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FIRE SAFETY EDUCATIONAL MESSAGES NFPA CORRECT MESSAGING February 8, 2011 Chapel Hill, NC Presenters – NFPA EMAC Members: Ernest Grant, RN Pat Mieszala,

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Presentation on theme: "FIRE SAFETY EDUCATIONAL MESSAGES NFPA CORRECT MESSAGING February 8, 2011 Chapel Hill, NC Presenters – NFPA EMAC Members: Ernest Grant, RN Pat Mieszala,"— Presentation transcript:

1 FIRE SAFETY EDUCATIONAL MESSAGES NFPA CORRECT MESSAGING February 8, 2011 Chapel Hill, NC Presenters – NFPA EMAC Members: Ernest Grant, RN Pat Mieszala, RN

2 Overview Messaging Educational Messages Advisory Committee Directed Review of Updates Questions/Discussion Well, what do you know?

3 Quality FLSE Messaging

4 Educational Messages Advisory Committee (EMAC) Stakeholders Standardized Annual evaluation - May 2011 NFPA – Safety Information – For public educators – Educational Messages Advisory





9 Message Criteria Clear Simple Accurate Technically sound Positive

10 What do you want to know? Smoke Alarms Home Fire Sprinklers Carbon Monoxide Home Fire Escape Hotel/Motel Stop, Drop, and Roll Cooking Burns Heating Smoking Electrical Lightening Candles Matches and Lighters Outdoor Burning Medical Oxygen Portable Fire Extinguishers Portable Fire Extinguishers

11 Smoke Alarms – General – Chapter 1 Multiple locations Interconnect Ionization and Photoelectric National testing laboratory Manufacturers instructions Nuisance alarm prevention Cleaning

12 Alarm types Deaf or Hard of Hearing High-pitched sounds Smoke alarm accessory low pitched sound age groups Required and activated by the sound of the smoke alarm. Voice recorded alarms

13 Replacement Non-replaceable batteries 10 year design Low battery = replace entire smoke alarm Other battery types At least once a year Low battery = replace battery Smoke alarm replacement 10 years Sooner if do not respond properly when tested

14 Rental Units Need smoke alarms Local and state ordinances Contact landlord or property manager Do it yourself or call FD Advise landlord/property manager if not working menu

15 Home Fire Sprinklers – Chapter 2 General Tips Keeps fires small – less heat, flame and smoke/more time to escape Independent activation Fraction of water Accidents are rare Consider when remodeling

16 Home Fire Sprinklers Installation Qualified contractor Work with smoke alarms Maintenance Visual – water valve is open Nothing blocking pipes and sprinklers Water flow annually Nothing blocking spray pattern Tyco residential flush sidewall sprinkler menu

17 Carbon Monoxide – Chapter 3 Invisible, odorless, colorless gas from incomplete burning Faulty heating appliance, portable generators, water heaters, clothes dryers or cars left running in garages. Symptoms of poisoning – headache, nausea, drowsiness Can be fatal

18 CO - Installation Outside each sleeping area, on every level, interconnected, local code Manufacturers instructions Combo with smoke available – local code Recognized testing laboratory CO & Smoke alarms Know the different sounds of alarms

19 CO – Testing and Replacement Test once a month Replace as manufacturer directs Know the different sounds Low battery or CO alarm Dust or vacuum annually

20 CO – Inside the Home Professional, annual inspections Open damper No oven or stove heating Recognized testing laboratory

21 CO – Outside the Home Warming vehicle safety Outdoors and away from openings Exhaust pipe is clear Clear home exhaust vents during and after snowfall Grill safety Battery-powered lights Tents, trailers Motor homes Boats

22 CO – Portable Generators Outdoors in well-ventilated areas Away from building, doors, windows, vents, air intake Use CO alarm Manufacturers instructions

23 If Your CO Alarm Sounds Immediately move to fresh air Outdoors Open window or door Call 911 or FD from fresh air location Remain at fresh air menu

24 Home Fire Escape Planning Chapter 4 Make a home escape plan, draw it out and discuss it. Have a plan for anyone who may need assistance Two ways out of every room Emergency release devices

25 Planning, cont. How to call 9-1-1 or local emergency number Everyone can hear smoke alarm Everyone knows how to respond to smoke alarm Have a meeting place Permanent Safe distance House number – can be seen from street

26 Planning, cont. Escape ladders Teach children to escape on own Plan for those needing assistance Practice with overnight guests

27 If There Is a Fire Get out fast Smoke – second way out; get low and go Door – hot; smoke; smoke on other side Leaving people Leaving pets Trapped Close and seal door Call 911 Stay & signal

