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NEDOs Energy Conservation Activities September 2, 2013 Masahide Shima Director General Energy Conservation Technology Department, New Energy and Industrial.

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Presentation on theme: "NEDOs Energy Conservation Activities September 2, 2013 Masahide Shima Director General Energy Conservation Technology Department, New Energy and Industrial."— Presentation transcript:

1 NEDOs Energy Conservation Activities September 2, 2013 Masahide Shima Director General Energy Conservation Technology Department, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), JAPAN

2 Index 1. Trends of Energy Consumptions in Japan 2. Energy Policy for Promoting Energy Conservation in Japan 3. Examples of NEDOs R&D technologies in Energy Conservation 2

3 1. Trends of Energy Consumptions in Japan Japans Energy Conservation Trends Source: Development of Energy Conservation Policy, Law and Management Concept in Japan (Akira Ishihara, ECCJ) 3

4 Japans Energy Consumption Trends Final energy consumption has increased about 1.3 times since 1973, whereas real GDP increased about 2.4 times in the same period. Industrial sector energy consumption has leveled off, but a significant increase in energy consumption has been observed in the consumer sector (commercial and residential subsectors). Source: Comprehensive Energy Statistics and Annual Report on National Accounts (Petroleum equivalent in million tons) Transportation sector Consumer sector Industrial sector (JPY trillion) Final energy consumption times Transportation times Consumer times Industrial times 23.3% 33.8% 42.8% Real GDP times Real GDP times 4

5 Energy Policy for Promoting Energy Conservation in Japan 5 Industrial sector Transport sector Commercial subsector Residential subsector Regulation Energy Conservation Law Top Runner Program of Energy Conservation Law Support Promotion of products with a high level of energy conservation performance (via tax system, funding and loans) Promotion of R&D for innovative energy conservation technology Promotion of high energy efficient consumption equipment for supplying hot water and air conditioning 2. Energy Policy for Promoting Energy Conservation in Japan

6 Key technologies Industrial sector Residential/ Commercial subsectors Residential/ Commercial subsectors Transport sector Cross-sector Technologies to minimize exergy loss Technologies to improve system energy efficiency Technologies to manufacture energy-saving products ZEB and ZEH Energy-saving information devices and systems Energy efficiency technologies to suit personal preferences Stationary fuel cells Next-generation vehicles ITS Intelligent logistics system Next-generation heat pump systems Power electronics Next-generation heat and power networks Outline of 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies In order to achieve goals for 2030 included in the Basic Energy Plan, the 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies aims to develop energy efficiency technologies, promote the introduction and international deployment of such technologies, serve as a guideline for stimulating economic growth and realize Japans aspiration to be the worlds leading nation in terms of energy efficiency technologies. This strategy therefore prioritizes wide-ranging energy efficiency technologies and selects key technologies that can meaningfully contribute to Japans energy-saving efforts. Objectives

7 Key Technologies of 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies Sector Key technologyAssociated technology Industrial sector Technologies to minimize exergy loss Energy-saving production Innovative iron-making technology Industrial heat pumps High-efficiency thermal power generation Technologies to improve system energy efficiency Cross-industry energy networks Laser processing Technologies to manufacture energy-saving products Sector Key technology Associated technology Residential /commercial sector ZEB ZEH (Net-zero Energy Building/House) Design/ planning Exterior/ building materials High-insulation technology, passive energy technology Air conditioning systems High-efficiency air- conditioning technology Ventilation Lighting High-efficiency lighting technology Hot water system High-efficiency hot water supply technology Elevators Energy management Energy management systems Coordination with energy generation Energy-saving information devices and systems Energy-saving information devices Next-generation energy-saving network communications Technology to reduce standby power consumption High-efficiency displays Energy efficiency technologies that suit personal preferences Stationary fuel cells SectorKey technologyAssociated technology Transport sector Next-generation vehicles Electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles ITS Technology to support energy efficient driving, TDM, traffic control and management technology, traffic information services, traffic information management technology, technology to mitigate traffic congestion Intelligent logistics system Technology to match freight information with transportation, freight traceability technology, environmental performance measuring technology SectorKey technologyAssociated technology Cross-sector Next-generation heat pump system Heat pumps for residential/commercial buildings and factory air conditioning systems, heat pumps for hot water supply systems, industrial heat pumps, heat pumps for refrigerators, freezers, car air- conditioners, systemization, refrigerant-related technologies Power electronics Wide-gap semiconductors, high-efficiency inverters Next-generation heat and power networks Next-generation energy management systems, next-generation energy transmission and distribution networks, next-generation district heat networks, cogeneration, industrial fuel cells (solid oxide fuel cells), heat transport systems, heat storage systems

