Presentation on theme: "NEDO’s Energy Conservation Activities"— Presentation transcript:
1NEDO’s Energy Conservation Activities September 2, 2013Masahide ShimaDirector GeneralEnergy Conservation Technology Department,New Energy and Industrial TechnologyDevelopment Organization (NEDO), JAPANMy name is Masahide Shima and I am from NEDO, the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization.I’m very pleased to be here to participate in this seminar.Today, I would like to talk about technologies for energy conservation.As you all know, the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011 caused tremendous human suffering and structural damage in Japan.This disaster has led us and other people around the world to reconsider the importance of the energy sources that support our daily life.At the very least, we all have put greater emphasis on efforts to reduce energy use.・・・・・・・・
2Index1. Trends of Energy Consumptions in Japan 2. Energy Policy for Promoting Energy Conservation in Japan 3. Examples of NEDO‘s R&D technologies in Energy ConservationToday, I would like to introduce NEDO’s energy conservation projects in the commercial, transport and industrial sectors.Let me begin with by giving an overview of Japan’s energy consumption.
31. Trends of Energy Consumptions in Japan Japan’s Energy Conservation Trends First of all, I would like to give some background information on energy conservation in Japan. This slide shows changes in Japan’s primary energy consumption per GDP.We have steadily improved our economy’s efficiency for almost forty years as the indicator here shows. However, there still is a problem regarding Japan’s energy consumption.The problem is the total amount of gross consumption we can see in the next slide.Source: Development of Energy Conservation Policy, Law and Management Concept in Japan (Akira Ishihara, ECCJ)
4Japan’s Energy Consumption Trends Final energy consumption has increased about 1.3 times since 1973, whereas real GDP increased about 2.4 times in the same period.Industrial sector energy consumption has leveled off, but a significant increase in energy consumption has been observed in the consumer sector (commercial and residential subsectors).(Petroleum equivalent in million tons)(JPY trillion)Real GDP1973→20112.4 timesFinal energyconsumption1973→20111.3 timesTransportation1.9 timesConsumer2.5 timesIndustrial0.9 times23.3%Transportation sectorConsumer sector33.8%Energy consumption in Japan can be divided into three groups: the industrial sector, the transport sector, and the consumer sector.Energy consumption in the consumer sector has been increasing significantly, and it accounts for 33.8 percent of total energy consumption.Consequently, reducing the use of energy in this sector continues to be a key issue.Industrial sector42.8%Source: Comprehensive Energy Statistics and Annual Report on National Accounts
5Energy Policy for Promoting Energy Conservation in Japan IndustrialsectorTransport sectorCommercial subsectorResidential subsectorRegulationEnergy Conservation LawTop Runner Program of Energy Conservation LawSupportPromotion of products with a high levelof energy conservation performance(via tax system, funding and loans)Promotion of R&D for innovative energy conservation technologyPromotion of high energy efficient consumption equipment for supplying hot water and air conditioningNext, I’d like to explain about Japanese Regulation and Supports.There are regulations and support measures for the promotion of energy conservation in the industrial and transport sectors and commercial and residential subsectors.The Energy Conservation Law covers all sectors.The Top Runner Program is based on the Energy Conservation Law. It regulates all sectors except the industrial sector in order to promote energy efficiency.The Energy Conservation Law prescribes energy efficiency standards for appliances and vehicles corresponding to those of the Top Runner Program.The concept of the Top Runner Program is that standards are set higher than the best performance value for each product on the market. Standard setting takes into account technological development.NEDO supports the promotion of research and development for innovative energy conservation technology, and also supports the promotion of high energy consumption efficiency equipment for the commercial subsector.
6Outline of 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies ObjectivesIn order to achieve goals for 2030 included in the Basic Energy Plan, the 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies aims to develop energy efficiency technologies, promote the introduction and international deployment of such technologies, serve as a guideline for stimulating economic growth and realize Japan’s aspiration to be the world’s leading nation in terms of energy efficiency technologies.This strategy therefore prioritizes wide-ranging energy efficiency technologies and selects key technologies that can meaningfully contribute to Japan’s energy-saving efforts.Key technologiesIndustrial sectorResidential/Commercial subsectorsTransport sectorCross-sectorTechnologies to minimize exergy lossTechnologies to improve system energy efficiencyTechnologies to manufacture energy-saving products ZEB and ZEH Energy-saving information devices and systemsEnergy efficiency technologies to suit personal preferencesStationary fuel cells Next-generation vehiclesITSIntelligent logistics system Next-generation heat pump systemsPower electronicsNext-generation heat and power networks Next, let me introduce NEDO’s activities in the energy efficiency technology area.At present, due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, promotion of energy efficiency technologies has been prioritized along with the introduction of renewable energy.Under these circumstances, NEDO is working to undertake various energy efficient technology development projects in the industrial sector, residential/commercial subsectors, transport sector and cross-sector.This slide shows an outline of the Japan’s strategy for energy efficiency technologies.As you can see, energy efficiency technology covers a wide range of technologies.In order to promote the Japanese government’s policy toward the future and to achieve its goals, NEDO developed the 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies together with the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and prominent experts in the energy efficiency area.The strategy prioritizes a wide range of energy efficiency technologies and focuses on key technologies that can meaningfully contribute to Japan’s energy-saving efforts.From these key technologies, heat pumps, net-zero energy buildings (ZEB) and intelligent transport systems (ITS) were selected for further promotion.
