapters include 1/2 inch male and 1/4 inch female brass quick connects to attach the isokinetic source sampler to the VOST VU-cords. Three adapters are offered to provide approximately 1/2, 1 and 2 lpm flow rates. The VUA-575 is used for Method 7C to provide the required flowrate between cc/min. This adapter includes 1/2 inch male and 1/2 inch female brass quick connects to attach the source sampler to the Method 5 U-cords. The Apex Instruments OFM-Series Orifice Flow Meters all feature a calibrated, critical orifice with two liquid-filled vacuum gauges and inline filter. All fittings, including the orifice and filter, are made of stainless steel and include 1/4 inch tube fitting end connections. These adapters are used with vacuum pumps to provide constant sample flow rates. Orifice sizes range from 4 to 35 providing flow rates from lpm to 6.1 lpm. VUA-561 OFM-K4-o Note: To determine critical vacuum, initially adjust the valves to obtain a sample vacuum of about 1/2 of barometric pressure. Observe the sample flow rate meter. Slowly increase the vacuum until a stable flow rate is obtained on the meter. Note and record this as the critical vacuum. Conduct runs at 25-50mm Hg (1-2 inch Hg) above this critical vacuum. Pump and orifice combinations that cannot reach critical vacuum should not be used. Click here for Orifice Flow Meters on the web.

53 Flowmeters / Rotameters
Apex Instruments offers precision machined acrylic (KFR-Series), molded polycarbonate (KMR-Series), glass tube (KG#-Series), and electronic flowmeters for a variety of applications. We offer precision engineered sizes and scales for a variety of fluids. Millimeter reference or direct read scales can be specified to meet your specific requirements. In addition, NIST traceable calibration and certificates are available for your special needs. Click here for more information on Flowmeters/Rotameters on the web.

54 Click here to go to Anemometers on the web.
The Rotating Vane Anemometer (AV6) has the best versatility of functions and features in face velocity measurements. The Thermal Anemometer ( ) measures air velocity, volume flow and temperature featuring the “never open the case” keypad recalibration. Our economically priced Digital Anemometers display air velocity and temperature, includes a carrying case and 9-V battery. Click here to go to Anemometers on the web.

55 Barometers Click here for Barometers on the web.
Digital Altimeter/Barometer (BAR-DA833) Digital 4 Line Barometer (BAR-BA116) Hanging Barometer (BAR-2831) Altitude: • Range: to 22,967 ft. ( -500 to 7,000m) • Resolution: 1 ft. (1 m.) • Memory for Min/Max Height • Accumulative vertical ascent\descent • 12 Hour Altitude History Bar Graph • Programmable Altitude Alarm Barometer: • Range: to 31.6 inHg (400 to 1070 mb/hPa) • Weather Forecast Indication by Symbols • Development of Atmospheric Pressure Preceding12 Hours Thermometer: • Range: -40 to 158°F (-40 to 70°C) • °F/°C Selectable Display • Resolution: 0.2°F (0.1°C) Clock / Calendar: • Alarm • Stopwatch • Calendar • Water Resistant • 12/24 Hour Selectable Display Timer: • Counts up to 99 hours, 59 min., 59 sec. This Digital Barometer displays barometric pressure, altitude, temperature, humidity and date and time. Features: • 4 Line LCD Display • Atmospheric Pressure mbar, hPa inch Hg (switchable) • °F/°C Selectable • Easy Altitude Adjustment Temperature Range: -5°C to 55°C Humidity Range: 25% to 95% Features: • Precision aneroid barometer in a solid brass, polished case • Exposed movement with chrome detailing • Dual scale range: inches Hg / 0.02 Division mb Click here for Barometers on the web.

56 Click here for Humidity on the web.
Sling Psychrometer (SP100FR) Red spirit filled thermometer with a range of 20° to 120°F. Features: • High Impact on Plastic Construction • Fast, Accurate and Easy to Use • No Assembly Required Mini Digital Humidity Panel Meter (S263N) Mini Digital Humidity Panel Meter with a range of 10 to 90% RH. (°F/°C) Relative Humidity Temperature Meter (RH-112) Features: • Precision hygrometer with Temperature Gauge, 5 1/4 inch diameter • Accurate within a plus or minus 3% • Relative Humidity from 20% to 85% Note: For monitoring weighing room conditions. Click here for Humidity on the web.

