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Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Fire Saf ety Training Suthanthira Selvan.

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Presentation on theme: "Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Fire Saf ety Training Suthanthira Selvan."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Fire Saf ety Training Suthanthira Selvan

3 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM The employer should implement a written fire safety policy which requires the immediate and total evacuation of employees from the workplace …and which includes an emergency action plan and fire prevention plan…

4 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM The employer should provided portable fire extinguishers… the employer shall provide an educational program to familiarize employees with general principles of fire extinguisher use and the hazards involved with incipient stage fire fighting.

5 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Where Fire Can Start ? Transformer Air conditioners Server Room Battery Charger Room Plant Room Pantry Office Car Parking

6 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Causes of Fire Faulty Electrical Equipments /Wiring Poor House Keeping Overloaded Electrical Systems Over Heating of Equipment / Servers Careless Handling of Fire Like disposal Cigarettes, Naked flames, Inflammable Materials etc. Spontaneous Combustion (Sun / Direct Heat)

7 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Fire Detection Manual- Use of senses (Sight, Hearing, Smell) Systems - Smoke Detectors, Heat Sensors

8 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Methods Beating Blanketing Use of Sand Use of Water Foam Carbon Di-Oxide Dry Chemical Powder

9 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM TRADITIONAL COMMON FIRE CLASSIFICATIONS Ordinary combustibles P aper, wood, rubber, plastics and textiles. Flammable liquids Oil, gasoline, solvents Energized circuits Electrical equipment and computers

10 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Latest Classification of Fire TYPE A (Solids) Paper, Wood, Fabric etc. TYPE B (Liquids) Petroleum Products, Paint, Oil etc. TYPE C (Gases) LPG, CNG, Hydrogen, Acetylenes, Electricity Cables, Wires, Etc. TYPE D (Metals) Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium etc

11 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Dont Use the Water to extinguish electricity cables fire, because Electrical Shock may pass through water. Dont Use the Water to extinguish Oil fire because water will go down and Oil will comes up.

12 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM OBJECTIVES: After this training you should be able to: IDENTIFY common classes of fires SELECT the proper type of extinguisher EVALUATE when it is safe to fight an early-stage fire, and; APPLY the P.A.S.S. method to operate a portable extinguisher.

13 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM UNTRAINED PEOPLE Cannot use a fire extinguisher safely because they are: UNABLE to evaluate a fire UNAWARE of DANGER due to... LACKING JUDGEMENT regarding : – Safe and correct use of, and – Limitations of portable extinguishers

14 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM WHY UNTRAINED PEOPLE Cant use a fire extinguisher safely (continued) : INEXPERIENCED Dont know about the proper type of extinguisher Dont know how to make a Fight or Flight analysis Unfamiliar with the P.A.S.S. method

15 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Portable Fire Extinguishers LIMITED IN: Capacity - 1.5 to 25 lbs. of extinguishing agent Range - Typically 3 to 15 feet Duration - Discharge their contents in only 5 to 30 seconds !

16 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Extinguisher Common features Locking pin Carrying handle / operating lever Pressure gauge Label : –Type (Water, C02, Dry Chemical) –Classification (A, B, C) –NFPA capacity Rating –Instructions Discharge nozzle or horn

17 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Remember the PASS word: 1) Keep your back to a clear escape route, 2) Stand back 6 to 8 feet from the fire, 3) Then >>: P.A.S.S. P ULL A IM S QUEEZE S WEEP

18 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM PULL the pin

19 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM AIM Aim the base of the fire

20 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM SQUEEZE the lever

21 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM SWEEP from side to side

22 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Use a portable extinguisher ONLY if the: Building is being evacuated ( Fire alarm has been pulled ) Fire Department has been called ( Dial 101) Fire is NOT spreading (small and contained) EXIT IS CLEAR (fight fire with your back to an exit ) Proper extinguisher is at hand, and... – You have been trained and know how to use it! – You use Buddy System - have someone back you up! Get assistance BEFORE trying to fight a fire!

23 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Fire Fighting Team The following fire fighting team to be set upped and trained when Fire safety training and give mock drills. Safety Team In case of fire they have to give alert to all floor, Switch off the main EB panel inform to Fire Service, EB and etc. Extinguish Team This team should attempt to extinguish the fire. Rescue Team This team should help to handicapped, Pregnant, feared employees to rescue and to check and ensure there nobody into the factory including the toilets or any interior places

24 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM In the event of a building catching fire, the speed with which the information reaches all inmates assumes paramount importance. Factors that need consideration are listed below; Fire detection must be rapid and reliable. This could be through human agency or electronic systems, such as smoke detectors or a combination of both (should one fail). Warning of fire must be given without loss of time. This could be through voice, manual alarm or electronic alarm system. Evacuation

25 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM All personnel must understand the warning. This is achieved through detailed briefing of all personnel initially and rehearsals at regular intervals. Escape routes must be clear of obstruction at all times so that evacuation takes place smoothly and without panic. This can only be achieved through good house keeping, regular maintenance, proper disposal of unwanted /waste material and regular rehearsals. The escape routes must also be unaffected by fire and smoke, as maximum casualties occur due to inhalation of smoke causing asphyxia. This can be facilitated by the correct selection of exit routes for our personnel so that they can move out rapidly into the open into the assembly area where they can breathe-in the fresh air. Evacuation