7Key Technologies of 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies SectorKey technologyAssociated technologyIndustrial sectorTechnologies tominimize exergylossEnergy-saving productionInnovative iron-makingtechnologyIndustrial heat pumpsHigh-efficiency thermal powergenerationimprove systemenergy efficiencyCross-industry energy networksLaser processingmanufactureenergy-savingproducts SectorKey technologyAssociated technologyResidential/commercial sectorZEB・ZEH(Net-zeroEnergyBuilding/House)Design/planning－Exterior/building materialsHigh-insulation technology, passive energy technologyAir conditioning systemsHigh-efficiency air-conditioning technologyVentilationLightingHigh-efficiency lighting technologyHot water systemHigh-efficiency hot water supply technologyElevatorsEnergy managementEnergy management systemsCoordination with energy generationEnergy-savinginformationdevices and systemsEnergy-saving information devicesNext-generation energy-saving network communicationsTechnology to reduce standby power consumptionHigh-efficiency displaysEnergy efficiency technologies that suit personal preferencesStationary fuelcellsSectorKey technologyAssociated technologyTransport sectorNext-generationvehiclesElectric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehiclesITSTechnology to support energy efficient driving, TDM, traffic control and management technology, traffic information services, traffic information management technology, technology to mitigate traffic congestionIntelligentlogistics systemTechnology to match freight information with transportation, freight traceability technology, environmental performance measuring technologyThis table shows details for 13 key technologies of the Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies.Based on this strategy, NEDO is carrying out national projects and proposal-based R&D projects in the energy efficiency technology area.SectorKey technologyAssociated technologyCross-sectorNext-generation heat pumpsystemHeat pumps for residential/commercial buildings and factory air conditioning systems, heat pumpsfor hot water supply systems, industrial heat pumps, heat pumps for refrigerators, freezers, car air-conditioners, systemization, refrigerant-related technologiesPower electronicsWide-gap semiconductors, high-efficiency invertersNext-generation heat andpower networks Next-generation energy management systems, next-generation energy transmission and distributionnetworks, next-generation district heat networks, cogeneration, industrial fuel cells (solid oxide fuelcells), heat transport systems, heat storage systems
8Industrial Sector Key Technologies (1/4) Technologies to minimize the loss of exergy (available energy) being used in various production processesExamples:・Energy-saving production・Innovative iron-making technology・Industrial heat pumps・High-efficiency thermal powergenerationTechnologies that are expected to achieve significant energy-saving effects when used in conjunction with other technologies or new concepts (flexible heat utilization by means of heat storage, heat transportation, etc.)Examples:・Cross-industry energy networks・Laser processingTechnologies to manufacture products which are not particularly energy-saving but will offer significant energy-saving effects for manufactured productsExamples:・Ceramic manufacturing technology・Carbon fiber/composite materialmanufacturing technologyTechnologies to minimize exergy lossTechnologies to improve system energy efficiencyTechnologies to manufacture energy-saving productsThis slide shows examples of technologies in Industrial Sector.
