Presentation on theme: "Information Technology Key Techno-Economic Driver of 21 st Century Shri Rajeeva Ratna Shah Secretary Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion Ministry."— Presentation transcript:
Information Technology Key Techno-Economic Driver of 21 st Century Shri Rajeeva Ratna Shah Secretary Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion Ministry of Commerce & Industry Government of India
The Broadening Sphere of Information Technology INFORMATION DATA KNOWLEDGE Cognition Computation Communication
Old Economy Capitalist Society (Legacy System) New Economy Information Society (Knowledge Society) Core: Competition is the key since capital is a limited and scarce resource Core: Collaboration and sharing is the key since knowledge is inexhaustible Capital diminishes with sharing Knowledge increases with sharing Capital investments are one time and subject to low obsolescence Knowledge investments need continuous up-gradation and have high obsolescence
Knowledge of the 21 st Century STHULA-JAGAT SOOKSMA-JAGAT Macrocosm Microcosm ATOMS NANOTECH NEURONS NETWORKS BITS COMPUTERS GENES BIOTECH Building Blocks & Knowledge Tools of 21 st Century
INDIA – GIANT STRIDES IN IT SECTOR Industry size US $ 14 billion: Export US $ 12 billion 2008 target export: US $ 50 billion CAGR (5 years):exceeding 50% Job creation: a million direct jobs & indirectly 2-3 Million jobs India is hosting 62 SEI/CMM – level 5 companies, which represents more than half of world total. 250 Fortune 500 companies are sourcing software service from India 250 Software companies in India have ISO – 9000 certification.
India as an International BPO Hub Remote Delivery of Services 1.Custom Software 2.Call Centers 3.Transcription Services 4.Transaction Services 5.Engineering Design 6.Product and Process Development An Emerging $ 100-150 billion Global Outsourcing: Access to Low Cost Talent
COUNTRY ADVANTAGE LIKELY TO BE COMODITIZED Task aggregation And process level improvement 45-55 15 30-35 Country advantage (45-55% savings) Vendor advantage (30-40% savings) Original Cost base Factor Cost Savings Additional Telecom & manage- ment costs Off-shore Location cost Consoli- ation, Standar- Dization & superior skills Task Reengi neering Econo- mies of scale Process Reengine -ering New cost base Task migration Task level improvement 10060-65 10-15 8-13 5-7 3-5 Does not Include gains from Over-delivery and continuous improvement
INDIA AS AN EMERGING DESIGN SOURCE Hardware/embedded Software design emanating from MNCs in India e.g. Philips DVD video codec; Apple iPod audio codec; TI OMAP; Microsoft J#; Adobe Reader for Palm & iPaq; Intel start-up utility; Cisco IOS core components; hp-ux, OpenView kernel; Oracle Pro c components Hi-tech hardware/software product design by Indian IT companies e.g. MBIL 3 rd global optical disk manufacturer; VXL Instruments 3 rd global terminal manufacturer; HiCal supplies magnetics for global No 1 mobile handset manufacturer; ImpulseSoft possibly the first global Bluetooth wireless earphone; Manmar imaging software for Ultrasound scanners; Purple Vision signal processor;
INDIA AS AN EMERGING R&D HUB Microsoft, Intel, CISCO, DELL have major R&D centers in India – The biggest outside US Monsato - R & D base in India - first outside USA GE - T9he Jack Welch Research Center in Bangalore HP Labs India has built a Prototype that Scan Handwritten Mail through a Small Handheld Device The Daimler Chrysler Research Center in Bangalore engaged in Fundamental and Applied Research in Avionics, Simulation and Software Development Whirlpools Pune Research Lab develops Refrigerators and Air Conditioners for Asia and Australia GE Motors India Developed a Noiseless Motor for GEs Most Sophisticated Washing Machine Lines in the USA
SUPERCOMPUTING Advanced Computing High Performance Computing Cluster Computing Parallel Processing Vector Processing Synonymous to Technologies which help in achieving high computational and storage capability for Mission Critical & Grand Challenge problems in Scientific & Engineering and now in Business computing domains.
