Presentation on theme: "By: Bailey Gaddis. 1) increasing the efficiency with which structures and their sites use energy, water, and materials. (2) reducing the impact on human."— Presentation transcript:
1) increasing the efficiency with which structures and their sites use energy, water, and materials. (2) reducing the impact on human health and the environment through better siting, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and waste removal through the complete building life cycle.
high benefit lighting techniques less toxic materials energy efficient air handling systems access to natural day lighting superior indoor air quality individual control of heat, light, and ventilation landscapes designed to conserve rainwater and natural sunlight
reduction in liability insurance reduction in workers compensation cases increased market value up to 100% decreased energy costs up to 90% decreased O and M costs up to 73% overall paybacks of 2-4 years higher tenancy rates and demand
Shaved trees for building materials, instead of whole trees. This way trees are not killed for building Carpeting made from recycled materials such as tires Tile made from recycled glass Organic cotton fabrics for upholstery and accessories Sidewalks made from recycled tires (These are designed to absorb rainwater, recycle it through a pump, and use it to flush toilets, water your yard, etc.) Shaved trees for building materials, instead of whole trees. This way trees are not killed for building Carpeting made from recycled materials such as tires Tile made from recycled glass Organic cotton fabrics for upholstery and accessories Sidewalks made from recycled tires (These are designed to absorb rainwater, recycle it through a pump, and use it to flush toilets, water your yard, etc.) Walls made from the SIPS we mentioned earier concrete forms and structured foam products to withstand high winds. Adhesives, insulation, grout, and finishes with low volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or no VOCs. Water furnaces, which utilize rainwater with little to no need for fossil fuels. Sun Pipe light tubes for gathering sunlight. Hybrid lighting systems Tankless water heaters Walls made from the SIPS we mentioned earier concrete forms and structured foam products to withstand high winds. Adhesives, insulation, grout, and finishes with low volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or no VOCs. Water furnaces, which utilize rainwater with little to no need for fossil fuels. Sun Pipe light tubes for gathering sunlight. Hybrid lighting systems Tankless water heaters
Consumer Energy Study According to a www.energypulse.orgwww.energypulse.org 86% of Americans would choose one home over another based on energy efficiency. 78% of Americans who just bought property say nobody talked to them about energy efficiency. 62% of people want energy efficient dwellings. 63% say energy prices have increased enough to make them consider changing their consumption habits. According to a www.energypulse.orgwww.energypulse.org 86% of Americans would choose one home over another based on energy efficiency. 78% of Americans who just bought property say nobody talked to them about energy efficiency. 62% of people want energy efficient dwellings. 63% say energy prices have increased enough to make them consider changing their consumption habits.
Consider these facts: 25% of virgin wood is used for construction, adding to: deforestation flooding biological and cultural diversity losses. Past building construction design accounts for 40% of total energy use, adding to: local air pollution acid rain damming of rivers nuclear waste risk of global warming.
*USGBC established a point-scale rating system, detailing the standards to be followed to achieve various levels of certification. Under the LEED® 2.0 system, a commercial project is awarded up to 69 points in the categories of: 1 – Sustainable Design 2 – Water Efficiency 3 – Energy and Atmosphere 4 – Materials and Resources 5 – Indoor Air Quality 6 – Innovation. LEED Point System for Commercial Certification: Certified – 26-32 points Silver – 33-38 points Gold – 39-51 points Platinum – 52-69 points and to qualify for LEED 2009, the points will go to 100.
LEED for HOMES® promotes the transformation of the building industry towards sustainability in the residential sector, utilizing a 100¬point scale. LEED Point System for Home Certification: Certified – 45 – 54 Silver – 60 – 74 Gold – 75 – 89 Platinum – 90 – 136 Some of the criteria they evaluate for these ratings are within these eight resource categories: 1 – Innovation and design 2 – Location 3 – Sustainable sites 4 – Water Efficiency 5 – Energy and Atmosphere 6 – Materials and Resources 7 – Indoor Air Quality 8 – Awareness and Education
Health is better in green built homes and green commercial structures Less toxins in building materials combined with higher SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficient Rating) air handling systems produce better indoor air quality Student test scores are 20% higher in green schools and teachers are more engaged in their work In green hospitals, nurses make fewer mistakes and patients are released two days earlier In green office buildings, productivity is higher – absenteeism is lower In green shopping malls (using day lighting and fewer toxic finishes), retail sales are higher. According to the US Green Building Council:
* installing residential solar photovoltaic and hot water heating systems *constructing or maintaining energy efficient commercial buildings *construction of energy efficient new homes *improvements to existing homes, including installation of high-efficiency air conditioners and other energy saving equipment *installation of residential fuel cell systems *installation of fuel cells and micro turbines (for a business) Tax credits are available for many types of changes in lifestyle. Home improvements include adding insulation, replacing windows and installing certain high efficiency heating and cooling equipment.