9Residential and Commercial Sectors Key Technologies (2/4)Residential and Commercial SectorsImproving energy-saving efficiency for building frameworks and equipment in homes and buildings, and comprehensive design systems such as load control and integrated control to reduce energy consumption in homes and buildings to virtually net zero.New concepts and methods to develop energy-saving efficiency that focus on utilizing and applying different personal comfort levels and preferences, and continue to regard such differences with respect to development.Example:ZEB (Net-zero Energy Buildings)ZEH (Net-zero Energy Homes) Energy-savingThat Suits Personal Comfort and PreferencesHigh-efficiency lighting, next-generation lightingPassive buildingHigh-efficiency lighting, next-generation lightingSuper-insulated homeSuper-insulated buildingTechnologies that optimize energy-saving for residential and office environments by using control technologies and sensor technologies based on the understanding of human movement.Passive homeHome air-conditioning heat pumpZEHZEBBEMSHot-water heat pumpHigh-efficiency water heaterHot-water heat pumpHigh-efficiency water heaterBuilding air-conditioning heat pumpHEMSDeveloping energy-saving technologies for devices and equipment in order to reduce power consumption increases due to the use of IT and other equipment.Technologies that significantlyreduce primary energyconsumption by enhancingpower generation efficiencyand heat utilizationTechnology developmentEnergy-saving InformationEquipment and Systems Stationary Fuel Cells Next, this slide shows examples of technologies in Residential and Commercial Sectors.Energy-saving next-generation network communicationEnergy-saving information equipmentTechnologies to reduce standby power consumptionHigh-efficiency displaysSolid oxide fuel cell （SOFC）, Polymer electrolyte fuel cell （PEFC）
10Transport Sector Key Technologies (3/4) Next-generation Vehicles Next-generation vehicles such as electric vehicles have the potential for substantial improvement of fuel efficiency compared to conventional vehiclesExamples:・Electric vehicles・Plug-in hybrid vehicles・Fuel cell vehiclesNext-generation VehiclesIntelligent Transport Systems (ITS)Technology to promote optimization of traffic systems, including those for people, freight and vehicles, by utilizing information and communication technology and control technology.ITS also includes developing technologies aimed at reducing accidents, mitigating traffic congestion, and promoting energy-saving and environmentally friendly systems.Examples:Example of energy-saving driving support technology): platoon driving・Energy-saving driving support technology ・Transportation demand management technology (TDM)・Traffic control and management technology ・Traffic information provision and management information technology・Traffic flow mitigation technologyIntelligent Logistics◆Visualization of locations and delivery status of freight, vehicles and storage, delivery management, quality management, and storage management.◆Provide options for energy-saving methods of transportation◆Matching technologies between freight information and transportation information・System integration and unification of facilities and freight handling for transport freight and the coordination of storage facility informationTechnologies to improve energy saving efficiency and logistics by using communication technologies which coordinate and control information relating to freight, and transportation facilities for processes such as door-to-door transportation, storage, loading and unloading.This slide shows examples of technologies in Transport Sector.◆Traceability technology for actual transfer conditions◆Measuring techniques for environmental performance・Freight Information using microchips and IC tags・Location information via GPS・Visualization of energy consumption・Optimal distribution coordination ofautomobiles, railways and vesselsand node upgrades・Consolidated freight transportation via platoon driving◆Modal shift◆Node intelligence
11Cross-sector Key Technologies (4/4) Power Electronics Systems to achieve high-efficiency, low cost heat pumps and reduce greenhouse gas emission by developing systemization and innovative element technologies for heat pumps.●Systemization technologies: Technologies for utilizing unused heat, technologies for collecting and storing high-efficiency heat, technologies for streamlining low load areas, etc.●Innovative element technologies: Technologies for high-efficiency refrigeration cycles, development of new refrigerants, high-efficiency heat exchange equipment, technology for high-efficiency compressors, etc.Examples:・HPs for home, office buildings and factory air-conditioning・HPs for car air-conditioning ・Industrial use HPs ・HPs for hot water ・HPs for refrigerators, freezers, etc.Technology that supports high-efficiency electric power supply systems used in all fields and meets the soaring energy consumption demand as a result of IT development.Examples:・Wide-gap semiconductors ・High-efficiency invertersNext-generation Heat Pump SystemsPower Electronics Comprehensive energy-saving technologies, including heat networks designed for the efficient use of heat, next-generation energy management systems designed to optimize energy use within certain regions, and next-generation energy transmission and distribution networks which support the introduction of renewable energy.Examples:・Next-generation energy management systems・Next-generation energy transmissionand distribution networks・Next-generation district heating networks・Cogeneration・Industrial fuel cells （SOFC）・Heat transport systems・Heat storage systemsNext-generation Heat and Power NetworksLastly, this is the slide showing examples of technologies in Cross-sector.
