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KSA Energy Strategy A personal view

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Presentation on theme: "KSA Energy Strategy A personal view"— Presentation transcript:

1 KSA Energy Strategy A personal view

2 Current situation in KSA
KSA Energy Strategy Current situation in KSA Current generating power is only marginally above demand In the summer the lunchtime and early evening peaks are covered using diesel generation - $6m of diesel/day ($2bn/yr) If nothing is done in 15 years all current oil production will go to the domestic market and there will be little left for export Electricity generation is set to rise from 14GW to 30GW in the next 15 years Conventional and sustainable energy sources are going to be used to meet this requirement.

3 Greater London has around 1.9 million accommodation units
KSA Energy Strategy Power Usage 1. 80% of current power generation is for buildings 2. Over 50% of the total is used in the domestic sector Over 70% of the properties have minimal or no insulation Expecting to build 1.65m accommodation units in the next “five years” Greater London has around 1.9 million accommodation units

4 KSA Energy Strategy A personal view

5 KSA Energy Strategy 3 new independent power plants ($1bn) Aramco/SEC
Project Stakeholder Status Mile stones Jizan Refinery Power Plant - 2,600 mW ($1.8 bn) Aramco FEED Award Q4 13 3 new independent power plants ($1bn) Aramco/SEC PQ EPC 2013 Jubail Independent water, steam & power project Marafiq & Sadara IPP 500 mW power plant for the steel mill ($500m) Dongbu Corp Design Power plant and Desal plant and Yanbu Phase IIl Marafiq AL-Ghad Power and Utility Plant ($300m) Itlalat Al-Ghad Tender Award Q1/13 Rabigh IWSPP Expansion ($500m) RAWEC Study ITB 02/13 Salbukh Power Plant 1725 MW ($750m) SEC ITB March 2013 Al-Muzahimiyah Power Plant PP13 – 1,800mW Gas Combined Cycle Plan /19

6 KSA Energy Strategy Project Stakeholder Status Mile stones
Rafia PP2 Gas Turbine Plane SEC Plan Jezan mW Steam Turbine 2012 Finish 2017 Ras Abu Qamis 3,600 mW Steam Turbine 20114 Finish 2019 Ras Al Khair 3,600 mW Steam Turbine 2014 Finish 2020 Al Rais 1,600 mW Steam Turbine 2015 Dibba Phase 11,600 mW Steam Turbine South Jeddah Phase 2 1,800 mW Steam Turbine 2013 Dibba 2 1,800mW HFO Rabigh 2 1,800 mW 21 Oct

7 Strategy for Sustainable Energy
KSA Energy Strategy Strategy for Sustainable Energy February last year the Ministry of Energy was formed with a mandate to legislate on the insulation levels for properties Dr. Saleh Alawaji - Deputy Minister for Electricity Green building is important as it is now a major mandate of the Government Enforcement for thermal efficiency is required Promote air conditioners efficiency Main points: Enforcement of thermal efficiency Create a national energy efficiency centre Revise electricity tariff especially for industry

8 KSA Energy Strategy Project Stakeholder Status Mile stones
16 Nuclear power plants ($300bn) KACARE Plan Renewable Energy Ph1 & 2 6,650 mW ($12 bn) Fasan Island Solar project $30m SEC Q2 /14 Q2/16 100 mw solar power plant - Makkah 4GW of geothermal and waste-to-energy 17GW by 2032 Dibba mW Integrated combined cycle using CSP ITB April 2MW solar power project Aramco

9 KSA Energy Strategy IAEA Milestones Phase 1 Considerations before a decision to launch a nuclear power programme is taken. Milestone 1 Ready to make a knowledgeable commitment to a nuclear programme Phase 2 Preparatory work for the construction of a nuclear power plant after a policy decision has been taken Milestone 2 Ready to invite bids for the first nuclear power plant Phase 3 Activities to implement the first nuclear power plant Milestone 3 Ready to commission and operate first nuclear power plant

10 KSA Energy Strategy National position Stakeholder involvement Nuclear safety Site and supporting facilities Management Environmental protection Funding and financing Emergency planning Legislative framework Security and physical protection Safeguards Nuclear fuel cycle Regulatory framework Radioactive waste Radiation protection Industrial involvement Electrical grid Procurement Human resource development

11 KSA Energy Strategy

12 KSA Energy Strategy Insulation There are 7.1 million dwellings in the Kingdom Houses and apartments use over 50% of power generation Over 10 years install externally placed insulation - SR 100bn Saving estimated last year when oil was around $80/barrel is in the order of $125 bn The issue is not about the cost of electricity but the amount of oil that could be saved is less was used.

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14 Types of Renewable Energy
KSA Energy Strategy Types of Renewable Energy Solar Hot water Photovoltaic Concentrated solar power Biomass Geothermal

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27 KSA Energy Strategy Water Usage KSA produces only a relatively low percentage of its water from desalination and the exisiting water table has a limited life Over 70% of potable water is used for agriculture - used once and much is lost Recycling of water is currently only being considered for industrial uses Solar desalination is being considered in the GCC Controlled farming is under investigation worldwide

28 KSA Energy Strategy Future Cities
Cities and buildings of the future must be efficient in water and energy Public transportation should use energy efficient systems and provide a comprehensive service Food should be produced locally in purpose build facilities Black water should be recycled and the days of drinking bottled water are likely to be limitted. The production, processing, packaging and delivery of foodstuffs uses over 40% of hydrocarbon products The price of the imported fruit in Tamimis does not reflect the actual cost on an environmental basis.

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30 KSA Energy Strategy Controlled Farming

31 Personal Rapid Transport
KSA Energy Strategy Personal Rapid Transport

32 KSA Energy Strategy Summary Although energy is inexpensive in the Kingdom the actual cost is similar to other countries Use of technology available today can and does save large amounts of energy around the world Future cities will have to move towards energy efficiency, water recycling, new forms of public transportation and food production Controlled farming will allow land to return to nature will help combat global warming Arthur C Clarke - we are moving to a currency based on the kWhr

33 KSA Energy Strategy Thank you

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