Presentation on theme: "Organic Compounds Organic compounds are the compounds that contain carbon they can be found in products made from living things or things that are."— Presentation transcript:
1Organic CompoundsOrganic compounds are the compounds that contain carbonthey can be found in products made from living things or things that are artificially produced.They are part the solid matter of every organism on earth.Raw materials for most manufactured organic compounds come from petroleum or crude oil.
2Many organic compounds have similar properties in terms of having melting points, boiling points, odor, electrical conductivity, and solubility.Many have low melting and low boiling pointsThey tend to have strong odorsDon’t conduct electric currentAnd don’t dissolve in water.
3BY Lily, Jorge, and Skyler Carbon CompoundsBY Lily, Jorge, and Skyler
4Carbon atoms act as the backbone of a skeleton or the molecules of these compounds. Carbon compounds include gases such as, propane; liquids such as, olive oil; and solids such as, cotton. Mixtures of compounds can be found in food, paper, and shampoo.Carbon Atoms
5organic compoundsorganic compounds are compounds that contain carbon. the term is used because scientists once thought that organic compounds could only be produced by living things. but, now scientists know that they can also be artificially produced.
6many organic compounds have similar properties in terms of melting points, boiling points, odor, electrical conductivity, and solubility.many organic compounds have low melting points and low boiling points. as a result they have strong odors.
7hydrocarbons the simplest organic compounds are hydrocarbons. a hydrocarbon is a compound that only contains hydrogen and carbon.Methane, the main gas in natural gas, and it is used to heat homesPropane
8Structure of Hydrocarbons By: Athena the awesomeCaden the greyMarleen the sparkles
9Carbon Chains A hydrocarbon may be straight, branched or ring shaped They can be straight or branched
10Structure FormulaA structure formula shows the kind, number and arrangement of atoms in a molecule.
16Double and Triple bonds Carbon can form a single or double bond with oxygenStructural formulas represent a double bond with a double dash between two elementsA triple bond is indicated by a triple dash
17Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons By Andrew MartinPenny KibbeJaquie Macias
19Saturated Hydrocarbons Saturated Hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons (molecules with only Hydrogen and Carbon Atoms) in which all bonds are single bondsIt has the maximum number of atoms in the valence fieldAll saturated hydrocarbons end in the suffixes –ane
20Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons in which at least one or more bonds are double or tripleAll unsaturated hydrocarbons end in the suffix –ene or –yne.
21Simplest unsaturated Hydrocarbon and Function The simplest unsaturated hydrocarbon with one double bond is ethene (C2H4)Fruits produce ethene gas because it helps the fruit ripen.The simplest hydrocarbon with one triple bond is ethyne (C2H2), also known as acetylene.Acetylene torches are used for welding.
23Substituted Hydrocarbons And compounds containing halogens
24Hydrocarbons contain only one carbon and one hydrogen Carbon can form stable bonds with several other elementsSubstituted hydrocarbon- atoms of other elements replace one or more hydrogen atoms in a hydrocarbonHydrocarbons include- halogen-containing compounds, alcohols, and organic acids
25One or more halogen atoms replace hydrogen atoms Halogen family includes fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodineFreon is used as a cooling liquid in refrigerators and air conditioners
27Substituted Hydrocarbons Substituted Hydrocarbons are where atoms of other elements replace one or more hydrogen atoms in a hydrocarbon.If you change on hydrocarbon it becomes a completely different compound.The carbon can bond with many other elements like oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and halogens
28Compounds Containing Halogens In some substituted hydrocarbons one or more halogens replace hydrogen atoms.Halogen family includes fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine.Freon is used as a as a cooling agent in refrigerators.
29AlcoholsAn alcohol is a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl groups.They have high boiling points and dissolve well in waterWhen a hydroxyl group is substituted for one hydrogen atom in ethane, the result is ethanol.Ethanol is produced naturally by the action of yeast or bacteria on the sugar stored in corn.
30Organic AcidsAn organic acid is a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more carboxyl groups.A carboxyl group is written as –COOHYou can find organic acids in many foods
31EstersAn ester is a compound made by chemically combining an alcohol and an organic acid.Many esters smell like fruitEsters are responsible for the smell of many fruitsSome esters are used in medicines like aspirin
33In chapter 8, our science textbook explains carbon compounds In chapter 8, our science textbook explains carbon compounds. Organic compounds are compounds that contain carbon within them. It also talks about hydrocarbon, isomers, the carboxyl group, monomers, and so on.Chapter 8 Section 2
34An ester is a compound made by chemically combining alcohol and an organic acid. Esters
35Very large molecules made of a chain of smaller molecules bonded together is a polymer. The prefix poly means “many” and mono means “one”.Polymers
36Some polymers are made by many living things Some polymers are made by many living things. Examples are sheep growing wool and cotton fibers from cotton seeds. Synthetic polymers are made in factories. Nylon or polyesters are synthetic polymers.Other Polymers