123. Examples of NEDO‘s R&D technologies in Energy Conservation Materials and Power Application of Coated Conductors M-PACC Project ( ) SMES,Cable,Transformer and High-performance/Mass Production of C.C.As an example of our national projects, I will introduce the Materials and Power Application of Coated Conductors Project (M-PACC).This project started in fiscal year 2008 and was completed in fiscal year The annual budget for this five-year project was approximately 30 million dollars, and the total budget amounted to approximately 150 million dollars.（NEDOでの正式な英語事業名称: Technological Development of Yttrium-based Superconducting Power Equipment）Budget: Up to $30 MillionPer Year for 5 Years
13Coated conductors for mass-production (10-20km) ’ ’ ’ ’ ’ ’12SMES ProjectMaterials & Power Application ofCoated Conductors, M-PACC ProjectField TestMarketSMES usingLTS metalsuper-conductors～2MJ SMES modelfor >20MJ SMESCoatedconductorsproject2MVA transformer for 20MVA transformerY系超電導線材(1) Application environment Effect(2) High Ic in B(3) Low AC loss(4) High Jc and mechanical strength(5) Low cost and high yieldYBCO tape66kV-5kA, 275kV-3kA cableIn order to establish a stable and efficient power supply system that can serve as a foundation for civil infrastructure, it is essential to develop technologies to properly control power grid system operation, supply stable power and ensure a highly efficient transmission of power to avoid power loss during transmission.To this end, NEDO has leveraged Japan’s cutting-edge superconducting technology and expertise to develop compact, high-capacity superconducting power equipment using an yttrium-based high-temperature superconducting material containing rare earth metal oxides.The purpose of this research and development was to assess the prospects for practical application of superconducting power cables, transformers and magnetic energy storage devices as next-generation power equipment by using practically available yttrium-based superconducting material. The technology development of such power equipment for early practical application and industrial adoption is expected to greatly contribute to building an even more stable and efficient power supply system that can provide the power that is essential for economic growth.Research and development activities were divided into four themes: superconducting magnetic energy storage systems, or SMES; superconducting transformers; superconducting cable; and yttrium-based superconductor.Coated conductors for mass-production (10-20km)Preliminarywork forapplications
14M-PACC Project: 2008–2012 Project Leader Yuh SHIOHARA JFCC JFCC SMESNagaya SPLCableFujiwara/Ohkuma SPLTransformerHayashi SPLC.C.Izumi SPLStandardi-zation JFCC JFCC JFCCThis slide outlines the implementation scheme of the project.Under the leadership of Dr. Yuh Shiohara, Director General of the Superconductivity Research Laboratory, the research and development division of the International Superconductivity Technology Center (ISTEC), activities were carried out by an industry-academia consortium formed for each theme.CollaboratingUniversities &Research LabsKyushu Univ. Nagoya Univ. Kyoto Univ. Waseda Univ. Kagoshima Univ. Iwate Univ. Osaka Univ. Tohoku Univ. LANL1414
15Underground transformer Conceptual View of Electric Grid System with Superconducting Power Devices for a Stable and Large Capacity Electric Power Supply－ SMES, Cable and Transformer －Solution for voltage deviation and step-out of power generator by controlling active power１．Stabilization of electric power system ＳＭＥＳCooling towerCooling devices2. Superconducting cableA conceptual future image of the transmission system applied on the project results is shown here.By leveraging the characteristics of superconductivity, one underground superconducting cable is capable of transmitting power three times more capacity than a conventional XLPE cable, thereby significantly decreasing the installation cost and reducing transmission loss by one-half.Moreover, the size and weight of a superconducting transformer have been reduced by two-thirds and one-half respectively. At the same time, transmission loss is reduced by one-third.Superconducting magnetic energy storage devices are capable of storing considerable energy by utilizing superconductivity’s characteristic of zero electrical resistance.Duct retrofittingCu transformerDuct3. SuperconductingtransformerCu CV cable500 MW/circuitSC cable1500 MW/circuitWeight：1/2Area：2/3Loss：1/3Plus: Fault currentlimiting and nonflammable3timesCapacityUnderground transformer
16Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies Based mainly on the 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies, the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) is promoting seamless development of key technologies that are expected to achieve significant energy-saving effects following their commercialization. (FY2013 budget： 9 billion yen (about 90 million US dollar)The goal of this energy conservation program is to reduce Japan’s energy consumption by 10 million kl crude oil equivalent by 2030.By introducing a stage gate evaluation system, each technology development plan will focus on achieving energy conservation targets.Selection of Key TechnologiesResearch and DevelopmentResearch and Investigation of Energy Efficiency Technologies ●Search for technology seeds● Consideration of development themesDevelopment of Energy Efficiency Technologies ● Evaluation for selection, stage gate evaluationNext, I would like to introduce NEDO’s Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies.The government is currently reviewing Japan’s energy policy based on the experience of the Great East Japan Earthquake.The promotion of energy conservation continues to be an important challenge, and how to effectively conduct energy conservation-related activities is being discussed by the Energy and Environmental Council.NEDO’s Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies is designed to help establish an energy-saving economic society and contribute to the enhancement of Japan’s industrial competitiveness.More specifically, the program supports the development of technologies included in the 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies as key technologies and are expected to achieve significant energy-saving effects.The characteristics of the program are as follows:Setting technology development phases to manage relevant risks.