High Performance Computing (HPC) Key Technology for Self- reliance India Entered in Late 80s – Due to Export Control Significant Developments made since late 80s Strategic and Key Economic Sectoral Applications
EVOLUTION OF PARAM SUPER COMPUTERS 1 GFLOPS 199319951997 1999 PARAM 8000 PARAM 8600 PARAM 9000 PARAM Open Frame PARAM 10000 Performance Year 2000 PARAM ANANT 5 GFLOPS 10 GFLOPS 20 GFLOPS 100 GFLOPS 1000 GFLOPS 2002 PARAM PADMA 1991
PARAM Padma (Param 20K) One TF Peak Computing Power with several 100s GF Sustained Power on International Bench marks 5 TB Primary storage & 10 TB Secondary storage Interconnect @ 2.5 GBPS two way with very low latency Flexible and Scalable Program development, System Engineering and System Management tools
Applications of Supercomputing Bio technology & bio computation –Molecular Modeling –Genomic Sequencing Nano technology & nano computation Atmospherics & Oceanics Weather Forcasting Climate modeling Computational Fluid dynamics for Space Science Applications Seismic Data Processing Structural Mechanics
Future Developments IGrid – A Project to Link 8 HPC Sites Providing 10 Teraflops of Computing Power and Petabytes of Storage Computational Grids – Connecting Number of HPC Sites
Applications of Biotechnology Agricultural Biotech New crop research- transgenic crops Bio fertilizers Bio – pest control Bio – resource Development i.e. Bio-Diversity Parks Animal Biotech Vaccines for animals Acqua – culture/marine biotech Seri - biotech Medical Biotech New drug discovery- Pharmaceutical biotech Diagnostics Applications Therapeutic Applications Prophylactic biotech
Bio-informatics as a gateway to New Drug Discovery Bio-informatics has been defined as the discipline that generates computational tools, databases, methods & procedures to support genomic and post genomic research. Bio- informatics has been also described as a graceful blending of computer science and bio- technology. Bio-technology per se is experimentation in-vivo (in real life) and in-vitro (in test tubes); bio-informatics carries the experimentation a step further and makes it in- silico (in silicon / micro chip).
Stupendous size of Genomic Data Genome sequencing taken up for 100 organisms Human Genome has 3.2 billion pairs of DNA sequences Data exploding @ 5000 DNA sequences or 2 million nucleotides/day Refinement, review, reclassification and annotation of the above data Information explosion a challenge to Knowledge Management
Super computational support is required for numerous functions involved in post genomic R&D in-silico-computation and in-silico simulation In silico - drug target identification In silico - drug design (pharmaco – genomics) In silico - toxicity testing In silico modelling
The experimental (left) and computational (right) hierarchies will increasingly become codependent as the research community models greater biological complexity
Current and Expected Sustained Capability Requirements for Major Community Problem ClassSustained Capability 1999 Sustained Capability 2010 Sequence assembly> 10 12 flops10 14 flops Binary sequence comparison 10 12 flops> 10 14 flops Multiple sequence comparison 10 12 flops> 10 14 flops Gene modeling> 10 15 flops10 17 flops Phylogeny trees10 11 flops10 13 flops Protein family classification > 10 10 flops10 12 flops
IITs, CSIR Labs, DBT LabsPrivate Sector Players (a) Delhi Cluster(1)ICGEB: International Centre for Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology (2)CBT:Centre for Bio-Chem Technology (3)IIT - Delhi (4)JNU – Jawaharlal Nehru University (5)NII – National Institute of Immunology (1)Spectramind e-services (2)Nicholas Piramal (3)TCG (4)Mascon Global Ltd. (b) Calcutta Cluster (1)Bose Institute (2)ISI: Indian Statistical Institute (3)IICB: Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (4)Deptt. of Biophysics & Molecular Biology (5)Jadavpur University (6)IIT - Khargpur (1) TCG: The Chatterjee Group (c) Bangalore Cluster (1)IISc: Indian Institute of Science (2)IIT – Madras (3)Deptt. of Crystallography & Biophysics – Madras (4)Bio-informatics Centre – Madurai (1)Strand Genomics (2)Metahelix (3)Kshema Technologies (d) Hyderabad Cluster (1)CCMB: Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology (2)CDFD: Centre for DNA Fingerprinting & Diagnostics (1)Satyam Computers (2)TCS: Tata Consultancy Services (3)Shanta Biotech (e) Pune-Bombay Cluster (1)Bio-informatics Centre (2)IIT – Bombay Others (1)Avestha Gengrame (2)Syngene (3)DSQ - Software EMERGING NODEs OF DRUG DISCOVERY RELATED BIOTECH R&D
Indias Inherent Strengths High international profile of Software industry Vibrant pharmaceutical industry and rapidly emerging bio- tech industry World class network of educational and research institutions Rich Biodiversity Large population having reservoirs of valuable diagnostic and clinical data Known strengths in mathematics, logic and computational skills
Nano World Nanotechnology is concerned with the design and manufacture of molecular scale devices by manipulation and placement of individual atoms and molecules with precision on the atomic scale as opposed to the top down fabrication techniques employed in todays microelectronics technology.