8 Technologies that are expected to achieve significant energy-saving effects when used in conjunction with other technologies or new concepts (flexible heat utilization by means of heat storage, heat transportation, etc.) Examples: Cross-industry energy networks Laser processing Technologies to manufacture products which are not particularly energy- saving but will offer significant energy- saving effects for manufactured products Examples: Ceramic manufacturing technology Carbon fiber/composite material manufacturing technology Technologies to minimize the loss of exergy (available energy) being used in various production processes Examples: Energy-saving production Innovative iron-making technology Industrial heat pumps High-efficiency thermal power generation Technologies to minimize exergy loss Technologies to improve system energy efficiency Technologies to manufacture energy-saving products Industrial Sector Key Technologies (1/4) 8

9 Improving energy-saving efficiency for building frameworks and equipment in homes and buildings, and comprehensive design systems such as load control and integrated control to reduce energy consumption in homes and buildings to virtually net zero. ZEB (Net-zero Energy Buildings) ZEH (Net-zero Energy Homes) ZEB (Net-zero Energy Buildings) ZEH (Net-zero Energy Homes) Developing energy-saving technologies for devices and equipment in order to reduce power consumption increases due to the use of IT and other equipment. Energy-saving Information Equipment and Systems Energy-saving Information Equipment and Systems New concepts and methods to develop energy-saving efficiency that focus on utilizing and applying different personal comfort levels and preferences, and continue to regard such differences with respect to development. Example: Energy-saving That Suits Personal Comfort and Preferences Energy-saving That Suits Personal Comfort and Preferences Technologies that significantly reduce primary energy consumption by enhancing power generation efficiency and heat utilization Technology development Stationary Fuel Cells Residential and Commercial Sectors Solid oxide fuel cell SOFC, Polymer electrolyte fuel cell PEFC Energy-saving next-generation network communication Energy-saving information equipment Technologies to reduce standby power consumption High-efficiency displays Technologies that optimize energy-saving for residential and office environments by using control technologies and sensor technologies based on the understanding of human movement. Super-insulated home High-efficiency lighting, next- generation lighting Home air- conditioning heat pump Hot-water heat pump High-efficiency water heater HEMS Passive home Super-insulated building Passive building High-efficiency lighting, next- generation lighting Building air-conditioning heat pump Hot-water heat pump High-efficiency water heater BEMS ZEH ZEB Key Technologies (2/4) 9

10 Next-generation vehicles such as electric vehicles have the potential for substantial improvement of fuel efficiency compared to conventional vehicles Examples: Electric vehicles Plug-in hybrid vehicles Fuel cell vehicles Next-generation Vehicles Intelligent Logistics Transport Sector Visualization of locations and delivery status of freight, vehicles and storage, delivery management, quality management, and storage management. Provide options for energy-saving methods of transportation Matching technologies between freight information and transportation information Traceability technology for actual transfer conditions Measuring techniques for environmental performance Modal shift Node intelligence System integration and unification of facilities and freight handling for transport freight and the coordination of storage facility information Freight Information using microchips and IC tags Location information via GPS Visualization of energy consumption Optimal distribution coordination of automobiles, railways and vessels and node upgrades Consolidated freight transportation via platoon driving Technologies to improve energy saving efficiency and logistics by using communication technologies which coordinate and control information relating to freight, and transportation facilities for processes such as door-to-door transportation, storage, loading and unloading. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Technology to promote optimization of traffic systems, including those for people, freight and vehicles, by utilizing information and communication technology and control technology. ITS also includes developing technologies aimed at reducing accidents, mitigating traffic congestion, and promoting energy- saving and environmentally friendly systems. Examples: Energy-saving driving support technology Transportation demand management technology (TDM) Traffic control and management technology Traffic information provision and management information technology Traffic flow mitigation technology Example of energy-saving driving support technology): platoon driving Key Technologies (3/4) 10

11 Comprehensive energy-saving technologies, including heat networks designed for the efficient use of heat, next-generation energy management systems designed to optimize energy use within certain regions, and next- generation energy transmission and distribution networks which support the introduction of renewable energy. Examples: Next-generation energy management systems Next-generation energy transmission and distribution networks Next-generation district heating networks Cogeneration Industrial fuel cells SOFC Heat transport systems Heat storage systems Technology that supports high-efficiency electric power supply systems used in all fields and meets the soaring energy consumption demand as a result of IT development. Examples: Wide-gap semiconductors High-efficiency inverters Systems to achieve high-efficiency, low cost heat pumps and reduce greenhouse gas emission by developing systemization and innovative element technologies for heat pumps. Systemization technologies: Technologies for utilizing unused heat, technologies for collecting and storing high- efficiency heat, technologies for streamlining low load areas, etc. Innovative element technologies: Technologies for high- efficiency refrigeration cycles, development of new refrigerants, high-efficiency heat exchange equipment, technology for high-efficiency compressors, etc. Examples: HPs for home, office buildings and factory air-conditioning HPs for car air-conditioning Industrial use HPs HPs for hot water HPs for refrigerators, freezers, etc. Next-generation Heat Pump Systems Power Electronics Next-generation Heat and Power Networks Cross-sector Key Technologies (4/4) 11

12 Materials and Power Application of Coated Conductors M-PACC Project ( ) SMES,Cable,Transformer and High- performance/Mass Production of C.C. Budget: Up to $30 Million Per Year for 5 Years 3. Examples of NEDOs R&D technologies in Energy Conservation