-Requiring corporate participation and providing subsidies for each phase in order to promote technological development having potential for commercialization.-Fully funding joint research activities by universities and enterprises in order to facilitate the cooperation of industry and academia-Striving for goals by using a stage gate evaluation system and providing comprehensive support for promising themesThe program budget for fiscal year 2013 is approximately 9 billion yen, which is about 12.2 billion Sri Lankan rupees.Activities can start from the incubation, practical application or demonstration phase. Activities that start in the incubation phase must at least plan to move on to the practical application phase.The stage gate evaluation system includes evaluations by external experts.COMERIALZTNEVALUTIONStrategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies（13 key technologies）EVALEVALIncubationphase（up to 2/3 of subsidy rate）Practical applicationphase（up to 2/3 of subsidy rate） Demonstrationphase （up to 1/2 of subsidy rate）EVALThemeConsortiums based on technology areasPower electronicsZEB××Next-generation heatand power networksNext-generationHP systemsWithin1 yearGenerally within 2 yearsGenerally within 2 years
17Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (1/2) Example of Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies ProjectSmall Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (1/2)Entrusted company: Kobe Steel, Ltd.Project period:(1) FY2001-FY2003: Preparatory research phase(2) FY2004-FY2006: Scheme for Strategic Development of Energy Conservation Technology Project/Practical ApplicationDevelopment of a Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation SystemAWARDS2009 NIKKEI BP Japan Innovators Award2008 JSME Medal for New Technology2008 The 5th Eco-Products AwardsJapan’s industrial technologygrand prize "Prime Minister's Prize"2008 JMF Excellent Energy SavingMachine（Agency for NaturalResources and Energy）Secondary effects◎ The system is being used at various facilities, including energy companies, food companies, waste disposal sites and hospitals. Multiple systems can be installed in response to load changes.◎ Air compressors using the same system have also beendeveloped.Micro Screw Expander Steam GeneratorThis slide shows an example of a Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies project. The project was carried out to develop a small once-through boiler power generation system.NEDO entrusted its work related to this project to Kobe Steel Limited. Preparatory research and research for practical application were carried out from 2001 to 2003 and from 2004 to 2006 respectively.Steam is used for various purposes at factories and other facilities. Steam used in manufacturing processes is normally depressurized to appropriate pressure levels by pressure reducing valves. However, pressure energy released in the depressurizing process is not utilized.Steam generators are attracting attention as an effective way to recycle pressure energy.Kobe Steel Limited started preparatory research in 2001 and research for practical application in 2004.Through NEDO’s project, a micro screw expander steam generator named “Steam Star” was put on the market in June 2007.This generator uses steam produced from a small once-through boiler to generate electricity, a process which was thought to be difficult to put into practice.Steam Star has received many awards, and 76 units were in operation as of September 2012.
18Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (2/2) Example of Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies ProjectSmall Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (2/2)Before InstallationAfter InstallationPressure is depressed and 160 kW is generated.Pressure is only depressed.Boiler160Pressure valveTo process160 kWEnergy SavingPre-system installation and post-system installation of the generator are illustrated here.As I have already explained, steam is depressurized to appropriate pressure levels by pressure reducing valves in order to be used in manufacturing processes such as heating, distilling, drying and sterilizing. However, pressure energy released in the depressurizing process is not utilized. As a result, steam generators have been developed to generate electricity by effectively recycling the untapped pressure energy.The steam generators are equipped with screws that can rotate by a small amount of low-pressure steam.A maximum power output of 160 kW has been achieved from steam at about 10 atmospheres.Background and technology overview● Steam is depressurized to appropriate pressure levels by pressure reducing valves in order to be used in manufacturing processes such as heating, distilling, drying and sterilizing. However, pressure energy released in the depressurizing process is not utilized. Steam generators have been developed to generate electricity by effectively recycling the untapped pressure energy.● Steam generators are equipped with screws that can rotate by a small amount of low-pressure steam. A maximum power output of 160 kW has been achieved from steam at about 10 atmospheres.
19Thank you for your kind attention. Today I gave you an overview of Japan’s energy consumption trends and the government’s energy policy for promoting energy conservation. I also introduced NEDO’s R&D on energy conservation technologies and provided examples of our projects. As I mentioned, NEDO conducts R&D management of advanced energy conservation technologies and endeavors to widely disseminate them.Thank you for your attention and listening to my presentation.