Dimensions in Scale 0.1 nm 0.01 mm 10 nm 0.1 μm 100 nm 0.01 mm 10 μm 0.1 mm 100 μm 1 cm 10 mm 10 -2 m 10 -3 m 10 -4 m 10 -5 m 10 -6 m 10 -7 m 10 -8 m 10 -9 m 10 -10 m Visible spectrum 1 nm 1 μm 1000 nm 0.1 cm 1 mm Atoms of silicon spacing ~tenths of nm Head of a pin 1-2 mm Red blood cells with white cell ~2-5 m DNA ~2.5 nm width Human hair ~ 60-100 m 1 nanometer (nm) 100 nanometers The Nanoworld
Nano Scene Nano materials Nano actuators Nano sensors Nano electronics Nano systems Carbon nanotubes Dielectric and ferroelectric Materials Multifunctional polymers Bio compatible materials Scalpel, tweezers & Nano tools NEMS (Nano Electro Mechanical Systems) Nano-machines and robots Tele-surgery Drug delivery Reconfigurable Systems Artificial muscle Nano robot components Nano-and Micro-pumps Nano-and Micro-motors - Resonant Tunneling Devices - Single Electron Transistors - Quantum well structures - Memories - Logic circuits - IR Detectors - Sensors
The Importance of Large Domestic Markets: With a Billion People India is a Latent World Scale Market.
The Emerging Market: Focus of Large Firms, NGOs and Government 5-10 million, Rich PPP> $10,000, 50-60 m PPP $ 3-10,000, 150m PPP $2-3,000, 150 m PPP, $ 2000, 500 m Large Firms NGOs, Government
The Emerging Market: India Traditional and Emerging Focus 5-10 million, Rich PPP> $10,000, 50-60 m PPP $ 3-10,000, 150m PPP $2-3,000, 150 m PPP > $ 2000, 500 m Some MNCs? Local Firms Traditional MNC Business Model Future Opportunity?
The Poor Have Purchasing Power What Durables Do they Own ? SlumsChawlsOthers Average Number Owned126.96.36.199 Basic Kitchen Durables - Gas Stove - Pressure Cooker - Mixer 56 74 74 70 89 81 82 88 85 Conveniences - Fridge - Toaster - Washing Machine - Kitchen Sink - Telephone - Two Wheeler 24 1 2 3 21 0 38 2 10 8 27 4 60 18 26 31 55 13 Entertainment - TV - B/W - TV – Color - Cable (local) - 2 – in - 1 43 47 65 35 25 67 71 43 16 79 73 48
DIGITAL DIVIDE RESEARCH THEMES Bits for All Link organic, affordable information devices (and therefore people) in a cost- effective manner Tomorrows Tools Devices to connect the digital to the real world Integration of the research Allow villagers to express themselves Manage costs and finances World Computer An information technology device that can be used by anyone, irrespective of wealth, education or infrastructure availability Low cost Minimal infrastructure operations Usable by illiterates Digital Village Focus on technologies that are: –Relevant –High impact –Pervasive –Cutting edge –Cost-effective –Replicable –Scalable
PROJECTS UNDERWAY Bits for All Rural WiFi DakNet Digital Gangetic Plain Off-line Internet Access Rural VOIP Ad hoc networks Efficient networks SACs Tomorrows Tools Digital Craft Revival Digital Music Infosculpture Suchik Polysensors Complex RF Imp Analysers UV-VIS Spectrometer Powersensors ThinkCycle BRICS Semantic Legacy document Resistive interfaces Voice biometrics World Computer Rural OS Speech Interfaces Visual Language Interfaces for All Interlingua Web Literacy Learning thru Pictures Low cost computing Community Connection Grassroots ICT Digital Mandi Infothela SARI Ca:sh Rural Hisaab Mapping for the Masses Digital Village New Projects Underway
DIGITAL DIVIDE PROJECTS CONTINUED Communications Infrastructure eGovernance &Education EconomicDevelopment Health &Agriculture Communications& Content Tomorrows Tools Bits For All Interfaces, Sensors, & Tools World Computer Digital Village Applications & Services Power Sensors Gram Chitra Numeric Interfaces DakNet Rural p2p Meshes ca:sh Baatchit SARI Census Rural VOIP & VMOIP Infothela UV-VIS Spectrometer Digital Mandi Suchik Rural Fab Lab PolySensors 802.rural OS, Languages & Access Devices Multi-Literate Interfaces Rural OS 1.0 iPAQ Simputer Interlingua Web
