2 Current situation in KSA KSA Energy StrategyCurrent situation in KSACurrent generating power is only marginally above demandIn the summer the lunchtime and early evening peaks are covered using diesel generation - $6m of diesel/day ($2bn/yr)If nothing is done in 15 years all current oil production will go to the domestic market and there will be little left for exportElectricity generation is set to rise from 14GW to 30GW in the next 15 yearsConventional and sustainable energy sources are going to be used to meet this requirement.
3 Greater London has around 1.9 million accommodation units KSA Energy StrategyPower Usage1. 80% of current power generation is for buildings2. Over 50% of the total is used in the domestic sectorOver 70% of the properties have minimal or no insulationExpecting to build 1.65m accommodation units in the next “five years”Greater London has around 1.9 million accommodation units
5 KSA Energy Strategy 3 new independent power plants ($1bn) Aramco/SEC ProjectStakeholderStatusMilestonesJizan Refinery Power Plant - 2,600 mW ($1.8 bn)AramcoFEEDAward Q4 133 new independent power plants ($1bn)Aramco/SECPQEPC 2013Jubail Independent water, steam & power projectMarafiq & SadaraIPP 500 mW power plant for the steel mill ($500m)Dongbu CorpDesignPower plant and Desal plant and Yanbu Phase IIlMarafiqAL-Ghad Power and Utility Plant ($300m)Itlalat Al-GhadTenderAward Q1/13Rabigh IWSPP Expansion ($500m)RAWECStudyITB 02/13Salbukh Power Plant 1725 MW ($750m)SECITB March 2013Al-Muzahimiyah Power PlantPP13 – 1,800mW Gas Combined CyclePlan/19
6 KSA Energy Strategy Project Stakeholder Status Mile stones Rafia PP2 Gas Turbine PlaneSECPlanJezan mW Steam Turbine2012Finish 2017Ras Abu Qamis 3,600 mW Steam Turbine20114Finish 2019Ras Al Khair 3,600 mW Steam Turbine2014Finish 2020Al Rais 1,600 mW Steam Turbine2015Dibba Phase 11,600 mW Steam TurbineSouth Jeddah Phase 2 1,800 mW Steam Turbine2013Dibba 2 1,800mW HFORabigh 2 1,800 mW21 Oct
7 Strategy for Sustainable Energy KSA Energy StrategyStrategy for Sustainable EnergyFebruary last year the Ministry of Energy was formed with a mandate to legislate on the insulation levels for propertiesDr. Saleh Alawaji - Deputy Minister for ElectricityGreen building is important as it is now a major mandate of the GovernmentEnforcement for thermal efficiency is requiredPromote air conditioners efficiencyMain points:Enforcement of thermal efficiencyCreate a national energy efficiency centreRevise electricity tariff especially for industry
8 KSA Energy Strategy Project Stakeholder Status Mile stones 16 Nuclear power plants ($300bn)KACAREPlanRenewable Energy Ph1 & 2 6,650 mW ($12 bn)Fasan Island Solar project $30mSECQ2 /14 Q2/16100 mw solar power plant - Makkah4GW of geothermal and waste-to-energy17GW by 2032Dibba mW Integrated combined cycle using CSPITB April2MW solar power projectAramco
9 KSA Energy StrategyIAEA Milestones Phase 1 Considerations before a decision to launch a nuclear power programme is taken. Milestone 1 Ready to make a knowledgeable commitment to a nuclear programme Phase 2 Preparatory work for the construction of a nuclear power plant after a policy decision has been taken Milestone 2 Ready to invite bids for the first nuclear power plant Phase 3 Activities to implement the first nuclear power plant Milestone 3 Ready to commission and operate first nuclear power plant
10 KSA Energy StrategyNational positionStakeholder involvementNuclear safetySite and supporting facilitiesManagementEnvironmental protectionFunding and financingEmergency planningLegislative frameworkSecurity and physical protectionSafeguardsNuclear fuel cycleRegulatory frameworkRadioactive wasteRadiation protectionIndustrial involvementElectrical gridProcurementHuman resource development
12 KSA Energy StrategyInsulation There are 7.1 million dwellings in the Kingdom Houses and apartments use over 50% of power generation Over 10 years install externally placed insulation - SR 100bn Saving estimated last year when oil was around $80/barrel is in the order of $125 bn The issue is not about the cost of electricity but the amount of oil that could be saved is less was used.
27 KSA Energy StrategyWater Usage KSA produces only a relatively low percentage of its water from desalination and the exisiting water table has a limited life Over 70% of potable water is used for agriculture - used once and much is lost Recycling of water is currently only being considered for industrial uses Solar desalination is being considered in the GCC Controlled farming is under investigation worldwide
28 KSA Energy Strategy Future Cities Cities and buildings of the future must be efficient in water and energyPublic transportation should use energy efficient systems and provide a comprehensive serviceFood should be produced locally in purpose build facilitiesBlack water should be recycled and the days of drinking bottled water are likely to be limitted.The production, processing, packaging and delivery of foodstuffs uses over 40% of hydrocarbon productsThe price of the imported fruit in Tamimis does not reflect the actual cost on an environmental basis.
31 Personal Rapid Transport KSA Energy StrategyPersonal Rapid Transport
32 KSA Energy StrategySummaryAlthough energy is inexpensive in the Kingdom the actual cost is similar to other countriesUse of technology available today can and does save large amounts of energy around the worldFuture cities will have to move towards energy efficiency, water recycling, new forms of public transportation and food productionControlled farming will allow land to return to nature will help combat global warmingArthur C Clarke - we are moving to a currency based on the kWhr