Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Overview of tendencies on efficiency and refrigerants

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Overview of tendencies on efficiency and refrigerants"— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of tendencies on efficiency and refrigerants
UBF/ACA 11/10/2013

2 20% 20% 20% Less primary energy Less CO2 emissions Share renewables
Jan. ’08 – commission “climate action and renewable energy package” 20% 20% 20% Less primary energy Less CO2 emissions Share renewables Revision of Energy performance of Buildings directive Development criteria for Energy related products: water heaters, boilers, air conditioners, windows,… Revision of Energy labels Ecolabel : the EU ecoflower Energy Service Directive Regulation on fluorinated greenhouse gases (F gas regulation) the Renewable Energy Source directive, incl. aerothermal, hydrothermal & geothermal energy

3 Reduce environmental impact of products based in life cycle assessment
What is Ecodesign? Reduce environmental impact of products based in life cycle assessment For each product group LOW Energy label Environmental impact Minimum requirements HIGH BAN

4 Framework directive 2009/125/EC
Which products? Framework directive 2009/125/EC DG Energy (ENER) DG Enterprise (ENTR) 1. boilers 12. comm. Refriger. 23. Hobs & grills ENTR 1 refrigeration 2. waterheaters 13. dom. Refriger 24. prof.washing machines, dryers, dishwashers ENTR 2 transformers 3. PC 14. dishwashers 25. Non tertiary coffee mach. ENTR 3. sound and imaging equipment 4. copiers 15. Fossil fuel burner 26. Networked stand by loss ENTR 4. furnaces and ovens 5. TV, … 16. Laundry driers 27. Uninterruptable power supply ENTR 5. machine tools 6. Stand by loss 17. Vacuum cleaners 28. pumps ENTR 6 airco & ventilation 7. Battery charger 18. Set top boxes 29. Pumps for fountains, ponds 8. Office lights 19. Domestic lighting 30. Motors and drives 9. Street lights 20. Local room heating prod. 31. compressors 10.Airconditioner<12kW 21. Central heat. prod hot air 11. motors, fans,.. 22. ovens

5 Applicable to HVACR industry
1. boilers 2. waterheaters 10.Airconditioner<12kW 11. motors, fans,.. 6/10 ventilation 12. comm. Refriger. 21. Central heat. prod hot air 31. compressors 6/21 airconditioners HT process chillers ENTR 1 refrigeration Split up and merged ENTR 6 airco & ventilation

6 Expected timing (tentative)
vote Publication OJ Implementation Expected timing (tentative) 2011 2013 2015 2017 ENER Lot 10 ENER Lot 11 ENER Lot 1 ENER Lot 2 ENTR Lot 1 ? ENTR Lot 6/21 ENTR lot 6/10 ? ENER lot 31 ?

7 Ecodesign & Energy label
ENER lot 10: airconditioners  12 kW cooling capacity Ecodesign & Energy label

8 General overview of requirements and timing
01/01/2013 01/01/2014 01/01/2015 01/01/2017 01/01/2019 Ecodesign TIER 1 Ecodesign TIER 2 Label 1 Label 2 Label 3 Label 4

9 Requirements for efficiency and sound power
ecodesign Requirements for efficiency and sound power Efficiency requirements SEER>6kW/SEER<6kW/SCOP Bin calculation according to EN 14825 4.6 4.3 10% reduction for refrigerants with GWP  150 Minimum requirements 3.6 3.8 3.4 Threshold is lower for low GWP refrigerants year 2013 2014 Sound power requirements (EN12102) Capacity 6kW 6kW<capacity12kW Indoor Outdoor 60dBA 65dBA 70dBA

10 Scale and layout of energy label (reversibles)
COOLING From 2014, lower than B= banned 8.5 6.1 5.6 5.1 4.6 Tier 2 6kW Tier 2>6kW 4.1 3.6 Tier 1 E 3.1 2.6 F G

11 Scale and layout of energy label (reversibles)
HEATING From 2014, lower than A+= banned 5.1 4.6 4.0 Tier 2 3.4 Tier 1 3.1 2.8 2.5 E 2.2 1.9 F G

