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By Colby and Brandon. Organic halides are organic compounds in which 1 or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by halogen atoms. 1-bromochlorobutane.

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Presentation on theme: "By Colby and Brandon. Organic halides are organic compounds in which 1 or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by halogen atoms. 1-bromochlorobutane."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Colby and Brandon

2 Organic halides are organic compounds in which 1 or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by halogen atoms. 1-bromochlorobutane 2-bromobutane H HH H HH H H H bc2/OrgChem/halides.html

3 Name the parent chain first (the longest chain). Then name the attachments with the correct lowest possible number. When naming the halogen attachments use the prefix with the ending o (chloro, bromo, flouro, and iodo). When naming, the prefix must be written in alphabetical order. 1-bromochlorobutane

4 Draw the parent chain first (butane). Then draw the attachments in the correct places (2-bromo). H HH H HH H H H ml

5 Addition Substitution Elimination

6 Addition reactions occur by breaking a double or triple bond and adding in halogens. Ethene Chlorine 1,2-dichloroethane ition.png

7 Substation reactions occur when the breaking of a carbon-hydrogen bond in an alkane and replacing the hydrogen atom with another atom or group of atoms and leaving a hydrogen-halogen bond. Methane + chlorine -> 1-chloromethane + Hydrochloride heat

8 An ion comes in contact with an alkyl halide to produce an alkene by removing a halide ion and a hydrogen or 2 halide ions or more. emistry_11/content/us/class11chemistry/chapter17/images/img78.gif& imgrefurl=http://www.tutorvista.com/topic/haloalkanes- reaction&usg=__wTMhephcLZWoCBW- ajeT0Afn5UU=&h=146&w=446&sz=3&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid= H387qDybz_PWvM:&tbnh=74&tbnw=221&prev=/images%3Fq%3Delimin ation%2Breaction%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1366% 26bih%3D591%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=798&vpy= 324&dur=22493&hovh=116&hovw=356&tx=39&ty=137&ei=uBCZTLPcB sT38AaZ5eUC&oei=uBCZTLPcBsT38AaZ5eUC&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=25 &ved=1t:429,r:15,s:0

9 Teflon: non-stick coatings lab and cookware DDT: insecticide (pentachlorophenol) CFC`s: coolant for air conditioners Freon: coolant used in refrigerators PCB`s: liquid for electrical transformers DDT cs/s21cm99.html posta_printable.php?num=10742

10 Agent orange (insecticide) Fire extinguishers (tetrachloromethane) PVC plastics (used in building materials) (chloroethene)

11 3_org03_ilo01/b_activity.html 3_org03_ilo01/b_activity.html Jenkins, Frank, et al. Chemistry. Scarborough Ontario: Nelson Canada, des.html des.html 093/ 093/


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