26 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM All personnel must understand the warning. This is achieved through detailed briefing of all personnel initially and rehearsals at regular intervals. Escape routes must be clear of obstruction at all times so that evacuation takes place smoothly and without panic. This can only be achieved through good house keeping, regular maintenance, proper disposal of unwanted /waste material and regular rehearsals. The escape routes must also be unaffected by fire and smoke, as maximum casualties occur due to inhalation of smoke causing asphyxia. This can be facilitated by the correct selection of exit routes for our personnel so that they can move out rapidly into the open into the assembly area where they can breathe-in the fresh air. Evacuation

27 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Ensure Regularly the following things; Fire Extinguisher should be kept in 3 feet height, Fire Extinguisher signage in Tamil and English, Fire Extinguisher operation instruction in Tamil and English near every fire extinguisher. Fire extinguisher background wall should be marked in Yellow and Block colour. Access area should not be any hindrance. One extinguisher for at least every 100 sq.ft. Space kept empty and marked beneath extinguisher All extinguisher are good working condition, Adequate fire bucket with sand and water Checklist

28 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Ensure Regularly the following things; Fire extinguisher to EB Main switch area, Server room, Diesel Storage area, etc. are mandatory Emergency exit with outside open facility, Emergency lights in all stair cases All emergency lights should be good condition Emergency exit should be kept in open and free from any obstacles. Emergency exit signage with UPS are battery backup light. Fire Alarm is good condition Etc. Checklist

29 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM HOW THEY WORK: Works by cooling. Works by cooling. Numerical rating indicates amount of agent, duration, and range of discharge on test fires. Area of Class A fire which a non-expert can extinguish, with proper training Area of Class A fire which a non-expert can extinguish, with proper training – 1-A is equivalent on Class-A fire to five liters of water. – 2-A contains has twice as much extinguishing agent.

30 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM HOW THEY WORK: Works by blanketing the fuel. Works by blanketing the fuel. Interrupts chemical reaction at fuel surface. Interrupts chemical reaction at fuel surface. Class B ratings signify the area in square feet of flammable liquid fire a unit will extinguish when used, by a trained, non-expert. Class B ratings signify the area in square feet of flammable liquid fire a unit will extinguish when used, by a trained, non-expert.

31 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM HOW THEY WORK: Class C units have no numerical rating. A Class C rating doesnt imply any capacity. Only indicates that the extinguishing agent is non-conductive, safe on energized equipment. Only indicates that the extinguishing agent is non-conductive, safe on energized equipment. Works by displacing oxygen, smothering fire.

32 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM HOW THEY WORK: Class D - Metals: potassium, sodium, aluminum, magnesium Unless you work in a laboratory or in an industry that uses these materials, it is unlikely you'll have to deal with a Class D fire. It takes special extinguishing agents (Metal-X, foam) to fight such a fire.

33 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM COMMON TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS: WATER DRY CHEMICAL CO 2 and Halon

34 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM WATER Water + CO 2 propellant ONLY for Class firesONLY for Class fires –wood / paper, etc. Spreads burning liquids ! DANGERDANGER of electric shock if used on on live circuits !

35 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM DRY CHEMICAL MULTI-PURPOSE RATED Best for general use: Reduced risk of re-ignition A 10 lb. unit empties in 8-10 secs. –Effective range of 6 ft. to 15 ft. EitherOr

36 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM C0 2 - Rated Best on burning liquids / electrical SHORT range - 3 to 8 ft. 10- pound unit empties in 5 to 10 seconds! – Use short spurts! DISPERSES QUICKLY! –Continue applying after the fire is out! Unit gets VERY cold - hold properly

37 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Halon Best for computers / electronics W eight-for-weight TWICE as effective as C0 2 No residue, easy clean-up VERY SHORT range, 3 to 6 ft. Like C0 2, Discharges QUICKLY! Like C0 2, Disperses QUICKLY! – Continue after flames are extinguished

38 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM In case of burning odor or smoke : Switch of main electricity Call 101 First! Notify Security Disconnect Equipment –Remove combustibles, if you can do so without danger to yourself Notify Floor Monitors –and Emergency Safety Coordinator

39 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM REACT upon discovery of fire or smoke R emove persons in immediate danger! E nsure doors are closed! (confine fire/smoke) A ctivate the building alarm ! C all the Fire Department ! T reat ALL fires as DANGEROUS! –Continue a complete building evacuation –Do not attempt to fight a fire UNLESS you are Fire Safety training certified in use of a fire extinguisher !

40 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM OK, Its out… Now What? WATCH the fire area –If the fire flares up again repeat! –If you cant control the fire, LEAVE immediately! Call the fire department to inspect the scene! Recharge or replace any used fire extinguisher!

41 Suthanthira Selvan, HRM Thank You. Note:- Fire can extinguish on earliest stage, All security guards should have awareness about fire fighting, Feel free H.R. department to any kind of Safety Training. -Suthanthira Selvan


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