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9.2 Smog Heat Island Effect Noise Lights
Smog Dirty clouds of pollution
Industrial Smog Power plants that burn coal and oil Sulfur dioxide (SO2)
Photochemical Smog Burning gasoline Nitrogen oxides (Nox), ozone, PAN React with sun
Ozone Ground level Irritate and damage lungs Difficulty breathing Make asthma symptoms worse
PAN Peroxyacetyl nitrates Respiratory and eye irritants Cause cancer Kill plants
Ozone Levels Monitored everyday Warnings on high days
Atmospheric Ozone Good Protects earth Radiation
Catalytic Converters Eliminates car emissions Carbon monoxide (deadly) Nitrogen (make smog and acid rain; unhealthy) Hydrocarbons (generate ozone and smog)
Urban Heat Island Effect City is hotter than rural neighbors More dark surfaces to absorb / maintain heat More machines, air conditioners, heaters
Solutions to Heat Island 1.More plants and trees 2.More light surfaces
Noise Pollution Distracting, irritating, or damaging sounds Airplanes, trains Construction Loud music
Decibel (dB) Measures sound 120 dB can cause deafness
Light Pollution City lights on all night Harms nocturnal animals Cant see stars
The Atmosphere B2: Air Quality. Air Quality Air Quality – the degree to which the ambient air is pollutant-free. – Pollutant – substance in the air, water,
Air Quality 2006 Prentice Hall Science Explorer- Earth Science.
The “Big Five” Air Pollutants. Carbon Monoxide When fossil fuels and other organic fuels (e.g. wood) burn, they release water vapor and carbon dioxide.
The Atmosphere Air Quality Chapter 1 Section 2. Pollutants Harmful substances in the air, water & soil Mostly due to burning fossil fuels –Coal –Oil –Gasoline.
November Siebert Ground Level Ozone1 PHOTOCHEMICAL SMOG & OZONE.
Air Pollution Any harmful substances that can buildup in the air to unhealthy levels.
Air Pollution. Whats in the Air? Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and other gases Air pollution –Solid particles and gases that are released.
Chapter 9 Air Pollution Pollutants in the air Smog, heat, light, and noise Acid Rain Climate Change.
WHAT IS AIR POLLUTION ? *Air is the ocean we breathe. Air supplies us with oxygen which is essential for our bodies to live. Air is 99.9% nitrogen, oxygen,
Chapter 23 Air L EARNING O UTCOMES Lesson 2 Describe the causes of air pollution and sources of the following air pollutants: SO 2, CO, NO, NO 2, CH 4,
The Atmosphere Air Pollution Most air pollution is the result of burning fossil fuels……. Coal Oil Gasoline Diesel fuel.
What are the origins and environmental implications of pollutants in car exhaust gases? By Oscar Miles.
Urban Air Pollution IB syllabus: AP syllabus Ch 17, 18.
Cars, factories, smokestacks, burning forests Burning fossil fuels CO: Carbon Monoxide Forms during combustion of carbon containing materials. Problems:
Laws to Prevent and Reduce Air Pollution Unit 4. Human Input of Pollutants into Troposphere Nitrogen and Sulfur compounds released by burning fossil fuels.
Unit One: Air $100 $200 $400 $300 $400 AtmosphereAir PollutantsOzoneClimate Change $300 $200 $400 $200 $100 $500 $100.
Chapter 22 Air and Noise Pollution The Air Pollution Problem ● Harmful materials to the environment are called pollutants. ● Harmful substances.
Air Quality Section Sources of Pollution Pollutants – harmful substances in the air, water or soil. Natural sources – fires, soil erosion, dust.
Section 4-4 Air Pollution and Solutions 1.What are the causes of smog and acid rain? 2.What are the causes of indoor air pollution? 3.What is the key to.
2.2 Monitoring Air Quality and the Atmosphere GO C2Identify processes for Measuring the Quantity of Different Substances in the Environment and for Monitoring.