12 Impact of conversion to SCOP
B C D E G F ≥ 3,4 ≥ 3,1 ≥ 2,8 ≥ 2,5 ≥2,2 ≥1,9 <1.9 SCOP Ban 2013 A+ A++ A+++ ≥ 4,0 ≥ 4,6 ≥ 5,1 Ban 2015 New Energy label Variable capacity A B C D E G F >3.6 >3.4 >3.2 >2.8 >2.6 >2.4 2.4≥ Old energy label COP Fixed capacity Moving to SEER/SCOP will move technology to variable speed products enhancing total efficiency landscape

13 Savings by applying seasonal performance
Before 2013 From onwards EER SEER efficiency consumption 4,43 B 100% 100% inverter 3,03 B Non inverter 3,36 D 76% 131%

14 Ecodesign & energy label
ENER lot 1 – space heating and combination heating Ecodesign & energy label

15 Verwachte tijdslijn Energy label Up till 70kW LABEL 1 REVIEW LABEL 2
A++ to G A+++ to D LABEL 1 REVIEW LABEL 2 Published 06/09/2013 26/09/2015 26/09/2017 26/09/2018 26/09/2019 Ecodesign Up till 400kW TIER 1 TIER 2 TIER 3 Minimum efficiency Maximum sound power Product information Minimum efficiency Nox requirements REVIEW

16 General overview of label requirements
Energy label General overview of label requirements Space heater or Combination space heater Packages Fossil fuel boilers mCHP Heatpumps 55°C + 35°C Heatpumps only 35°C Hybrid systems (1 box) Space heater or combination space heater + control + solar electric Add ons Product label Package label Solar only systems controls fiche fiche Technical documentation Technical documentation fiche Efficiency class Advertisement and technical promotional material Efficiency class Advertisement and technical promotional material Technical documentation + If intended to be used in a package + Package label

17 Requirements for efficiency and sound power
ecodesign Requirements for efficiency and sound power Products in scope Tier1 Tier 3 fossil B1: 0-10kW B1combination: 0-30kW 75% Other ≤70kW B1>10kW B1combination>30kW 86% 70-400kW 86% full capacity / 94% 30 part capacity HP 55°C 100% 110% 35°C 115% 125% Electric heaters 30% 37% outdoors MAXIMUM SOUND POWER* [dB(A)] 88 80 78 indoors 70 65 60 6 12 30 70kW *at rated condition (7/55, or 7/35) Rated capacity

18 Overview of energy labels & requirements for heatpumps
Lot 1 Hydronic systems medium temperature 55°C Lot 1 Hydronic systems Low temperature 35°C Lot 10 Air to air heatpumps 220% A+++ 200% A++ BANS for 180% A+ 160% A+++ A A++ 140% A+++ Lot 10 A+ B 120% A++ A C A+ B D 100% Lot 1 35°C C A D E B E 80% C D Lot 1 55°C 60% E

19 Energy labels and expected population of label classes

20 Labels per technology Space heaters Combination heaters Energy label
July 2015 July 2017

21 Energy label Labels for “packages”

22 Determination of efficiency
Fossil fuel & cogen Heatpumps (electric and fossil) Ƞs = Ƞson -F(i) Ƞs = SCOP/CC-F(i) Ƞs = SEPR-F(i) Ƞson 0,85Ƞ1+0,15Ƞ4 Ƞ1 Efficiency low temperature 30% Ƞ4 Efficiency 80/60 F(i) F(1) controls F(2) Auxiliary electricity consumption F(3) Standby heat loss F(4) Ignition burner power consumption F(5) Contribution for cogeneration Ƞs SCOP/CC or SEPR SCOP EN 14825 CC Primary energy factor = 2,5 SEPR For fossil fuel HP F(i) F(1) controls F(2) Auxiliary pumps electric Ƞs = P/(ECxCC) F5 Without supplementary heaters = - 2,5 x ηel,CHP100+Sup0 With supplementary heaters = - 2,5 x (0,85 x ηel,CHP100+Sup0 + 0,15 x ηel,CHP100+Sup100)

23 Seasonal performance SCOPon HHE = Equivalent hours = 2066 auxiliaries
SCOPon HHE = Equivalent hours = 2066 Capacity heatpump degradation Capacity/demand (kW) Back up demand auxiliaries Stand by Thermostat off Off Crank caseheater -10 -7 2 7 12 16 Outdoor temperature (°C)