-Carpool, walk, ride a bike, use mass transit, or work at home: If every commuter did this one day each week, wed save 5.85 billion gallons of gas and avoid creating 143 billion tons of CO2 every year. -Knowing that heating/cooling accounts for about 45% of a homes total energy use, we need to seal doors and windows and insulate well. The average home causes more pollution than our cars because of the fossil fuels burned to supply the power we need. -Unplug everything when not in use: Standby power can account for 9-10% of household energy; A television uses 25% of its energy when turned off.
-Take shorter showers: Aim for no more than five minutes. Also, using low-flow shower heads will prevent 472,630 lbs. of CO2 from entering the atmosphere nationwide. -Lighting accounts for 20% of all electricity consumed in the U.S. Use energy efficient light bulbs and fixtures, and turn off lights whenever possible. -Stop junk mail. The production of junk mail (logging, paper production, ink manufacturing, printing, shipping, etc.) consumes as much energy as 2.8 million cars annually. That represents 200 million trees killed just to create the paper equivalent to cutting down all the trees in Rocky Mt. National Park three times.
Obtaining a Larger Home Loan A HERS Report includes: Overall Rating Score of the house in its current condition Recommended energy upgrades. Estimating the cost, annual savings, and useful life of upgrades. Improved Rating Score after the installation of recommended upgrades. Estimate total energy cost for home before and after energy upgrades.
Lower Your Utility Bills Switch to Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs Compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) can be a huge energy saver. Replace some (or all) of your incandescent bulbs with fluorescents and enjoy reductions in heat production, energy use, and electric bills! Savings: Changing five of the most frequently used light bulbs in your home can save you $100 per year on electric bills! Program Your Thermostat When you are at home, keep the thermostat at 78°F or higher in the summer and 62°F or lower in the winter. Programmable thermostats allow you to program the systems to reduce output when they are not needed (e.g., when no one is home during the day, or in the evening when everyone is sleeping). Savings: Reduce your energy bill by $100 per year or more! Plug Air Leaks This simple step can go a long way toward keeping your home at the temperature you desire, saving money on heating and air conditioning bills and more. Common leaks occur around windows, doors, and other wall penetrations. Plugging those leaks with weather stripping and caulk can be a simple task for anyone! Savings: Reduce your energy bill by $100 per year or more! Tune Up Your Heating and Cooling (HVAC) System Have a checkup for your HVAC system every 2 years to make sure it is running efficiently. Be sure to clean the filter monthly during times of peak usage; a dirty filter can significantly reduce the efficiency of your HVAC. Savings: Reduce your energy bill by $100 per year or more!
Lower Your Utility Bills cont. Choose ENERGY STAR® Appliances ENERGY STAR® qualified products meet a high level of energy efficiency, which can translate into savings on electric bills. When considering the price of a new appliance, take into account not only the purchase price, but also the long-term savings associated with an energy-efficient appliance. Savings: Reduce your energy bill by $50 per appliance per year or more! Reduce Water Use Indoor: Use less water by adding aerators (available for a few dollars at your local home supply store) to your sink faucets and changing to low-flow showerheads. Outdoor: Incorporate native plants in your landscape plan and minimize high maintenance landscaping such as turf grass to conserve water while still maintaining a beautiful lawn Savings: Reduce your water bill by as much as $100 per year! Switch to Green Power Green Power is an optional utility service for customers who want to help expand the production and distribution of renewable energy technologies. With green power, you do not have to change your electricity provider. Instead, customers choose to pay a premium on their electricity bill to cover the extra cost of purchasing clean, sustainable energy. More info on green power can be found at: http://www.eere.energy. gov/greenpower/markets/index.shtml. Buying local reduces consumption of valuable natural resources. Use Low-VOC Products Improve your indoor air quality by switching to products that dont give off volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Some common low-VOC or no-VOC products include: Paint: A low-VOC paint is available from most major paint brands Cleaning products: Low-VOC cleaning alternatives are available for sale, or you can make your own with eco-friendly materials.
LOWER THE IMPACTS OF EVERYDAY LIVING Choose Green Products Buy Local Buying local produce reduces the amount of fossil fuels required for the transportation of products from other parts of the country or the world. It also reduces the amount of plastic and paper products consumed in the packaging of such far-traveling products. Use VOC-free cleaning products like baking soda, vinegar and borax. Use Wood Alternatives or FSC-certified Wood Products The type of flooring and cabinetry materials you use can have a positive effect on your health and pocketbook while reducing your environmental impacts. Consider using environmentally preferable and rapidly renewable products such as linoleum, bamboo, recycled-content tile or non-VOC carpet. Choose wood products from sustainably managed forests, such as those certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Use locally sourced products when possible to reduce carbon emissions associated with the transportation of those products. Use Rapidly Renewable Flooring Materials Now there are affordable, durable, and rich- looking flooring options made from grasses and trees that mature in roughly half of the time (or less!) than it takes hardwoods to reach market size. Bamboo, cork, and eucalyptus flooring products are a sustainable alternative to traditional hardwoods.
Carpool, Use Public Transportation, Walk or Bike When Possible Environmental responsibility does not begin and end at your doorstep; green transportation means can greatly reduce your energy expenditures and carbon emissions from your daily routine. Buy a High-efficiency Car. See the U.S. Department of Energys list of most fuel efficient cars at http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/bestworst.shtml.