57 Temperature Measurement
Hand Held Temperature Displays Optional RS-232 cable and Windows® Software (TC-DT8852SC) Digital Miniature Thermometer (TC-DT307) with 1 “K” probe and temperature range of -328° to 2498°F. Features: • Economically priced Type K thermometer • Small Size • Auto Power Off • Data Hold • Calibration Screw • Auto Ranging • °F/°C Switch • Min/Max/Hold Digital Dual Probe Thermometer (TC-DT8852) Features: • Offers super-heat and sub-cool temperature measurement • Button Function: on/off; record; °F/°C; rel/hold & channel • Backlight • Auto Power Off • Accepts “K”, “J”, & “T” thermocouples Digital T1-T2 Differential Thermometer (TC-DT8803) with hard case and a temperature range of -58° to 1999°F. Features: • Dual K Type Connection Thermocouple Input • °C and °F Switchable • T1, T2 or T1-T2 Readings • MAX Reading Memory • Low Battery Indicator • Auto Power Off Click here for Hand Held Temperature Displays on the web.

58 Temperature Measurement
Thermocouples TCA-12MG2 Type K Thermocouple Assembly with standard plug, inconel sheath, magnesium oxide insulation, 1/8 inch diameter. Call for custom lengths. Thermocouple Plugs/Jacks Apex Instruments Temperature Plugs and Jacks feature a glass filled thermoplastic body which provides high strength at temperatures up to 218°C (425°F) as well as low moisture absorption and good dielectric constant. Rubber Bushings Installed into insert indentation of connector. Provides strain relief for thermocouple wire. Thermocouple Simulators Convenient for checking accuracy of temperature displays and controllers. Cold junction compensated, calibrates without external compensators or ice baths. This simulator source is designed for type K thermocouples and has 22 precise test points. Probes for Hand Held Thermometers M5C-22 TPK TPK-04 Click here to go to Thermocouples on the web.

59 Gas Analysis Equipment

60 Click here to go to Method 3 Orsat on the web.
Method 3 Orsat Analyzer The Orsat Analyzer Train (VSC-33), designed specifically for Method 3, is for analysis of integrated or grab bag samples collected in Tedlar® bags to determine CO2 , O2 and sometimes CO concentrations from fossil fuel emission sources. A liquid filled leveling bottle moves the integrated sample through a graduated glass burette and absorption pipettes containing absorbing reagents. The resulting changes in volume measure percent of O2 , CO2 and CO. The burette is water jacketed for temperature stability. Click here to go to Method 3 Orsat on the web.

61 Combustion Gas Analyzer
The Nova Model 375WP is designed for accuracy, reliability, ease of use and ease of service, providing a detailed analysis of flue gas composition. The 375WP uses customer replaceable sensors which respond quickly to the oxygen, CO2 and CO present in the flue gas sample. This Analyzer features customer replaceable electrochemical oxygen and CO sensors along with a solid state infra red detector for CO2. The Nova Model 375WP comes with a rugged, dust-tight and water resistant case. In operation, a built in sample pump draws in the flue gas sample through the stainless steel probe, 12 ft. sample hose, filter/condensate trap, secondary filter and flowmeter then on to the three sensors. The detected O2, CO2 and CO are displayed on LCD digital meters which have a switchable backlight for use in dark areas. The sensors do not require any special SO2 scrubbing chemicals as do some types of analyzers. Click here to go to Combustion Gas Analyzer on the web.

62 Fyrite® Gas Analyzers Combustion Efficiency & Environmental Analyzer The Bacharach ECA-450 is an easy to use industrial grade combustion efficiency and environmental analyzer. It determines the burner efficiency of furnaces, boilers and other industrial combustion equipment. The ECA-450 is EPA/ETV test verified for NOX emissions ensuring more accurate measurements. It is the ideal instrument for plant maintenance engineers, industrial boiler/furnace service technicians, energy coordinators, compliance officers and environmental auditors. Portable Combustion Analyzer The Bacharach PCA directly measures and displays flue gas O2, primary and stack temperatures, draft, differential pressure, NOX and CO. Simultaneously, the instrument calculates and displays combustion efficiency, excess air, CO2, NOX - Ref. O2 and CO air free. The large display shows eight different values simultaneously with a backlight. Click here for complete line of Gas Analyzers on the web