24 ENTR lot 1 – professional refrigeration
Ecodesign

25 Professional storage cabinets
Products in scope Professional storage cabinets Process chillers Condensing units Blast cabinets

26 Expected timing Entry in force Jul/2015 Jul/2018 TIER 1 TIER 2
Efficiency requirements Information requirements Efficiency requirements

27 Expected requirements
Ecodesign Expected requirements 2015 2018 32°C/-10°C Medium TEMPERATURE capacity COP SEPR ≤1 1,2 N/A 1,4 ≤5 1,6 ≤20 2,25 2,55 >20 2,35 2,65 32°C/-35°C Low TEMPERATURE capacity COP SEPR ≤0,4 0,75 N/A 0,8 ≤2 0,85 0,95 ≤8 1,5 1,6 >8 1,7 10% bonus on MEPS for low GWP refrigerants

28 Conversion to seasonal performance is necessary
Ecodesign Conversion to seasonal performance is necessary Ensure differentiation of better technologies

29 Efficientie eisen voor proces chillers
Ecodesign Efficientie eisen voor proces chillers aircooled watercooled 2015 2018 2015 2018 32°C/+6°C High TEMPERATURE capacity SEPR ≤300 >300 Moved to ENTR lot 6/21 32°C/-10°C Medium TEMPERATURE capacity SEPR ≤300 2,24 2,58 2,86 3,29 >300 2,8 3,22 3,8 4,37 32°C/-35°C Low TEMPERATURE capacity SEPR ≤300 1,48 1,7 1,82 2,09 >300 1,6 1,84 2,1 2,42 10% bonus on MEPS for low GWP refrigerants

30 ENTR lot6/ENER lot 21 airconditioners above 12kW
Ecodesign

31 Proposed timing of the measure
May change Fixed Fixed Fixed Review Entry in force 08/2015 2017 2018 2019 2020 TIER 1 TIER 2 TIER 3 Space heat eff Space cooling eff Sound power Information NOX Space heat eff Space cooling eff Sound power Information Self declaration

32 *PRIMARY EFFICIENCY! Scope & requirements Split units > 12kW VRF
Rooftops Gas engine airco/heat pumps Fossil fuel warm air heaters Electric warm air heaters Airco Chillers HT chillers Fan coil units Space heating energy efficiency (≤1 MW)* *PRIMARY EFFICIENCY! Space cooling energy efficiency (≤ 2 MW)* SEPR NOx requirements Sound power (< 70 kW)

33 Efficiency expressed in Primary energy efficiency
Space heating efficiency Space cooling efficiency for electricity driven heat pumps for electricity driven comfort chillers and airconditioners 𝜂 𝑠,ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑡 = 1 𝐶𝐶 𝑆𝐶𝑂𝑃 − 𝐹(𝑖) 𝜂 𝑠,ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑡 = 1 𝐶𝐶 𝑆𝐸𝐸𝑅 − 𝐹(𝑖) SCOP the seasonal coefficient of performance in active mode SEER the seasonal energy efficiency ratio in active mode CC the conversion coefficient = 2,5; 𝐹 𝑖 =𝐹 1 +𝐹(2) 𝐹 1 =3% correction for the negative contribution due to the temperature controls, for all 𝐹 2 =5% correction for the negative contribution of the ground water pump, only for water source heat pumps.

34 Minimum space heating and cooling efficiency
Tier 1 (2017) Tier 3 (2019) Heating Cooling % SCOP (%) SEER GWP > 675 Warm air heater using fuels 72 78 / Warm air heater, using electricity 30 32 Air- to-air 141 3,6 181 4,6 146 3,725 189 4,8 Air- to-air, fuel driven 137 167 142 177 Air to water < 400 kW 157 4 161 4,1 Air to water ≥ 400 kW 173 4,4 185 4,7 Water/Brine to water < 400 kW 196 5,1 200 5,2 Water/Brine to water ≥ 400 kW 256 6,6 272 7 Air to water < 400 kW, fuel driven 147 Only for cooling: GWP ≤ 675: 10% bonus

35 SEPR high temperature process chillers
Tier 1 (2017) Tier 3 (2019) SEPR Air to water < 400 kW 4,5 5 Air to water ≥ 400 kW 5,5 Water/Brine to water < 400 kW 6,5 7 Water/Brine to water ≥ 400 kW 7,5 8 Air to water < 400 kW, fuel driven 8,5