BITS FOR ALL: 802.RURAL (AFFORDABLE RURAL COMMUNICATIONS ) DakNet Last-mile seed infrastructure Store-and-forward wireless networking for rural connectivity Mobile Access Points can be mounted on buses, mopeds… High-bandwidth (supports voice and data transmission) Pilot testing underway Last- 20 mile solutio n Anten nas, repeat ers, and multih op networ king provid e long- range broad band infrast ructur e Experi mental 802.11 b Netwo rk conne cting the Kanpu r- Luckn ow corrid or (achie ved more than 4Mb/s) Rural Multihop Ubiqui tous broad band covera ge Innova tive routin g algorit hms enable mesh peer- to- peer networ king ML Asia unique ly positio ned to lead in R&D efforts Rural p2p Meshes
TOMORROWS TOOLS: GRAM CHITRA (E-GOVERNANCE PLATFORM, NATIONAL SECURITY) Low-cost GPS/GIS platform on handheld computers empowering villagers to create local maps Applications include: –Census data collection –Educating schoolchildren on mapping –Automating land records –Epidemiological data collection for infectious diseases –Forestry management –Disaster management planning GPS.Everywhere
VALUE EXAMPLES Tests, demonstrates lower cost rural connectivity with telecom features Enables villages to receive apps, e- governance services along the rural communications wireless trunk Enables a new breed of apps, services to villages not typically connected by advanced communications Empowers village women, children to automatically create maps, collect info Enables quality state government decision- making Enables high quality census data collection from grassroots National ID card program Defence/security applications Water quality and medical extension Enables mobile data collection, monitoring & medical services in the midst of rural communities Expands coverage significantly of delivering & monitoring rural healthcare, esp to women & children Quality Information for decision-making Quick tracking of disease patterns in rural communities Rural Wi-Fi GISCA:SH AFFORDABLE RURAL COMMUNICATION – E-GOVERNANCE
DIGITAL VILLAGE: INFOTHELA (E-GOVERNANCE) Information or e-Governance Cart for providing and exchanging information Pedal driven vehicle outfitted with a PC on connected via wireless technology Pedaling charges battery pack Accommodates diagnostic equipments (e.g. blood pressure testing machine) Mobile platform for bringing ICTs directly to the user
The Dynamics of BOP Markets: 1.The Poorest Live in Highest Cost Sub Economies 2.They have Purchasing Power 3.Significant % of Poor are Geographically Concentrated 4.The Rural/Urban Economic Divide is a Myth 5.The Poor Accept New Technologies 6.There is a Significant Multiplier Effect to Infrastructure Investments among the Poor 7.Women are Key to Developing these Markets
We Need to go Beyond Quality: Scale and Geographic Scope USA, Europe, Japan S.Korea, Taiwan Finland Switzerland Local Firms Global Firms Small Domestic Market World Scale Domestic Market China India, Brazil China India
Emerging Markets as the Test Bed of Innovation: Criteria Innovative High Tech. Solutions Sustainable Development Scale of Operations New Price-Perf. Levels 800 million Indian Consumers 4500 million Global Consumers
INDIA HAS THE POTENTIAL FOR BECOMING ONE OF THE WORLDS LARGEST AND THE MOST INNOVATIVE MARKET FOR…. 1.Cement 2.Processed Food 3.Confectionary 4.Footwear 5.Textiles 6.Two Wheelers 7.TVs 8.Wireless Devices 9.Public Transportation 10.Waste Management 11. Water 12. Primary Health 13. Hospitality 14. Retailing 15. Agri Inputs 16. Desert Farming 17. Adult Education 18. Art Restoration 19. Solar Power 20. Refrigeration