63 Gas Sampling Equipment

64 VOST and Method 6 Type Source Sampler Console
The MC623 Source Sampler Console (MC-623) is applicable for the following US EPA Methods: 4, 6, 11, 18, 26, VOST, Methods 0030 and 0031 and many other methods requiring accurate volume measurement of low sample rates, 0.3 to 4 liters per minute. The console features a small lightweight dry gas meter which has been fitted with an optical encoder and resettable digital volume totalizer. The internal diaphragm pump is corrosion resistant and rated for up to 6 liters per minute free flow. The gas meter and up to five remote temperatures are measured with type K thermocouples and displayed with a digital temperature display (LED). Three digital temperature controllers are standard for accurately maintaining probe, filter temperatures and auxiliary heater temperature when applicable. The source sampler console is housed in a sturdy lightweight vented aluminum cabinet which features all stainless steel hardware and three carrying handles. The console is easily serviced by simply unlatching the front panel latches and sliding out the chassis, allowing full access to all components. Standard with stainless steel fittings and quick connects. Click here to go to VOST Source Sampler Console on the web.

65 Miniature Probe Assemblies & Liners
Miniature Probe Accessories SVL #15 Cap and Seals For more information on Miniature Probe Assemblies on the web, click here.

66 VersaCase Umbilical Cables
VSB4 VersaCase Features: • Lightweight: 5.5lbs (2.5kg) • Slotted probe clamp mount for different height glassware • Handle/Monorail • Hinged removable doors • Operational with the doors closed • Umbilical support bracket • Inside cabinet: 9.5” x 12.5” x 6.75” Click here to go to VSB4 on the web. VSB4 with PC-3/4 clamp VersaCase Umbilical Cables The VersaCase Umbilical Cable (VU-o) includes four type K thermocouple extensions, 1/4 inch quick connects, sample line and three standard plug-in jacks terminating in a sturdy aluminum junction box. Standard with stainless steel fitting and quick connect. Other lengths available upon request. Click here to go to VersaCase Umbilical Cables on web.

67 Midget Glassware and Accessories (Method 6)
Midget Glass Impingers & Accessories Midget Glass Impingers Midget Glass Impingers feature unground double o-ring 24/40 taper joint and 12/5 o-ring ball joints. Bottle capacity is 40 ml. O-ring Seals Stainless Steel Adapters Pinch Clamps Midget Teflon® Impingers MGA-101 MGA-12B4 MGA-12S4 BS12 KBS-13 RC-13 MGT-1 Click here for more information on Midget Glassware.

68 Gas Sampling Kits and Accessories for VersaCase
The Method 6 Source Sampling Kit for VersaCase4 (SK-606) features our new miniature VersaCase, glass lined probe assembly, midget glassware set, sample tray, nontoxic ice packs, connecting accessories and the umbilical cable for connection to the Model 623 source sampler console. The Insulated Sample Tray with Drain Valve (MSB-1) can hold a Midget Glassware Set and two nontoxic ice packs. The ice packs allow quicker turn around between runs. At the end of the run simply remove the ice packs and drain the water before purging. Click here for Method 6 Source Sampling Kit on the web.

69 Gas Sampling Kits and Accessories for VersaCase
The Method 26 Extension Kit for VersaCase4 (SK-626) is required for modifying the Method 6 Source Sampling Kit (SK-606). The sample is passed through a pre-purged heated probe and filter into dilute sulfuric acid and dilute sodium hydroxide solutions which collect the gaseous hydrogen halides and halogens, respectively. The filter collects particulate matter including halide salts but is not routinely recovered and analyzed. The separate solutions are analyzed by ion chromatography. Click here for Method 26 Extension Kit on the web.

70 VOST Sampling Equipment
The Apex Instruments Super VOST Sampling Kit (SK-0031) includes our multifunctional VersaCase2 cabinet with newly-designed mounting panel, glass-lined probe assembly, VOST glassware with clamps, insulated coolant reservoir with submersible pump and VU-cord. The VU-cord can be used for connection directly to the Model 623 source sampler console or to Models 572 and 563 with the VUA orifice flow adapter. Click here to go to VOST Sampling Equipment on the web.