36 Sound power requirements
outdoor indoor ducted Non ducted Space heating 2017 2017 2017 2019 2019 2019 88 88 83 83 78 78 73 70 68 68 65 63 63 59 6 12 30 70 6 12 17,5 30 70

37 Herziening van de F Gassen verordening

38 F-gassen in de „EU roadmap to a low-carbon economy by 2050“
Niet- CO2 Gassen andere sectoren: N2O, Methaan & F-Gassen (HFC, PFC, SF6) Reductie doelstelling: 2030: -72% 2050: -78%

39 Huidige F-gas wetgeving in EU
Verordening gefluoreerde broeikasgassen EC/842/2006 HFKs, PFC & SF6 : Preventie van emissies via training & certificatie, regelmatige lekdichtheidscontrole + een aantal productverboden Richtlijn mobiele Air Conditioning 2006/40/EC Verbod op HFKs met een GWP>150 voor AC in personenwagens Opmerking : CFKs en HCFKs zijn verboden door de Verordening op Ozonafbrekende stoffen 2037/2000

40 Huidige F-gas wetgeving stabiliseert, maar is onvoldoende
Zonder huidige F gassen wetgeving -46% -44% -28% Met huidige F gassen wetgeving Bron: EU Commissie rapport: -64% Extra maatregelen nodig Verdere reductie nodig : Huidige wetgeving stabiliseert de emissies op 104MtCO2eq in 2030 In het kader van de EU roadmap 2050 moeten de emissies verder verlaagd worden :  een bijkomende reductie van 70 Mtonnes CO2eq in 2030 is nodig.

41 Proces: Herziening van de F-gas directive
EU Commissie EU Parlement EU Raad 7/11/2012 DG Climate publiceerde voorstel 06/03/2013 ENVI Committee Rapport van Rapporteur Werkgroepen 28/03/2013: Amendmenten 19/06/2013: Stemming ENVI 21/03/2013 COREPER Orientatie debat 18/06/2013 Rapport Huidig politiek debat DG = Directorate General ENVI = Environment COREPER = Committee of permanent representatives 10-11/2013 Volledig Parliament Ministers van de EU lidstaten Trialogue discussies Q4/Q1 Consensus Q1 (2014)

42 Algemeen overzicht van de situatie
commissie Parlement ENVI Council Phase down Geen voorvullen Specifieke product bans, niet op airco en warmtepompen Ban op servicing (GWP>2500) Ambitieuze Phase down Geen voorvullen Product bans op airco en refrigeration. Ban op servicing (GWP>2500) Phase down Wel voorvullen met tracking system product bans, niet op airco en warmtepompen Ban op servicing (GWP>2500) TRIALOGUE

43 Positie van Industrie Algemene doelstellingen en principe van “phase down” worden ondersteund, maar er zijn onderhandelingspunten: De “phase down” is te drastisch wat tot tekorten zou kunnen leiden. De groei van de warmtepompmarkt zou bijvb. in het gedrang kunnen komen. Het voorstel bevat een verbod op voorvullen van toestellen in de fabriek. Dit zou de emissies en de kost voor consumenten doen stijgen. De doelstelling vh verbod wordt wel ondersteund, nl. het beschermen van EU fabrikanten tegen ongelimiteerde import van buiten EU. Maar er is een andere manier.(in onderhandeling) De rapporteur van het ENVI committee wil een hoge bijdrage koppelen aan het gebruik van HFK quota. Dit kan fabrieken in de EU in een nadelige positie brengen t.o.v. fabrieken buiten de EU en zou tot delocaties kunnen leiden. Qua product-verboden is het Commissievoorstel redelijk. Sommige ENVI leden willen nog bijkomende productverboden voorstellen die niet haalbaar zijn voor de industrie (vb airco, warmtepompen). Niet haalbaar = omwille van energie-efficiëntie beperkingen, veiligheidsbeperkingen en betaalbaarheid voor de consument. De wettelijke basis van de verordening geeft teveel ruimte aan lidstaten om nog bijkomende maatregelen te nemen. Dit druist in tegen het principe van een Europese eenheidsmarkt

44 Contact: Els Baert – baert.e@daikineurope.com -
Dank u voor uw aandacht


Download ppt "Overview of tendencies on efficiency and refrigerants"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google