AIR POLLUTION ANTI-LECTURE Targets: Describe the sources of air pollution and the effects of different pollutants in the air. Explain how environmental.
Ethanol and the Environment. Reduction of Exhaust Emissions Ethanol burns cleaner and is more efficient than gasoline – reducing carbon monoxide released.
GENERAL SCIENCE MR. J. PRUSHINSKI EE 4.3: Air Pollution & Solutions.
Composition of Air: Mixture composed of 78% Nitrogen (N 2 ), 21% Oxygen (O 2 ), 0.06% Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Also contains water vapor, gaseous pollutants,
Earth’s atmosphere as seen from space Photo: NASA.
What Causes Air Pollution /08. Air 78% Nitrogen 20 % Oxygen Carbon Dioxide, Argon and water vapor.
Pollution. Air Pollution What is air pollution? …air that contains harmful substances at unhealthy levels.
Major Types of Air Pollution Environmental Science.
Pollution. What is air pollution? …air that contains harmful substances at unhealthy levels.
Air Resources & Pollution Environmental Science. Clean Air Components.
Urban Air Pollution Nada Nabulsi & Thea Tadros. Sources Particulate Matter: smoke, dirt and dust from factories, farming, and roads Ground Level Ozone.
AIR POLLUTION. Primary vs Secondary Primary pollutants: enter atmosphere directly –Ex: CO 2, NO x, SO x, Particulates and Hydrocarbons Secondary pollutants:
What do you think this means?. Learning Targets 8. Identify the causes and effects of pollution on Earth’s cycles. 9. Explain how pollution affects.
Air Pollution By: Andrew Blake. Primary Information -Measured in ppms (parts per million) -Primary pollutants are emitted directly into the air from natural.
Prepared By- SHAH RAJ SANJAYBHAI Any visible or invisible particle or gas found in the air that is not part of the original, normal composition.
REVIEW. NAME THE 6 CRITERIA AIR POLLUTANTS CARBON MONOXIDE NITROGEN OXIDES LEAD OZONE PARTICULATE MATTER SULFATES.
SMOG And its Environmental Effects. History of Smog Name comes from a mix of “Smoke” and “Fog” First observed in London during the industrial revolution.
What are the origins and environmental implications of pollutants in car exhaust gases? By Katie Dowler and Melissa WhiteBy Katie Dowler and Melissa White.
APES Get out lab – keep at table. SMOG Ch. 18 Smog Localized air pollution in urban areas, mixture of pollutants that form with interaction with sunlight.
SECTION 1.4 Human activities affect the atmosphere.
Air Pollution. The Atmosphere as a Resource Atmospheric composition: Nitrogen = 78% Oxygen = 21% Argon = 0.93% Carbon dioxide = 0.04%
Air Pollution Air pollution happens when gases and particles enter the air. Burning is the greatest source of air pollution Coal, oil and natural gas,
Urban air pollution and Acid rain. Pollutants Primary – emitted directly exhaust fumes factory chimneys Oil spills Secondary – primary reacts with substances.
What is Air Pollution? What causes Air Pollution? What does Air Pollution do to us? How should we act?
AIR and Air Pollution Atmosphere is made up of: 1. Nitrogen - 78% 2. Oxygen – 21% 3. Argon(.9%), carbon dioxide(.03%) and water vapor(.07%)
AIR and Air Pollution Health Effects A. Short-term effects reversible 1. headache 2. nausea 3. irritation to eyes, nose, & throat 4. tightness in chest.
Bell Ringer Name the four layers of the atmosphere and describe the temperature in each layer. 1. Troposphere: decreasing temp. weather 2. Stratosphere:
Air Quality Notes. Atmosphere Composition Our planet’s air is naturally composed of Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon Dioxide and water vapor When our planet has.
Keywords – Fuel, Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Water, Carbon Monoxide, Nitrous Oxide, Sulfur Dioxide Complete the following word and chemical equation: Fuel.
AIR POLLUTION CHAPTER 12. When harmful substances build up in the air it is called: ______________________________ –Air should have ________, _________,
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