71 Tedlar® Bag Sampling Equipment
The Method 18 VacBag Sampler System (SK-M180) allows you to take an integrated gas sample, in accordance with the US EPA Method 18, by evacuating the stainless steel, airtight container that is fitted with a Tedlar® gas sampling bag. This arrangement prevents the sample from coming into contact with the sample pump and possible cross contamination. The TBE Enclosures come standard with clear Lexan® lid, a 1/4 inch valved female quick connect and a 1/4 inch male quick connect. Three different airtight stainless steel enclosures are available (4, 6 and 10 gallon). Method 18 VacBag Sampler System Tedlar® Bag Enclosures Tedlar® Bag Enclosure Accessories For heated gas bag sampling up to 150°C (300°F), Apex Instruments offers a thermostatically controlled Flexible Silicone Rubber Drum Heater and Thermal Blanket. The heater is easily attached with quick acting spring latches and the quilted thermal blanket is attached with snap buttons. Click here for Tedlar Bag Sampling Equipment on the web. Flexible Drum Heater Thermal Blanket

72 Tedlar® Gas Sampling Bags
Tedlar® bags are the bag of choice for most professionals for collecting a wide variety of gaseous compounds. Tedlar® bags are referenced for many US EPA Methods including 3, 18 and Bags fabricated from Tedlar® film are inert to most gases, resist gas permeation and can be reused for most applications after proper cleaning. They are flexible and strong but we still recommend a rigid container to ensure longer life and for convenience during transport. Tedlar® bags are fabricated from transparent 2ml. film or can be special ordered fabricated from opaque black Tedlar® for photosensitive compounds. Custom sizes available upon request. Click here for our complete line of Tedlar® Bags on the web.

73 Method 0040 Sampling Equipment
Method 0040 is designed for sampling principal organic hazardous constituents from combustion sources such as hazardous waste incinerators using Tedlar® bags. This non-isokinetic method uses either a constant or proportional sampling rate that is dependent upon the extent and variability of the emission flow rate (Method 2). The Apex Instruments Method 0040 Kit (SK-0040) utilizes our VSB2 VersaCase cabinet, glass lined probe assembly, glassware, coolant reservoir with submersible pump, bag enclosure and umbilical for connection to the Model 623 source sampler console. Click here to go to Method 0040 on the web.

74 Method 7 Nitrogen Oxides Sampling Equipment
Apex Instruments offers two different options for sampling for nitrogen oxide emissions. For Methods 7, 7A and 7B a grab sample is collected in an evacuated 2 liter flask containing a dilute solution of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide. Method 7 normally requires the collection of multiple samples at 15 minute intervals. The appropriate method specifies the analytical procedure. Sampling kits include multiple flask, sample caddy, probe assembly, valve and squeeze bulb assembly, evacuation pump, pressure sensor and transport case. Click here to go to Method 7 on the web.

75 Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEM)

76 Stack Interface Equipment
PS2 RATA Sampler RATA Console Extractive Sampling Equipment The objective of the Acid Rain Program (Part 75) is to ensure accurate accounting of pollutant emissions from affected utility boilers and turbines using Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS). These monitors are required to meet strict performance standards to demonstrate their measurement accuracy. One measure of the accuracy of a CEMS is the Relative Accuracy Test Audit, or RATA. The RATA requires three runs with three traverse points per run. Designed to meet the requirements of US EPA Guideline Document 031 for Multi-Point Probes, the Apex Instruments PS2 RATA Sampler (RS-PS2-SYS) enables simultaneous, continuous sampling of the three traverse points without having to move the probe. Click here to go to Stack Interface Equipment on the web.

