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Clark Bockelman Cole Russert James Howe

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1 Clark Bockelman Cole Russert James Howe
Plan B 4.0 Mobilizing to Save Civilization Chapter 4: Stabilizing Climate: An Energy Efficiency Revolution Clark Bockelman Cole Russert James Howe

2 Lighting Technology Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL)
75% less energy than an incandescent Lasts 10 times as long Energy saved over its lifetime is equivalent to driving a Prius from New York to San Francisco

3 Lighting Technology Light Emitting Diode (LED)
Uses 85% less energy than an incandescent Last 50 times as long LED installed at time of child’s birth will still be working when they graduate from college

4 Energy Comparison

5 Energy Efficient Appliances
Large potential for reducing electricity usage in China, United States and the European Union Small drops in electricity usage could close down multiple coal-fired plants

6 Energy Efficient Appliances
China 1980-manufactured 50,000 refrigerators 2008-manufactured 48 million refrigerators, 90 million color TV’s, 42 million clothes washers For every 100 households there are 138 TV’s, 97 washing machines, and 88 air conditioners Increased China’s electricity use by 11-fold from 1980 to 2007

7 Energy Efficient Appliances
United States 5% of total electricity usage is with appliances in standby mode Drop of just 1% could close down 17 coal-fired plants Flat screen TV’s use 4 times as much electricity as normal TV’s

8 Energy Efficient Appliances
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is putting development into reducing the power consumed by appliances when they’re not in use as a top priority Steps being taken by Japan to increase energy efficiency raised efficiency standards between 15-83% percent for various appliances

9 Zero-Carbon Buildings
Buildings (commercial/residential) account for 72% of electricity use and 38% of Carbon Dioxide emissions worldwide

10 Zero-Carbon Buildings
U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) has authority world wide on green buildings Perform Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification and rating program

11 Zero-Carbon Buildings
LEED 4 Certifications; points add up off of basic certification based on higher levels of efficiency Certified Silver Gold Platinum

12 Electrifying the Transport System
High-speed rail systems Benefit Save time and energy Reduce the need for cars Output of non-harmful emissions (1/3 emissions of a car and ¼ of a plane per passenger) Goal is to have zero emission use by using renewable electricity resources Goals to triple the amount of rail systems in China and Europe by 2020

13 Electrifying the Transport System
Japan Not a single death in over 40 years 1,360 miles of High-speed rail systems Reduces an 8 hour drive to a 2 hour train ride between Tokyo and Osaka

14 Electrifying the Transport System

15 Electrifying the Transport System
U.S. government passed an $8 billion stimulus plan in for high-speed rail systems in different sections California passed a $10 billion bond in 2008 to help build a high-speed rail system from the south to north

16 Energy Grids The lack of transmission capacity in the eastern United States is estimated to cost consumers $16 billion a year Fixing the non-efficient grid Creating a strong National grid “Smart” grid-appliances relay information between consumers and the utility companies “Smart meters” shift electricity geographically during periods of peak demand and off-peak demand Metaphorically as successful as the interstate highway system in the U.S.

17 Energy Saving Potential
Switching to more energy efficient lighting, appliances, buildings, transportation, and grids can offset 30% growth in global energy demands Switching to more efficient lighting alone would lower world electricity demands by 12% Simple way to achieve all efficiency models is to adopt a carbon tax

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