28 Practice Push smoke alarm button Practice as if there is smoke Practice different exits Close doors Get out and stay out Meeting place Practice twice a year – day and night Evaluate and discuss menu

29 Hotels/Motels – Chapter 5 Smoke alarms and fire sprinklers Ask what alarm sounds like Alarm for people who are deaf or hard of hearing Read escape plan Count doors to nearest two fire exits – check exits Keep room key nearby Leave immediately and close doors Use stairs Smoke, trapped, flashlight menu

30 SDR - Chapter 6 Stop, drop, and roll If you cannot stop, drop, and roll Lock wheeled device before getting to ground Cool Water Cover Seek medical help menu

31 Cooking – Chapter 7 Stay Alert Unattended Cooking Keep combustibles away from heat Cooking fire response Kids and pets USFA and NFPA Mitigation of Cooking Fires

32 Cooking Equipment Direct to outlet & check cords Microwaves Door not higher than face Steam Barbecue grills Charcoal grills Propane grills Turkey Fryers menu

33 Burns – Chapter 8 Teach hot things burn Prevent in the kitchen Hot tap water Anti-scald devices Water temperature Treatment of burns Cool water; cover Remove items that retain heat menu

34 Burn - 911 Bigger than injured persons palm On face, hands, feet, major joints, genital area White, tight, dry (leathery), painless Chemical or electrical

35 Burn – non-emergency medical 2 – 3 days Not healing Foul smelling, thick drainage Redness or swelling Fever menu

36 Heating – Chapter 9 Supervise children and prevent contact burns Open window for ventilation when using a fuel burning space heaters Burning in wood and pellet stoves Artificial logs in fireplaces Children and pets away from the outside vents Outdoor fire 10 feet from combustibles menu

37 Smoking – Chapter 10 Stay alert Smoke outside Never smoke in bed or around medical O2 Deep, sturdy ashtrays Not landscaping Not potted plants Extinguish with water or sand Safety check Keep smoking materials away from children USFA Mitigation of Smoking Fires menu

38 Electrical – Inside Home Chapter 11 Qualified electrician Inspected when buying, selling, or renovating Light blub safety Fuse safety Major appliance directly into wall outlet. Window air conditioners directly into wall outlet. Recognized testing laboratory menu

39 Electrical – Inside Home cont. Cords Replace when damaged Prevent damage Extension cords for temporary use Outlet safety When to call electrician Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters

40 Electrical – Outside Professional Ladders away from power lines Never touch a power line or person touching wire Report downed power lines Check before digging menu

41 Lightning – Chapter 12 Inside stay away from: Electrical equipment Plumbing Water Windows and doors Outside: Shelter – land, hard top car, building No shelter Signs of imminent strike Get small and minimize contact with ground First Aid Battery-powered lights menu

42 Candles – Chapter 13 Battery-operated Candleholder Protect flames 12 inch clearance Never leave unattended and not in bedroom Snuffer Not with medical O2 Not emergency lighting

43 Candle - Home Worship Away from window covering Do not pass lit candle Only few adults Adult supervision Candle holder/plate Snuffer menu

44 Matches and Lighters – Chapter 14 Up high and out of reach; locked Child-resistant lighters No toy-like lighters Teach children to tell a grownup menu

45 Outdoor Burning – Chapter 15 Permits, restrictions Supervise fires Supervise children Permitted open fire - 50 clearance Permitted recreational fire - 25 clearance Avoid burning on windy, dry days. Have suppression nearby menu

46 Medical Oxygen – Chapter 16 Does not burn but adds to a fire Medical oxygen increases risk of fires and burns No smoking No open flame No appliance with exposed combustion/pilot light No sparking toy menu

47 Portable Fire Extinguishers Chapter 17 Leave firefighting to fire department Trained adults only Small fires only Inspect extinguisher monthly and service annually menu

48 Resources Fact sheets Community Tool Kits Home Fire Inspections USFA & NFPA Cooking, smoking and rural fire prevention USFA Campaigns Smoke alarms, children under 5, adults over 50, and smoking fire prevention.

49 Review Why review your messages? How do you access EMAC messages? What did you learn today in the messages review? Resources Discussion Now, what do you know?

50 Questions Pat Mieszala, RN NFPA Public Education Advisor Ernest Grant, RN North Carolina Jaycee Burn Center Jan Parker, Injury Prevention Specialist, NC Dept. of Insurance – NC State Contact for NFPA Education Network

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