77 Stack Interface Equipment
Filter Ovens The Apex Instruments POF-100 is our latest combination of a Probe/Oven/Filter Unit. The POF-100 includes a combination Probe/Oven (SBP-6/32-18), a Stainless Steel Sintered Pre-Filter (SSF-6610-P), a Filter Holder (SFA N2) and a Cable Entry Seal (CES-S4S). The Probe/Oven features an 18 inch long heated Probe with 2 inch diameter sheath capable of supporting the unit. The probe uses an easily replaceable 3/8 inch stainless steel liner. The oven features lightweight aluminum construction, a rugged 400 watt strip heater, 1/2 inch Kaowool® insulation, aluminum lined interior and stainless steel hardware. The cover easily slides off for easy connection and service. The probe and oven temperatures are regulated by externally accessible commercial grade infinite heat switches. Type K thermocouple jacks can be used for monitoring probe and oven temperature. A dual channel digital thermometer is recommended. The stainless steel sintered pre-filter with a 3/8 inch tube union features over 18 square inches of 10 micron filtering surface. Click here for Stack Interface Equipment on the web.

78 Click here to go to CEM Probe Assemblies on the web.
CEM Probes incorporate our popular heater design from our Method 5 probes so liners can be changed in seconds without ever disturbing the heater. Our separate heater tube gives more even heat distribution and isolates the electrical elements from the liner. The probe sheaths are constructed from 1 inch stainless steel tubing with a tube nut welded to the end so that you can attach a sintered filter or a bored cap. Probes are available in any length from 2 feet to 20 feet. They are manufactured to accommodate standard wattages or can be customized for hotter conditions. All CEM probe assemblies include 1 inch OD stainless steel sheath with a heater and a liner made from stainless steel, inconel, quartz or glass. Click here to go to CEM Probe Assemblies on the web.

79 Self Regulating Heated Sample Lines
The Apex Instruments Self Regulating Heated Sample Line features a core of Teflon® tubing and self regulating heating cable. The bundle is capable of maintaining a constant temperature of 150°C (300°F) at an ambient temperature of 20°C (68°F) without an optional controller. The core is insulated in a high temperature closed cell foam which is moisture retardant and will withstand incidental oil contact and will not degrade in sunlight. The bundle is then encased in a braided protective sleeve that provides protection against abrasion. The ends of the heated sample line are then sealed with a durable heat shrink material. The outer diameter of the sample line is ~2 3/8 inches. Click here to go to Self Regulating Heated Sample Lines on the web.

80 Click here for Gas Conditioners on the web.
Model 1050 Gas Conditioner (WC-1050-SS) In addition to a clean particulate free sample, most gas analyzers require a dry sample free of water vapor. This measurement is classified as dry and is expressed as parts per million dry (ppmd). Features: • Two stage thermoelectric conditioner for high water content samples • lpm • 120 or 240VAC, 50/60Hz, 400 Watts Dimensions: 14” x 12” x 11” Weight: 33 lbs. (15kg) Component parts or completely assembled packages are available to include sample pumps, condensate removal equipment, filters, flowmeters, etc., as required on mounting plates, 19 inch relay racks, or within portable or NEMA 12 cabinets. Model 510S Portable Gas Conditioner (WC-510-S) Thermoelectric drying of low volume wet gas sample streams for transportable infrared analyzers and combustion monitors. Includes: • 316SS Heat Exchange • Viton® Sample Tubing • 24 VDC Power Supply for Thermoelectric Elements • Temperature Controller set at 5°C • Integral Peristaltic Condensate Pump • Stainless Steel Case with Cooling Fan Power Requirement: • 120 or 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 100 Watts Dimensions: 9” x 11” x 6” Weight: 9 lbs. (4kg) Click here for Gas Conditioners on the web.

81 Stainless Steel Condensers
Glass Condensers Apex Instruments Condensers are designed for removing water vapor prior to analysis. Use in conjunction with the peristaltic pump (see recommended pump below) to continuously remove the condensate. Condensers are recommended to be used in a series of two or more. Click here to go to Condensers on the web.

82 Accessories

83 Dry Gas Meters Equipment Cases Fittings Teflon® Impingers
Click here for Dry Gas Meters on the web. Click here for Equipment Cases on the web. Fittings Teflon® Impingers Click here for Fittings on the web. Click here for Teflon Impingers on the web.

84 Quick Connects Tubing Pumps Manometers
Click here for Quick Connects on the web. Click here for Tubing on the web. Pumps Manometers Click here for Manometers on the web. Click here for Pumps on the web.

85 Hardware Supplies Manuals Monorails
Click here for Hardware on the web. Click here for Supplies on the web. Manuals Monorails Click here for Manuals on the web. Click here for Monorails on the web.

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