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Chapter 6 The Earth. Our Earth is a very special place.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 The Earth. Our Earth is a very special place."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 The Earth

2 Our Earth is a very special place.

3 Seeds Of Life

4 Thank you liquid water!

5 Not too hot, not too cold!

6 Thank you magnetic field! The Earths magnetic field shields us from the stream of charged particles from the Sun and cosmic ray particles from space

7 Earth is the only terrestrial planet to have a significant magnetic field! To have a significant magnetic field, the planet must: 1.Be a fast rotator- Earth takes 24 hours to rotate 2.Liquid metallic interior- Earth has outer molten iron core

8 Aurora

9 Earths interior consists of a rocky mantle and an iron rich core

10 Differentiation

11 Earths surface is composed of about twelve major plates which slowly move relative to one another separation Collision of two plates forms mountains Plate Tectonics

12 The San Andreas Fault

13 Plate tectonics is driven by convective currents in Earths mantle

14 Plate tectonics produced major changes to the Earths surface over the past 200 million years Continental Drifting

15 Earth in the Future

16 What would it be like to live in Pangaea? Do you think we can learn to get along? How would it affect: politics/government travel/vacationing animal migration population country boundaries import/export

17 Composition of the Earths primitive atmosphere First atmosphere (4.4-4.6 billion years ago): hydrogen and helium Second atmosphere (4.4-4.0 billion years ago): water vapor, ammonia, and methane Third atmosphere (3.3-4.0 billion years ago): 98% carbon dioxide, 2% water vapor and nitrogen

18 Volcanic eruptions and impacts from asteroids and comets may have created our primitive atmosphere

19 Thank you bacteria! Current atmosphere (present day-3.3 billion years ago): 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen Cyanobacteria helped to produce oxygen and remove carbon dioxide

20 Thank you ozone layer! Oxygen was important for producing ozone since ozone is O 3 The ozone formed before early life could move from the oceans onto dry land The ozone protects the surface from hazardous UV radiation from the Sun

21 Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) Our Ozone is destroyed by CFCs which are chemicals produced by refrigeration, air conditioners, foam and aerosols They are very efficient at removing ozone Ozone slowly replenishes itself as it is created from sunlight and lightning

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