13 Materials & Power Application of Coated Conductors, M-PACC Project SMES Project SMES using LTS metal super- conductors YBCO tape Y 2MJ SMES model for >20MJ SMES Coated conductors project Preliminary work for applications 2MVA transformer for 20MVA transformer 66kV-5kA, 275kV-3kA cable Coated conductors for mass-production (10-20km) Field Test Market (1) Application environment Effect (2) High I c in B (3) Low AC loss (4) High J c and mechanical strength (5) Low cost and high yield

14 M-PACC Project: 2008 – 2012 Project Leader Yuh SHIOHARA SMES Nagaya SPL Cable Fujiwara/ Ohkuma SPL Transformer Hayashi SPL JFCC C.C. Izumi SPL JFCC Standardi- zation Collaborating Universities & Research Labs Kyushu Univ. Nagoya Univ. Kyoto Univ. Waseda Univ. Kagoshima Univ. Iwate Univ. Osaka Univ. Tohoku Univ. LANL 14 JFCC

15 Undergroun d transformer Cu transformer Cooling tower Cooling devices Cu CV cable 500 MW/circuit SC cable 1500 MW/circuit 3times Capacity Weight 1/2 Area 2/3 Loss 1/3 Plus: Fault current limiting and nonflammable Solution for voltage deviation and step-out of power generator by controlling active power Conceptual View of Electric Grid System with Superconducting Power Devices for a Stable and Large Capacity Electric Power Supply SMES, Cable and Transformer Duct retrofitting 2. Superconducting cable Stabilization of electric power system Duct 3. Superconducting transformer

16 Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies Based mainly on the 2011 Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies, the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) is promoting seamless development of key technologies that are expected to achieve significant energy-saving effects following their commercialization. (FY2013 budget 9 billion yen (about 90 million US dollar) The goal of this energy conservation program is to reduce Japans energy consumption by 10 million kl crude oil equivalent by By introducing a stage gate evaluation system, each technology development plan will focus on achieving energy conservation targets. Development of Energy Efficiency Technologies Evaluation for selection, stage gate evaluation Development of Energy Efficiency Technologies Evaluation for selection, stage gate evaluation Research and Investigation of Energy Efficiency Technologies Search for technology seeds Consideration of development themes Incubation phase up to 2/3 of subsidy rate Incubation phase up to 2/3 of subsidy rate Demonstration phase up to 1/2 of subsidy rate Demonstration phase up to 1/2 of subsidy rate Practical application phase up to 2/3 of subsidy rate Practical application phase up to 2/3 of subsidy rate EVALEVAL × EVALUATIONEVALUATION Within 1 year Within 1 year Generally within 2 years Consortiums based on technology areas Selection of Key Technologies Power electronics ZEB Next-generation HP systems Next-generation HP systems Research and Development × Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies 13 key technologies Strategy for Energy Efficiency Technologies 13 key technologies Next-generation heat and power networks Next-generation heat and power networks EVALEVAL EVALEVAL COMMERCIALIZATIONCOMMERCIALIZATION Theme

17 Micro Screw Expander Steam Generator Example of Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies Project Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (1/2) Example of Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies Project Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (1/2) Entrusted company: Kobe Steel, Ltd. Project period: (1) FY2001-FY2003: Preparatory research phase (2) FY2004-FY2006: Scheme for Strategic Development of Energy Conservation Technology Project/Practical Application Development of a Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System Entrusted company: Kobe Steel, Ltd. Project period: (1) FY2001-FY2003: Preparatory research phase (2) FY2004-FY2006: Scheme for Strategic Development of Energy Conservation Technology Project/Practical Application Development of a Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System AWARDS 2009 NIKKEI BP Japan Innovators Award 2008 JSME Medal for New Technology 2008 The 5th Eco-Products Awards 2008 Japan s industrial technology grand prize " Prime Minister's Prize " 2008 JMF Excellent Energy Saving Machine Agency for Natural Resources and Energy Secondary effects The system is being used at various facilities, including energy companies, food companies, waste disposal sites and hospitals. Multiple systems can be installed in response to load changes. Air compressors using the same system have also been developed.

18 Before Installation After Installation Pressure is depressed and 160 kW is generated. Pressure is only depressed. Boiler 160 Pressure valve To process 160 kW Energy Saving Background and technology overview Steam is depressurized to appropriate pressure levels by pressure reducing valves in order to be used in manufacturing processes such as heating, distilling, drying and sterilizing. However, pressure energy released in the depressurizing process is not utilized. Steam generators have been developed to generate electricity by effectively recycling the untapped pressure energy. Steam generators are equipped with screws that can rotate by a small amount of low-pressure steam. A maximum power output of 160 kW has been achieved from steam at about 10 atmospheres. Example of Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies Project Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (2/2) Example of Strategic Innovation Program for Energy Efficiency Technologies Project Small Once-through Boiler Power Generation System (2/2)

19 19 Thank you for your kind attention.


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